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Sökning: marie väfors fritz

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1.
  • Väfors Fritz, Marie, et al. (författare)
  • Gärningsmannen, brottet och offret
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Brottslighet och utsatthet i Malmö. - Studentlitteratur. - 9789144126272 ; s. 51-66
  • Bokkapitel (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Förutom att Malmö har flest anmälda brott i relation till sin folkmängd, är det också en av de städer i landet med högst andel skjutvapenrelaterat våld. Våra tidigare studier visar att de som begår grova brott som mord eller dråp och försök till mord eller dråp i Malmö främst är ensamstående, har ingen psykiatrisk diagnos och använder sig främst av kniv eller annat vasst tillhygge vid sina dåd, även om skjutvapen orsakar fler döda. Offren är vanligtvis något äldre än gärningsmännen, och det finns ofta en relation mellan dem. Offer som avlider till följd av knivdåd har främst blodförlust som dödsorsak. Vad gäller de offer som attackeras med skjutvapen är det främst huvudskador som leder till döden.
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2.
  • Väfors Fritz, Marie, et al. (författare)
  • Psychopathy and violence in juvenile delinquents : What are the associated factors?
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry. - 0160-2527. ; 31:3, s. 272-279
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The purpose of the present study was a) to examine the discriminative power of the Antisocial Process Screening Device (APSD), aggressive traits, impulsiveness, antisocial attitudes and alcohol-related problems between subgroups of Russian juvenile delinquents (n = 175) with low versus high levels of violent behavior; and b) to compare the predictive value of these variables in two subgroups defined by higher versus lower levels of psychopathic traits. Results demonstrated that the APSD score, traits of physical aggression and alcohol-related problems were able to discriminate between groups with various levels of violence. Furthermore, the level of violence was the only variant factor when comparing levels of psychopathy. Finally, different sets of predictors emerged for the group with higher versus lower psychopathy scores. The results are discussed in relation to specific features of psychopathy and environmental factors in general and the use of alcohol in particular.
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3.
  • Khoshnood, Ardavan, et al. (författare)
  • The Offender, the Crime and the Victim.
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Crime, Victimization and Vulnerability in Malmö. - Studentlitteratur. - 9789144133041 ; s. 53-69
  • Bokkapitel (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Förutom att Malmö har flest anmälda brott i relation till sin folkmängd, är det också en av de städer i landet med högst andel skjutvapenrelaterat våld. Våra tidigare studier visar att de som begår grova brott som mord eller dråp och försök till mord eller dråp i Malmö främst är ensamstående, har ingen psykiatrisk diagnos och använder sig främst av kniv eller annat vasst tillhygge vid sina dåd, även om skjutvapen orsakar fler döda. Offren är vanligtvis något äldre än gärningsmännen, och det finns ofta en relation mellan dem. Offer som avlider till följd av knivdåd har främst blodförlust som dödsorsak. Vad gäller de offer som attackeras med skjutvapen är det främst huvudskador som leder till döden.
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6.
  • Fritz, Marie Vafors, et al. (författare)
  • Stressors, Anxiety and Adjustment among International and North American Students
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Intercultural Relations. - 0147-1767. ; 32:3, s. 244-259
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The acculturation process generally contributes greatly to stress and anxiety levels among international students. The objectives of the present study were: (1) to see whether international students experience more anxiety, irritability, and stress from being apart from family and friends, pressure from school, difficulties with language, work and finances than students with permanent US residency, and (2) to investigate the same stressors in groups within the international student population. Surveys were distributed to 246 students aged 17–51 at an ethnically diverse community college in Southern California, US. Analysis of variance was conducted to investigate group differences between students: permanent US residents vs. international students, and, permanent US residents vs. European and Asian students, respectively. No significant differences were found between international students and students with permanent US residency. However, when the international student population was sub-grouped by above cultural regions a different pattern emerged. Difficulties of not being able to work and of socially related problems were perceived as more severe for the European and the Asian groups, while finance problems were hard for all three groups. The variable of language difficulties was harder for Asian students, while that of stress of being apart from family was harder for students from Europe. Findings are not only congruent with prior research results on international students but also demonstrate that international students with culturally diverse needs should not be considered as one homogenous group. It is suggested that educational systems need to properly adapt in order to accommodate international students’ unique cultural needs.
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7.
  • Väfors Fritz, Marie, et al. (författare)
  • Antisocial process screening device : Validation on a Russian sample of juvenile delinquents with the emphasis on the role of personality and parental rearing
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry. - 0160-2527. ; 31:5, s. 438-446
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The objectives of the present study were 1) to validate the Antisocial Process Screening Device (APSD) in a sample of Russian juvenile delinquents; 2) to examine subgroups of delinquents with higher versus lower levels of childhood problem behaviors with respect to the APSD subscales, personality traits, and parental rearing; and 3) to attempt to replicate the previous finding that the APSD subscale measuring callous/unemotional traits can differentiate subgroups of delinquents with different precursors for problem behaviors (predominantly biological versus predominantly social). A group of 250 Russian juvenile inmates (mean age = 16.4) was examined by means of the APSD completed by the staff at the correctional institution. The inmates completed several self-reports assessing their current and childhood behavior problems, personality traits and experienced parental rearing practices. A factor structure of the APSD was obtained that is similar, albeit not identical, to that from the original studies by Frick and colleagues [Frick, P.J., O'Brien, B.S., Wootton, J.M., McBurnett, K., (1994). Psychopathy and conduct problems in children. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 103, 700–707]; [Frick, P.J., Barry, C.T., Bodin, S.D., (1999). Applying the concept of psychopathy to children: Implications for the Assessment of antisocial youth. In Gacono, C.B. (Ed), The clinical and forensic assessment of psychopathy: A practitioners guide. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum]; [Frick, P.J., Lilienfeld, S.O., Ellis, M., Loney, B., Silverthorn, P., (1999). The association between anxiety and psychopathy dimensions in children. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 27, 383–392]; callous unemotional traits in the present sample were expressed in manipulative behavior. Results further disclosed higher levels of antisocial and aggressive activities, higher levels of personality attributes such as narcissism and novelty seeking, as well as lower cooperativeness, and negatively perceived parental rearing in a subgroup with higher (versus lower) number of childhood symptoms of conduct disorder and oppositional disorder. The juvenile delinquents with higher levels as compared to lower levels of callous unemotional traits also perceived their parents as using more negative rearing strategies. The findings are discussed in terms of interactional processes between personality of the juvenile delinquents and parental rearing in the development of antisocial behavior.
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8.
  • Väfors Fritz, Marie, et al. (författare)
  • Quality of Life - Towards an understanding of individuals with psychopathic tendencies
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Personality and Mental Health. - 1932-8621. ; 3:3, s. 183-192
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The objectives are to explore: (1) the association between psychopathy and self-rated quality of life; and (2) the possible role of childhood hyperactivity on the relationships between Psychopathy Checklist (PCL) scores and self-rated domains of Quality of Life (QoL). Male subjects with a history of criminality at age 11-14 years (n = 108) and matched controls (n = 59) from a Swedish longitudinal project were studied. Self-rated QoL domains of psychological health, family relationships and work satisfaction were dichotomized and used as dependent variables in calculations of odds ratios (ORs) with dichotomized PCL scores as the independent variable, as assessed at age 38-41. The results showed that for each of the three QoL domains, the proportion of individuals that reported dissatisfaction was significantly higher in both criminals and controls characterized by psychopathic tendencies (PT) compared with the groups with no psychopathic tendencies. Furthermore, the results revealed higher strata-specific risk of dissatisfaction among the PT individuals for two of the domains: psychological health (OR = 6.58) and work satisfaction (OR = 7.98). Childhood hyperactivity individuals were overrepresented in the PT group. However, hyperactivity did not confound the association between PCL and QoL. The results are discussed in the light of possible treatment implications.
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9.
  • Freidenfelt Liljeberg, Jenny, et al. (författare)
  • Poor school bonding and delinquency over time : Bidirectional effects and sex differences
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Journal of Adolescence. - 0140-1971. ; 34:1, s. 1-9
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The association between <img src="http://www.sciencedirect.com/scidirimg/sci_dir/prevterm.gif" />poor school bonding and delinquency<img src="http://www.sciencedirect.com/scidirimg/sci_dir/nextterm.gif" /> has only been partly addressed in earlier research. Using a longitudinal design, the objective of our study was to investigate possible bidirectional effects and sex differences between adolescents’ experienced <img src="http://www.sciencedirect.com/scidirimg/sci_dir/prevterm.gif" />school bonding<img src="http://www.sciencedirect.com/scidirimg/sci_dir/nextterm.gif" /> and self-rated <img src="http://www.sciencedirect.com/scidirimg/sci_dir/prevterm.gif" />delinquency over time.<img src="http://www.sciencedirect.com/scidirimg/sci_dir/nextterm.gif" /> A total of 788 adolescents (353 boys and 435 girls) were investigated by questionnaire at age 14 and 16. <img src="http://www.sciencedirect.com/scidirimg/sci_dir/prevterm.gif" />Poor school<img src="http://www.sciencedirect.com/scidirimg/sci_dir/nextterm.gif" /> attachment and commitment as well as <img src="http://www.sciencedirect.com/scidirimg/sci_dir/prevterm.gif" />poor<img src="http://www.sciencedirect.com/scidirimg/sci_dir/nextterm.gif" /> teacher attachment were found to be stronger determinants of <img src="http://www.sciencedirect.com/scidirimg/sci_dir/prevterm.gif" />delinquency<img src="http://www.sciencedirect.com/scidirimg/sci_dir/nextterm.gif" /> for males than for females. <img src="http://www.sciencedirect.com/scidirimg/sci_dir/prevterm.gif" />Delinquency<img src="http://www.sciencedirect.com/scidirimg/sci_dir/nextterm.gif" /> predicted <img src="http://www.sciencedirect.com/scidirimg/sci_dir/prevterm.gif" />poor school<img src="http://www.sciencedirect.com/scidirimg/sci_dir/nextterm.gif" /> commitment for both boys and girls, and <img src="http://www.sciencedirect.com/scidirimg/sci_dir/prevterm.gif" />poor school<img src="http://www.sciencedirect.com/scidirimg/sci_dir/nextterm.gif" /> attachment for girls, thus indicating bidirectional effects <img src="http://www.sciencedirect.com/scidirimg/sci_dir/prevterm.gif" />over time<img src="http://www.sciencedirect.com/scidirimg/sci_dir/nextterm.gif" /> and sex differences in some of the bidirectional effects. The study concludes that the <img src="http://www.sciencedirect.com/scidirimg/sci_dir/prevterm.gif" />delinquency<img src="http://www.sciencedirect.com/scidirimg/sci_dir/nextterm.gif" /> propensity of adolescent boys may be affected by all <img src="http://www.sciencedirect.com/scidirimg/sci_dir/prevterm.gif" />school bonding<img src="http://www.sciencedirect.com/scidirimg/sci_dir/nextterm.gif" /> dimensions, whereas for girls it is their relationship with their teachers that is of significance.
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10.
  • Väfors Fritz, Marie, et al. (författare)
  • Self-Reported Mental Health and Risky Lifestyle in Swedish Youth
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Book of Abstracts. - European Society of Criminology.
  • Konferensbidrag (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Self-reported mental health and risky lifestyle in Swedish youth Marie Väfors Fritz (Faculty of Health and Society, Malmö University, Sweden), Anna-Karin Ivert (Faculty of Health and Society, Malmö University, Sweden) Mental ill-health has become increasingly common among youth in Sweden. Mental ill-health and criminality are substantial public health problems in terms of human suffering as well as direct and indirect societal costs. A particularly vulnerable group to experience mental health problems and subsequent consequences are immigrants and immigrants’ children. Identification difficulties, social constrains and psychosomatic symptoms are some of the arduousness experienced by immigrants and reflect the hurdles of acculturation. Another vulnerable group in terms of specific mental health symptoms constitutes half of the population, females. More females than ever seek help and treatment for depression, alcohol abuse and suicidal attempts and recommendations are to develop a knowledge base and lead local discussions to stop this down spiral trend. Hence, the purpose of the present study is to investigate mental health and lifestyles among 15-16 year olds living in Malmo, Sweden. The first aim is to explore how these youths report their mental health according to the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire. Secondly, the relationship between reported mental health and problematic lifestyle (such as drinking, smoking, and delinquency) will be explored. Lastly, possible differences in mental health and lifestyles across sex and ethnicity will be investigated. Results indicate differences in self-reported mental health across sex and ethnic groups.
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