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1.
  • Waltman, Max (författare)
  • Prohibiting Sex Purchasing and Ending Trafficking The Swedish Prostitution Law
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Michigan Journal of International Law. - 1052-2867. ; 33:1, s. 133-157
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The Swedish prostitution law from 1999, now followed by Norway and Iceland, criminalized the purchaser and decriminalized the prostituted person. This is analyzed as a cogent state response under international trafficking law, particularly to the obligations set forth in the United Nation’s Trafficking Protocol from 2000. The Protocol states that a person is regarded a trafficking victim when, e.g., someone abuses her “position of vulnerability” in order to exploit her. International jurisprudence and social evidence strongly suggest that prostitution, as practiced in the world, usually satisfies this definition. Further, the Protocol urges states to reduce the demand for prostitution and to protect and assist victims, for instance by adopting laws deterring purchasers of sex, and by supporting those exploited in prostitution. Policy makers, such as the U.S. Department of State, are criticized for taking an inadequate position in face of the growing evidence from the Swedish law's impact.The article shows that Sweden has significantly reduced the occurrence of trafficking in Sweden compared to neighboring countries. It also scrutinizes some misinformation of the law's impact, showing for instance that claims alleging a more dangerous situation for those still in prostitution after 1999 were unfounded. In addition, the article addresses remaining obstacles to the law's effective implementation, arguing that in order to realize the law's full potential to support escape from trafficking, the civil rights of prostituted persons under current law should be strengthened to enable them to claim damages directly from the purchasers for the harm to which they have contributed, and for the violation of the prostituted persons' equality and dignity - a position now recognized by the government to some extent by clarifying amendments made in 2011.
2.
  • Dingu-Kyrklund, Elena (författare)
  • Nationality and the child: children’s right to citizenship - the Swedish case
  • 2004
  • Ingår i: The 3rd European Conference on Nationality “Nationality and the Child” 11-12 October 2004.
  • Konferensbidrag (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • The right to citizenship is an important right that every child should enjoy. In a general discussion on nationality, acquisition and loss of citizenship, the rights of the child against the background of extensive international migration, the article argues about the multiple aspects embedded in the citizenship concept and its practical content, presenting the legal status quo in the matter in the Swedish context.
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3.
  • Dahlin, Moa Kindstrom, et al. (författare)
  • Mentally disordered criminal offenders : Legal and criminological perspectives
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry. - Elsevier. - 0160-2527. ; 32:6, s. 377-382
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Legal research in Sweden has traditionally focused on a systematization of the legal rules and their practical application, while the task of studying the effects of the application of the laws has been handed over to other branches of the social sciences. In contrast, new legal theories focusing on proactive and therapeutic dimensions in law have gained increasing attention in the international arena. These approaches may be better suited for evaluating legislation governing compulsory psychiatric care. Theoretical discussions and studies of causal mechanisms underlying criminal behaviour, as well as the implementation and value of instruments for predicting behaviour, are relevant to contemporary criminological research. Criminal behaviour varies across different groups of perpetrators, and the causes can be sought in the interplay between the individual and social factors. Multi-disciplinary efforts, integrating research from forensic psychiatry, psychology, sociology, and criminology, would be beneficial in leading to a better understanding of the causes underlying criminal behaviour.
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4.
  • Herzfeld Olsson, Petra, 1966-, et al. (författare)
  • Likabehandlingsprincipens olika ansikten : Om samspelet mellan arbetsrätt, skatterätt och socialförsäkringsrätt vid gränsöverskridande arbete
  • 2019
  • Bok (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Ett av EU:s främsta mål är likabehandling inom ramarna för de fyra friheterna. Det innebär att medlemsstaterna måste undanröja omotiverade hinder för bland annat arbetstagares, företags och tjänsters rörlighet på den inre marknaden.Den här boken undersöker hur tre olika rättsområden – arbetsrätt, skatterätt och socialförsäkringsrätt – samspelar i förhållande till tre olika kategorier av arbetskraft som kommer till Sverige för att utföra arbete med stöd av den fria rörligheten; arbetstagare, utstationerade arbetstagare och egenföretagare.
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5.
  • Ramberg, Christina, et al. (författare)
  • Rättskällor : en introduktion i kritiskt tänkande
  • 2018
  • Bok (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Denna bok syftar till att hjälpa studenter som är nya på juristprogrammet att förhålla sig kritiskt till rättskällor genom att förklara varje rättskällas styrkor och svagheter samt hur rättskällorna samverkar.
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6.
  • Waltman, Max (författare)
  • Rethinking democracy : legal challenges to pornography and sex inequality in Canada and the United States
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Political research quarterly. - Salt Lake City. - 1065-9129. ; 63:1, s. 218-237
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Why are democracies unresponsive to well-documented injuries in the production and by the consumption of pornography? Legal challenges to pornography in Canada and the United States in which sexual subordination, not moral notions of "obscenity," were the driving rationale, show democracies inadequately recognizing gender-specific harms. Changes in Canadian obscenity doctrines to account for harm and inequality, in contrast with the U.S. reign of "free speech," did not deliver a corresponding change on the ground. Developments in democratic theory, international law, and the particular U.S.–Canadian legal trajectory, and consideration of the void of institutions articulating the interests of those victimized in and by pornography, suggest the need to adopt empowering civil remedies.
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7.
  • Waltman, Max (författare)
  • Prohibiting Purchase of Sex in Sweden Impact, Obstacles, Potential, and Supporting Escape
  • 2010
  • Rapport (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • This paper analyzes the core reasons for the Swedish law from 1999 which criminalizes purchase of sex and decriminalizes the prostituted person, passed as part of an omnibus bill against violence against women and recognizing prostitution as a form of it. Further, it documents the law’s impact by comparing data from several recent Swedish studies with the situation in other relevant countries, concluding the law has significantly reduced the occurrence of prostitution manifolds compared to its neighboring countries. Crucial obstacles to effective implementation are also addressed, particularly in current case law. Some of the critique against the law and disinformation about the law’s effects are also commented. Finally, to realize its full potential to support escape from prostitution more efficiently, it is argued that the civil rights of prostituted persons under current law should be strengthened to get damages paid for directly by the tricks/johns for the harm they have contributed to. An additional consideration is for individual states to extend the use of the Palermo Protocol (international law acknowledging connections between prostitution and sex trafficking) to charge tricks for trafficking when they “receive” persons who are effectively pimped.
8.
  • Calleman, Catharina (författare)
  • Demografi, arbetskraftsutbud och arbetsrätt
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Arbetsmarknad & Arbetsliv. - Karlstad : Karlstads Universitet. - 1400-9692. ; 1:1, s. 39-53
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Ett inte så ofta uppmärksammat syfte bakom arbetsmarknadsregleringar och arbetsrättslig lagstiftning är önskemålet att påverka demografiska förhållanden och särskilt behovet av arbetskraft på kort och lång sikt. I denna artikel ger jag en översikt över lagstiftningsåtgärder i Sverige som motiverats med behovet av att ändra arbetskraftens storlek eller sammansättning. Diskussionen omfattar både befolkningspolitiska lagstiftningsåtgärder för att öka invandring och barnafödande och åtgärder för att öka arbetskraftsdeltagandet för grupper som kvinnor, äldre eller invandrare.
9.
  • Sturup, Joakim, et al. (författare)
  • Increased Gun Violence Among Young Males in Sweden : : a Descriptive National Survey and International Comparison
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: European Journal on Criminal Policy and Research. - Springer. - 0928-1371. ; 25:4, s. 365-378
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This population-based time-trend study examines gun violence rates among males in Sweden during the years 1996 to 2015 and compares the rate in Sweden to other Western European countries. Data were collected from six registries and are presented descriptively per 100,000 inhabitants. The risks among males in Sweden increased considerably in both lethal and non-lethal gun victimization and perpetration. Among males aged 15 to 29 there was a five-fold increase in risk for victimization in lethal and non-lethal gun violence during the 20-year observation period. In a comparative perspective the rate of gun homicide victimization among males 15 to 29 years was higher in Sweden compared to other Western European countries, while the risk for males over age 30 was at an average level. Based on the results of this study we conclude that gun violence among young males in Sweden has been on the rise and is at a high level compared to other Western European countries. The development of gun violence in Sweden can be characterized as endemic, prevalent in both population and socially vulnerable areas.
10.
  • Ahlberg, Kerstin (författare)
  • A Story of a Failure – but Also of Success : The Social Dialogue on Temporary Agency Work and the Subsequent Negotiations between the Member States in the Council
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Transnational Labour Regulation : A Case Study of Temporary Agency Work. - P.I.E. Peter Lang, Brussels. - 978-90-5201-417-3
  • Bokkapitel (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • 1999 återupptogs försöken att skapa en reglering på EU-nivå av villkoren för arbetstagare som hyrs ut av bemanningsföretag, först genom förhandlingar mellan arbetsmarknadens parter ("social dialog"), och därefter genom den traditionella lagstiftningsproceduren med förhandlingar i ministerrådet utifrån ett direktivförslag utarbetat av kommissionen. Författaren rekonstruerar i detalj förloppen i den sociala dialogen och ministerrådet från 1999 till 2007, och analyserar varför båda misslyckades.
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