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Träfflista för sökning "hsv:(MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP) hsv:(Klinisk medicin) hsv:(Cancer och onkologi) srt2:(2000-2004);srt2:(2002)"

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  • Fernebro, Eva, et al. (författare)
  • Evaluation of the tissue microarray technique for immunohistochemical analysis in rectal cancer.
  • 2002
  • Ingår i: Archives of pathology. - College Amer Pathologists. - 0003-9985. ; 126:6, s. 702-705
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: Immunohistochemical staining for tumor-associated proteins is widely used for the identification of novel prognostic markers. Recently, a tissue-conserving, high-throughput technique, tissue microarray, has been introduced. This technique uses 0.6-mm tissue core biopsy specimens, 500 to 1000 of which are brought into a new paraffin array block, which can be sectioned up to 100 times. METHODS: We evaluated the tissue microarray technique for immunohistochemical analysis in 20 rectal cancers. Immunohistochemical staining was performed for the proliferation marker Ki-67 and the tumor suppressor protein p53 in whole tissue sections and in tissue core biopsy specimens. RESULTS: The whole tissue sections were assessed by counting all cells in 10 high-power fields (x40), which resulted in a mean fraction of Ki-67-expressing tumor cells of 0.81 (range, 0.54-1.0). p53 expression assessed in whole tissue sections showed nuclear staining in 15 (75%) of 20 rectal carcinomas. For the tissue microarray technique, a median of 3 (range, 3-5) 0.6-mm tissue core biopsy specimens were studied from each of the 20 tumor specimens. The tissue microarray method gave a mean Ki-67 expression of 0.85 (range, 0.50-1.0) in tumor cell nuclei and showed p53 protein expression in the same 15 of 20 tumors as in the whole tissue sections. CONCLUSION: We conclude that the tissue microarray technique for immunohistochemical staining in rectal cancer yields staining of good quality and expression data for Ki-67 and p53 comparable to those obtained with whole tissue staining. The feasibility of tissue microarray thus enables time- and tissue-preserving studies of multiple markers in large tumor series.
  • Fernebro, Eva, et al. (författare)
  • Predominance of CIN versus MSI in the development of rectal cancer at young age.
  • 2002
  • Ingår i: BMC Cancer. - BioMed Central (BMC). - 1471-2407. ; 2:1, s. 25-25
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: Development of proximal and distal colorectal cancers involve partly different mechanisms associated with the microsatellite instability (MSI) and the chromosomal instability (CIN) pathways. Colorectal cancers in patients under 50 years of age represent about 5% of the total number of tumors and have been associated with an increased frequency of MSI tumors. However, MSI and CIN may play different roles in the development of colon cancer and rectal cancer, and we have specifically investigated their contribution to the development of rectal cancer at young age. METHODS: Thirty rectal cancers diagnosed before the age of 50 were characterized for DNA-ploidy, MSI, mutations of KRAS and CTNNB1 and immunohistochemical expression of p53, beta-catenin and of the mismatch repair (MMR) proteins MLH1 and MSH2. RESULTS: DNA aneuploidy was detected in 21/30 tumors, KRAS mutations in 6 tumors, no mutations of CTNNB1 were detected but immunohistochemical staining for beta-catenin showed nuclear staining in 6 tumors, and immunohistochemical expression of p53 was detected in 18 tumors. MSI was detected in 3/30 tumors, all of which showed and immunohistochemical loss of staining for the MMR protein MSH2, which strongly indicates a phenotype associated with hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC). CONCLUSIONS: MSI occurs only in a small fraction of the tumors from young patients with rectal cancer, but when present it strongly indicates an underlying HNPCC-causing mutation, and other mechanisms than HNPCC thus cause rectal cancer in the majority of young patients.
  • Finizia, Caterina, 1961-, et al. (författare)
  • A longitudinal study of the Swedish Self-Evaluation of Communication Experiences after Laryngeal Cancer questionnaire in patients treated for laryngeal cancer
  • 2002
  • Ingår i: Acta Oncol. ; 41:3, s. 262-8
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • A prospective longitudinal study was performed to investigate the sensitivity to change over time of the Swedish Self-Evaluation of Communication Experiences after Laryngeal Cancer questionnaire (S-SECEL), addressing communication dysfunction in patients with laryngeal cancer. Twenty-six consecutive patients attending a weekly tumour conference over a period of one year at Sahlgrenska University Hospital were included in the study prior to start of treatment. The patients answered four questionnaire repeatedly in the course of one year: the S-SECEL, the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC), the Core Quality of Life Core Questionnaire (QLQ-C30) supplemented by the Head and Neck cancer questionnaire module (QLQ-H&N35), and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression (HAD) scale. In addition, performance status was assessed. The S-SECEL questionnaire was well accepted by the patients, and compliance was satisfactory with a cumulative response rate of 88% at one year, supporting its feasibility in clinical settings. Repeated measures with the S-SECEL over one year demonstrated a significant decrease in voice and speech dysfunction. The correlation pattern over time between the S-SECEL and the EORTC and HAD questionnaires lent support to the construct validity of the S-SECEL and indicated that the questionnaire was sensitive to clinical change. The changes in S-SECEL correlated most strongly with changes in the EORTC QLQ-H&N35 speech scale, moderately with changes in the QLQ-C30 role and emotional functioning and global QoL scales, while the weakest correlations were with changes in physical functioning. The S-SECEL was sensitive to changes in communication dysfunction, with convergent and discriminant validity of longitudinal assessments, and with relevance for the quality of life of patients with laryngeal cancer receiving different treatment modalities.
  • Forsell-Aronsson, E, et al. (författare)
  • Medical imaging for improved tumour characterization, delineation and treatment verification
  • 2002
  • Ingår i: Acta Oncologica. - Taylor & Francis. - 1651-226X. ; 41:7-8, s. 604-614
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • In an investigation by the Swedish Cancer Society, the present status, critical issues and future aspects and potentials were described by an expert group for each of nine major areas of radiation therapy research, This report deals with medical imaging for improved medical diagnosis including tumour detection, staging and characterization, treatment planning, guiding and verification, evaluation of response and treatment follow-up.
  • Forsell, Johan, et al. (författare)
  • Molecular identification and developmental expression of UV and green opsin mRNAs in the pineal organ of the Atlantic halibut.
  • 2002
  • Ingår i: Developmental Brain Research. - Elsevier. - 0165-3806. ; 136:1, s. 51-62
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The pineal organ is the only differentiated photoreceptor organ present in embryos and early larvae of the Atlantic halibut (Hippoglossus hippoglossus). We investigated the molecular identity of opsins in the pineal organ, and their expression during different life stages. Using RT-PCR we identified two 681-bp gene sequences, named HPO1 and HPO4, in cDNA from adult pineal and whole embryos. The predicted amino acid sequences showed highest identity to the transmembrane regions of teleostean RH2 green cone opsins (HPO1, 72-91%) and SWS-1 UV cone opsins (HPO4, 71-83%). In situ hybridization revealed expression of HPO1 and HPO4 mRNA transcripts in photoreceptors in the pineal organ of embryos, larvae and adults. HPO1 and HPO4 mRNA transcripts were also expressed in the larval retina. Our study provides molecular evidence for short and middle wavelength light sensitive photoreceptors in the pineal organ of Atlantic halibut throughout life, and suggests that pineal photoreception may play an important role during embryonic and larval life stages, especially at the time when the retina does not possesses corresponding photoreceptor capacity.
  • Gisselsson, D, et al. (författare)
  • Centrosomal abnormalities, multipolar mitoses, and chromosomal instability in head and neck tumours with dysfunctional telomeres.
  • 2002
  • Ingår i: British Journal of Cancer. - Nature Publishing Group. - 1532-1827. ; 87:2, s. 202-207
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Carcinomas of the head and neck typically exhibit complex chromosome aberrations but the underlying mutational mechanisms remain obscure. Evaluation of cell division dynamics in low-passage cell lines from three benign and five malignant head and neck tumours revealed a strong positive correlation between multipolarity of the mitotic spindle and the formation of bridges at anaphase in both benign and malignant tumours. Cells exhibiting a high rate of mitotic abnormalities also showed several chromosome termini lacking TTAGGG repeats and a high frequency of dicentric chromosomes. Multicolour karyotyping demonstrated a preferential involvement in structural rearrangements of chromosomes with deficient telomeres. The majority of malignant, mitotically unstable tumours expressed the reverse transcriptase subunit of telomerase. These data indicate that some of the genomic instability in head and neck tumours is initiated by telomere dysfunction, leading to the formation of dicentric chromosomes. These form chromosome bridges at mitosis that could prevent the normal anaphase-telophase transition. In turn, this may cause an accumulation of centrosomes and mitotic multipolarity. Telomerase expression does not confer total stability to the tumour genome but could be crucial for moderating the rate of chromosomal evolution.
  • Gisselsson Nord, David, et al. (författare)
  • Differentially amplified chromosome 12 sequences in low- and high-grade osteosarcoma.
  • 2002
  • Ingår i: Genes, Chromosomes and Cancer. - John Wiley and Sons Inc.. - 1045-2257. ; 33:2, s. 133-140
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Most osteosarcomas are highly aggressive malignancies characterized by a complex pattern of chromosome abnormalities. However, a subgroup of low-grade, parosteal tumors exhibits a relatively simple aberration pattern dominated by ring chromosomes carrying amplified material from chromosome 12. To assess whether sequences from this chromosome were differentially amplified in low- and high-grade osteosarcomas, copy numbers of the CCND2, ETV6, KRAS2, and D12S85 regions in 12p and the MDM2 region in 12q were evaluated by interphase or metaphase fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) in 24 osteosarcomas. Amplification of MDM2 was detected in all five low-grade and four high-grade osteosarcomas, all of which showed ring chromosomes. An overrepresentation of 12p sequences was found in 1/5 low-grade and in 9/19 high-grade tumors. Multicolor single-copy FISH analysis of metaphase cells from six high-grade tumors showed that extra 12p material either occurred together with MDM2 in ring chromosomes or was scattered over the genome as a result of complex structural rearrangements. Most tumors (8/10) not containing amplification of the assessed chromosome 12 loci exhibited a nondiploid pattern at evaluation with probes for centromeric alpha satellite sequences. These findings indicate that gain of sequences from the short arm of chromosome 12 could be a possible genetic pathway in the development of aggressive osteosarcoma.
  • Glimelius, B, et al. (författare)
  • Interactions between chemotherapy, endocrine therapy and radiation
  • 2002
  • Ingår i: Acta Oncologica. - Taylor & Francis. - 1651-226X. ; 41:7-8, s. 635-638
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • In an investigation by the Swedish Cancer Society, an expert group described the present status, critical issues and future aspects and potentials for each of nine major areas of radiation therapy research. This report deals with interactions between chemotherapy, endocrine therapy, other anti-tumour drugs and radiation.
  • Gómez-Fabre, Pedro M, et al. (författare)
  • Predictions based on the rat-mouse comparative map provide mapping information on over 6000 new rat genes.
  • 2002
  • Ingår i: Mammalian genome : official journal of the International Mammalian Genome Society. - 0938-8990. ; 13:4, s. 189-93
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • For identification of ECS ("evolutionarily conserved segments") between rat and mouse, 893 rat-mouse orthologous gene-pairs were brought together with zoo-FISH analysis. In total, 59 autosomal ECS and 4 X-chromosomal ones were detected. Combining FISH and zoo-FISH data, the segments were anchored on the rat chromosomes, providing an improved comparative map between the two species. Since chromosomal evolution is a slow process, it is reasonable to assume that the genome organization, including gene order, is essentially conserved within the ECS. In this way we assigned tentative subchromosomal map positions to 303 rat genes, for which no regional mapping information was available. Furthermore, the concept of prediction mapping was extended to unmapped rat homologs of genes, which in the mouse are situated inside or in the vicinity of an ECS. For a total of 6669 genes, we predicted a single rat chromosomal position, whereas for another 448 genes we could predict that they were located in one of two possible positions. Thus, our study has increased the number of genes for which there is positional mapping information in the rat almost fivefold.
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