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Sökning: swepub > Malmö universitet > Nilner Maria > (2002)

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  • Ekberg, EwaCarin, et al. (författare)
  • A 6- and 12-month follow-up of appliance therapy in TMD patients: a follow-up of a controlled trial
  • 2002
  • Ingår i: International journal of prosthodontics. - 0893-2174. ; 15:6, s. 564-70
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • PURPOSE: This study compared the long-term effects of treatment with a stabilization appliance and treatment with a control appliance in patients with temporomandibular disorders (TMD). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a controlled trial, 60 TMD patients with tem-poromandibular joint (TMJ) pain were evaluated after 10 weeks of treatment with either a stabilization appliance or a control appliance. At the 10-week follow-up, the 60 patients were assigned to one of three groups according to their demand for treatment. Group T, the treatment group, comprised 30 patients treated with a stabilization appliance; group C, the control group, comprised nine patients treated with a control appliance; and group M, the mixed treatment group, comprised 21 patients treated with first a control appliance and then a stabilization appliance. Signs and symptoms were evaluated in all three groups at 6- and 12-month follow-ups. RESULTS: At the 6- and 12-month follow-ups, a significant reduction in TMJ pain as measured on a visual analogue scale was found in all three groups, and a significant decrease in signs and symptoms was found in groups T and M. CONCLUSION: After 6 and 12 months of use, the stabilization appli-ance was found to still be effective in the alleviation of signs and symptoms in patients with TMD. Many patients in group C changed to a stabilization appliance at the 1 0-week follow-up, which significantly reduced the number of patients in this group. Most patients reported positive change in overall subjective symptoms in this trial. The stabilization appliance can therefore be recommended for patients with TMD.
  • Ekberg, EwaCarin, et al. (författare)
  • Treatment Outcome of Headache After Occlusal Appliance Therapy in a Randomised Controlled Trial Among Patients with Temporomandibular Disorders of Mainly Arthrogenous Origin.
  • 2002
  • Ingår i: Swedish Dental Journal. - 0347-9994. ; 26:3, s. 115-24
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The aim of this study was to evaluate headaches before and after treatment with a stabilisation appliance and a control appliance in a randomised controlled trial in patients having temporomandibular disorders (TMD) of mainly arthrogenous origin. The effect of treatment was evaluated both in a short and in long-term perspective. 60 patients (mean age 30 years) with TMD of mainly arthrogenous origin were studied. The patients were selected from patients referred for treatment of TMD during a 3-year period to the Department of Stomathognathic Physiology, Faculty of Odontology, Malmo University. The 60 patients included in the study were randomly assigned to a treatment (T) or a control (C) group. The study was performed as a randomised controlled trial including evaluation of treatment effect on tension-type headache after 10 weeks, 6 and 12 months. At the 10 weeks follow-up, the patients who reported a negative treatment outcome and/or discomfort associated with the use of the appliances had their appliances readjusted. Patients who demanded further treatment received a stabilisation appliance (21 patients from the C-group), creating a new mixed (M) group. All the 60 patients reported frequency of headache from rarely up to daily at the start of the study. In the T-group 76% and in the C-group 83% of the patients reported headache at least once a week or more before treatment. At the 10 weeks follow-up, a statistically significant difference was found regarding headache several times a week or more between the T- and C-groups and within the T-group. At the 6 months follow-up, a statistically significant reduction was found in headache several times a week or more in the T- and M-groups. The number of patients with headache once a week or more decreased significantly in the T- and M-groups at the 12 months follow-up. We conclude that the stabilisation appliance seems to have an effect on the frequency of tension-type headache both in a short and in a long-term perspective in patients with TMD of mainly arthrogenous origin.
  • Vallon, Danila, et al. (författare)
  • Long-term Follow-up of Intra-articular Injections into the Tem-poromandibular Joint in Patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis.
  • 2002
  • Ingår i: Swedish dental journal. - 0347-9994. ; 26:4, s. 149-58
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • A long-term (12 years) follow-up of treatment with intra-articular in-jections into the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) of steroid or non-steroid agents was performed in 21 patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and symptomatic TMJs. The aim of the study was to compare symptoms, signs and radiological appearance of the TMJ initially and at the follow-up in this group of patients. Eleven patients were as-signed to a steroid group and 10 patients to a non-steroid group. Ini-tial and follow-up clinical and radiological examination procedures were the same. The radiological evaluation was based on a grading system using standard reference films. At follow-up, 14 patients re-ported no pain from the TMJ and positive changes in most clinical variables were found in both groups. Radiographic follow-up exami-nation was performed on 12 patients. Initially, all but 4 of the 24 joints had structural bone changes. At follow-up, 2 joints had lower, 11 joints had unchanged and 11 joints had higher radiological grades. Two out of 5 and 3 out of 10 joints in the steroid and non-steroid group, respectively, showed progression of structural bone changes. Among 9 untreated joints, 6 had higher radiological grades and 3 were unchanged. In the 11 TMJs with higher radiological grades at follow-up, there was in most cases moderate progression of erosive changes. The results suggest that the long-term development of symptoms and signs from the TMJ in patients previously treated was good and the long-term progression of joint destruction was low for both steroid and non-steroid agents in this patient group with RA.
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  • Resultat 1-3 av 3
Typ av publikation
tidskriftsartikel (3)
Typ av innehåll
refereegranskat (3)
Ekberg, EwaCarin (2)
Vallon, Danila (2)
Petersson, Arne (1)
Åkerman, Sigvard (1)
Engelska (3)
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