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Sökning: hsvkat:504 mat:dok (lärosäte:(gu) OR lärosäte:(du) OR lärosäte:(kau) OR lärosäte:(lnu) OR lärosäte:(ltu) OR lärosäte:(lu) OR lärosäte:(miun) OR lärosäte:(mdh) OR lärosäte:(su) OR lärosäte:(umu) OR lärosäte:(uu) OR lärosäte:(oru)) > (1990-1994)

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1.
  • Karlsson, Sven-Erik (författare)
  • Natur och kultur som turistiska produkter : En början till en sociologisk analys
  • 1994
  • Doktorsavhandling (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Abstract.<br/><br/><br/><br/>Författare: Sven-Erik Karlsson.<br/><br/>Titel: Natur och kultur som turistiska produkter- en början till en sociologisk analys. <br/><br/>Språk: Svenska.<br/><br/>Nyckelord:<br/><br/><br/><br/>Den konkreta utgångspunkten för detta arbete är natur- och kulturturismen i Värmland, där naturen och kulturen utgör turistiska produkter. Syftet är att påbörja en sociologisk analys där detta sociala fenomen ingår i ett större turistiskt och samhälleligt sammanhang. Arbetets metodologiska utgångspunkt är att vetenskapligt upptäcka och vetenskapligt reflektera över turismen som socialt fenomen<br/><br/><br/><br/>Begreppet turism härleds från 1600-1700-talens bildningsresande, le Grand Tour, en rundresa till den västerländska kulturens källor. Turism är en anti-vardaglig verksamhet med två grundläggande former, bildningens och karnevalens turism, vilka kan vara lokaliserade i antingen samhällenas centrum eller periferi.<br/><br/><br/><br/>Historiskt är turismen ihoptvinnad med den övriga samhällsutvecklingen, där olika tidsepokers klassförhållanden, transportmedel och kulturella innehåll har haft stor inverkan på dess utformning.<br/><br/><br/><br/>En genomgång av tillgänglig statistik visar att turismen under senare tid blivit en ekonomisk betydelsefull näring såväl internationellt, nationellt som regionalt, vilket medfört att turismen även blivit politisk betydelsefull, exempelvis inom regionalpolitiken. <br/><br/><br/><br/>I den sociologiska referensramen urskiljs olika samhälleliga sfärer, vilka den nutida turismen till stora delar kan förklaras utifrån, den ekonomiska, den politiska, den sociokulturella samt den socimateriella, varav den ekonomiska är mest betydelsefull. Den nutida samhällsförändringen kännetecknas av en stark kommersialisering, av en ny dominant klass, den nya medelklassen, samt ett nytt kulturellt paradigm, postmodernismen. Turismnäringen kan analytiskt delas upp i produktion, distribution och konsumtion. I detta arbete analyseras produktionen och konsumtionen.<br/><br/><br/><br/>Den svenska och den värmländska turismproduktionen kännetecknas av att natur och kultur utgör de viktiga resurserna samt av att varugörandet av dessa sker i hög utsträckning i en slags småskalig hantverksproduktion. <br/><br/><br/><br/>Ifråga om behandlingen av den turistiska konsumtionen blir det främst fråga om ett upptäckande avsnitt. Med utgångspunkt från framförallt modern konsumtionssociologisk litteratur, svenska statistiska data om turistande samt redogörelser för konkreta värmländska förhållanden, antas att det finns skillnader mellan olika klassers turistande. Det som framhålls är främst den nya medelklassens professionella grupper har stor betydelse för den nutida turismens utformning, vari postmodernismens integrering av olika sociala sfärer spelar en stor roll.<br/><br/><br/><br/>Utifrån en genomgång av turismforskningen behandlas en del av turismens ekologiska, rumsliga, sociala och kulturella konsekvenser. Det är framförallt varugörandets effekter som tas upp. Några teoretiska strategier för att motverka dess negativa sidor redovisas och diskuteras.
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4.
  • Hyvönen, Ulf, 1955- (författare)
  • Om barns fadersbild
  • 1993
  • Doktorsavhandling (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • The aim of this study is to describe and to interpret how fathers are concieved by their children. Various aspects of the male parent and the relationship between the child and his or her father are beeing investigated from the childs point of view. Forming an understanding of the fathers significance from the childs perspective is of particular importance for the study. This perspective is being formulated from a position that looks upon the childs socialization and the identityshaping processes as primarily a matter of "what children do with what is done to children".The empirical data in the study was obtained by interviewing one hundred children, seven and ten year old girls and boys, partly from Umeå and partly from some small villages a few swedish miles away from the town. The semistructured interviews were made with children from five different schools and from eighteen different school-classes.Data show that a vast majority describe a fairly close relationship to a father with clearly anti-patriarchal characteristics. The middle-class father is seen as a more family-oriented parent, more equal to his spouse than the working-class father who is more likely of beeing described in traditional terms. Some gender-related patterns are shown that concerns different orientations towards the father. While the boys tend to view their fathers in direct relation to themselves - him and me - the girls are more likely to describe their male parents as familyfathers and from a perspective that sees him as a partner to the mother.From the characterization the children made of their fathers from the family-drawings, four different cateogories, representing various perspectives on the father, were identified: The Positive, the Ambigous, the Disappointed and the Neutral.The symbolic interactionism, based on the works of George H. Mead, is argued to be a fruitful theoretical framework for understanding the socializationprocess in which the childs concepts of its father are being shaped. From a perspective on the cultural modernization and its impacts on parenting and the relationship between fathers and children, it is also claimed that there are reasons to beleive that the tendencies of release from a traditional determination not only put new burdons on parents and children in modern society, but also provide a widening of possibilities and a powerful potential for forming more "normalized", non-authoritarian and non-oppressive, interaction-based relations betweenchildren and their fathers.
5.
  • Alalehto, Tage (författare)
  • Teknik och konflikt LKAB 1946-1987
  • 1992
  • Doktorsavhandling (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • This thesis examines the connection between technological dependence of mankind and its attitudes towards it. The issue is to what extent technological change in the workplace is a generator of conflict or a creator of consensus?The subject of the study is the Swedish mining company LKAB during the period 1946-1987. The case study concentrates on the approaches to new technology by the local union leadership and the LKAB company management.The analysis is carried out through a classification scheme over job- functions, divided into four functional categories. The classification is ranging from manually inclined work on the end to highly automized work on the other pole. The results show a clear and unquestionable development of mechanization. At the next level of analysis the focus is on approaches and ways of relating mechanization by the two parties took on the question, and how this influenced the relationships between the two parties. The final results show that technological change in general is a creator of consensus. However, at the same time, techno­logical change is an unequeal process because the company commands control over three kinds of power resources; ownership, the legislative right of paragraph 32 and the monopoly of technological expertis. Organized labour can only try to attain technological knowledge and high levels of worker support.
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  • Ekström, Marianne, 1934- (författare)
  • Kost, klass och kön
  • 1990
  • Doktorsavhandling (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • The aim of this study is to analyse the importance of social factors and so­cial relations around food preparation.Methods used: a questionnaire, a food diary kept by the person(s) respon­sible for food preparation in the family and a number of interviews. 348 families from the counties of Uppsala and Umeå with at least one child un­der 18 years of age filled in the formulas.The kitchen is a working-place where women dominate as workers. Class has a considerable effect on patterns of meals, on methods used for food preparation and on the choice of food and dishes. The division of la­bour is auso effected, members of the family are more involved in the pro­cess of food preparation when the mother is a higher non-manual employee or self-employed.Distinctions revealed when reading the diaries with Bourdieu's con­ceptions in mind were of three kinds. One dimension is geografical, an other dimension is that of age. The third dimension is class. Upper-class families distinguished themselves by using more extras and more elaborate ways of labelling the gravy, the vegetables, the dishes themselves. They also had more alcohol with the dinner. Still another dimension is the gen­der power system. The results from the interviews revealed two patterns. One is that women express in various ways that there are conflicting goals involved, hard to cope with satisfactorily. The other is that there is a great variety of ways the couples deal with the gender system - men's open or hidden domination and women's open or hidden subordination.
10.
  • Ericsson, Thomas, 1946- (författare)
  • Systematisk arbetsvärdering ett lönesättningsinstrument i närbild
  • 1991
  • Doktorsavhandling (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • The subject of the thesis is systematic job evaluation for purposes of local wage determination for blue-collar jobs within the Swedish industry. The method is examined from a general wage-determination as well as from a gender equality perspective. The thesis is based on e.g. documents from the parties, on interviews with representatives of employers and unions at the central and local level, and on interviews with persons participating in job evaluation work in some companies. An analysis is made of one of the most common job evaluation systems, including the changes it has undergone since the 1950s.The use of a job evaluation system implies that a linkage is made between /certain/job demands and wages. It also means that this linkage is made in a systematic way. Systematics might, in its turn, imply consistency, rigidity and explicity. The thesis examines the significance of a linkage demands-wages and of consistency, rigidity and explicity for the parties' attitudes towards the method; as a purpose or as a means to achieve other goals. It demonstrates that the employers' problems to recruit labour and a desire for an increased wage differentiation has constituted a major reason for using the systems.The job evaluation system examined does not consider, or gives low weight to, certain demands which are common in female-dominated jobs.Various circumstances in the evaluation work process which provide it with scope for consideration are identified. This scope for consideration may disfavour female-dominated jobs. The thesis claims that the scope for consideration yet is less than in an unsystematic overall assessment of différencies in job demands between various jobs.A completed systematic job evaluation offers a basis for speaking of "work of equal value" in the sense of the Swedish Equal Opportunities Act, and forces the employer to explain possible différencies in the terms of employment when the points allotted are equal. It is unclear whether the court has to accept the application of the system made by the parties, or whether it could make its own evaluation with the same system. So far, no case concerning work of equal value has been settled in court.
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