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2.
  • Persson, Annina H., 1963-, et al. (författare)
  • Household Credit, Indebtedness and Insolvency
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: European Review of Private Law. - Bedfordshire : Wolters Kluwer. - 0928-9801. ; 21:3, s. 795-814
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The problem of excessive debt among households in Sweden is increasing. As a result of the development within the financial sector, households in Sweden have increased their debt incurrence markedly. It has been relatively easy to borrow money, due to the deregulation of the credit market in Sweden in the 1990s and the low interest rates in recent years. As mortgage loan is the bulk of the total household debt, the risk that individuals will be affected by excessive debt incurrence and insolvency has therefore increased. Therefore, a number of new legislative changes have been implemented to overcome this problem. In order to prevent these risks, the Financial Authority has adopted a rule that stipulates that new loans should not exceed 85% of the property market value. Reports from both the Swedish Enforcement Authority and the Swedish Financial Supervisory Authority show that 20% of Swedish households have a difficult time making ends meet. Those who are affected by excessive debt often experience a lower standard of living since frequently they are impacted by distraint.The aim of this paper is to describe and analyze the excessive debt situation in terms of insolvency and effects on households and society. Firstly, we intend to investigate foreclosures in Sweden, both regionally and over time. Why are certain regions less frequently affected by these risks while other regions show higher levels of risk even during generally good years? Secondly, we will investigate whether (a) whether properties that have undergone executive auction are sold at a lesser value, (b) if these properties have an impact on the property prices in the vicinity and (c) if those who buy these properties themselves run a greater risk of insolvency. Thirdly, a closely related area of legal interest is investigating to what extent legislation provides a protective net for the debtor who, through the executive auction, thereby loses his/her residence.
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3.
  • Öberg, Jacob, 1982- (författare)
  • Subsidiarity and EU Procedural Criminal Law
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: European Criminal Law Review. - Oxford : Hart Publishing Ltd. - 2191-7442. ; 5:1, s. 19-45
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This article examines how subsidiarity can limit the exercise of EU procedural criminal law competence. It argues for a narrow understanding of subsidiarity, suggesting that EU procedural criminal law legislation can only be directed at problems which are of a cross-border nature. By analysing a specific piece of EU legislation, the new Victims Directive, it is shown how the subsidiarity principle can be enforced. The article sustains that the Victims Directive can be criticised on subsidiarity grounds as the directive fails to adequately account for the link between victim rights and the application of the principle of mutual recognition, since the directive fails to explain properly the need to regulate local victim rights. The article also draws some broader reflections on the justifications for EU harmonization. It is argued that EU initiatives in procedural criminal law have not primarily been driven by the need to facilitate mutual recognition and free movement but rather motivated by a general concern to deliver a common European sense of justice. Whilst this approach from the EU legislator can be justified from a moral perspective, it flies in the face of the idea that decisions should be taken as closely as possible in respect of citizens.
4.
  • Öberg, Jacob, 1982- (författare)
  • Subsidiarity as a Limit to the Exercise of EU Competences
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Yearbook of European Law. - Oxford : Oxford University Press. - 0266-7223. ; 36, s. 391-420
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This article examines how subsidiarity can limit the exercise of EU competence. It suggests that the problems of reconstructing subsidiarity cannot be seen in isolation from the issue of judicial review. In a substantive sense it contends that subsidiarity can be reconceptualised as a principle that challenges the internal market justification for exercise of Union competences. It argues for a narrow understanding of subsidiarity, suggesting the EU legislator to demonstrate the risk or the existence of a transnational market failure or a transnational interest in order to substantiate EU harmonization. From the perspective of judicial enforcement the key argument is to change the focus from ‘substantive review’ to ‘procedural review’ of subsidiarity in order to meet institutional concerns. The proposed standard of review suggests that the EU legislator must offer ‘adequate reasoning’ and ‘relevant evidence’ to maintain that EU legislation conforms to the subsidiarity principle.
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5.
  • Öberg, Jacob, 1982- (författare)
  • The Rise of the Procedural Paradigm Judicial Review of EU Legislation in Vertical Competence Disputes
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: European Constitutional Law Review. - Cambridge : Cambridge University Press. - 1574-0196. ; 13:2, s. 248-280
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • EU Law-Vertical competence review of EU secondary law-Court of Justice control of the exercise of EU legislative powers-Strict procedural review of EU legislation-Standard of judicial review and intensity of judicial review-Judicial review as a safeguard of federalism-Constitutional review of EU legislation-Proportionality, subsidiarity and principle of conferral-Balance between the EU legislator's prerogatives and the need to ensure that EU legislation conforms to the precepts of EU law-Distribution of competences between Member States and the EU. 
6.
  • Calleman, Catharina (författare)
  • Demografi, arbetskraftsutbud och arbetsrätt
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Arbetsmarknad & Arbetsliv. - Karlstad : Karlstads Universitet. - 1400-9692. ; 1:1, s. 39-53
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Ett inte så ofta uppmärksammat syfte bakom arbetsmarknadsregleringar och arbetsrättslig lagstiftning är önskemålet att påverka demografiska förhållanden och särskilt behovet av arbetskraft på kort och lång sikt. I denna artikel ger jag en översikt över lagstiftningsåtgärder i Sverige som motiverats med behovet av att ändra arbetskraftens storlek eller sammansättning. Diskussionen omfattar både befolkningspolitiska lagstiftningsåtgärder för att öka invandring och barnafödande och åtgärder för att öka arbetskraftsdeltagandet för grupper som kvinnor, äldre eller invandrare.
7.
  • Adestam, Johan, 1982-, et al. (författare)
  • En granskning av distinktionen mellan personliga uppdrag och företagsuppdrag
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Modern affärsrätt : En antologi. - Stockholm : Wolters Kluwer. - 9789139020370 ; s. 51-69
  • Bokkapitel (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • I artikeln utsätts distinktionen mellan s.k. personliga uppdrag och företagsuppdrag för en kritisk granskning. Det ifrågasätts om distinktionen tjänar några praktiska juridiska syften.
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