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Träfflista för sökning "lärosäte:mah institution:("faculty of culture and society") "

Sökning: lärosäte:mah institution:("faculty of culture and society")

  • Resultat 1-10 av 2083
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  • Aamodt Bentsen, Beint Magnus, et al. (författare)
  • Attitudes Towards Immigrants among Youth in Sweden
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: MIM Working Paper Series. - Malmö Institute for Studies of Migration, Diversity and Welfare (MIM). ; :17:4
  • Tidskriftsartikel (populärvet., debatt m.m.)abstract
    • Attitudes towards out-groups have been of academic interest for a long time, and two often-used theoretical frameworks are intergroup contact theory, and group threat theory. This article combines insights from both to investigating attitudes among youth in Sweden using multiple regression analysis. I seek particularly to understand the role that contact has on reducing attitudes, and what role different contact situations, and forms may play. Specifically contact in schools and the local area is investigated after controlling for the effect of personal friendships. The analysis finds that high quality contact does have an effect on attitudes among Swedish youth even after controlling for background variables. Superficial contact has no additional effect in the investigated context. Group threat effects are also found to be important for the groups that are most directly in competition with immigrants in the labor market.
  • Abbasi, Maisam, et al. (författare)
  • Developing environmentally sustainable logistics. Exploring themes and challenges from a logistics service providers' perspective
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Transportation Research. Part D: Transport & Environment. - Elsevier. - 1361-9209. ; 46, s. 273-283
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The purpose of this paper is to explore themes and challenges in developing environmentally sustainable logistical activities. The approach is explorative with a cross sectional design that takes advantage of ten case studies out of selected logistics service providers (LSPs) operating primarily in the Scandinavian countries. The findings illustrate the major themes by analyzing current and future activities in developing environmentally sustainable logistical activities. In addition, four categories of challenges are identified: customer priorities, managerial complexity, network imbalance, and technological and legislative uncertainties. It is concluded that there is a great need for a holistic perspective where LSPs and product owners together analyze and design future logistical setups. The suggested holistic and integrative model, building on a three-dimensional concurrent engineering framework, provides new opportunities for research. Further research is needed to improve the interrelationship between LSPs and their customers in the development of sustainable logistical solutions.This paper puts forward recommendations for the sustainable development of logistics by combining the results from the case studies with a review of related literature. This will be beneficial for managers and policy makers when they approach sustainable logistical challenges. The emergence and synthesis of themes and challenges are critical for a sustainable society.
  • Abrahamsson, Lena, et al. (författare)
  • Avslutning
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Lean i arbetslivet. - Liber. - 978-91-47-10560-1 ; s. 317-324
  • Bokkapitel (övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • Ahlstrand, Roland, et al. (författare)
  • Teams, continuous improvement, the unions and conditional trust in the company Scania
  • 2012
  • Konferensbidrag (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • In this paper, it will be discussed if there is a “team dimension” connected to legitimacy/trust in manufacturing companies. The “improvement teams” in the truck producing company Scania, that also are the basic organisational unit in production, can be described as “open micro systems”, with external relations and links between the teams and the organisation as a whole (Sederblad, 2011b). Our interpretation is that the result of continuous improvement activities in the improvement teams is dependent on blue collar workers believe that they will, at least indirectly and in a long time perspective, benefit from involvement in developing the production system. We will introduce the concept “conditional trust” to analyse the relations in production (Sederblad, 2011a; see also page 5 in this paper). This concept will also be used to understand the negotiation system on the company level and we will especially focus on the role of the unions. In the final section of the paper we will analyse how the production system and negotiation system are linked to each other. We will discuss and analyse the following questions: 1. How is the “improvement teams” organised in the company Scania and how do they work with “continuous improvement”? 2. How is conditional trust established in production and in improvement activities (among supervisors, team-leaders and workers)? 3. How is conditional trust established in the negotiations in the company (management, unions and workers)? 4. How is trust in production linked to trust in the negotiation system, and how functions the system at the workplace as a whole?
  • Akande, Adebowale, et al. (författare)
  • If One Goes Up the Other Must Come Down : Examining Gender Differences and Understanding of Models of Learning Style: A Non-Western Perspective
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Social Indicators Research. - 0303-8300. ; 131:2, s. 817-829
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Models of learning style or approaches to learning have been operationalized in the Learning Process Questionnaire (LPQ). Guided by an assumed framework, the authors examine the construct validity of the LPQ in Botswana and investigate the similarities and differences in the process of learning in a non-Western context. Six structural equation modeling are used to test the association between cross-cultural variability and learning. Responses to this instrument are shown to have good internal consistency reliability, and support is provided for its construct validity in terms of its factorial structure. Results further reveal support for dimensions of deep and surface strategies, despite the differences in learning conceptualizations. The strategies utilized by students in the Western educational context are similar to those used by their African counterparts. Taken together, the interaction of gender and culture, makes us propose a relationship between culture, learning and life adaptations, thus extending the concept of learning style to account for the influence of culture. Tentatively, conceptual issues in learning process and suggestions for further research are presented.
  • Alwall, Jonas, et al. (författare)
  • A remedy for segregation? conviviality and the question of sustainable city development : the case of Malmö
  • 2012
  • Konferensbidrag (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Malmö is a city undergoing rapid change: growing, modernizing and gaining in attractiveness. It is a city with an unusually high percentage of immigrants, and of immigrants from all parts of the world. It is, however, also a city with major social inequalities. The latter features of the city have been highlighted by the Commission for a Socially Sustainable Malmö, the focal point of which is the observation of immense differences in health between different groups among Malmö’s population. However, the studies it conducts also cover the assumed reasons behind these differences: problems regarding work, housing, education and a lack of economic and social resources. The study here presented relates strongly to the questions the Commission is investigating, but focuses specifically on the role of conviviality – the “living together” (in the sense of social interaction between people of different ethnic backgrounds) which, according to Paul Gilroy (2004), has “made multiculture an ordinary feature of social life in /…/ postcolonial cities”. The study aims to investigate what examples of conviviality there actually exist in the city, the possible benefits conviviality produces (for its development) and what factors in the life of the city that provide obstacles to the realization of conviviality.
  • Alwall, Jonas, et al. (författare)
  • Ethical and existential perspectives : on the meaning of early Intervention
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Against separation : experiences in early intervention for young children with disabilities in Russia and Byelorussia. - Ersta Sköndal högskola. - 978-91-633-6743-4 ; s. 55-69
  • Bokkapitel (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Kapitlet bygger på erfarenheter från det projekt om tidig intervention för barn med funktionshinder i Ryssland och Vitryssland som författaren deltog i och som genomfördes 2004-2009. Fokus ligger på den tidiga interventionens etiska och existentiella implikationer.
  • Alwall, J, et al. (författare)
  • Mot gemensamma mål : : om entreprenöriellt lärande som gränsöverskridande arbetsmetod
  • 2016
  • Rapport (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Under läsåret 2015-2016 genomfördes ett följeforskningsprojekt på Ängsdals skolor, en privat skolaktör som driver en grundskola och tre förskolor och vars verksamhet i första hand är förlagd till Bunkeflostrand invid Öresund, strax söder om Malmö. I denna rapport presenteras resultaten av studien. Forskning om Malmöskolor har ofta berört dessa skolors utmaningar – i form av multietniska och flerspråkiga klassrum eller svaga skolresultat –och vägar att hantera dessa utmaningar. Ängsdals skolor utgör en påtagligt annorlunda miljö jämfört med många andra skolor och förskolor i staden. Ängsdal präglas av sin småskaliga verksamhet och familjära miljö. Jämfört med många andra skolor i det mångkulturella Malmö är skolan etniskt och socioekonomiskt homogen. Utmärkande för skolan är emellertid också dess målmedvetna och långsiktiga satsning på entreprenöriellt lärande, och det är denna satsning som följeforskningen har handlat om. Följeforskarna, Jonas Alwall och Balli Lelinge från Malmö högskola, har under hela året följt verksamheten på Ängsdals skolor: observerat, intervjuat personal, skolungdomar och vårdnadshavare samt genomfört en enkät-undersökning med avgångselever. Bilden som tecknas är mångfacetterad. Med en kritisk blick studeras vad ett entreprenöriellt förhållningssätt egentligen kan betyda i ett skol- och förskolesammanhang. Erfarenheterna från Ängsdal relateras till tidigare forskning och teoretiska perspektiv på entreprenöriellt lärande. Konceptet är förhållandevis nytt i diskussionen om den svenska skolan, dess verksamheter och mål, men utgör dess innehåll egentligen något nytt eller handlar det om ett aktivitets- och relationsbaserat lärande i mer etablerad form? Hur relaterar ett entreprenöriellt lärande till skolans och för skolans läroplaner, värdegrund och demokratiuppdrag? Och vad betyder ett entreprenöriellt lärande i just denna skol- och förskolemiljö? Hur ser fort-sättningen på den väg som Ängsdals skolor har slagit in på ut? Dessa är några av de frågor som diskuteras i studien.
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