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Träfflista för sökning "hsv:(MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP) hsv:(Klinisk medicin) hsv:(Radiologi och bildbehandling) srt2:(1995-1999)"

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  • Sjöholm, H, et al. (författare)
  • Necrosis of malignant gliomas after intratumoral injection of 201Tl in vivo in the rat
  • 1995
  • Ingår i: Anti-Cancer Drugs. - Rapid Communications. - 0959-4973. ; 6:1, s. 109-114
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Fourteen adult Fischer 344 rats were inoculated in vivo unilaterally in the caudate nucleus in the brain with malignant RG 2 glioma cells. By 3 weeks a tumor with a diameter of 3-6 mm normally develops. Ten animals which survived the repeated periods of anesthesia and thallium (Tl) injections (intratumorally three times of 201Tl, 15-23 days after inoculation) showed a prolonged retention of radioactivity at the site of injection with no uptake in other organs except for the kidneys. Singular circumscribed necroses were found post-mortem at the site of injection, comprising malignant glioma tumor tissue, which in six animals was absent, in three animals was markedly reduced in size compared with controls and in one animal had the expected size. In four animals metastases were found in distant locations in the brain; in three of these cases there was a retention of radioactivity in the tumor. The selective necrotizing effect on the tumor cells is interpreted as mainly due to emission of Auger electrons from intracellularly accumulated 201Tl, giving rise to very high energy deposition in the vicinity of the cell nucleus. The results should also have implications for the treatment of human malignant gliomas.
  • Forssell-Aronsson, Eva, 1961-, et al. (författare)
  • Indium-111 activity concentration in tissue samples after intravenous injection of indium-111-DTPA-D-Phe-1-octreotide.
  • 1995
  • Ingår i: Journal of nuclear medicine : official publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine. - 0161-5505. ; 36:1, s. 7-12
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Indium-111 activity concentrations in human tumor and normal tissue samples were determined at 24, 48 and 120 hr after i.v. injection of 111In-DTPA-D-Phe-1-octreotide. Fourteen patients were included in the study. Seven patients had medullary thyroid carcinoma, four had midgut carcinoid tumors, two had endocrine pancreatic tumors and one had chronic pancreatitis.
  • Sundgren, P, et al. (författare)
  • Paragangliomas of the spinal canal
  • 1999
  • Ingår i: Neuroradiology. - Springer. - 1432-1920. ; 41:10, s. 788-794
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We report the clinical MRI and histopathological features of five consecutive cases of spinal paraganglioma. Three intradural tumours were found in the typical location (two at the L4, one at the S2 level); one intradural extramedullary tumour arose at an unusual level, from the ventral C2 root, and one extradural tumour growing along the L5 nerve root sheath had an aggressive growth pattern with early, local paraspinal recurrence and, eventually, intradural metastatic spread. This type of growth pattern has not been described previously. Paragangliomas of the spinal canal are more common than previously thought and can be located anywhere along the spine, although the lumbosacral level is the most common. Their appearance on MRI can not distinguish them from other tumours in the spinal canal. Even though paragangliomas in general are benign and slowly growing their growth pattern can vary and be more aggressive, to the point of metastatic spread.
  • Wängberg, Bo, 1953-, et al. (författare)
  • Intraoperative detection of somatostatin-receptor-positive neuroendocrine tumours using indium-111-labelled DTPA-D-Phe1-octreotide.
  • 1996
  • Ingår i: British journal of cancer. - 0007-0920. ; 73:6, s. 770-5
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • After injection of 111In-labelled DTPA-D-Phe1-octreotide, intraoperative tumour localisation was performed using a scintillation detector in 23 patients with neuroendocrine tumours. Count rates from suspect tumour lesions and adjacent normal tissue were expressed as a ratio before (Rin situ) and after (Rex vivo) excision. 111In activity concentration ratios of tumour tissue to blood (T/B) were determined in a gamma counter. In patients with midgut carcinoids, (all scintigraphy positive), false Rin situ recordings were found in 4/29 macroscopically identified tumours. T/B ratios were all high (27-650). In patients with medullary thyroid carcinomas (eight out of ten scintigraphy positive), misleading Rin situ results were found in 4/37 macroscopically identified tumours. T/B ratios were lower (3-39) than those seen in midgut carcinoids. Two out of four patients with endocrine pancreatic tumours had positive scintigraphy, reliable intraoperative measurements and very high T/B ratios (910-1500). One patient with a gastric carcinoid had correct measurements in situ and ex vivo with high T/B ratios (71-210). In situ measurements added little information to preoperative scintigraphy and surgical findings using the present detection system. Rex vivo measurements were more reliable. The very high T/B ratios seen in midgut carcinoids and some endocrine pancreatic tumours would be favourable for future radiation therapy via somatostatin receptors.
  • Tisell, Lars-Eric, 1931-, et al. (författare)
  • Somatostatin receptor scintigraphy in medullary thyroid carcinoma.
  • 1997
  • Ingår i: The British journal of surgery. - 0007-1323. ; 84:4, s. 543-7
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • 111In-radiolabelled (DTPA-D-Phe1)-octreotide scintigraphy can be used to localize neuroendocrine tumours expressing somatostatin receptors (SSTRs). The aim of this paper was to analyse the importance of tumour volume and growth for the visualization by SSTR scintigraphy of metastases from medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC).
  • Astermark, Jan, et al. (författare)
  • Low recurrence rate after deep calf-vein thrombosis with 6 weeks of oral anticoagulation
  • 1998
  • Ingår i: Journal of Internal Medicine. - Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd. - 1365-2796. ; 244:1, s. 79-82
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the recurrence rate after deep calf-vein thrombosis treated with 6 weeks of oral anticoagulation. DESIGN AND SUBJECTS: A 2 year follow-up of 126 consecutive patients admitted to the Department of Internal Medicine with venographically verified deep calf-vein thrombosis. RESULTS: One hundred and twenty-six patients were treated with warfarin for 6 weeks, 18 of them having had a previous episode of venous thrombosis (DVT). Eleven patients (8.7%) suffered a recurrent thromboembolic episode within 2 years, four of which were within the first 3 months. Eight of those without a history of DVT had a recurrence (7.4%). Three of these were activated protein C (APC)-resistant, one was protein C-deficient and one had malignant melanoma. Eight patients (6.3%) reported minor haemorrhagic complications, but no major bleeding was seen. CONCLUSION: Our data support the use of a 6 week regimen of secondary oral prophylaxis after a first episode of deep calf-vein thrombosis in patients without a permanent risk factor. Whether individuals with inherited thrombophilia require prolonged treatment remains to be evaluated.
  • Ivancev, Krassi, et al. (författare)
  • Abdominal aortic aneurysms: experience with the Ivancev-Malmo endovascular system for aortomonoiliac stent-grafts
  • 1997
  • Ingår i: Journal of Endovascular Surgery. - International Society of Endovascular Specialists. - 1074-6218. ; 4:3, s. 242-251
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • PURPOSE: To describe a component-based aortomonoiliac stent-graft system and the first clinical results achieved with this device in endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair. METHODS: From November 1993 to October 1996, 45 patients aged 60 to 86 years underwent endoluminal exclusion of true AAAs (median diameter 60 mm) involving the common iliac arteries (median diameter 16 mm right and 15 mm left) using unilimb stent-grafts deployed with the Iancev-Malmo system. RESULTS: Six immediate conversions occurred in the beginning of the series due to endografts that were too short. Complications, including 2 inadvertent renal artery occlusions, 7 kinked grafts, 6 iliac artery dissections, and 3 perioccluder leaks, were prominent features in the first 15 patients. Five patients died in the postoperative period, four of whom were nonsurgical candidates. There were five significant stent-graft migrations: one 3 weeks after surgery due to mechanical injury of the proximal stent and four after 1 year owing to continuous dilation of a wide proximal neck, stent-graft placement in a conical, thrombus-lined proximal neck, and two instances of proximal extension separation from the main graft. Translumbar aneurysm perfusion required embolization in 3 patients. CONCLUSIONS: Despite early complications associated with a learning curve, exclusion of large AAAs using unilimb stent-grafts is feasible. Strict inclusion criteria are necessary in order to improve mortality among nonsurgical candidates and minimize the risk for late migration.
  • Karlsson, M K, et al. (författare)
  • Remodeling of the spinal canal deformed by trauma
  • 1997
  • Ingår i: Journal of Spinal Disorders. - Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. - 0895-0385. ; 10:2, s. 157-161
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Computed tomography (CT) examinations and functional scores were evaluated in 28 patients with thoracolumbar fractures with intraspinal fragments, of whom 20 underwent operation. The cross-sectional area and the sagittal and frontal diameters of the spinal canal were measured after the injury, postoperatively, and at follow-up (mean, 6 years). The operative reduction significantly increased both diameter and area of the spinal canal. During follow-up, a further significant increase of the sagittal diameter and the area was noted, in both surgically and conservatively treated patients. There was no difference in remodeling between the groups. Six patients in the surgically treated group had neurologic deficits at admission, five had improved, and one remained unchanged at follow-up. The presence or absence of intraspinal fragments should not influence the treatment strategy per se in cases without neurologic signs.
  • Lindh, Mats, et al. (författare)
  • Endovascular stent-anchored aortic grafts: a comparison between self-expanding and balloon-expandable stents in minipigs
  • 1996
  • Ingår i: Journal of Endovascular Surgery. - International Society of Endovascular Specialists. - 1074-6218. ; 3:3, s. 284-289
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • PURPOSE: To study endovascular graft attachment with self-expanding Gianturco Z-stents and balloon-expanded Palmaz stents and the effect of these devices on the renal ostia. METHODS: Ten stent-grafts were constructed, 5 with Gianturco Z-stents and 5 with Palmaz stents. The endografts were implanted under fluoroscopic guidance into the abdominal aorta of 10 pigs so that the uncovered portion of the proximal stent extended over the renal artery orifices. Distal aortic blood pressure and flow were measured before and after graft placement and 1 hour postprocedure. The aorta was then exposed surgically, and the central portion of the stent-graft was inspected through an aortotomy to assess perigraft leakage. RESULTS: Stent-graft implantation was accurate and hemostatic in all cases, despite longitudinal folding of the graft due to oversizing. However, transverse folds produced pressure gradients (> 15 mmHg) between the ends of the graft in two cases. In another case, a pressure gradient resulted from partial thrombosis of the graft. In two cases, renal artery occlusion and thrombosis occurred due to coverage by the graft material. In two other animals, one of the renal arteries was entirely uncovered by a stent. The remaining 16 renal arteries were covered by the proximal stent but not the graft, as intended. One (6.25%) of these arteries thrombosed, but the remainder were grossly patent when the animals were sacrificed at 1 hour. CONCLUSIONS: Both Palmaz and Gianturco Z-stents produced hemostatic endovascular graft attachment, even in the presence of moderate graft oversizing. The risk of acute renal artery occlusion from juxtarenal stenting does not appear to be prohibitive, but longer term observations are needed.
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