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1.
  • Svensson, Eva-Maria, 1958-, et al. (författare)
  • Mobilisering och undanskjutande – Paradoxen i svensk politik kring stereotyper, jämställdhet och yttrandefrihet
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: G16, Gränser, mobilitet och mobilisering Norrköping 23-25 nov 2016..
  • Konferensbidrag (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Jämställdhet och yttrandefrihet är två kärnvärden i den svenska demokratin. Syftet med detta paper är att problematisera och förklara ’mobilisering’ och ’undanskjutande’ i policyprocesser, när jämställdhet och yttrandefrihet kommer i konflikt med varandra. Utgångspunkten är Sveriges anslutning till CEDAW (1979) och hur denna konvention har implementerats, särskilt granskas processer kring artikel 5a. Denna artikel handlar om att eliminera könsstereotyper eller som det står i den svenska översättningen ”ändra mäns och kvinnors sociala och kulturella beteendemönster för att därmed avskaffa fördomar samt seder och bruk som grundar sig på föreställningen om det ena könets underlägsenhet eller på stelnade roller för män och kvinnor”. Uttolkningen av denna artikel förstärks i Pekingplattformen (1995 Section J). I Sverige har denna artikel aktualitet särskilt när det gäller frågan om lagstiftning mot könsdiskriminerande reklam, där kvinnorörelsen varit pådrivande sedan 1970-talet. Trots upprepade utredningar betraktas eventuell lagstiftning fortfarande som ett hot mot yttrandefriheten. Värt att notera är att övriga nordiska länder (samt exempelvis Spanien) gör en annan tolkning och på olika sätt har reglerat könsdiskriminerande reklam i lag. Processerna på politisk nivå och som rättslig fråga kommer att analyseras med begreppsparet mobilisering – undanskjutande med hjälp av Carol Bacchi och andra teorier om policyprocesser. Vilka aktörer har varit aktiva i implementeringen? Hur har artikel 5a ramats in eller skjutits undan? Vilka aspekter av artikeln har lyfts till debatt? Vi har tidigare visat att kärnvärdena jämställdhet och yttrandefrihet står emot varandra på medieområdet och att yttrandefrihet ofta får väga tyngre än jämställdhet. Här är fokus på frågan varför det är så i Sverige. Vi ser att det finns huvudsakligen två förklaringar, yttrandefrihetens historiska betydelse för den svenska demokratin medan jämställdhet är ett senare värde, i kombination med en allt starkare betoning av näringsfrihetens värde. Med hjälp av teoretiker som Wendy Brown kommer vi att analysera den senare förklaringen.
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2.
  • Blurring the Lines: Market-Driven and Democracy-Driven Freedom of Expression
  • 2016
  • Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Blurring the Lines: Market-Driven and Democracy-Driven Freedom of Expression focuses on challenges from the market to free speech and how free speech can be protected, promoted and developed when lines between journalism and advertising are blurred. With contributions from 20 scholars in law, media studies and philosophy, it explores an issue deserving greater attention, market pressures on freedom of expression. The role of commercial constraints on speech, restrictions and control of media content and the responsibility of state institutions in protecting free speech are some of the topics scrutinized from a democratic free speech perspective. (Print and OA) CONTENT: Preface Eva-Maria Svensson, Andrew T. Kenyon, Maria Edström: Introduction: Rethinking Freedom of Expression and Media Freedom. Ulla Carlsson: Opening speech: Freedom of Expression in Transition. A Media Perspective I. FREE SPEECH, THE STATE AND TENSIONS Andrew T. Kenyon:Who, What, Why and How. Questions for Positive Free Speech and Media Systems. Kari Karppinen:Beyond Positive and Negative Conceptions of Free Speech. Hans-Gunnar Axberger: Freedom of Expression as a Public Service. Victor Pickard:Toward a People’s Internet. The Fight for Positive Freedoms in an Age of Corporate Libertarianism. Katharine Sarikakis: Europe’s Many Crises and the Confinement of Democracy-Driven Free Speech. John Morison:The Democratic Dynamics of Government Consultations. Speaking Freely and Listening Properly. II. IN BETWEEN ADVERTISING AND JOURNALISM Justin Lewis: The Commercial Constraints on Speech Limit Democratic Debate. Tamara R. Piety: Killing the Golden Goose. Will Blending Advertising and Editorial Content Diminish the Value of Both? Eva-Maria Svensson: Upholding the Division Between Editorial and Commercial Content in Legislation and Self-Regulation. Fredrik Stiernstedt: Blurring the Boundaries in Practice? Economic, Organisational and Regulatory Barriers Against Native Advertising. Maria Edström: Audience Advertising Fatigue and New Alliances to Finance Content in Broadcasting. Bengt Johansson, Stina Bengtsson: On-Line Life in a Commercialised World. The Commodification of Mediated Social Relations. Crystal Abidin, Mart Ots: Influencers Tell All? Unravelling Authenticity and Credibility in a Brand Scandal. III. RESTRICTIONS AND CONTROL OF MEDIA CONTENT Torbjörn von Krogh: “Self-Regulate, or We Will Regulate Your Content”. Are State Threats of Regulation Threats to Freedom of Speech? Marta Martín-Llaguno: Limiting Market-Driven Freedom of Expression by Regulating Sexist Advertising in Spain. An Evaluation of and Some Shadows from the First Decade. David Brax: Hate Speech and the Distribution of the Costs and Benefits of Freedom of Speech. Magnus Hoem Iversen:Breaking the Ban. The Use of Televised Political Advertising in Norway.
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3.
  • Kenyon, Andrew T., et al. (författare)
  • Selling short media accountability? The importance of addressing market-driven claims on media freedom
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Media Accountability in the Era of Post-Truth Politics European Challenges and Perspectives, 1st Edition. - Routledge. - 9780815361671 ; s. 119-134
  • Bokkapitel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Media accountability is an important building block in the democratic rationale for free speech. The value of media accountability for free speech is two-fold. The most addressed value in the media studies literature concerns media’s ability to be accountable in relation to their stakeholders (von Krogh 2012, Fengler et al. 2014, Bardoel & D´Haenens 2004, Bertrand 2000, McQuail 1997). Another value is media’s obligation to seek to hold the powerful to account (e.g. Kenyon et al. forthcoming 2016). The former relates to the trustworthy-ness of the media; the latter invokes perhaps more directly the democratic function of journalism. This paper explores the idea that these two aspects of media accountability should be addressed together, using the example of advertising and editorial content in contemporary media. This broader approach to media accountability clearly involves both self-regulation and legislation—and not self-regulation as merely an alternative to legislation or a method of avoiding legislation. The two techniques operate on somewhat distinct areas, and together they aim to support the values of media accountability for a democratic and free media.
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4.
  • Svensson, Eva-Maria, 1958-, et al. (författare)
  • Gender equality in the Artic and North socio-legal and geopolitical challenges
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Nordic Journal on Law and Society. - Umeå : Umeå universitet, Juridiskt Forum. ; 1:1-2, s. 6-15
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This first issue of the Nordic Journal on Law and Society (NJOLAS) is dedicated to the theme of gender in the Artic. The articles are the result of research carried out by members of a transnational, socio-legal and interdisciplinary network on gender studies on women’s every-day life in Arctic and Northern Regions.Together, the articles form a socio-legal contribution to fill an identified knowledge gap about gender equality in the Arctic and in the geopolitics of Arctic.
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7.
  • Svensson, Eva-Maria, 1958-, et al. (författare)
  • Women's human rights in the governance of the Arctic : gender equality and violence against indigenous women
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: The Yearbook of Polar Law. - Brill | Nijhoff. - 1876-8814. - 978-90-04-34241-5 ; 9:1, s. 53-78
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Previous studies show a lack of deference and activities when it comes to women's human rights and gender equality in the multi-level governance of the Arctic. According to the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women, women in the Arctic are vulnerable, in particular indigenous and rural women. Their rights are not upheld in the Arctic states for example when it comes to exposure to violence, equal participation in governing bodies, and economic self-support. The public governing bodies have almost no focus on gender equality at all, despite far-reaching international obligations and, for several of the states, national ambitious agendas for gender equality politics. International instruments with obligations to strive for gender equality, such as the CEDAW, the ILO Convention 169 and UNDRIP, are scarcely referred to and not sufficiently implemented by the public governance bodies. The aim of this article is to raise awareness of the obligations set up by human rights documents to promote women' rights in the governance of the Arctic, in order to put pressure on the states to develop strategies for a future gender equal governance. We have a special focus on the general lack of awareness within public governance, and on men's intimate partner violence against indigenous women.
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8.
  • Dette brenner jeg for! Festskrift til Hege Brækhus 70 år
  • 2019
  • Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • I dette festskriftet til Hege Brækhus bidrar et stort antall kolleger og kontakter til å anerkjenne Hege og hennes engasjement på ulike områder innenfor rettsvitenskapen i samfunnsmessig viktige spørsmål. Interessen for og betoningen av økonomien som sentral for et menneskes selvstendighet, i kombinasjon med det rent konkrete rommet, er så karakteristisk for Hege. Hun er en uvanlig person innenfor akademia, en person som har evne til å kombinere en akademisk karriere med et sterkt innslag av pragmatisme og nærhet til hverdagens praktiske aspekter, som arbeidsvilkår, lønn og karriereutvikling. Forfatterne representerer både samfunnsvitenskap og et bredt spekter av rettsvitenskap. Alle har skrevet om noe de selv brenner for - samfunnsmessige spørsmål av ulik art, behov for regelendringer, praksis man er kritisk til, osv. Boka har et stort spenn, både tematisk og ved inkludering av ulike fag, tradisjoner og metoder. Som helhet utgjør dette et festskrift som avspeiler «state of the art» når det gjelder engasjement blant forskere anno 2019.
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9.
  • Edström, Maria, 1960-, et al. (författare)
  • Intersectionality to the rescue? A cross-national analysis of equal opportunities policies and tools in four national contexts
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: 8th European Feminist Research Conference, Budapest, 17-20 May 2012.
  • Konferensbidrag (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Despite a common legal framework within EU (and partly also in EFTA) there are differences in national legislation when it comes to gender equality. In Great Britain and Sweden there is no longer separate legislation for equal opportunities. Instead there is a joint Discrimination Act and joint Discrimination Ombudsman encompassing all specifically defined discrimination grounds. In France and Norway there is still a separate legislation, but in Norway there is also a joint Ombudsman. What are the impacts of these different paths for dealing with discrimination in Europe for gender equality? Is gender equality strengthened or the contrary, does a joint discrimination legislation make the discrimination protection and the active measures less efficient? This paper aims to map the development of gender equality in Europe by comparing the different strategies of mainstreaming discrimination in four countries; France, Great Britain, Norway and Sweden. What are the current measures to promote and protect gender equality and how is gender equality related to other grounds for discrimination? Gender mainstreaming as an equality instrument has been encouraged by the UN and EU and since the mid 90-ies. The parallel processes towards joint legislation on discrimination are based on the insight that there are layers of discrimination that demand to be addressed. This is also what feminist theories on intersectionality is emphasising when they argue that different power structures such as age, class and ethnicity interact with gender. Intersectionality could be a way of strengthening gender mainstreaming. But there is also a risk that gender equality is forgotten when other discrimination grounds are focused.
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