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Sökning: hsvkat:504 mat:dok (lärosäte:(gu) OR lärosäte:(du) OR lärosäte:(kau) OR lärosäte:(lnu) OR lärosäte:(ltu) OR lärosäte:(lu) OR lärosäte:(miun) OR lärosäte:(mdh) OR lärosäte:(su) OR lärosäte:(umu) OR lärosäte:(uu) OR lärosäte:(oru)) > (1980-1984)

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  • Berglund, Staffan, 1949- (författare)
  • Resisting poverty perspectives on participation and social development. The case of CRIC and the eastern rural region of Cauca in Colombia
  • 1982
  • Doktorsavhandling (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • With the reproduction of severe deprivation among the campesinado in Latin America as a starting-point,the report explores the mechanisms of impoverishment in the eastern rural region of the department of Cauca in Colombia and the forms of resistance initiated by the Regional Indigenous Council of Cauca (CRIC). It is postulated that the continued existence of poverty derives its root-causes not from lacking integration of the traditional sector of the national economy into the modern sector, but from the processes through which the poor indigenous staple-food producer and agricultural worker by way of his actual participation within the capitalistic system is continously deprived of his energy and capacity by the power elite as he himself lacks the means to realize his own developmental power* Sham-participation, refering to the dysfunctionality of systemic participation performed by the poor who lack access to the bases for accumulating social power, is a concept applied to understand these mechanisms. Participation per se does not necessarily correspond to influence and power. Rather, systemic political participation can give legitimacy to the very system and to those structural conditions oppressing the indigenous small-holders and workers and consequently contributes to the consolidation of the transfer-process of power and thereby the reproduction of deprivation. Thus the poor indigenous population in Cauca cannot expect to be given access to the fundaments of social power. Thus the elements of real participation and the conditions for resisting deprivation are less likely to be obtained only through the creation of new institutions and channels for popular participation# In the case of the indigenous movement in Colombia, the problem is rather to revoke the repression of the indigenous organizations which have emerged from below and instead promote their spontaneous mobilization.
  • Dahlgren, Lars, 1944- (författare)
  • Samhällsplanering och lokalsamhälle en sociologisk analys av den sociala samhällsplaneringens möjligheter och begränsningar, illustrerad av tre ortsstudier i Norrbottens län
  • 1984
  • Doktorsavhandling (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • The purpose of this dissertation is to make a contribution to the creation of more efficient social planning. It has been formulated in the following way: 1. To describe how social planning has developed in Sweden and what role sociological knowledge has played in this process. 2. To analyse thè social causes of this development. 3. To illustrate the development of our society througt the study of three communities in the county of Norrbotten. These empirical studies serve a double purpose. They are examples of the kind of planning-tools for which this dissertation argues. They are also meant to throw a light on the specific social evolution, which has created different forms and contents in the planning process. A tangible starting point for the dissertation is to establish the fact that social planning has expanded rapidly after the inter-war pe-riod-both in form and substance and the development is characterized by centralisation and division into sectors. In other words, it is distinguished by increased vertical and horizontal division of labour. During the seventies, however, a growing criticism of this process was articulated, particularly from two directions: agencies in the social sector and districts in the periphery-areas which begin to experience the consequences of structural rationalisation. Among other things they want more social and qualitative planning to take place. An increasing interest in sociological knowledge can be seen as a response to this criticism. After that three normative possibilities of development is presentated on the assumption that social planning for the time being is characterized by centralisation as well as division into sectors. The argumentation aims to show how one of the normative possibilities, a co-ordination between de-centralization and a reduced division into sectors, can make public planning more effective. Furthermore two aspects of the^efficiency problem are discussed. The first perspective is based on productivity and deals with the question to what extent social planning activities are producing optimum knowledge from investigated resources. The other perspective focuses on the ability of social planning to help citizens form an opinion of political decisions. This discussion is a theoretical background to the normative recommendations for planning methods (community studies as a complement to social planning)which follows. The planning methods are illustraded by three community studies carried out in Korpilombolo, Seskarb and Rosvik, all three communities in the most northern county of Sweden, Norrbotten. The collection of data took place within the framework of the pilot project: Social development planning in the county of Norrbotten. The theoretical frame of reference of these studies is based on the concept 'Way of Life', which is defined as the totality of peoples' destinies, activities,everyday life and relationsship. The way of life in the three villages is outlined and compared in three dimensions, activities, needs and resources. Finally future studies following on from this dissertation is suggested, for instance, 'ex-post' estimates regarding actual consequences of applied com-munity studies.
  • Frick, Willy, 1940- (författare)
  • Strukturomvandling och social utslagning en analys av sambanden mellan social struktur och social missanpassning och utslagning under perioden 1860-1975
  • 1982
  • Doktorsavhandling (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Structural changes in society have often been related to social problems such as crime, alcoholism and social elimination. In this analysis of the development of social elimination in Sweden during the period 1860-1975, which is mainly based on official data, it is demonstrated that there is not always a causal relationship between structural change and such social problems. If structural changes lead to social problems or not depend on whether the structural changes occur according to a "Budding" or an "Ex­pansion" model.The historical period in which a rapid structural change followed the "Budding" model closely was the time right before and after the turn of the century in which the final leap into the industrial society occured. This was a period characterized by an increasing number of industries, communities and organizations. During this period the structural changes increased the legal economic opportunities, strengthened the social and cultural integration as well as the informal social control within the working class. This period was also a period with decreasing human malad­justment symptoms and social elimination.After World War II a new period of rapid structural changes occured. But now the development followed closely to the "Expansion" model. This was a period when different subsystems in society became larger, more centra­lized specialized and difficult to survey. The consequences were not only more individual freedom and higher standards of living but also many individuals experienced a great deal of social stress together with a decreasing social and cultural integration. Increasing opportunities for crime and drugs to­gether with a decreasing social control increased the risks for social mal­adjustment for many people. This latter period can also be described as a period of rapidly increasing human maladjustment symptoms and increasing social elimination of the socially maladjusted.
  • Höglund, Lars, 1946-, et al. (författare)
  • Kommunikation inom vetenskap och teknik
  • 1980
  • Doktorsavhandling (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • The rapid growth of Science and Technology has made the use of scientific information a problem of international concern. To keep abreast of current research the scientist and engineer can use a multitude of information sources. In this study the problem of information use is analysed and a theoretical framework is developed and applied in several case-studies of formal and informal communication. The case-studies include surveys among scientists, engineers and social scientists in different R&D-settings. Information about research is looked upon as a fundamental resource for R&D activities. It is demonstrated that information use and communication behavior are related to research productivity. However the use of both written and oral information sources is limited by barriers related to the individual user, his position in the social structure of the research community and organisation as well as the availability of information resources. In order to improve the use of knowledge it is necessary to integrate the information and documentation functions with the planning and conduct of research. In this context user education and marketing of information resources are important prerequisites. Information search and library use in higher education are analysed and discussed in relation to pedagogical methods and the maintainance of professional competence. Special attention is also given to computerized reference retrieval services and their evaluation.
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