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Träfflista för sökning "hsv:(MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP) hsv:(Klinisk medicin) hsv:(Cancer och onkologi) srt2:(2000-2004);srt2:(2001)"

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  • Westberg, G, et al. (författare)
  • Prediction of prognosis by echocardiography in patients with midgut carcinoid syndrome.
  • 2001
  • Ingår i: The British journal of surgery. - 0007-1323. ; 88:6, s. 865-72
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The association between malignant midgut carcinoid tumours and right-sided cardiac lesions is well known, but the pathogenetic link between tumour secretion and valvular disease is still obscure. The purpose of this investigation was to describe the morphological and functional changes of valvular heart disease in a large patient series and to correlate these findings with hormonal secretion and prognosis.
  • Sjöbeck, Martin, et al. (författare)
  • Alzheimer's disease and the cerebellum: a morphologic study on neuronal and glial changes
  • 2001
  • Ingår i: Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders. - Karger. - 1420-8008. ; 12:3, s. 211-218
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Structural manifestations of Alzheimer's disease (AD) including neuronal loss were investigated in 12 cases of AD and in 10 healthy age-matched controls, with focus on the cerebellum. Linear Purkinje cell (PC) density was measured in the vermis and cerebellar hemispheres. Neurons were also counted in the inferior olivary nucleus. In vermis of the AD cases, the mean PC number was significantly lower (p = 0.019) than in the controls. The neurons in the inferior olive were similarly fewer, though not significantly (p = 0.13). Molecular layer gliosis and atrophy in the vermis was clearly severer in AD than in the controls. Features typical of cerebral Alzheimer encephalopathy (plaques, tangles and microvacuolization) were inconspicious. The structural cerebellar changes in the AD cases were thus neuronal loss, atrophy and gliosis, judged to represent the disease process, and with a main involvement in the vermis. This may be reflected in some of the symptoms and signs seen in AD, signs that are generally overlooked or judged to be of noncerebellar origin.
  • Bauer, Hjärtcentrum, et al. (författare)
  • Monitoring referral and treatment in soft tissue sarcoma: study based on 1,851 patients from the Scandinavian Sarcoma Group Register
  • 2001
  • Ingår i: Acta Orthopaedica Scandinavica. - Taylor & Francis. - 0001-6470. ; 72:2, s. 150-159
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This report is based on 1.851 adult patients with soft tissue sarcoma (STS) of the extremities or trunk wall diagnosed between 1986 and 1997 and reported from all tertiary referral centers in Norway and Sweden. The median age at diagnosis was 65 years and the male-to-female ratio was 1.1:1. One third of the tumors were subcutaneous, one third deep, intramuscular and one third deep, extramuscular. The median size was 7 (1-35) cm and 75% were high grade (III-IV). Metastases at presentation were diagnosed in 8% of the patients. Two thirds of STS patients were referred before surgery and the referral practices have improved during the study. The preoperative morphologic diagnosis was made with fine-needle aspiration cytology in 81%, core-needle biopsy in 9% and incisional biopsy in 10%. The frequency of amputations has decreased from 15% in 198688 to 9% in 1995-1997. A wide surgical margin was achieved in 77% of subcutaneous and 60% of deep-seated lesions. Overall, 24% of operated STS patients had adjuvant radiotherapy. The use of such therapy at sarcoma centers increased from 20% 1986-88 to 30% in 1995-97. Follow-up has been reported in 96% of the patients. The cumulative local recurrence rate was 0.20 at 5 years and 0.24 at 10 years. The 5-year metastasis-free survival rate was 0.70.
  • Dahlén, A, et al. (författare)
  • Analysis of the distribution and frequency of trisomy 7 in vivo in synovia from patients with osteoarthritis and pigmented villonodular synovitis
  • 2001
  • Ingår i: Cancer Genetics and Cytogenetics. - Elsevier. - 0165-4608. ; 131:1, s. 19-24
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Osteoarthritis (OA) and pigmented villonodular synovitis (PVNS) are disorders associated with trisomy 7. The aim of the present study was to determine the frequency and distribution of the cells with +7 in vivo by analyzing sections of paraffin-embedded synovia from patients affected by OA, PVNS, other forms of synovitis [hemorragic synovitis (HS) and chronic synovitis (CS)], and from individuals without joint disease. Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), using a centromeric probe for chromosome 7, showed that the mean frequency of trisomic nuclei in 5-microm sections was highest in PVNS (9.0%), followed by CS (5.9%), OA (5.6%), and HS (4.6%), whereas trisomic nuclei were rare (0.7%) in normal tissue. When 8-microm sections were studied, the frequencies of trisomic cells in OA and control synovia increased to 6.7% and 1.5%, respectively. Trisomic nuclei were found in all cases, including those for which cytogenetic analysis of short-term cultures had not disclosed any trisomic cells. Overall, the trisomic cells were scattered within the tissue. However, small clusters of cells with +7 were found in three cases. By hematoxylin-eosin staining of the slides used for FISH analysis it could be shown that the clustered trisomic cells were proliferating synoviocytes within villous extensions of the synovial membrane.
  • Falkenberg, Cecilia, et al. (författare)
  • Expression of a functional proteinase inhibitor capable of accepting xylose: bikunin
  • 2001
  • Ingår i: Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics. - Academic Press. - 0003-9861. ; 387:1, s. 99-106
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Bikunin is a Kunitz-type proteinase inhibitor, which is cross-linked to heavy chains via a chondroitin sulfate chain, forming inter-alpha-inhibitor and related molecules. Rat bikunin was produced by baculovirus-infected insect cells. The protein could be purified with a total yield of 20 mg/liter medium. Unlike naturally occuring bikunin the recombinant protein had no galactosaminoglycan chain. Endoglycosidase digestion also suggested that the recombinant form lacked N-linked oligosaccharides. Bikunin is translated as a part of a precursor, alpha1-microglobulin/bikunin, but the functional significance of the cotranslation is unknown. Our results indicate that the proteinase inhibitory function of bikunin is not regulated by the alpha1-microglobulin-part of the alpha1-microglobulin/bikunin precursor since recombinant bikunin had the same trypsin inhibitory activity as the recombinant precursor. Both free bikunin and the precursor were also functional as a substrate in an in vitro xylosylation system. This demonstrates that the alpha1-microglobulin-part is not necessary for the first step of galactosaminoglycan assembly.
  • Jakobsen, A M, et al. (författare)
  • Differential expression of vesicular monoamine transporter (VMAT) 1 and 2 in gastrointestinal endocrine tumours.
  • 2001
  • Ingår i: The Journal of pathology. - 0022-3417. ; 195:4, s. 463-72
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Neuroendocrine tumours are characterized by their capacity to produce hormones, which are stored in vesicles and secretory granules. Demonstration of granule/vesicle proteins in tumours is taken as evidence of neuroendocrine differentiation. Vesicular monoamine transporters (VMAT1 and VMAT2) mediate the transport of amines into vesicles of neurons and endocrine cells. The expression of VMAT1 and VMAT2 and the usefulness of VMAT1 and VMAT2 in the histopathological diagnosis of gastrointestinal endocrine tumours have not been fully explored. This study therefore investigated the expression of VMAT1 and VMAT2 in 211 human gastrointestinal tumours by immunocytochemistry and western blotting. VMAT1 and/or VMAT2 were demonstrated in the majority of amine-producing endocrine tumours of gastric, ileal, and appendiceal origin. Serotonin-producing endocrine tumours (ileal and appendiceal carcinoids) expressed predominantly VMAT1, while histamine-producing endocrine tumours (gastric carcinoids) expressed VMAT2 almost exclusively. In peptide-producing endocrine tumours such as rectal carcinoids and endocrine pancreatic tumours, only a small number of immunopositive tumour cells were observed. No labelling was found in non-endocrine tumours, including gastric, colorectal and pancreatic adenocarcinomas and gastrointestinal stromal tumours. In conclusion, VMAT1 and VMAT2 are differentially expressed by gastrointestinal endocrine tumours, with a pattern specific for each tumour type, reflecting their neuroendocrine differentiation and origin. VMAT1 and VMAT2 may therefore become valuable markers in the classification of neuroendocrine tumours and may also indicate patients suitable for radioisotope treatment operating via these transporter systems.
  • Möller, Torgil, et al. (författare)
  • Survival of children with liver tumours in Europe 1978--1989
  • 2001
  • Ingår i: European Journal of Cancer. - Elsevier. - 1879-0852. ; 37:6, s. 744-749
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Hepatic tumours are rare in childhood. Within the frame of the EUROCARE II study, a total of 328 liver tumours in patients aged 0--14 years were reported during the period 1978--1989. The childhood cancer registries in UK and Germany contributed approximately a third of the cases each. Hepatoblastoma accounted for 71% of cases. The 5-year survival was 36% 95% confidence interval (CI) 28--46%, with no significant difference between the genders. Patients aged 10--14 years did worse, especially boys. Survival improved significantly during the study period. Survival in hepatocellular carcinoma was lower, 20% (95% CI 6--52%), and showed no improvement during the study period.
  • Relander, Thomas, et al. (författare)
  • Retroviral transduction of human CD34+ cells on fibronectin fragment CH-296 is inhibited by high concentrations of vector containing medium
  • 2001
  • Ingår i: Journal of Gene Medicine. - John Wiley and Sons Inc.. - 1521-2254. ; 3:3, s. 207-218
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: The objective of the present study was to optimize conditions for retroviral transduction of human cord blood (CB) CD34+ cells and to reveal mechanisms which interfere with efficient gene transfer. METHODS: An MSCV based retroviral vector with the gene for enhanced green fluorescent protein (MGIN) produced by GP+envAM12 (amphotropic envelope), PG13 (gibbon ape leukemia virus envelope) or 293GPG (vesicular stomatitis virus envelope) cell lines was used to transduce cord blood CD34+ cells on Retronectin (fibronectin fragment CH-296) in three different ways: either in vector containing medium (VCM), in fresh medium on Retronectin pre-loaded with vector or in VCM on Retronectin pre-loaded with vector. RESULTS: Paradoxically, the transduction efficiency obtained with pre-load of vector onto Retronectin alone was higher than pre-load plus VCM for PG13-MGIN (67.9 +/- 6.0% vs 24.9 +/- 8.0%) and AM12-MGIN (47.5 +/- 5.8% vs 38.7 +/- 2.2%). Further experiments showed that transduction on Retronectin pre-loaded with PG13-MGIN or AM12-MGIN was inhibited by the presence of the same VCM at high concentrations, but not by the presence of a VCM with a different receptor specificity. If no pre-load of vector was performed, the highest transduction efficiencies were seen when VCMs were diluted 1:10 (MOIs of 3). The inhibitory effect of high titer PG13-MGIN VCM was confirmed in more primitive CD34+CD38low cells and in NOD/SCID repopulating cells, and was also seen in experiments with bone marrow CD34+ cells. CONCLUSIONS: Retroviral transduction of CB CD34+ cells on Retronectin is inhibited by high titer PG13 and GP+envAM12 vector containing medium. Efficient gene transfer to human hematopoietic cells can be obtained by preload alone of the vector onto Retronectin. These findings are of importance for the design of transduction protocols for repopulating hematopoietic cells.
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