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Sökning: hsv:(TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER) hsv:(Medicinteknik)

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  • Lui, Hoi-Shun, et al. (författare)
  • On the matching medium for microwave stroke diagnosis
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Biomedical Physics and Engineering Express. - 2057-1976. ; 5:4
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The choice of matching medium can directly affect the amount of power transmitted into and through human bodies, which impacts on the quality of the reconstructed images in microwave-based medical imaging, and thus the diagnosis accuracies. In this paper, the amount of the transmitted and reflected power of multi-layer planar healthy and hemorrhagic stroke brain models under different choices of matching medium are determined. These multi-layer planar brain tissue models are made up of at least 17 tissue layers with realistic dielectric properties. A layer of blood with different thickness is introduced to model the case of hemorrhagic stroke. Our results show that matching medium with low relative permittivity provides better intrinsic contrast between healthy brain and hemorrhagic brain. Analysis on how the reflection coefficient and transmittance vary under different matching medium are included to provide better insights to the findings.
  • Rezaei Aghdam, Sina, 1989-, et al. (författare)
  • Reducing Motion Artifacts in Microwave-Based Hemorrhagic Stroke Detection
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: 13th European Conference on Antennas and Propagation, EuCAP 2019.
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The use of microwave technology for brain stroke detection opens up the opportunity for developing low-cost transportable devices which can be employed for rapid and prehospital detection of bleeding in patients with traumatic brain injury. Since the detection relies on changes in the scattering parameters of the tissues during pathological conditions, the movements in head or the antennas can deteriorate the detection accuracy. As a countermeasure to this problem, we introduce a technique for reducing the sensitivity of the detection system to motion artifacts. Via analyzing the scattering from an anatomically accurate model of human brain, we evidence that the channels between different pairs of antennas exhibit significantly different levels of sensitivity to the movement. Using this as a ground truth, we develop a generalized singular value decomposition (GSVD)-based approach for assigning appropriate weights to the channels between different antennas such that the probability of correct bleeding detection is maximized.
  • Rowa, Per, et al. (författare)
  • Automated Malaria Parasite Detection
  • 1977
  • Rapport (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • <p>A system for malaria parasite detection in thin blood-smears is presented. Sample slides prepared with standard methods are accepted. A low-cost TV-camera mounted on an ordinary microscope with a computer controlled stage is used as a picture sensor. Frames, digitized in windows of 64 x 64 pixels are fed into a special purpose picture processor at normal frame rate (25 frames/sec). In the picture processor measurements are made on the images at high speed. The classification problem is split into different levels each having different characteristics such as different sampling density. Four classes, three of which are different types of malaria parasites, are recognized. As a whole the classification is best labelled as a sequential pattern recognition procedure.</p><p>In its preliminary version the system has been run at a speed comparable to that of a human operator, that is l 500 cells per minute. A test on 80 000 cells gave 25 false negatives out of 283 parasites (9%) and 41 false positives (0.05%).</p>
  • Tomasic, Ivan, et al. (författare)
  • Comparison of publicly available beat detection algorithms performances on the ECGs obtained by a patch ECG device
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: 2019 42nd International Convention on Information and Communication Technology, Electronics and Microelectronics, MIPRO 2019 - Proceedings. - Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.. - 9789532330984 ; s. 275-278
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Eight ECG beat detection algorithms, from the PhysioNet's WFDB and Cardiovascular Signal toolboxes, were tested on twenty measurements, obtained by the Savvy patch ECG device, for their accuracy in beat detection. On each subject, one measurement is obtained while sitting and one while running. Each measurement lasted from thirty seconds to one minute. The measurements obtained while running were more challenging for all the algorithms, as most of them almost perfectly detected all the beats on the measurements obtained in sitting position. However, when applied on the measurements obtained while running, all the algorithms have performed with decreased accuracy. Considering overall percentage of the faulty detected peaks, the four best algorithms were jqrs, from the Cardiovascular Signal Toolbox, and ecgpuwave, gqrs, and wqrs, from the WFDB Toolbox, with percentages of faulty detected beats 1.7, 2.3, 2.9, and 3, respectively. </p>
  • Zeng, Xuezhi, 1980-, et al. (författare)
  • Investigation of an ultra wideband noise sensor for health monitoring
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Sensors. - 1424-8220 .- 1424-3210. ; 20:4
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Quick on-scene assessment and early intervention is the key to reduce the mortality of stroke and trauma patients, and it is highly desirable to develop ambulance-based diagnostic and monitoring devices in order to provide additional support to the medical personnel. We developed a compact and low cost ultra wideband noise sensor for medical diagnostics and vital sign monitoring in pre-hospital settings. In this work, we demonstrated the functionality of the sensor for respiration and heartbeat monitoring. In the test, metronome was used to manipulate the breathing pattern and the heartbeat rate reference was obtained with a commercial electrocardiogram (ECG) device. With seventeen tests performed for respiration rate detection, sixteen of them were successfully detected. The results also show that it is possible to detect the heartbeat rate accurately with the developed sensor.
  • Rigato, Cristina, 1989-, et al. (författare)
  • Audiometric comparison between Bone Anchored Hearing Aid and Bone Conduction Implant
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: AudiologyNOW!2016.
  • Konferensbidrag (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Patients suffering from conductive or mixed hearing losses can often be successfully rehabilitated using bone conduction devices (BCDs). Percutaneous BCDs are widely used today, but the trend is to develop transcutaneous solutions able to providing equally good rehabilitation and less complications. Here, the transcutaneous Bone Conduction Implant was compared with percutaneous BCDs under the hypothesis that they are equally effective. Tone and speech audiometry and questionnaires were utilized to assess the overall performance. The outcome confirmed the initial hypothesis.
  • Capece, Sabrina, et al. (författare)
  • A general strategy for obtaining biodegradable polymer shelled microbubbles as theranostic devices
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: 3 MiCRON EU FP7.
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Fabrication of multifunctional ultrasound contrast agents (UCAs) has been recently addressed by several research groups. A versatile strategy for the synthesis of UCA precursors in the form of biodegradable vesicles with a biocompatible crosslinked polymer shell is described. Upon ultrasound irradiation, acoustic droplet vaporization transforms such particles into microbubbles behaving as UCAs. This proof of concept entails the features of a potential theranostic microdevice.</p>
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