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Träfflista för sökning "hsv:(MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP) hsv:(Klinisk medicin) hsv:(Cancer och onkologi) srt2:(2000-2004);srt2:(2004)"

Sökning: hsv:(MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP) hsv:(Klinisk medicin) hsv:(Cancer och onkologi) > (2000-2004) > (2004)

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61.
  • Ford, Caroline, et al. (författare)
  • Mouse mammary tumor virus-like RNA transcripts and DNA are found in affected cells of human breast cancer
  • 2004
  • Ingår i: Clinical Cancer Research. - : American Association for Cancer Research. - 1078-0432. ; 10:21, s. 7284-7284
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Identifiable risk factors for the development of breast cancer include age, diet, family history, and lifetime estrogen exposure. An infectious agent (mouse mammary tumor virus; MMTV) is known to cause murine breast tumors and may be involved in the pathogenesis of human disease. Multiple studies have detected MMTV-like sequences in 30 to 60% of breast cancer samples and up to 1.8% of samples from normal breast. Using in situ PCR of MMTV-like sequences of formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded breast tissue, viral sequences have been located in cancerous epithelial cells in breast acini of male and female breast tumors, but not in adjacent nonmalignant cells. MMTV-like sequences were also located in the epithelial cells of male gynecomastia samples. Using reverse transcriptase in situ PCR, RNA transcripts from the env gene were also detected within cancerous epithelial cells of 78% of DNA-positive tumors, 80% of gynecomastia samples, and 0% of normal tissues screened. This suggests the virus may be replicating in these cells. The epidemiologic and histopathological data are consistent with the association of an MMTV-like virus with breast cancers in men and women. The association with gynecomastia, a benign, possibly premalignant condition suggests hormonal influences, rather than cancer per se, may be the dominant factor in determining viral presence and replication.
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62.
  • Ford, Caroline, et al. (författare)
  • Progression from normal breast pathology to breast cancer is associated with increasing prevalence of mouse mammary tumor virus-like sequences in men and women
  • 2004
  • Ingår i: Cancer Research. - : American Association for Cancer Research Inc.. - 1538-7445. ; 64:14, s. 4755-4759
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Mouse mammary tumor virus (MMTV)-like sequences have been found in up to 40% of breast cancer samples but in <2% of normal breast tissue samples from Australian women studied by our group. Screening of a larger and more diverse cohort of female breast cancer samples has now shown a correlation of MMTV-like sequences with the severity (grade) of breast cancer. Thirty-two percent (43 of 136) of female breast cancer samples were positive for MMTV-like sequences when screened using PCR. A significant gradient of MMTV positivity was observed with increasing severity of cancer from 23% of infiltrating ductal carcinoma (IDC) grade I tumors to 34% of IDC grade II tumors (P = 0.00034) and 38% of IDC grade III tumors (P = 0.00002). We also report for the first time the detection of MMTV-like sequences in 62% (8 of 13) of male breast cancer samples and 19% (10 of 52) of male gynecomastia samples screened. MMTV-like sequences were demonstrated in various premalignant breast lesions of females, including fibroadenoma (20%) and fibrocystic disease (28%) samples, at a significantly higher prevalence than that seen in normal breast tissue (1.8%; P = 0.00001). Study of a longitudinal cohort of female breast cancer patients indicated that MMTV was co-incident with tumor but was not present when tumor was absent on histology. These results support the association of MMTV-like sequences with development of breast tumors in men and women and suggest association of MMTV with increasing severity of cancer.
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63.
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64.
  • Fransson, Johan, et al. (författare)
  • Profiling of internalizing tumor-associated antigens on breast and pancreatic cancer cells by reversed genomics
  • 2004
  • Ingår i: Cancer Letters. - : Elsevier. - 1872-7980. ; 208:2, s. 235-242
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Human antibodies directed towards functionally associated tumor antigens have great potentials as adjuvant treatment in cancer therapy. Here we describe an efficient subtractive approach to select single chain Fv (scFv) antibodies, specifically binding to unknown rapidly internalizing tumor-associated antigens (TAA) on human breast and pancreatic carcinoma cell lines. After re-engineering the scFv into intact IgG molecules, these fully human antibodies displayed individual binding profiles to TAAs on breast, pancreatic, colorectal and prostate carcinomas, while showing no reactivity to lymphomas. The ability of the selected antibodies to undergo receptor-mediated internalization was verified by confocal microscopy, thus proving our strategy to provide a unique set of human antibodies, potentially useful in immunotherapy. (C) 2003 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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65.
  • Gadjieva, Rena, et al. (författare)
  • Nonsense-mediated mRNA decay in barley mutants allows the cloning of mutated genes by a microarray approach.
  • 2004
  • Ingår i: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry. - : Elsevier. - 1873-2690. ; 42:7-8, s. 681-685
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We have previously described a microarray approach to identify and clone genes from mutants of higher organisms. In the method cDNA of two mutants with similar phenotype are competitively hybridized to DNA clones arrayed on a glass slide. Clones corresponding to an mRNA that is not expressed in one of the strains due to a mutation will be specifically highlighted in the hybridization, which provides a possibility to identify and eventually clone the mutated gene. The approach is dependent on mutations that affect the amount of mRNA. Nonsense mutations, which prematurely terminate translation, can be such mutations as a surveillance system known as nonsense-mediated decay (NMD) has been developed by organisms to reduce the abundance of mRNA with nonsense codons. In the present study, we have analysed the barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) magnesium chelatase mutants xantha-f 26, xantha-f 27 and xantha-f 40 in order to investigate the presence of NMD in barley, as well as the importance of the position of the stop codon for NMD. Both nonsense-mutants xantha-f 27 and xantha-f 40, but not the missense mutant xantha-f 26, showed NMD. This was not expected for xantha-f 27 as its mutation is in the last exon of the gene. We conclude the NMD expands the number of mutants that can be used for gene cloning by our described microarray approach.
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66.
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67.
  • Gatta, G, et al. (författare)
  • Colon cancer prevalence and estimation of differing care needs of colon cancer patients
  • 2004
  • Ingår i: Annals of Oncology. - : Oxford University Press. - 1569-8041. ; 15:7, s. 1136-1142
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: Cancer prevalence-the proportion of people in a population with a diagnosis of cancer-includes groups with widely differing cancer care needs. We estimated the proportions of the prevalent colon cancer cases requiring initial care, terminal care and follow-up. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Prevalence by year since diagnosis was estimated from incidence and vital status data on 243,471 colon cancer cases collected by EUROPREVAL from 36 European population-based cancer registries. The proportions of cured and fatal cases were estimated by applying 'cure' survival models to the dataset. The proportion of recurrence-free cases was estimated by analysis of a representative sample of 278 colon cancer patients from the Lombardy Cancer Registry (LCR), northern Italy. RESULTS: The proportions of total prevalence requiring initial care was estimated at 12% in the LCR and 10% in Italy and Europe. Recurrence-free patients formed 89% of the total prevalence in the LCR and 91% in Italy and Europe. Eleven per cent (LCR) and 9% (Italy, Europe) of the total prevalence had recurred and consisted of patients in the terminal phase of their illness. CONCLUSIONS: In 1992, 660,000 people were living with a diagnosis of colon cancer in Europe. We have estimated the proportions of this prevalence requiring particular types health care in the years following diagnosis, providing data useful for planning the allocation of health-care resources.
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68.
  • Ghavami, Saeid, et al. (författare)
  • Mechanism of apoptosis induced by S100A8/A9 in colon cancer cell lines : the role of ROS and the effect of metal ions
  • 2004
  • Ingår i: Journal of Leukocyte Biology. - 0741-5400 .- 1938-3673. ; 76:1, s. 169-175
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The protein complex S100A8/A9, abundant in the cytosol of neutrophils, is secreted from the cells upon cellular activation and induces apoptosis in tumor cell lines and normal fibroblasts in a zinc-reversible manner. In the present study, we present evidence that the S100A8/A9 also exerts its apoptotic effect by a zinc-independent mechanism. Treatment of the colon carcinoma cells with different concentrations of human SI00A8/A9 or the metal ion chelator diethylenetriaminepentacetic acid (DTPA) resulted in a significant increase of cell death. Annexin V/phosphatidylinositol and Hoechst 33258 staining revealed that cell death was mainly of the apoptotic type. A significant increase in the activity of caspase-3 and -9 was observed in both cell lines after treatment. Caspase-8 activation was negligible in both cell lines. The cytotoxicity/apoptotic effect of human SI00A8/A9 and DTPA was inhibited significantly 2 2 (P<0.05) by Zn+2 and Cu+2, more effectively than by Ca2+ and Mg2+. The antioxidant N-acetyl-L-cysteine inhibited the cytotoxicity/apoptotic effect of SI00A8/A9 and DTPA. However, as a result of the different time-courses of both agents and that the S100A8/A9-induced apoptosis was not completely reversed, we conclude that S100A8/A9 exerts its apoptotic effect on two colon carcinoma cell lines through a dual mechanism: one via zinc exclusion from the target cells and the other through a yet-undefined mechanism, probably relaying on the cell-surface receptor(s).
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