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Sökning: hsv:(SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP) hsv:(Juridik) > Högskolan i Skövde

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1.
  • Akl, Ziad, et al. (författare)
  • Evaluating seat belt use in Lebanon (1997-2017)
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Open Public Health Journal. - Bentham Science Publishers B.V.. - 1874-9445. ; 12:1, s. 127-135
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Introduction: The use of seat belts has made a significant contribution to the reduction of road traffic casualties, and the risk inherent with not wearing seat belts in all seats of a vehicle is now well-known worldwide. The use of seat belts has a major role in reducing fatal and nonfatal injuries in all types of motor-vehicles crashes. Aim: The aim of this study is to understand the reasons behind the variation in seat belt use over the past two decades in Lebanon. It analyzes the situation and suggests recommendations to improve seat belt use in Lebanon. Design: Nine observational studies had been conducted in Lebanon during the last two decades between 1997 and 2017, and one qualitative study was performed in 2017. Results: The results show a significant variation in the use of the seat belt. When enforcement efforts are in progress, seat belt use increases. While when there are no checkpoints and the enforcement of seat belt use is almost absent, a significant fall was noticed. Discussion: The results of this study proved the failure of the Lebanese government in saving hundreds of lives just by a simple measure of enforcing seat belt law. Although experiences from various countries prove that such laws usually have a long-lasting effect on seat belt use, Lebanon failed to pursue the successful implementation of this law due to security and political problems. Conclusion: During the past two decades, Lebanon witnessed continuous fluctuations in seat belt use. Outside few short enforcement campaigns, our observations showed lack in seat belt use. Our observations of seat belt use among drivers and front seat passengers showed a significant correlation between seat belt use and the enforcement of seat belt law. The greatest national benefits from seat belt use are obtained when wearing rates are very high. This can be achieved only through a sustained enforcement campaign alongside other seat belt wearing interventions such as publicity and education. © 2019 Open Public Health Journal. All rights reserved.
2.
  • MacGregor, Oskar, et al. (författare)
  • Anti-doping, purported rights to privacy and WADA’s whereabouts requirements: A legal analysis
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Fair Play. - Universitat Pompeu Fabra. - 2014-9255. ; 1:2, s. 13-38
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Recent discussions among lawyers, philosophers, policy researchers and athletes have focused on thepotential threat to privacy posed by the World Anti-Doping Agency’s (WADA) whereaboutsrequirements. These requirements demand, among other things, that all elite athletes file theirwhereabouts information for the subsequent quarter on a quarterly basis and comprise data for onehour of each day when the athlete will be available and accessible for no advance notice testing at aspecified location of their choosing. Failure to file one’s whereabouts, or the non-availability fortesting at said location on three occasions within any 18-month period constitutes an anti-doping ruleviolation that is equivalent to testing positive to a banned substance, and may lead to a suspension ofthe athlete for a time period of between one and two years. We critically explore the extent to whichWADA’s whereabouts requirements are in tension with existing legislation on privacy, with respect toUK athletes, who are simultaneously protected by UK domestic and EU law. Both UK domestic andEU law are subject to the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR) Article 8, whichestablishes a right to “respect for private and family life, home and correspondence”. We criticallydiscuss the centrality of the whereabouts requirements in relation to WADA’s aims, and the adoptionand implementation of its whereabouts rules. We conclude that as WADA’s whereabouts requirementsappear to be in breach of an elite athlete’s rights under European workers’ rights, health & safety anddata protection law they are also, therefore, in conflict with Article 8 of the ECHR and the UK HumanRights Act 1998. We call for specific amendments that cater for the exceptional case of elite sportslabour if the WADA requirements are to be considered legitimate.
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4.
  • Thörnqvist, Christer, 1961- (författare)
  • Inte självklart att lagstiftning leder till färre strejker
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Dagens Arena. - Stockholm.
  • Tidskriftsartikel (populärvet., debatt m.m.)abstract
    • Diskussionen om hamnkonflikten i Göteborg har hittills saknat ett historiskt perspektiv. I denna essä visar forskaren Christer Thörnqvist att lagstiftning tidigare varit ineffektiv mot arbetsmarknadskonflikter, men däremot har uppenbara risker.
5.
  • Thörnqvist, Christer, 1961- (författare)
  • Utredning med varningsflagg
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Arbetet.
  • Tidskriftsartikel (populärvet., debatt m.m.)abstract
    • Företrädare för fack och arbetsgivare säger att risken för gula fack är minimal. Men lagar stiftas för framtiden och hur kommande generationer av arbetsgivare agerar finns det inga garantier för. Att ändra i strejkrätten för med sig stora risker, skriver Christer Thörnqvist, docent i arbetsvetenskap.
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