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Sökning: hsv:(MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP) hsv:(Klinisk medicin) hsv:(Cancer och onkologi) > (2000-2004) > (2004)

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  • Jestin, Pia, et al. (författare)
  • Elective surgery for colorectal cancer in a defined Swedish population.
  • 2004
  • Ingår i: Eur J Surg Oncol. - 0748-7983. ; 30:1, s. 26-33
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • AIMS: The aim of this study was to describe variability in compliance to clinical guidelines in colorectal cancer surgery related to hospital structure.METHODS: All patients registered in the databases of the Regional Oncologic Centre, operated upon electively for colon cancer between the start of the register in 1997 until 2000 (n=1771) and for rectal cancer between the start of the register in 1995 until 2000 (n=1841) were selected for analysis.RESULTS: There was no difference in 5-year survival rate between colon and rectal cancer (mean follow-up 2.6 and 3.0 years, respectively; p=0.22). There was a significant difference in frequency of preoperative liver scan depending on hospital category with an increase in colon cancer from 39 to 46% (p=0.02) and in rectal cancer from 42 to 64% (p<0.001). For colon cancer there was no difference, according to hospital category, in quotient sigmoid and high anterior resection to left-sided resection. Furthermore, high anterior resection was more common at university and general district hospitals (8%) compared with district hospitals (4%) (p=0.01). Sphincter-saving surgery was more common at university hospitals and district general hospitals than at district hospitals (low anterior/abdomino-perineal resection quotients 2.3, 2.4 and 1.6, respectively; p<0.001).CONCLUSIONS: Population-based audit forms an appropriate and valuable basis for quality assurance projects. In addition to describing compliance to guidelines and pointing to process steps that can be improved, such investigations may also indicate changes due to scientific development. Linked to case-costing data, such results may form an important basis for decisions about modifications in health care.
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  • Eberhard, Jakob, et al. (författare)
  • Impact of therapy and androgen receptor polymorphism on sperm concentration in men treated for testicular germ cell cancer: a longitudinal study.
  • 2004
  • Ingår i: Human Reproduction. - Oxford University Press. - 0268-1161. ; 19:6, s. 1418-1425
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Abstract in Undetermined BACKGROUND: Testicular cancer (TC) patients have a high survival rate, and the question of post-therapy recovery of sperm production and its dependence on genetic predisposition is of major interest. METHODS: Ejaculates were obtained from 112 TC patients at one or more of the following time points: post-orchidectomy, or 6, 12, 24, 36 and 60 months post-therapy. The lengths of the androgen receptor (AR) function modulating CAG and GGN repeats in leukocyte DNA were also analysed. RESULTS: No significant decrease in sperm concentration was seen in men who received 1-2 cycles of adjuvant chemotherapy (ACT). Radiotherapy (RT) or more than two cycles of chemotherapy (HCT) caused an initial decline in sperm concentration, which returned to pre-treatment levels 2-5 years after therapy. In the HCT group, sperm concentration 12-24 months post-treatment (T(12-24)) was inversely correlated with CAG length (rho = -0.72, P = 0.03). The type of treatment, but not the concentration at T(0), was an independent predictor of sperm concentration at T(6) (P < 0.0005) and T(12-24) (P = 0.004). CONCLUSION: ACT did not induce a significant decline in sperm concentration. After HCT and RT, a significant reduction of sperm concentration was observed, recovering to pre-treatment levels 2-5 years post-treatment. In HCT-treated patients, the AR CAG length influenced the recovery of spermatogenesis.
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