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Sökning: hsv:(SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP) > Carlbring Per > (2000-2004)

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1.
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2.
  • Andersson, Gerhard, et al. (författare)
  • Förekomst av tinnitus i Sverige
  • 2002
  • Ingår i: Läkaresällskapets Rikstämma 27-29 november 2002. ; s. 130
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)
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3.
  • Andersson, Gerhard, 1966-, et al. (författare)
  • Screening of psychiatric disorders via the Internet. A pilot study with tinnitus patients
  • 2004
  • Ingår i: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry. - 0803-9488 .- 1502-4725. ; 58:4, s. 287-291
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Tinnitus has been associated with psychiatric disorders and more recently diagnostic tools have been used in a systematic manner. In the present study, we administered the World Health Organisation's Composite International Diagnostic Interview - Short form (CIDI-SF) in a computerized Internet-based version to a self-selected sample of tinnitus patients (n=48). Using the cut-off for 'probable case' (12-month prevalence), 69% of the tinnitus patients fulfilled the criteria for depression, 60% for generalized anxiety disorder, 83% for specific phobia, 67% for social phobia, 58% for agoraphobia, 21% panic attack, 83% obsessive - compulsive disorder, 2% alcohol dependence and 0% drug dependence. Decreased percentages were found for depression (4%), specific phobia (62%) and social phobia (27%) when applying a more conservative criteria (maximum case criteria). In conclusion, the findings suggest that the Internet version of CIDI-SF can be used as a screening tool for psychiatric disturbance in somatic patients, but that diagnostic criteria need to be adjusted for Internet use.</p>
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4.
  • Carlbring, Per, et al. (författare)
  • A review of published self-help books for panic disorder
  • 2000
  • Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Behaviour Therapy. - 0284-5717. ; 29:1, s. 5-13
  • Forskningsöversikt (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>This brief review of 14 self-help books on panic disorder compares: target group, treatment time, included components, existence of structured exercises, and whether or not daily record-keeping is encouraged. Six of the books cover all components deemed necessary for a multimodal cognitive-behavioral treatment package, and five of these are recommended. The reviews are followed by a brief summary of published bibliotherapy studies in which a selection of the books has been used. The results of these studies suggest that bibliotherapy is effective, with an effect size ranging from d = 0.5 to d = 1.5.</p>
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5.
  • Carlbring, Per, 1972- (författare)
  • Panic! Its Prevalence, Diagnosis and Treatment via the Internet
  • 2004
  • Doktorsavhandling (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • <p>As evidenced by several trials, cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) is a highly effective treatment for Panic disorder with or without agoraphobia (PD). However, therapists are short in supply, and patients with agoraphobia may not seek therapy due to fear of leaving their homes or traveling certain distances. A major challenge therefore is to increase the accessibility and affordability of evidence-based psychological treatments.</p><p>This thesis is based on five studies; three treatment studies set up as randomized controlled trails (RCT), one prevalence study, and one study testing the equivalence of an Internet-administered diagnostic assessment tool with a clinician-administered interview.</p><p>Study I showed that the Swedish 12-month PD prevalence is consistent with findings in most other parts of the Western world (2.2%; CI 95% 1.0%-3.4%). There was a significant sex difference, with a greater prevalence for women (3.6%) compared to men (0.7%).</p><p>Study II showed that the validity of the computerized diagnostic interview (CIDI-SF) was generally low. However, the agoraphobia and obsessive-compulsive disorder modules had good specificity and sensitivity, respectively.</p><p>The three RCTs showed, directly or indirectly, that Internet-based self-help is superior to a waiting-list. When 10 individual weekly sessions of CBT for PD was compared with a 10-module self-help program on the Internet, the results suggest that Internet-administered self-help, plus minimal therapist contact via e-mail, is as effective as traditional individual CBT (80% vs. 67% no longer met criteria for panic disorder; composite within-group effect size was Cohen’s <i>d</i>= 0.78 vs. 0.99). One-year follow-up confirmed the results (92% vs. 88% no longer met criteria for panic disorder; <i>d</i>= 0.80 vs. 0.93). The results generally provide evidence to support the continued use and development of Internet-distributed self-help programs.</p>
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6.
  • Carlbring, Per, et al. (författare)
  • Treatment of panic disorder via the Internet : a randomized trial of CBT vs. applied relaxation
  • 2003
  • Ingår i: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry. - 0005-7916 .- 1873-7943. ; 34:2, s. 129-140
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>A randomized trial was conducted of two different self-help programs for panic disorder (PD) on the Internet. After confirming the PD-diagnosis with an in-person structured clinical interview for DSM-IV (SCID) interview 22 participants were randomized to either applied relaxation (AR) or a multimodal treatment package based on cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT). Overall, the results suggest that Internet-administered self-help plus minimal therapist contact via e-mail has a significant medium to large effect (Cohen's <em>d</em>=0.71 for AR and <em>d</em>=0.42 for CBT). The results from this study generally provide evidence to support the continued use and development of Internet-distributed self-help programs.</p>
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7.
  • Linnman, Clas, et al. (författare)
  • The Stroop effect on the internet
  • 2004
  • Ingår i: Computers in Human Behavior. ; in Press
  • Tidskriftsartikel (populärvet., debatt m.m.)abstract
    • <p>The classical Stroop color-naming task was converted to a Web administered version and tested against a conventional computerized version. In the first experiment, 20 male and 20 female participants were tested individually on both Stroop versions in random order. Both versions resulted in strong Stroop effects, but response times were slower overall for the Web-Stroop. A second experiment with 28 participants showed that the test results on the Web-Stroop could be replicated in a less controlled experimental setting, for example in the participant’s own home. In conclusion, findings suggest that administration of the Stroop color-naming test, and response time measurement in milliseconds on a personal computer, is possible via the Internet.</p>
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