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Sökning: hsv:(SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP) hsv:(Juridik) > Åström Karsten

  • Resultat 1-10 av 84
  • [1]234567...9Nästa
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  • Åström, Karsten, et al. (författare)
  • Imitating Private Business in Public Procurement: Swedish "affärsmässighet".
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: Journal of Public Procurement. - PrAcademics Press. - 1535-0118. ; 7:2, s. 213-227
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • While implementing the EC Procurement Directives in Swedish legislation, there remains a reference to 'business-like' (affärsmässig) practice as an external system of norms. The problem is that the term a. might contradict non-economic considerations in the award of contracts. Municipal procurement is often managed by professionals with limited legal expertise, and diverging practices are found. In recent years, the term a. has spread to court practice in other fields and even to one act belonging to private law. The term a. appears as a chameleon, since when used in a context of private law, it conveys a sense of transparency and objectivity traditionally associated with the operation of the legal system rather than with private business practices.
  • Friis, Eva, et al. (författare)
  • Expert Knowledge as a Condition of the Rhetorical Situation in Criminal Cases
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Oslo Law Review. - Oslo, Norway : University of Oslo. ; 4:1, s. 28-47
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • In the scope of a Swedish research project on expert knowledge as a basis for legal decisions, this article focuses on serious criminal cases. Using a model that describes rhetorical situations as well as empirical material based in 150 court decisions, the aim is to analyze the conditions surrounding the use of expert evidence in criminal law processes, to what extent and by whom such evidence is used, and how it affects the outcome of the cases.The rhetorical situation in criminal case is reconstructed to include the urgent issue and the thereby related discourse, in order to retrieve relevant conditions, which could be identified as evidentially favorable or unfavorable to the suspect and the prosecutor respectively. It is concluded that there is a theoretical imbalance between the parties’ to the benefit of the defendant. Empirically grounded analysis of the criminal cases shows, however, that the defendant’s theoretical advantage does not correspond to the actual situation in court. The results indicate that the defendant usually adopts a passive stance and therefore does not use favorable constraints effectively. The study has also shown that the defendant’s options to win the case increase when they actually use written expert evidence and expert witnesses.
  • Svensson, Måns, et al. (författare)
  • Welfare as a means for political stability : a law and society analysis
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: European Journal of Social Security. - Intersentia. - 1388-2627. ; 14:2, s. 64-85
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • There have been extensive discussions in academic circles of why some countries develop into welfare states while others do not. Two main factors mentioned in these discussions are economic growth and the need for political stability. In these discussions, the example of Sweden, where the welfare state allegedly emerged from a ‘culture of consensus’, has often been treated as an historic exception. In this article we discuss the relevance of the two main factors suggested in the literature, and investigate whether Sweden is a rare case of a country where welfare arose out of a culture of consensus or if welfare in Sweden emerged as a product of strategies that aimed at promoting political stability, and thereby followed a similar pattern to other Western European countries. In undertaking this task, we have conducted a review of the literature and used Migdal’s ‘state-in-society’ perspective and the ‘institutional approach’ as a theoretical framework. Our results can be summarised under three headings: (a) until the mid-twentieth century, Sweden was a highly unstable, conflict-ridden class society, and thereby a followed similar pattern to other Western European countries; (b) welfare reforms in Sweden were introduced as a means of addressing political and social instability; (c) Sweden is therefore no exception to the theory that deep political crises trigger welfare reforms.
  • Singh, Nandita, 1969-, et al. (författare)
  • Accessing water through rights-based approach: problems and prospects regarding children
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Water Policy. - IWA Publishing. - 1366-7017. ; Volume 14:Number 2, s. 298-318
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The right to water has been recently recognized as a fundamental human right by the United Nations, thereby clarifying its status as ‘legally binding’, making it ‘justiciable’ and enforceable. This development has been heralded as a key that holds great potential to change the lives of the billions who still lack access to clean water. Many of those deprived of enjoyment of the right are children, who constitute up to a third of the population in the developing world. What is the value added of the rights-based approach for access to water, especially for children? Would recognition of the right to water as legally binding deliver real benefits to children in improving their access to water? Does it really offer anything new that can help them realize their right to water more effectively? These questions will be explored in this paper using empirical evidence from India, where water has been legally interpreted as a fundamental right, and as a welfare state, where there has been consistent effort on part of the state to improve children's access to water.
  • Singh, Nandita, 1969-, et al. (författare)
  • Children’s right to water as a contested domain: Gendered reflections from India
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Development (London). - Springer. - 1011-6370. ; 51:1, s. 102-107
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Nandita Singh and her colleagues look at children’s water rights in India. They argue for the exercise of the right to water by children by analysing the universal normative-legal framework and its difference to the local socio-culturally defined framework. They suggest that defining problems and designing actions only within the normative-legal framework can obscure understanding the critical realities at the right-holders’ end. They suggest that interventions at various levels, such as through policy and targeted programmes, have at best provided an ‘‘enabling environment’’, but the process of implementation of children’s rights at the right-holders’ end is to date an incomplete socio-cultural process
  • Bengtsson, Hans, et al. (författare)
  • Från politik till praktik
  • 1998
  • Ingår i: Politik, lag och praktik. Implementeringen av 1994 års handikappreform. - Studentlitteratur AB. - 91-44-00756-6
  • Bokkapitel (övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • Bröchner, Jan, et al. (författare)
  • Intention in Hybrid Organizations: The Diffusion of the Business Metaphor in Swedish Laws
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: International Journal for the Semiotics of Law. - Springer. - 0952-8059. ; 28:2, s. 371-386
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Recent studies of conceptual metaphors in a legal context have often dealt with the power of embodiment. However, the connotations of culturally originated metaphors could be different when they appear in laws and regulations. In particular, the role of metaphor when the legislator wishes to define intention in hybrid organizations is investigated here. The case studied is how a conceptual metaphor of ‘business’ manifesting itself in the Swedish simile adjective affärsmässig (businesslike) has spread over 40 years. ‘Business’ early on acquired connotations such as impartiality and methodical approach, and can be used metaphorically. Introduced in the regulation of public procurement, ‘businesslike’ was later used to regulate conflicts of interest, restrict state aid and also entered tax legislation. Analysis of Swedish court decisions where ‘businesslike’ occurs shows how the emphasis has shifted from public sector efficiency to neo-liberal principles of competition, while stronger social norms related to environmental effects have led to the term being removed from the Public Procurement Act. Elements of a mixed jurisdiction arise from reliance on EU case-law, and national use of ambiguous cultural metaphors in legal texts and court decisions is a plausible response.
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  • [1]234567...9Nästa
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