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Träfflista för sökning "hsv:(MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP) hsv:(Klinisk medicin) hsv:(Klinisk laboratoriemedicin) ;srt2:(2020)"

Sökning: hsv:(MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP) hsv:(Klinisk medicin) hsv:(Klinisk laboratoriemedicin) > (2020)

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  • Föregående 1[2]34Nästa
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11.
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12.
  • Wang, Ying, et al. (författare)
  • Screening for differentially expressed circRNA between Kashin–Beck disease and osteoarthritis patients based on circRNA chips
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Clinica Chimica Acta. - Elsevier. - 0009-8981 .- 1873-3492. ; 501, s. 92-101
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Objective: This research aims to explore differentially expressed circRNA between OA and KBD and potential diagnostic biomarkers.</p><p>Methods: Total RNA was extracted from 5 pairs of KBD and OA knee joint cartilage specimens, and the expression of circRNAs was analyzed by Chip Scanning Analysis. The microarray data was verified by quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). CircRNA-miRNA network was constructed to predict targeting microRNAs of circRNA genes. Peripheral blood samples from 25 KBD patients and 25 OA patients were collected for verification by qRT-PCR. Diagnostic value was evaluated by the area under the receiver operator characteristic (ROC) curve.</p><p>Results: A total of 1627 circRNAs were differentially expressed between OA and KBD. Five bone and joint disease-related circRNAs were chosen for qRT-PCR validation. The difference in expression profile of hsa_circRNA_0020014 was confirmed by qRT-PCR, and its circRNA-miRNA regulation network was set up. The ROC curve demonstrated that hsa_circ_0020014_CBC1 in peripheral blood could distinguish patients with KBD and OA.</p><p>Conclusion: The expression profiles of circRNA were significantly different between OA and KBD. hsa_circRNA_0020014 is a potential biomarker for differential diagnosis between these two diseases.</p>
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13.
  • Abdulla, Maysaa, et al. (författare)
  • Prognostic impact of abdominal lymph node involvement in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: European Journal of Haematology. - 0902-4441 .- 1600-0609. ; 104:3, s. 207-213
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p><strong>OBJECTIVE:</strong> The prognostic value of site of nodal involvement in diffuse large B-cell lymphomas (DLBCL) is mainly unknown. We aimed to determine the prognostic significance of nodal abdominal involvement in relation to tumour cell markers and clinical characteristics of 249 DLBCL patients in a retrospective single-centre study.</p><p><strong>METHODS:</strong> Contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) of the abdomen and thorax revealed pathologically enlarged abdominal lymph nodes in 156 patients, while in 93 patients there were no pathologically enlarged lymph nodes in the abdomen. In 81 cases, the diagnosis of DLBCL was verified by histopathological biopsy obtained from abdominal lymph node.</p><p><strong>RESULTS:</strong> Patients with abdominal nodal disease had inferior lymphoma-specific survival (P = .04) and presented with higher age-adjusted IPI (P &lt; .001), lactate dehydrogenase (P &lt; .001) and more often advanced stage (P &lt; .001), bulky disease (P &lt; .001), B symptoms (P &lt; .001), and double expression of MYC and BCL2 (P = .02) compared to patients without nodal abdominal involvement, but less often extranodal involvement (P &lt; .02). The worst outcome was observed in those where the abdominal nodal involvement was verified by histopathological biopsy.</p><p><strong>CONCLUSION:</strong> Diffuse large B-cell lymphomas patients with abdominal nodal disease had inferior outcome and more aggressive behaviour, reflected both in clinical and biological characteristics.</p>
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14.
  • Ahmad, Shahzad, et al. (författare)
  • CDH6 and HAGH protein levels in plasma associate with Alzheimer’s disease in APOE ε4 carriers
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Scientific Reports. - Nature Publishing Group. - 2045-2322. ; 10:1
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Many Alzheimer’s disease (AD) genes including Apolipoprotein E (APOE) are found to be expressed in blood-derived macrophages and thus may alter blood protein levels. We measured 91 neuro-proteins in plasma from 316 participants of the Rotterdam Study (incident AD = 161) using Proximity Extension Ligation assay. We studied the association of plasma proteins with AD in the overall sample and stratified by APOE. Findings from the Rotterdam study were replicated in 186 AD patients of the BioFINDER study. We further evaluated the correlation of these protein biomarkers with total tau (t-tau), phosphorylated tau (p-tau) and amyloid-beta (Aβ) 42 levels in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in the Amsterdam Dementia Cohort (N = 441). Finally, we conducted a genome-wide association study (GWAS) to identify the genetic variants determining the blood levels of AD-associated proteins. Plasma levels of the proteins, CDH6 (β = 0.638, P = 3.33 × 10−4) and HAGH (β = 0.481, P = 7.20 × 10−4), were significantly elevated in APOE ε4 carrier AD patients. The findings in the Rotterdam Study were replicated in the BioFINDER study for both CDH6 (β = 1.365, P = 3.97 × 10−3) and HAGH proteins (β = 0.506, P = 9.31 × 10−7) when comparing cases and controls in APOE ε4 carriers. In the CSF, CDH6 levels were positively correlated with t-tau and p-tau in the total sample as well as in APOE ε4 stratum (P < 1 × 10−3). The HAGH protein was not detected in CSF. GWAS of plasma CDH6 protein levels showed significant association with a cis-regulatory locus (rs111283466, P = 1.92 × 10−9). CDH6 protein is implicated in cell adhesion and synaptogenesis while HAGH protein is related to the oxidative stress pathway. Our findings suggest that these pathways may be altered during presymptomatic AD and that CDH6 and HAGH may be new blood-based biomarkers.
15.
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16.
  • Blennow, Kaj, 1958-, et al. (författare)
  • Cerebrospinal fluid tau fragment correlates with tau PET : a candidate biomarker for tangle pathology
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Brain : a journal of neurology. - Oxford University Press. - 1460-2156. ; 143:2, s. 650-660
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • To date, there is no validated fluid biomarker for tau pathology in Alzheimer's disease, with contradictory results from studies evaluating the correlation between phosphorylated tau in CSF with tau PET imaging. Tau protein is subjected to proteolytic processing into fragments before being secreted to the CSF. A recent study suggested that tau cleavage after amino acid 368 by asparagine endopeptidase (AEP) is upregulated in Alzheimer's disease. We used immunoprecipitation followed by mass spectrometric analyses to evaluate the presence of tau368 species in CSF. A novel Simoa® assay for quantification of tau368 in CSF was developed, while total tau (t-tau) was measured by ELISA and the presence of tau368 in tangles was evaluated using immunohistochemistry. The diagnostic utility of tau368 was first evaluated in a pilot study (Alzheimer's disease = 20, control = 20), then in a second cohort where the IWG-2 biomarker criteria were applied (Alzheimer's disease = 37, control = 45), and finally in a third cohort where the correlation with 18F-GTP1 tau PET was evaluated (Alzheimer's disease = 38, control = 11). The tau368/t-tau ratio was significantly decreased in Alzheimer's disease (P < 0.001) in all cohorts. Immunohistochemical staining demonstrated that tau fragments ending at 368 are present in tangles. There was a strong negative correlation between the CSF tau368/t-tau ratio and 18F-GTP1 retention. Our data suggest that tau368 is a tangle-enriched fragment and that the CSF ratio tau368/t-tau reflects tangle pathology. This novel tau biomarker could be used to improve diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease and to facilitate the development of drug candidates targeting tau pathology. Furthermore, future longitudinal studies will increase our understanding of tau pathophysiology in Alzheimer's disease and other tauopathies.
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17.
  • Ekblom, Kim, 1970-, et al. (författare)
  • Evaluation of urine dipsticks for quality control of residual erythrocytes and leukocytes in leukocyte-depleted donor plasma
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Clinical and Laboratory Investigation. - Taylor & Francis. - 0036-5513 .- 1502-7686. ; 80:1, s. 39-45
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Currently used methodologies for quality control of residual leukocytes and erythrocytes in leukocyte-depleted plasma are either expensive or time-consuming. It has been proposed that urine dipsticks could be used as a screening method for residual erythrocytes. The aim was, therefore, to evaluate if urine dipsticks could be used to detect residual erythrocytes and also residual leukocytes in leukocyte-depleted plasma. Dilution series ranging over the decision limits for residual erythrocytes and leukocytes were prepared. Positive, negative and overall agreements, as well as the precision and joint frequency distributions, were calculated for five dipstick analyzers and their corresponding dipsticks. Twenty-four consecutive leukocyte-depleted donor plasma samples were also tested. None of the dipstick analyzers had both a high positive and a high negative agreement. Accordingly, none of the analyzers were able to discriminate between cell concentrations close to the decision limits. The inconsistency count revealed differences in precision between the dipstick analyzers. In the 24 consecutive donor samples, no significant correlation between the dipstick analyzers and the reference methods were found. In conclusion, urine dipsticks are not suitable for quality control of residual leukocytes and erythrocytes in leukocyte-depleted donor plasma.</p>
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18.
  • Fellström, Bengt, 1947-, et al. (författare)
  • Associations Between Apolipoprotein A1, High-Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol, and Urinary Cytokine Levels in Elderly Males and Females
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Journal of Interferon and Cytokine Research. - 1079-9907 .- 1557-7465. ; 40:2, s. 71-74
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>There exists a close relationship between cardiovascular diseases and chronic kidney disease. Apolipoprotein A1 and high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol are widely used as cardiovascular risk markers but they also have anti-inflammatory properties. The aim of this study was to investigate any associations between HDL levels and cytokine levels in urine. We randomly selected 90 urine samples from the Prospective Investigation of the Vasculature in Uppsala Seniors Study (41 males and 49 females). The samples were analyzed with 2 multiplex assays, Multiplex Inflammation I and Cardiovascular II kits (Olink Bioscience, Uppsala, Sweden). We analyzed the correlations between 158 cytokines in urine with apolipoprotein A1, HDL cholesterol, apolipoprotein B, and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol. There were strong correlations for apolipoprotein A1 and HDL cholesterol with individual cytokines. After adjustment for multiplicity testing, there were 33 significant correlations between apolipoprotein A1 and cytokine levels and 14 of these were also significantly correlated with HDL cholesterol. The strongest associations were observed for IL-1 alpha, SPON2, RAGE, PAR-1, TRAIL-R2, IL-4RA, TNFRSF11A, and SCF. A total of 28 out of 33 correlations were negative, indicating a negative relationship between apolipoprotein A1 and urinary cytokines. The study shows a negative correlation between apolipoprotein A1 and HDL cholesterol and urinary cytokine levels. The finding is in agreement with the anti-inflammatory properties of HDL.</p>
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19.
  • Hedeland, Ylva, 1974-, et al. (författare)
  • Hemolysis interference in 10 coagulation assays on an instrument with viscosity-based, chromogenic, and turbidimetric clot detection
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Laboratory Hematology. - 1751-5521 .- 1751-553X.
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p><strong>INTRODUCTION:</strong> Hemolysate in plasma samples from patients may cause misleading results in coagulation assays. Even though modern coagulation instruments often are equipped with modules that can detect hemolysis, icterus, and lipemia (HIL), studies that report the influence of these interferences are still limited. The present paper focuses on the influence of hemolysis on 10 coagulation assays.</p><p><strong>METHODS:</strong> Artificial hemolysis was created by freezing/thawing, and the hemolysates generated were added to pools of patient plasma. Pathological and normal levels were pooled separately. These spiked samples were analyzed on a STA R Max 2 instrument. The coagulation assays evaluated utilize clot, chromogenic, or immunoturbidimetric detection.</p><p><strong>RESULTS:</strong> Four of the evaluated assays were not influenced by hemolysis: fibrinogen, von Willebrand factor antigen, activated partial thromboplastin time, and factor VIII. Interestingly, normal and slightly elevated prothrombin time (INR &lt; 2.0) was insensitive to hemolysis, whereas samples with a high INR (≥2.0) exhibited falsely high readings. The assays for antithrombin and fibrin D-dimer displayed an intermediate sensitivity to hemolysis. The most sensitive assay turned out to be anti-Xa, followed by protein C and protein S. For the anti-Xa assay, the results are decreased by 10% already at 0.5 g/L hemoglobin.</p><p><strong>CONCLUSION:</strong> The present study shows that hemolysis affects several of commonly used coagulation assays. Since the sensitivity for hemolysis is dependent on the brand of the assay as well as the instrument and principle of measurement, it is necessary to evaluate the influence of each specific combination.</p>
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20.
  • Helmersson-Karlqvist, Johanna, et al. (författare)
  • Association of Test Results for 33 Frequently Used Laboratory Tests with Body Mass Index (BMI)
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL INVESTIGATIONS. - Lewes. ; 1:1, s. 2-4
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p></p><p>Once considered a problem only for high-income countries, obesity rates are now rising worldwide. When evaluating test results from obese patients it is important to be aware of the effect of obesity on individual laboratory test results. The aim of the present study was to study the association between body mass index (BMI) and a group of frequently requested laboratory tests to evaluate which of these analytes that are affected by BMI. We analyzed the association between body mass index (BMI) and Alanine aminotransaminase (ALT), Albumin, Alkaline phosphatase, Pancreatic amylase, Apolipoprotein A1, Apolipoprotein B, Apolipoprotein B/Apolipoprotein A1 ratio, Aspartate aminotransferase (AST), AST/ALT ratio, Bilirubin, Calcium, Calprotectin, Cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol, Creatinine kinase (CK), Creatinine, C-reactive protein, Cystatin C, Gamma-glutamyl transferase (GGT), Iron, Iron saturation, Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), Magnesium, Phosphate, Transferrin, Triglycerides, Urate, Urea, Zink, Hemoglobin, Platelet count and White blood cell count in an 80-year old population (n=531, 266 females and 265 males). There were significant Spearman rank associations between BMI and laboratory test results for several of the studied markers in both females and males. The strongest associations with BMI were noted for ALT, Apolipoprotein A1, HDL-cholesterol, Hemoglobin, CRP, Cystatin C, Triglycerides and Urate. In conclusion, several of the most frequently used laboratory markers are significantly associated with BMI. To be able to correctly interpret a test result it is important to be aware of the effects of BMI on the test results.</p>
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