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1.
  • Alkvist, Lars-Erik (författare)
  • Max Weber och kroppens sociologi
  • 2004
  • Doktorsavhandling (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Popular Abstract in Swedish Kroppen som socialt fenomen har inte varite ett dcentralt tema inom sociologin. Detta försöker Lars-Erik Alkvist komma till rätta med, på grundval av en omläsning av Max Webers sociologi utifrån temat kroppens sociologi. Författaren menar att det hos Weber finns en dold med dock närvarande förståelse av kroppens sociala sammanhang. Men Webers förståelse av kroppen sitter fast i ett dualistiskt och naturalistiskt tänkande. Kroppen betraktas som ett objekt som kontrolleras och formas av medvetandet och de strukturella sammanhangen.
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2.
  • Ewertzon, Mats (författare)
  • Familjemedlem till person med psykossjukdom bemötande och utanförskap i psykiatrisk vård
  • 2012
  • Doktorsavhandling (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • This thesis focused on the situation of family members of persons with psychotic illness, particular on their experience of the approach of the healthcare professionals and of their feelings of alienation regarding the professional care of their family member. A further aim was to explore how siblings who have participated in a support group for siblings experienced their situation.A questionnaire was developed that enabled the aims of this thesis to be investigated (I). Seventy family members from various parts of Sweden participated, and data were collected via the questionnaire developed in study I (II-III). Thirteen siblings who previously had participated in a support group participated in follow-up focus groups interviews (IV).The questionnaire developed was shown to be reliable and valid in these studies (I). In many cases, the participants had experienced an approach from professionals that indicated that they did not experience openness, confirmation and cooperation, and that they felt powerless and socially isolated in relation to the care. There was also found to be a certain degree of association between how the participants experienced the approach and whether they felt alienation (II). The majority of the participants considered openness, confirmation, and cooperation to be important aspects of professional’s approach. The result also identified a low level of agreement between the participants’ experience and what they considered to be significant in the professional’s approach (III). The findings revealed the complexity of being a sibling of an individual with psychotic illness. Participating in a support group for siblings can be of importance in gaining knowledge and minimizing feelings of being alone (IV).Although the psychiatric care services in Sweden have been aware of the importance of cooperating with family members, the results indicated that there is a need for further research in this area. 
3.
  • Jeffner, Stina (författare)
  • "Liksom våldtäkt, typ" : Om betydelsen av kön och heterosexualitet för ungdomars förståelse av våldtäkt : [on the importance of gender and heterosexuality to young people's perception of rape]
  • 1997
  • Doktorsavhandling (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • This dissertation deals with significance of gender and heterosexuality in relation to youngpeople's perception of rape. The main focus is on the relationship between what is regarded as"normal" (ideas about and experience of gender and heterosexuality) and what is regarded as"extreme" (ideas about and/or experience of rape). The empirical material consists primarily of16 interviews with Swedish fifteen-year-olds of both sexes, discussing what they regard asconstituting rape. The author interprets their perceptions of rape in the light of cultural normsabout gender and heterosexuality. The main thesis of the dissertation is that what these youngpeople understand, in principle, to be rape is negotiated and re-interpreted in the encounter withconcrete examples. The author discusses six "conditions" - how no is said, the significance oflove, the effects of alcohol, notions of the whore, notions of the rapist as deviant, and theconsequences of rape for girls who are raped - used by the young people as their tools fornegotiation in the re-interpretation process. The author presents a model according to which theconditions comprise a "space for negotiation" Between what the young people regard as rapeand what they regard as "good sex". In this dissertation, the author argues that when they arerelated to cultural codes for heterosexual interaction, the conditions may be interpreted asexpressions of deeply rooted rules regarding gender and heterosexuality, According to thefindings, the conditions may also serve simultaneously to limit the space for action available toyoung women while extending this space for young men. The dissertation illustrates that whenyoung people apply the conditions, they may affect the "extreme", shifting it in the direction ofthe "normal". In extension, the author argues against regarding rape as a "deviation" from so-called "normal" heterosexual interaction, and for a conception of rape as belonging to acontinuum of cultural codes for heterosexual interaction.
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4.
  • Lundgren, Mats (författare)
  • Den kommunala förvaltningen som rationalistiskt ideal En fallstudie om styrning och handlingsutrymme inom skola, barnomsorg och miljö- och hälsoskydd
  • 1999
  • Doktorsavhandling (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • DEN KOMMUNALA FÖRVALTNINGEN SOM RATIONALISTISKT IDEAL - en fallstudie om styrning och handlingsutrymme inom skola, barnomsorg och miljö- och hälsoskydd.(The municipal authority as a rationalist ideal - a case-study on steering and scope for initiative within child-care, education and environmental departments.)A municipal authority is a considerable producer of services in the local community and iscommonly perceived as an important sector of the Swedish welfare system. One aspect of awell-functioning municipal organisation is that its administrative organs function efficiently.This study examines how activities in municipal administration are steered. The focus is on how different methods are used within a vertical hierarchical perspective to influence the actions of the participants and how the latter try to create space for action. To analyse the problem an ideal-type steering model is used.The study consists of three sections. In the first the research problem and the aims of the study are introduced as well as the methodological and theoretical approach. The result of the study is presented in the second section and in the third conclusions are drawn and discussed.The study shows that the perceptions of the participants involved regarding the possibilities of steering the everyday activities with the support of the methods studied differ on a number of points depending on the sector studied. When control of the various steering methods is distributed in different organisational units in the municipality a number of steering mechanisms operate side-by-side, sometimes in harmony and sometimes independently or in pure conflict with their goals. Steering leads to clear restrictions but there is clearlyroom for initiative, a ‘free-zone’ where the individual has room to act independently. Is it possible based on this study to state whether the ideal-type model functions in the way intended? On many accounts it would seem doubtful whether the effects of steering lead to beneficial effects for the activity. Rather it would seem that the effects of steeringsometimes function more or less randomly because the administration exists in a complexcontext in which the staff can be expected to have its own expectations and act in accordancewith them.
5.
  • Mjöberg, Jessica, 1977- (författare)
  • Innerlighetens tid En sociologisk undersökning av intimitet och senmodernitet
  • 2011
  • Doktorsavhandling (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Due to a recent increase in usage of the concept of intimacy within social scientific research, the overarching aim of this work is to investigate its meaning and significance in contemporary social life. The first part of the thesis reviews research on intimacy. Intimacy is perceived as being vaguely defined as a concept, leading to insufficient discussions concerning the significance of intimacy both as a social concept and as a social phenomenon in contemporary western society. In order to become more clearly defined as a social concept to use in future research, intimacy needs to be investigated as a social phenomenon. The second part explores and analyses intimacy as a social phenomenon by way of three partly phenomenological and partly theoretical analyses: the phenomenology of intimacy, the arithmetic of intimacy and the dark sides of intimacy. The three analyses result in a definition of intimacy understood as a kind of sociality, or mode of social being, characterized by an oceanic experience, mutual and complete directedness between the ones being in relation, an experience of mental as well as physical closeness, and an experience of time as “durée”. The third part discusses the proposed definition of intimacy as sociality in relation to contemporary social theory. In relation to an understanding of contemporary western society as late modern or radicalized modern, intimacy as sociality is discussed as a radicalization of a rational sociality, characteristic for modern society. The discussion takes the form of a dialectic critique of modern dualistic theories, proposing a triadic (dialectic) alternative for understanding basic forms of sociality and social relations. The vague notion of intimacy as a concept suited to characterize social life in contemporary western society is supported by this proposition.
6.
  • Wide, Sverre, 1973- (författare)
  • Människans mått : Om statistik, sociologi och världen som socialt vara
  • 2005
  • Doktorsavhandling (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • This dissertation should be understood as an effort to provide a kind of critique of statistical reason. "A kind", since it has another focus as well: the question of sociality. It is argued that these two topics are closely interrelated, not only, as the short exploration into the prehistory of statistics shows, for historical, but also and mainly for systematic reasons.The first part of this thesis is concerned with methods; not, in fact, so much with different methods as with the idea of methods in general. The second part deals with statistics, its prehistory and structure. It is argued that statistics is inherently causal and always and only understands the world as means (for our power), as it is. The third part explores a socio-logic, a concept meant to capture both the essence of sociality and our understanding of this sociality. And sociality, in the last analysis understood as play or game, turns out to be what cannot be controlled or dealt with in a methodical manner; it can never be reduced to what it is. The fourth and final part discusses and tries to overcome the proposed antithetical relation between statistics (methods) and sociality, and discusses possible consequences of the analysis for the fields of sociology and social thinking.In sum: The dissertation contributes to our understanding of methods, statistics and sociality and their interrelations.
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7.
  • Bartholdsson, Åsa (författare)
  • Med facit i hand : Normalitet, elevskap och vänlig maktutövning i två svenska skolor
  • 2007
  • Doktorsavhandling (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • This thesis is about the socialisation of schoolchildren and how normality is learned and managed in two Swedish school classes. The Swedish school is, according to the "Curriculum for the compulsory school system, the pre-school class and the leisure-time centre", the Lpo94, based on democratic values and respect for the individual. In accordance with these values socialisation of the pupil is, as the thesis argues, accomplished through “benevolent government” by the teachers. To enable this governmentality, the pupil needs to learn how to be him or her “self” according to norms about how the “self” is to be expressed. The pupil also needs to learn how to balance multiple relations in school and the different aspects that constitutes the social person. Benevolent government is here used as a description of a certain kind of teacher-hood dependent on a certain kind of pupil. The pupil-subject that is constructed is a subordinated, self inspecting, positive, empathic person who will approve of being governed by the teachers through the governing of them selves.The study is based on fieldwork with one pre-school class and one fifth grade class in the Swedish compulsory school during the period from August 1999 to June 2002.
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8.
  • Henning, Annette (författare)
  • Ambiguous artefacts solar collectors in Swedish contexts : on processes of cultural modification
  • 2000
  • Doktorsavhandling (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • This is a book about solar collectors and the place of these artefacts in a political energy debate that has aroused strong feelings in Sweden during the last twenty-five years. It is a book about the hopes for a less polluted earth, which solar collectors have come to symbolise, and a book about the ways in which problems in utilising solar energy are culturally perceived. One main aims of this study has been to find out more about the conflicting perceptions of solar collectors as 'saviours of the world' and simultaneously as uninteresting or less credible artefacts that 'may come in the future'. Another main purpose of the study has been to describe and explain those cultural processes of modification that are taking place around solar collectors in active attempts to integrate these into established cultural structures.
9.
  • Hämberg, Eva, 1958- (författare)
  • Tillsyn i teori och praktik om statlig styrning och kontroll av socialtjänstens individ- och familjeomsorg
  • 2017
  • Doktorsavhandling (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • The aim of this thesis is to deepen the understanding about the function of control in the inspection process and to increase the knowledge about the legitimacy and impact from inspection on different types of social and welfare services. In the thesis the form and legitimacy of the inspection process are studied in two types of social services in Sweden: a less complex service where the task to investigate and make decisions about social care dominates (IAD), and a more complex service where the task to provide treatment interventions dominates (TI). The data consists of policy documents, inspection reports, casefile documentation, and interviews with inspectors, politicians, managers and social workers. The inspection process is discussed in relation to theories about control systems and legitimacy processes. Inspection is a policy instrument whose standards are derived from legislations and where those subject to the inspection are obliged to meet the demands made by the inspectorates. This form of disciplinary control has been questioned given that its complexity makes it hard to regulate the practice of social work through detailed rules. By including a less disciplinary form of control the instrument’s ability to impact on more complex aspects of social services are expected to increase. The results show a difference in how the inspection process is set up in the two types of services. In the IAD services the process takes the form of a disciplinary control system, whereas the process in TI services initially takes the form of a non-disciplinary system. In spite of the differences observed in the initial stages of the process, the results show that the judgments of inspectors in both types of services are almost exclusively based on information about concrete and detailed aspects. This entails that the judgements of inspectors in both types of services mostly take the form of statements on simple observable and concrete conditions, whereas judgments about more complex aspects are rarely made. The study also shows that although the propriety and relevance of the inspectors’ judgements are questioned more in TI organisations inspections seem to have greater validity and impact on TI than on IAD organisations. The results of the thesis point to two explanations. One explanation is that the costs of dealing with the problems underlying the identified deficiencies are lower for TI than IAD organisations. This in turn leads to greater acceptance of carrying out the proposed measures in TI than in IAD organisations. Another possible explanation is that the potential sanctions are greater for TI than IAD organisations.
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10.
  • Jegermalm, Magnus (författare)
  • Carers in the Welfare State On Informal Care and Support for Carers in Sweden
  • 2005
  • Doktorsavhandling (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • The general aim of this dissertation is to describe and analyse patterns of informal care and support for carers in Sweden. One specific aim is to study patterns of informal care from a broad population perspective in terms of types of care and types of carer. A typology of four different care categories based on what carers do revealed that women were much more likely than men to be involved at the ‘heavy end’ of caring, i.e. providing personal care in combination with a variety of other caring tasks. Men were more likely than women to provide some kind of practical help (Study I).Another aim is to investigate which support services are received by which types of informal caregiver. Relatively few informal caregivers in any care category were found to be receiving any kind of support from municipalities or voluntary organizations, for example training or financial assistance (Study II).The same study also examines which kinds of help care recipients receive in addition to that provided by informal carers. It appears that people in receipt of personal care from an informal caregiver quite often also receive help from the public care system, in this case mostly municipal services. However, the majority of those receiving personal, informal care did not receive any help from the public care system or from voluntary organizations or for-profit agencies (Study II).The empirical material in studies I and II comprises survey data from telephone interviews with a random sample of residents in the County of Stockholm aged between 18 and 84.In a number of countries there is a growing interest among social scientists and social policymakers in examining the types of support services that might be needed by people who provide informal care for older people and others. A further aim of the present dissertation is therefore to describe and analyse the carer support that is provided by municipalities and voluntary organizations in Sweden. The dissertation examines whether this support is aimed directly or indirectly at caregivers and discusses whether the Swedish government’s special financial investment in help for carers actually led to any changes in the support provided by municipalities and voluntary organisations. The main types of carer support offered by the municipalities were payment for care-giving, relief services and day care. The chief forms of carer support provided by the voluntary organizations were support groups, training groups, and a number of services aimed primarily at the elderly care recipients (Study III).Patterns of change in municipal carer support could be discerned fairly soon. The Swedish government’s special allocation to municipalities and voluntary organisations appears to have led to an increase in the number of municipalities providing direct support for carers, such as training, information material and professional caregiver consultants. On the other hand, only minor changes could be discerned in the pattern of carer support services provided by the voluntary organizations. This demonstrates stability and the relatively low impact that policy initiatives seem to have on voluntary organizations as providers (Study IV).In studies III and IV the empirical material consists of survey data from mail questionnaires sent to municipalities and voluntary organizations in the County of Stockholm.In the fields of social planning and social work there appears to be a need to clarify the aims of support services for informal carers. Should the support be direct or indirect? Should it be used to supplement or substitute caregivers? In this process of reappraisal it will be important to take the needs of both caregivers and care recipients into account when developing existing and new forms of support. How informal caregivers and care recipients interact with the care system as a whole is undeniably a fertile field for further research.
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