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Träfflista för sökning "hsv:(MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP) hsv:(Klinisk medicin) srt2:(1990-1999);srt2:(1996)"

Sökning: hsv:(MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP) hsv:(Klinisk medicin) > (1990-1999) > (1996)

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  • Fäldt, Roger, et al. (författare)
  • Prevalence of thyroid hormone abnormalities in elderly patients with symptoms of organic brain disease.
  • 1996
  • Ingår i: Aging (Milan, Italy). - Kurtis. - 0394-9532. ; 8:5, s. 347-357
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Analysis of the serum concentrations of free thyroid hormones (fT3, fT4) and thyrotropin (TSH) in 173 psychogeriatric patients (94 females and 79 males, mean age 79 +/- 8 years) disclosed that the hormone levels were related to sex, psychiatric diagnosis, medication and the presence of nonthyroid illness (NTI). Subnormal concentrations of thyroid hormones and/or TSH were found in 25% of the patients. In addition, fT3 and fT4 concentrations were significantly lower (p < 0.05 and p < 0.001, respectively) in demented males compared with demented females although the levels were within the reference limits. Strongly negative correlations between fT3 and age (p < 0.001), and between fT3 and the sedimentation rate (SR) (p < 0.01) were found in demented but not in non-demented patients. These correlations were most pronounced in (age) or restricted to (SR) demented males. In addition, the correlation between fT3 and Hb was strongly positive (p < 0.001) in demented as well as in nondemented patients, particularly in males. The concentration of fT4 was positively correlated to Hb in demented males (p < 0.001), whereas TSH concentration was positively correlated to Hb in demented females (p < 0.05). The results show that TSH is not sufficient as the sole screening assay for evaluation of possible thyroid dysfunction in psychogeriatric patients. In addition, central (hypothalamic?) hypothyroidism may be present in a substantial amount of psychogeriatric patients, as we found an adequate TSH response to exogenous thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) also in patients with decreased fT3/fT4 and no signs of non thyroid diseases. Furthermore, there was an apparent lack of correlation between thyroid hormone levels and dementia (or subgroups of dementia), even though thyroid hormone abnormalities seemed to be rather common in frontotemporal dementia (38%) and non specified dementia (36%).
  • Wängberg, Bo, 1953-, et al. (författare)
  • Intraoperative detection of somatostatin-receptor-positive neuroendocrine tumours using indium-111-labelled DTPA-D-Phe1-octreotide.
  • 1996
  • Ingår i: British journal of cancer. - 0007-0920. ; 73:6, s. 770-5
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • After injection of 111In-labelled DTPA-D-Phe1-octreotide, intraoperative tumour localisation was performed using a scintillation detector in 23 patients with neuroendocrine tumours. Count rates from suspect tumour lesions and adjacent normal tissue were expressed as a ratio before (Rin situ) and after (Rex vivo) excision. 111In activity concentration ratios of tumour tissue to blood (T/B) were determined in a gamma counter. In patients with midgut carcinoids, (all scintigraphy positive), false Rin situ recordings were found in 4/29 macroscopically identified tumours. T/B ratios were all high (27-650). In patients with medullary thyroid carcinomas (eight out of ten scintigraphy positive), misleading Rin situ results were found in 4/37 macroscopically identified tumours. T/B ratios were lower (3-39) than those seen in midgut carcinoids. Two out of four patients with endocrine pancreatic tumours had positive scintigraphy, reliable intraoperative measurements and very high T/B ratios (910-1500). One patient with a gastric carcinoid had correct measurements in situ and ex vivo with high T/B ratios (71-210). In situ measurements added little information to preoperative scintigraphy and surgical findings using the present detection system. Rex vivo measurements were more reliable. The very high T/B ratios seen in midgut carcinoids and some endocrine pancreatic tumours would be favourable for future radiation therapy via somatostatin receptors.
  • Lindh, Mats, et al. (författare)
  • Endovascular stent-anchored aortic grafts: a comparison between self-expanding and balloon-expandable stents in minipigs
  • 1996
  • Ingår i: Journal of Endovascular Surgery. - International Society of Endovascular Specialists. - 1074-6218. ; 3:3, s. 284-289
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • PURPOSE: To study endovascular graft attachment with self-expanding Gianturco Z-stents and balloon-expanded Palmaz stents and the effect of these devices on the renal ostia. METHODS: Ten stent-grafts were constructed, 5 with Gianturco Z-stents and 5 with Palmaz stents. The endografts were implanted under fluoroscopic guidance into the abdominal aorta of 10 pigs so that the uncovered portion of the proximal stent extended over the renal artery orifices. Distal aortic blood pressure and flow were measured before and after graft placement and 1 hour postprocedure. The aorta was then exposed surgically, and the central portion of the stent-graft was inspected through an aortotomy to assess perigraft leakage. RESULTS: Stent-graft implantation was accurate and hemostatic in all cases, despite longitudinal folding of the graft due to oversizing. However, transverse folds produced pressure gradients (> 15 mmHg) between the ends of the graft in two cases. In another case, a pressure gradient resulted from partial thrombosis of the graft. In two cases, renal artery occlusion and thrombosis occurred due to coverage by the graft material. In two other animals, one of the renal arteries was entirely uncovered by a stent. The remaining 16 renal arteries were covered by the proximal stent but not the graft, as intended. One (6.25%) of these arteries thrombosed, but the remainder were grossly patent when the animals were sacrificed at 1 hour. CONCLUSIONS: Both Palmaz and Gianturco Z-stents produced hemostatic endovascular graft attachment, even in the presence of moderate graft oversizing. The risk of acute renal artery occlusion from juxtarenal stenting does not appear to be prohibitive, but longer term observations are needed.
  • Andersson, P, et al. (författare)
  • Internalization of indium-111 into human neuroendocrine tumor cells after incubation with indium-111-DTPA-D-Phe1-octreotide.
  • 1996
  • Ingår i: Journal of nuclear medicine : official publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine. - 0161-5505. ; 37:12, s. 2002-6
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Neuroendocrine tumor cells frequently overexpress somatostatin receptors at their cell surfaces. To evaluate the possibility of using the somatostatin analog 111In-DTPA-D-Phe1-octreotide for radiation therapy, we studied the binding and subsequent internalization of 111In into three types of cultured human neuroendocrine tumor cells.
  • Kölby, Lars, 1963-, et al. (författare)
  • Histidine decarboxylase expression and histamine metabolism in gastric oxyntic mucosa during hypergastrinemia and carcinoid tumor formation.
  • 1996
  • Ingår i: Endocrinology. - 0013-7227. ; 137:10, s. 4435-42
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Histamine is an important stimulator of gastric acid secretion. In experimental animals, inhibition of acid secretion by long term histamine2 receptor blockade causes hypergastrinemia, proliferation of enterochromaffin-like (ECL) cells, and formation of histamine-producing gastric carcinoids. The aim of this study was to examine the role of gastrin in histamine synthesis and metabolism of the oxyntic mucosa of normal, hyperplastic, and carcinoid-bearing Mastomys natalensis. Administration of exogenous gastrin to normal animals increased histidine decarboxylase (HDC) messenger RNA (mRNA) expression in the oxyntic mucosa within 30 min, indicating that gastrin stimulates histamine synthesis by regulating HDC mRNA abundance. Endogenous hypergastrinemia, induced by short term histamine2 receptor blockade (loxtidine) for 3-29 days, did not induce tumors, but enhanced the expression of HDC mRNA (2- to 4-fold elevated) and histamine contents (2-fold elevated) in the oxyntic mucosa. Long term histamine2 receptor blockade (7-21 months) resulted in sustained hypergastrinemia and ECL tumor formation. Tumor-bearing animals had a 4-fold increase in HDC mRNA expression and histamine contents of the oxyntic mucosa. Urinary excretion of the histamine metabolite methyl-imidazole-acetic acid was 2-fold elevated. Tumor-bearing animals recovering from histamine2 receptor blockade were normogastrinemic and had normal levels of HDC mRNA and histamine in the oxyntic mucosa as well as normal excretion of methyl-imidazole-acetic acid. The results indicate that ECL cell carcinoids developing during hypergastrinemia are well differentiated tumors that respond to high gastrin levels with increased histamine synthesis and secretion.
  • Fjälling, M, et al. (författare)
  • Systemic radionuclide therapy using indium-111-DTPA-D-Phe1-octreotide in midgut carcinoid syndrome.
  • 1996
  • Ingår i: Journal of nuclear medicine : official publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine. - 0161-5505. ; 37:9, s. 1519-21
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • A 55-yr-old woman with a midgut carcinoid syndrome due to metastatic spread of an ileal tumor to the liver, paraortic and mediastinal lymph nodes and to the skeleton was given systemic radionuclide therapy with 111In-DTPA-D-Phe1-octreotide. Before therapy, dosimetric calculations were performed on whole-body scintigraphs and 111In retention was shown to be long-lasting. Excretion was mainly seen during the first 24 hr after injection; thereafter whole-body retention remained stationary at 30%. Indium-111 activity in tumor biopsies and blood was measured using a gamma counter. Very high tumor-to-blood ratios were obtained: 150 for the primary tumor and 400-650 for liver metastases, which further justified radiation therapy. Indium-111-DTPA-D-Phe1-octreotide treatment was given on three separate occasions (3.0, 3.5 and 3.1 GBq) 8 and 4 wk apart. After each therapy, the patient experienced facial flush and pain over the skeletal lesions followed by symptomatic relief, even though no objective tumor regression was found radiologically after 5 mo. After initiation of octreotide treatment, there was a 14% reduction of the main tumor marker, urinary 5-HIAA. After three subsequent radionuclide therapies, there was a further 31% reduction of 5-HIAA levels. No adverse reactions, other than a slight decrease in leukocyte counts, were seen. The mean absorbed radiation dose after the three treatments was estimated to be about 10-12 Gy in liver metastases and 3-6 Gy in other tumors, depending on the size and location of the metastases. Assuming internalization of 111In into tumor cells and a radiobiological effect from short range Auger and conversion electrons, there might be a therapeutic effect on the tumor.
  • Jacobsson, Stefan, 1951-, et al. (författare)
  • Flow cytometric analysis of megakaryocyte ploidy in chronic myeloproliferative disorders and reactive thrombocytosis.
  • 1996
  • Ingår i: European journal of haematology. - 0902-4441. ; 56:5, s. 287-92
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Megakaryocyte (MK) ploidy patterns were analysed by flow cytometry in 29 newly diagnosed and previously untreated patients with chronic myeloproliferative disorders (MPD) and concomitant thrombocytosis, in 9 patients with reactive thrombocytosis (RT) and in 12 healthy individuals. Unfractionated bone marrow from routine aspirates was used. MKs were identified with a fluorescein labelled monoclonal antibody specific for glycoprotein IIIa (GPIIIa) and DNA was stained with propidium iodide. For the 12 healthy volunteers the mean modal ploidy number was 16 N; the 9 patients with RT displayed an identical MK ploidy pattern. The frequency of MKs with a ploidy > or = 32 N was 45% among the patients with essential thrombocythaemia (ET) compared to 32% among the healthy volunteers (p < 0.001). MKs with ploidy number > or = 64 N, comprising approximately 13% of the total number of MKs, was a characteristic finding in the patients with ET. Similar findings were present in 8 patients with polycythaemia vera (PV). In patients with PV 34% and 6% of the MKs displayed ploidies > or = 32 N and > or = 64 N, respectively. In contrast, a distinct shift towards lower ploidy number, with 63% of MKs < or = 8 N, was found among the 4 patients with chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML). The present results indicate that by using flow cytometric analysis of MK ploidy distribution in patients with thrombocytosis, those with a reactive cause are likely to be discriminated from patients with myeloproliferative thrombocytosis, i.e. PV and ET on one hand and CML on the other hand. The distinction between ET and PV, however, has to be made on other grounds.
  • Stockelberg, Dick, 1950-, et al. (författare)
  • Detection of platelet antibodies in chronic idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP). A comparative study using flow cytometry, a whole platelet ELISA, and an antigen capture ELISA.
  • 1996
  • Ingår i: European journal of haematology. - 0902-4441. ; 56:1-2, s. 72-7
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Chronic idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) is a consequence of rapid platelet destruction caused by circulating platelet antibodies. In this study we compared three methods for detecting serum platelet antibodies in a population of 65 patients with chronic ITP. In two of the techniques intact platelets were used as the antibody target, i.e. the whole platelet ELISA and the flow cytometric assay; in the third an antigen-specific modified antigen capture ELISA (MACE) was employed. By using the whole platelet ELISA and the flow cytometric assay 35% and 45% of the patients, respectively, displayed an antiplatelet antibody. In most cases (26 or 29 patients) IgG was the predominant antiplatelet immunoglobulin. As analysed using the MACE-technique glycoprotein (GP) Ib/IX-specific antibodies occurred with the same frequency as antibodies specific for GPIIb/IIIa. Moreover, there was a poor correlation between the MACE results on the one hand and results from the intact platelet-based techniques on the other, i.e. several patients were positive in one assay whereas they were negative in the other. We conclude that all three techniques have their merits and demerits; it appears reasonable that they should be used together in the evaluation of the autoimmune process of chronic ITP.
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