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Sökning: hsv:(SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP) hsv:(Juridik) > Blekinge Tekniska Högskola

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1.
  • de Kaminski, Marcin, et al. (författare)
  • Studying Norms and Social Change in a Digital Age: Identifying and Understanding a Multidimensional Gap Problem
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Social and Legal Norms: Towards a Socio-legal Understanding of Normativity. - Ashgate. - 9781409453437 ; s. 309-330
  • Bokkapitel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The fact that the debate concerning copyright in a digital society has been both intense and filled with polemic conflicts ever since the late 1990s makes it clear that it is a most complicated issue to solve, or even grasp. Basically, both the legal and societal discussion and development are explicitly dependent on a greater understanding of the on-going processes surrounding copyright. This presents a well-suited point of departure for research such as the one conducted within the Cybernorms research group – both in terms of providing valuable insights into the field of sociology of law when it comes to understanding how to relate to the framework provided by digitalization in general and the Internet in particular, and in terms of providing more accurate knowledge and toolsets to legislators in related fields.
2.
  • Larsson, Stefan (författare)
  • Between Daring and Deliberating : : 3G as a sustainability issue in Swedish spatial planning
  • 2008
  • Licentiatavhandling (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • The thesis shows how different aspects of sustainable development have been handled or not handled in the third generation infrastructure development in Sweden. The difference between the design of the 3G development - emphasizing competition, growth and regional access, based on a strong technological optimism - and the implementation, as the roll out struck the landscape, including the non-handled radiation issue and the legal changes in order to facilitate the roll out, is discussed and analyzed. The roll out formally started in late 2000 as the licence allocation process, the so called beauty contest, was finished. Four operators were to build partly competing systems within three years, each covering 8 860 000 persons, more than 99,98 percent of the populated areas. The Post and Telecommunications Agency can sanction operators not fulfilling licence conditions by a considerable fine. The coverage by the end of the period was between 66 and 74 percent of the promised 8 860 000, with only three remaining operators still participating. Not until 1 December 2006 did the first operator report the required coverage, followed by the two remaining operators by 1 June 2007. The municipal permit handling was blamed for the delay, a reason that “could not have been foreseen”, which helped the operators avoid sanctions from the PTA. The thesis shows that a slow municipal permit process can not explain the lack of coverage in some areas of Sweden. Environmental aspects were not handled at national level but assessed locally in the building permit handling, as well as the regional 12:6 consultations at the County Administrations. This is why the municipal permit process holds many of the keys regarding environmental management and planning. Therefore the permit processes regarding 3G masts has been charted as they developed in time and screened for main issues and conflicts. Public participation can be found in the local context tied to the legal concept of being a concerned party in the permit process, or the 12:6 consultation. In spite of this, the much debated radiation issue is lifted from the participative aspects and legally defined as not relevant. The theoretical basis of the analysis combines spatial planning and sociology of law, applying the sociological concept of norms as entities controlling action on the discussion of two different paradigms of governance derived from planning theory. The thesis project has been a part of a study within the MiSt programme, an interdisciplinary research programme on tools for environmental assessment in strategic decision making funded by the Swedish Environmental Protection Agency. Supervisors: professor Lars Emmelin, School of Planning, Blekinge Institute of Technology Karsten Åström, professor in sociology of law, Lund University.
3.
  • Larsson, Stefan, et al. (författare)
  • Law, Norms, Piracy and Online Anonymity – Practices of de-identification in the global file sharing community
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Journal of Research in Interactive Marketing: Special Issue on Digital Piracy. - Emerald Group Publishing Limited. - 2040-7130. ; 6:4, s. 260-280
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Purpose The purpose of this study is to better understand online anonymity in the global file-sharing community in the context of social norms and copyright law. The study describes the respondents in terms of use of Virtual Private Networks (VPNs) or similar services with respect to age, gender, geographical location, as well as analysing the correlation with file-sharing frequencies. Design/methodology/approach This study, to a large extent, collected descriptive data through a web-based survey. This was carried out in collaboration with the BitTorrent tracker The Pirate Bay (TPB), which allowed us to link the survey from the main logo of their site. In 72 hours, we received over 75,000 responses, providing the opportunity to compare use of anonymity services with factors of age, geographical region, file-sharing frequency, etc. Findings Overall, 17.8 per cent of the respondents used a VPN or similar service (free or paid). A core of high-frequency uploaders is more inclined to use VPNs or similar services than the average file sharer. Online anonymity practices in the file-sharing community depend on how legal and social norms correlate (more enforcement means more anonymity). Research limitations/implications The web-based survey was in English and mainly attracted visitors on The Pirate Bay’s web site. This means that it is likely that those who do not have the language skills necessary were excluded from the survey. Practical implications This study adds to the knowledge of online anonymity practices in terms of traceability and identification, and therefore describes some of the conditions for legal enforcement in a digital environment. Social implications This study adds to the knowledge of how the Internet is changing in terms of a polarization between stronger means of legally enforced identification and a growing awareness of how to be more untraceable. Originality/value The scale of the survey, with over 75,000 respondents from most parts of the world, has likely not been seen before on this topic. The descriptive study of anonymity practices in the global file-sharing community is therefore likely unique.
4.
  • Larsson, Stefan, et al. (författare)
  • Objectively best or most acceptable? Expert and lay knowledge in Swedish wind power permit processes
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Journal of Environmental Planning and Management. - Taylor & Francis. - 1360-0559. ; 59:8, s. 1360-1376
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This article analyses legal aspects of the Swedish wind power development, theoretically based on how different types of knowledge are represented in legal contexts, mainly in the courts. A sample of appealed wind power permits is analysed, a handful of relevant informants are interviewed – including two judges in the Land and Environment Court and the appeal court – and the legal setting is analysed. Of key interest here is the interplay between expert and lay statements in the court cases, which here is related to the concepts of calculating and communicative rationalities that are developed in the planning literature. The results indicate that the juridification – which takes place as a permit issue is appealed in the judiciary system – supports the calculating rationality more than the communicative, and that the plaintiffs often attempt to adapt in how they shape their argumentation.
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5.
  • Larsson, Stefan, et al. (författare)
  • On Legal Complexity: Between Law in Books and Planning in Practice
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Social and Legal Norms: towards a socio-legal understanding of normativity. - Ashgate. - 9781409453437 ; s. 285-307
  • Bokkapitel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This chapter addresses the difference between the intentions of the law and its application by using mobile telephony infrastructure development in Sweden as a case. Three possible pitfalls for policy management in general are concluded and analyzed. The first pitfall deals with legal complexity, which may be a result of piecemeal changes to the governing legal bodies over a longer time and is here argued to be of relevance for issues of public participation and access to justice. Another problematic pitfall concerns when law is internally contradictory without any clear hierarchy, which is exemplified below. The third possible pitfall, which often is a point of focus in sociology of law, concerns when extra-legal factors interfere in the legal decision-making without this being pronounced or acknowledged. This means that economy and politics can affect the application of law to the extent that legal security and predictability is jeopardized. These three possible pitfalls in policy represent issues of general character in the legal government of land use and spatial planning, and are here analysed from a socio-legal perspective.
6.
  • Larsson, Stefan (författare)
  • Problematisering av vindkraftens regelverk. En pilotstudie
  • 2009
  • Rapport (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Detta är en pilotstudie som problematiserar vindkraftens regelverk i Sverige utifrån ett rättssociologiskt och planeringsjuridiskt perspektiv. Under hösten 2008 kom ett betänkande från miljöprocessutredningen gällande en effektivisering av prövning av vindkraft (SOU 2008:86). Bakgrunden var att krav på att en snabbare och enklare process från projektering till uppförande av vindkraftverk hade rests i takt med en ökad nationell satsning på utbyggnaden av vindkraft. Miljöutredningens betänkande utgör en positionering åt ett mer kalkylerande och centraliserat beslutsfattande på bekostnad av det mer lokala och deliberativa. Betänkandet visar på hur de lokala värderingarna ses som ett problem i skenet av den nationella utbyggnadspolicyn. Detta gör att utbyggnaden av vindkraften är principiellt intressant i jämförelse med utbyggnaden av infrastruktur för 3G med tanke på hur en nationell policy hanteras och är beroende av den lokala implementeringen och det spänningsförhållande som råder mellan de två nivåerna. Detta leder till vad pilotstudien kommer fram till som en kärnfråga, nämligen om vem som skall bestämma över landskapets planering och vilken kunskap som skall ligga till grund för sådana beslut. Betänkandet hävdar att kommunerna inte förlorar inflytande över markanvändningen samtidigt som detta påstående inte tydligt underbyggs, det finns tvärtom fog för att just så är fallet. Pilotstudien pekar därmed på att frågan är av en större principiell politisk karaktär som inte enbart bör lösas genom lagtekniska förändringar i effektivitetens namn. Pilotstudien är gjord på uppdrag av Blekinge Tekniska Högskola av Stefan Larsson, teknologie licentiat i fysisk planering, jurist och rättssociolog.
7.
  • Privacy and Identity Management Data for Better Living: AI and Privacy
  • 2019
  • Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This book contains selected papers presented at the 14th IFIP WG 9.2, 9.6/11.7, 11.6/SIG 9.2.2 International Summer School on Privacy and Identity Management, held in Windisch, Switzerland, in August 2019.The 22 full papers included in this volume were carefully reviewed and selected from 31 submissions. Also included are reviewed papers summarizing the results of workshops and tutorials that were held at the Summer School as well as papers contributed by several of the invited speakers. The papers combine interdisciplinary approaches to bring together a host of perspectives, which are reflected in the topical sections: language and privacy; law, ethics and AI; biometrics and privacy; tools supporting data protection compliance; privacy classification and security assessment; privacy enhancing technologies in specific contexts.
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