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Sökning: hsv:(SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP) > Slovenska

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1.
  • Becker, Karin, 1946- (författare)
  • Protest skozi fotoesej Slediti tradiciji ali orati ledino?
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Fotografija. - 1408-3566. ; :88-89, s. 76-81
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The photo essay, a form of visual journalism that arose during the era of the picture magazines, has reemerged as a regular feature of global news channels, including CNN, BBC World, and, notably, Al Jazeera English, recognized for its live reporting of political unrest. In 2017, a year marked by protest around the world, AJE published over 200 photo-series, including 37 on public protest. An analysis based on a four-year study of protest on screen revealed that these photo essays share characteristics that in turn distinguish them from video broadcasts of public protests. The photo-reportage on screen, like its classic forerunner in print, employs a variety of visual perspectives and focuses on participants who are often quoted and identified by name. Scenes of public protest are complemented by visual and textual reporting from the private/domestic sphere. This visual strategy, in contrast to the immediacy of video coverage from the streets, supports knowledge of the protest issue and engagement with its participants.
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  • Dobnik, Simon, 1977- (författare)
  • O prijaznih računalnikih, ki nas razumejo in se od nas učijo About friendly computers that understand and learn from us
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Invited talk: KAZU, Koroška akademija znanosti in umetnosti (Carinthian academy of science and art).
  • Konferensbidrag (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Računalniška lingvistika, jezikovna tehnologija ali procesiranje naravnega jezika je tisti del umetne inteligence, ki se ukvarja z modeliranjem človeškega ali naravnega jezika, tako besed kot govora, z računalniškimi programi s ciljem, da bi ga ti proizvedli ali razumeli na enka način kot pa ljudje. To je pomembno iz dveh razlogov. Velik del našega znanja je zapisan prav v naravnem jeziku, na primer v besedilih, ki jih najdemo na spletu, in iz katerih želimo izluščiti pomen, jih povzeti ali prevesti v drug jezik. Jezik je tudi najbolj naraven način komunikacije med nami, vendar večina ni vešča računalniškega programiranja. Namesto, da se vsak od nas nauči računalniškega programskega jezika, je veliko bolj naravno, da se s pametnim asistentom ali robotom sporazumevamo kar v slovenščini in ga tako tudi “programiramo”. Preden se lotimo dela, je potrebno, da vemo nekaj o samem jeziku. Kako deluje? Kako razumemo pomen besed in stavkov? Kakšna so pravila sporazumevanja med nami? Ljudje in računalniki (tudi najsodobnejši roboti) smo si zelo različni, zato moramo najti načine (algoritme ali sisteme), ki poustvarijo jezikovno vedenje navzven, ki je podobno našemu. V ozadju si pomagamo z matematiko in logiko, programskimi jeziki, teorijo verjetnosti, strojnim učenjem, rudarjenjem podatkov in še čem. Računalniki programi se učijo iz vzorcev informacij, ki jim jih posredujemo, vendar pa pogosto to niso enake informacije – zvoki in podobe, ki jih vidi otrok, ko se uči jezika. Prav tako se računalniki ne učijo jezika v sporazumevanju z drugimi ljudmi več let. Ljudje lahko tudi hitro prilagodimo pomen in izbiro besed glede na različne situacije, vključno s tistimi, ko se sporazumevamo z računalniki. Torej morajo biti računalniški programi enako prilagodljivi do nas in se učiti od nas. Delo z umetno inteligentninimi sistemi pa nam ne prinese le novih dognanj, kako izboljšati jezikovne sposobnosti računalnikov, temveč nam da tudi odgovore o tem, kako posebna je človeška inteligenca.
4.
  • Erixon Arreman, Inger, 1954-, et al. (författare)
  • Izobrazevanje uciteljev in raziskovanje : sodobne svedske perspektive v mednarodnem konteksturecent
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: Prispevki k posodobitvi pedagoskih studisjskih programov II. - Ljubljana : Pedagoška fakulteta. - 978-961-253-019-8 ; s. 91-115
  • Bokkapitel (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • This article deals with the emergence and development of new research structures for Swedish teacher education in the beginning of the new millennium. From 2001 onwards, it has been possible to undertake research and post-graduate studies within teacher education which prior to the 2001 reform was not possible. As a result of the reform a new research discipline, Educational Work, was established in teacher education in various Swedish universities and colleges. Moreover, a national post-graduate school in Educational Work was founded, for which Umeå University, one of the larger Swedish teacher education institutions, was appointed Host University. For the article policy documents relating to teacher education and research into national, regional and local perspectives were used to explore institutional history, structures and research development in teacher education from 1946 to the present time. A micro-level perspective was further offered based on two interview studies involving teacher educators, senior managers, doctoral students and supervisors at Umeå University, including a key national representative of the major Swedish teacher union. The article draws on a variety of frameworks to explore relationships between various parts of teacher education and also more widely in the university. These include relations of power and gender based on the theoretical perspectives of Bourdieu, Foucault, Connell and Sarfatti Larson, among others. The article shows that the emergence of new research areas in teacher education in Sweden was a multilayered process involving a variety of actors at different levels at Umeå University and elsewhere. The aims of the article are to present the new research structures in teacher education in Sweden, and thereby point to the implications of the structural reform, and also to contribute to current cross-national discourses on the need to establish a research base for teacher education.
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6.
  • Lundahl, Lisbeth, 1951-, et al. (författare)
  • Marketizacija edukacije po švedsko
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Komu je napoti kakovostno javno šolstvo?. - Ljubljana : CEPS and SVIZ. - 978-961-92131-5-5 ; s. 85-115
  • Bokkapitel (övrigt vetenskapligt)
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8.
  • Möller, Tommy (författare)
  • Påverkar personvalet den politiska kulturen?
  • 2002
  • Ingår i: Jämställdhet : en modesak eller ett ständigt pågående arbete?. - Stockholm : Sveriges Riksdag.
  • Bokkapitel (övrigt vetenskapligt)
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9.
  • Torkar, Janina, et al. (författare)
  • Razvoj podeželja na območju predvidenega Krajinskega parka Dragonja : mnenje aktivnih prebivalcev
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Geografski vestnik - Geographical Bullentin. - Ljubljana : Zveza Geografskih Drustev Slovenije. - 0350-3895 .- 1580-335X. ; 89:1, s. 63-78
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The article presents the results of a research done in rural settlements located within the area of the prospective Dragonja Landscape Park. We analysed documents of local communities, undertook observation of a workshop, and interviewed ten local inhabitants in order to obtain information about local inhabitants’ awareness and their interest in being involved in rural development, and about their valuing of the environment and natural resources, and to gain insight into their expectations in the matters of quality of life. We have established that our respondents are entirely familiar with the past and current development programs and projects, that they are well aware of the importance the protection of natural and cultural heritage has for sustainable development, and that they want to participate actively in the future. With the help of our respondents, observation in the workshop, and analysis of the documents also the less promising aspects of development have been revealed. We found out that local participation was weak in the past, that those who were active are in the minority, and that changes depend on the collective efforts of individuals. Those living in the remote villages located in the area of the prospective Dragonja Landscape Park are few and mostly of advanced age. It seems that the younger ones have resigned themselves to being powerless, and therefore it is urgent, in order to foster their participation in local development, to increase their awareness and motivation and extend their education. We also can expect that the incoming young people will have an important role to play.
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10.
  • Vogrinčič Čepič, Ana, et al. (författare)
  • Vpliv fizičnega prostora in družbenegaokolja na bralno izkušnjo : izsledki študiješestih fokusnih skupin
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Knjižnica : Revija za Področje Bibliotekarstva in Informacijske Znanosti. - 0023-2424. ; 62:3, s. 51-67
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Namen: Namen prispevka je obravnavati branje kot fizično dejavnost, ki je vpisana v prostor in nosi številne sociološke konotacije. Branje analizira kot utelešeno (angl. embodied) in družbeno prakso in ugotavlja medsebojno sodoločenost teh dveh dimenzij.Metodologija/pristop: V fokusnih skupinah smo izvedli pogovore s študenti iz šestih evropskih držav in jih spraševali o vplivu oziroma vlogi, ki jo vrsta besedila, namen branja in bralna naprava igrajo pri izboru konkretnega bralnega okolja. Sodelovalo je 21 deklet in 15 fantov različnih do- in podiplomskih programov s povprečno starostjo 21,5 leta.Rezultati: Izkazalo se je, da sogovorniki večinoma niso brezbrižni do svojega bralnega okolja. Kot prostor branja so najpogosteje navedli dom, knjižnice oziroma čitalnice, poleg tega pa še druge javne kraje, npr. kavarne in parke, okolja, kjer ljudje pogosto berejo, čeprav prvotno niso namenjena branju. Na tej osnovi članek poroča o zaznanih bralnih smernicah in premišlja o njihovih morebitnih implikacijah za akademsko raziskovanje in vsakdanjo prakso.Omejitve raziskave: Vzorec raziskave je majhen, izziv sta predstavljali skupinska dinamika in neverbalna komunikacija.Izvirnost/uporabnost raziskave: Študija se razlikuje od prevladujočih pristopov k branju, ki »bralni um« praviloma obravnavajo kot začasno odvezan od vseh dražljajev v fizičnem okolju. Kot pokaže, prav teh ne gre ignorirati ne v praksi ne v kontekstu raziskovanja.
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