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Träfflista för sökning "hsv:(MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP) hsv:(Klinisk medicin) srt2:(1990-1999);srt2:(1995)"

Sökning: hsv:(MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP) hsv:(Klinisk medicin) > (1990-1999) > (1995)

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  • Sjöholm, H, et al. (författare)
  • Necrosis of malignant gliomas after intratumoral injection of 201Tl in vivo in the rat
  • 1995
  • Ingår i: Anti-Cancer Drugs. - Rapid Communications. - 0959-4973. ; 6:1, s. 109-114
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Fourteen adult Fischer 344 rats were inoculated in vivo unilaterally in the caudate nucleus in the brain with malignant RG 2 glioma cells. By 3 weeks a tumor with a diameter of 3-6 mm normally develops. Ten animals which survived the repeated periods of anesthesia and thallium (Tl) injections (intratumorally three times of 201Tl, 15-23 days after inoculation) showed a prolonged retention of radioactivity at the site of injection with no uptake in other organs except for the kidneys. Singular circumscribed necroses were found post-mortem at the site of injection, comprising malignant glioma tumor tissue, which in six animals was absent, in three animals was markedly reduced in size compared with controls and in one animal had the expected size. In four animals metastases were found in distant locations in the brain; in three of these cases there was a retention of radioactivity in the tumor. The selective necrotizing effect on the tumor cells is interpreted as mainly due to emission of Auger electrons from intracellularly accumulated 201Tl, giving rise to very high energy deposition in the vicinity of the cell nucleus. The results should also have implications for the treatment of human malignant gliomas.
  • Forssell-Aronsson, Eva, 1961-, et al. (författare)
  • Indium-111 activity concentration in tissue samples after intravenous injection of indium-111-DTPA-D-Phe-1-octreotide.
  • 1995
  • Ingår i: Journal of nuclear medicine : official publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine. - 0161-5505. ; 36:1, s. 7-12
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Indium-111 activity concentrations in human tumor and normal tissue samples were determined at 24, 48 and 120 hr after i.v. injection of 111In-DTPA-D-Phe-1-octreotide. Fourteen patients were included in the study. Seven patients had medullary thyroid carcinoma, four had midgut carcinoid tumors, two had endocrine pancreatic tumors and one had chronic pancreatitis.
  • Ohlsson, Bodil, et al. (författare)
  • Time-course of the pancreatic changes following long-term stimulation or inhibition of the CCK-A receptor
  • 1995
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Pancreatology. - Humana Press. - 0169-4197. ; 18:1, s. 59-66
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Cholecystokinin (CCK) reportedly induces both hyperplastic and hypertrophic changes in the pancreas. Blockade of the CCK receptor results in decreased pancreatic secretion and atrophy. The aim of this study was to evaluate the time-course of the effects of stimulation and inhibition of the CCK-A receptor in the rat exocrine pancreas. Male rats had infusion of sulfated CCK-8, the CCK-A receptor antagonist devazepide, or sodium chloride by osmotic minipumps. After 36 h, 3, 7, or 28 d the rats had ip injections of thymidine, and 1 h later they were sacrificed. The pancreas was excised, weighed, and its content of protein, DNA, water, and enzymes was analyzed. Histologic samples were prepared for autoradiography. Pancreatic weight, protein, and DNA were increased at 36 h after the start of CCK infusion and throughout the study period. CCK stimulation also increased the content of trypsin at days 3 and 28. The labeling index of pancreatic acinar cells was increased at 36 h. Blockade of endogenous CCK by the receptor antagonist devazepide led to decreased pancreatic weight from the third day of infusion, whereas the protein content was decreased from the seventh day. At day 28, the DNA content was decreased by devazepide. However, the labeling index of acinar cells decreased transiently already at 36 h. Neither CCK nor devazepide caused any changes of protein content:DNA content ratio during the study. Continuous infusion of CCK caused pancreatic hyperplasia already after 36 h. Stimulation up to 28 d did not cause any further effects. The adverse changes found after blockade of the CCK-A receptor showed much of the same time-course.
  • Richard, Levi, 1958-, et al. (författare)
  • The Stockholm Spinal Cord Injury Study : 2. Associations between clinical patient characteristics and post-acute medical problems.
  • 1995
  • Ingår i: Paraplegia. - 0031-1758. ; 33:10, s. 585-594
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The Stockholm Spinal Cord Injury Study (SSCIS) is an extensive evaluation of a sample of 353 subjects with traumatic SCI, constituting 93% of the known regional prevalence population with this diagnosis. In a previous analysis of this group, symptoms such as pain, incontinence, sexual dysfunction and neurological deterioration, as well as secondary complications, such as decubitus ulcers, urinary tract infections, spinal deformity and fractures, were found to be common. In the present report, we investigate associations between a few commonly used patient characteristics, ie gender, age at injury, duration of injury and extent of neurological compromise, and the occurrence of such problems, to assess differences in vulnerability in SCI subgroups. Results generally indicate an increased vulnerability in subjects with extensive neurological deficits, as well as a cumulation of complications with the increasing duration of injury. However, some exceptions are found, possibly indicating differences in temporal patterns of the occurrence of various complications, as well as certain gender-, age-, and lesion-associated variations in vulnerability. Symptoms directly related to the spinal cord lesion, eg neurogenic pain and neurological deterioration, seem to present rather soon post-injury. Males are more prone to experience excessive spasticity and sexual problems. Females experience more fractures and spinal deformity. Younger age at injury is associated with more spinal deformity but less severe pain problems. Higher age at injury is not found to be associated with more medical problems, with the exception of neurogenic pain, among post-acute, post-discharge survivors. The latter finding does not, however, preclude more such problems in the acute stage, since the present study neither addresses the pre-discharge period, nor includes information about mortality. Finally, the ASIA/IMSOP Impairment Scale Grade E-rated subjects were found to report problems to an extent that underlines the restricted sensorimotor sense in which this rating reflects recovery.
  • Ekelund, Ulf, et al. (författare)
  • Effects of the combined ETA and ETB receptor antagonist PD145065 on arteries, arterioles, and veins in the cat hindlimb
  • 1995
  • Ingår i: Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology. - Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. - 1533-4023. ; 26:Suppl. 3, s. 211-213
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The aim of this study was to describe in quantitative terms the effects of ETA and ETB receptor blockade on vascular tone (resistance) in large-bore arterial resistance vessels (> 25 microns), small arterioles (< 25 microns), and veins in the cat gastrocnemius muscle in vivo. In the muscle vascular bed, the combined ETA and ETB receptor antagonist PD145065 (1 mg/kg/min, intra-arterially) abolished the biphasic vascular responses (dilatation followed by constriction) to both ET-1 (0.4 microgram/kg/min, intra-arterially) and to the selective ETB receptor agonist IRL1620 (3.2 micrograms/kg/min, intra-arterially). In the cat femoral artery and vein in vitro, PD145065 competitively inhibited the contractile responses to both ET-1 and IRL1620. The contractile response to the latter agonist could be evoked only after long-term incubation of the vessels (37 degrees C for 5 days). These results indicate that PD145065 is a potent antagonist at both ETA and ETB receptors in vivo and in vitro. Therefore, this antagonist may prove useful for elucidating the possible physiologic and/or pathophysiologic roles of the endothelins. For example, it was shown that PD145065 had no effect on vascular tone in the resting state, indicating no role for the endothelins in the regulation of basal vascular tone in cat skeletal muscle.
  • Karlberg, Mikael, et al. (författare)
  • Impaired postural control in patients with cervico-brachial pain
  • 1995
  • Ingår i: Acta Oto-Laryngologica. Supplement. - Scandinavian University Press. - 0365-5237. ; 115:S520, s. 440-442
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Dizziness and subjective balance disturbances are common complaints in cervical pain syndromes. We assessed balance function with posturography using vibration-induced and galvanically-induced body sway in consecutive patients (n = 116) with cervico-brachial pain syndrome of more than 3 months' duration. A total of 83% of the patients showed signs of cervical root compression on MRT scans. The incidence of complaints of vertigo was 50%. The patients manifested significantly poorer postural control than sex- and age-matched controls (n = 20). Disorders of the neck should be considered when assessing patients complaining of dizziness, vertigo and balance disturbances.
  • Önsten, Ingemar, et al. (författare)
  • Migration of the Charnley stem in rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis. A roentgen stereophotogrammetric study
  • 1995
  • Ingår i: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery: British Volume. - British Editorial Society of Bone & Joint Surgery. - 2044-5377. ; 77-B:1, s. 18-22
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Migration of 65 Charnley stems implanted with modern cementing techniques was studied by roentgen stereophotogrammetry. There were 25 patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and 40 with osteoarthritis (OA) followed up for two years. In 43 cases a bone sample for histomorphometric analysis was obtained from the femur during the operation. In 22 cases the mean subsidence of the prosthetic head was 0.40 mm and in 20 the mean posterior migration was 1.25 mm. There was no difference in migration between the two diagnostic groups (p = 0.8) after adjusting for variations in gender, age and weight. Male gender was associated with increased subsidence (p = 0.006). Histological examination showed that the RA series had more osteoid surface (p = 0.04), but neither this, nor any of the other histomorphometric variables, influenced migration. These results suggest that, unlike the acetabular socket, the cemented Charnley femoral component is equally secure in osteoarthritis and in rheumatoid arthritis, and that its initial fixation is not influenced by the quality of the local cancellous bone. Our results provide data with which the early performance of new prosthetic designs and fixation methods can be compared.
  • Forsberg, B, et al. (författare)
  • The platelet-specific alloantigen PlA1 (HPA-1a): a comparison of flow cytometric immunophenotyping and genotyping using polymerase chain reaction and restriction fragment length polymorphism in a Swedish blood donor population.
  • 1995
  • Ingår i: Transfusion. - 0041-1132. ; 35:3, s. 241-6
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: There is an increasing interest in the development of rapid and reliable techniques for platelet alloantigen typing. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: By use of standardized flow cytometry and a specific human alloantiserum, 236 Swedish blood donors were immunophenotyped for the platelet-specific alloantigen, PlA1 (HPA-1a). RESULTS: Ten individuals (4.2%) had low fluorescence intensities and were considered PlA1-negative (HPA-1a-negative); all of them also demonstrated a PlA2/PlA2 (HPA-1b/1b) genotype in a polymerase chain reaction and restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) assay of the underlying DNA polymorphism. The remaining population had clear positive fluorescence and was regarded as PlA1-positive (HPA-1a-positive). The fluorescence distribution histogram among PlA1-positive (HPA-1a-positive) individuals was dome-shaped, and those individuals who were homozygous for PlA1 (HPA-1a) could not be distinguished from those who were heterozygous. This finding was further substantiated by PCR-RFLP analysis of the PlA1/PlA2 (HPA-1a/1b) genotype; a heterozygous genotype was found among those having a medium fluorescence intensity as well as among those having a strong fluorescence intensity. CONCLUSION: Flow cytometry is a valuable tool for large-scale detection of PlA1 (HPA-1a). However, flow cytometry based on only one antiserum cannot distinguish between homozygous and heterozygous carriers of PlA1 (HPA-1a). For zygosity testing and when platelets are difficult to obtain, the PCR-RFLP technique is the assay of choice.
  • Stockelberg, Dick, 1950-, et al. (författare)
  • Evidence for a light chain restriction of glycoprotein Ib/IX and IIb/IIIa reactive antibodies in chronic idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP).
  • 1995
  • Ingår i: British journal of haematology. - 0007-1048. ; 90:1, s. 175-9
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • To address the assumption of clonally restricted antibodies in immune thrombocytopenias we studied sera from 19 patients with chronic ITP known to possess antibodies reactive with glycoprotein (GP) Ib/IX and/or GPIIb/IIIa. These sera were re-analysed using the standard monoclonal antibody immobilization of platelet antigens (MAIPA) assay and 16 patients exhibited IgG antibodies reactive with GPIIb/IIIa; seven patients showed also a reactivity with GPIb/IX. Employing a light-chain-specific MAIPA assay, 75% (12/16) of these sera displayed GPIIb/IIIa-specific antibodies that were light chain restricted; only 13% (2/16) of the GPIIb/IIIa reactive sera showed a mixed kappa and lambda phenotype. A light-chain-restricted phenotype was also seen for the GPIb/IX reactive antibodies. To further substantiate these findings, the MAIPA assay was modified in order to avoid interference from human anti-mouse antibodies. A high frequency of light-chain restricted platelet antibodies was also found using the modified MAIPA technique. These results support the hypothesis of a clonal B-cell expansion in immune thrombocytopenias, producing antibodies with a restricted idiotype repertoire and reacting with a limited number of epitopes.
  • Abrahamsson, Jonas, 1954-, et al. (författare)
  • Immunoglobulin levels and lymphocyte response to mitogenic stimulation in children with malignant disease during treatment and follow-up.
  • 1995
  • Ingår i: Acta paediatrica (Oslo, Norway : 1992). - 0803-5253. ; 84:2, s. 177-82
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Intensification of chemotherapeutic regimens has improved survival in childhood malignant disease. To characterize the impact of this intensified therapy on some aspects of the immune system, we have, in an unselected material of 220 children with malignant disease, investigated serum immunoglobulin levels and lymphocyte response at diagnosis and then subsequently during and up to 4 years after cessation of therapy. In leukemia and Hodgkin's disease, all immunoglobulin isotypes decreased during therapy. A profound depression of immunoglobulin M levels, lasting well after completion of therapy, was seen in all tumor types. The mitogenic response was attenuated in patients with leukemia at diagnosis but was rapidly restored after institution of therapy. Patients with solid tumors, particularly Hodgkin's disease, had a reduced mitogenic response during therapy. Thus these patients exhibit multiple immunological disturbances. The basis of the pronounced immunoglobulin M deficiency remains unclear.
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