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Sökning: swepub > Örebro universitet > Tysk Curt > (2009)

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  • Willing, Ben, et al. (författare)
  • Twin studies reveal specific imbalances in the mucosa-associated microbiota of patients with ileal Crohn's disease
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases. - New York : John Wiley & Sons. - 1078-0998. ; 15:5, s. 653-660
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: Large interindividual variation in the composition of the intestinal microbiota between unrelated individuals has made it challenging to identify specific aspects of dysbiosis that lead to Crohn's disease (CD).METHODS: To reduce variations in exposure during establishment of the gut flora and the influence of genotype, we studied the mucosa-associated microbiota of monozygotic twin pairs that were discordant (n = 6) or concordant (n = 4) for CD. DNA was extracted from biopsies collected from 5 locations between the ileum and rectum. Bacterial 16S ribosomal RNA genes were amplified and community composition assessed by terminal-restriction fragment length polymorphism, cloning and sequencing, and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR).RESULTS: The microbial compositions at all biopsy locations for each individual were similar, regardless of disease state, but there were differences between individuals. In particular, individuals with predominantly ileal CD had a dramatically lower abundance (P < 0.001) of Faecalibacterium prausnitzii and increased abundance (P < 0.03) of Escherichia coli compared to healthy co-twins and those with CD localized in the colon. This dysbiosis was significantly correlated to the disease phenotype rather than genotype.CONCLUSIONS: The reduced abundance of F. prausnitzii and increased abundance of E. coli are indicative of an ileal CD phenotype, distinct from colonic CD, and the relative abundances of these specific bacterial populations are promising biomarker candidates for differential diagnosis of CD and eventually customized treatment.
  • Hjortswang, Henrik, et al. (författare)
  • Defining Clinical Criteria for Clinical Remission and Disease Activity in Collagenous Colitis
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases. - John Wiley & Sons. - 1536-4844. ; 15:12, s. 1875-1881
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: Collagenous colitis is a chronic inflammatory bowel disease accompanied mainly by nonbloody diarrhea. The objectives of treatment are to alleviate the symptoms and minimize the deleterious effects on health-related quality of life (HRQOL). There is still no generally accepted clinical definition of remission or relapse. The purpose of this study was to analyze the impact of bowel symptoms on HRQOL and accordingly suggest criteria for remission and disease activity based on impact of patient symptoms on HRQOL. Methods: The design was a cross-sectional postal survey of 116 patients with collagenous colitis. The main outcome measures were 4 HRQOL questionnaires: the Short Health Scale, the Inflammatory Bowel Disease Questionnaire, the Rating Form of IBD Patient Concerns, and the Psychological General Well-Being Index, and a 1-week symptom diary recording number of stools/day and number of watery stools/day. Results: Severity of bowel symptoms had a deleterious impact on patients' HRQOL. Patients with a mean of >= 3 stools/day or a mean of >= 1 watery stool/day had a significantly impaired HRQOL compared to those with <3 stools/day and < 1 watery stool/day. Conclusions: We propose that clinical remission in collagenous colitis is defined as a mean of <3 stools/day and a mean of < 1 watery stool per clay and disease activity to be a daily mean of >= 3 stools or a mean of >= 1 watery stool.
  • Jansson, Janet, et al. (författare)
  • Metabolomics reveals metabolic biomarkers of Crohn's disease
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: PloS one. - 1932-6203. ; 4:7, s. e6386
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The causes and etiology of Crohn's disease (CD) are currently unknown although both host genetics and environmental factors play a role. Here we used non-targeted metabolic profiling to determine the contribution of metabolites produced by the gut microbiota towards disease status of the host. Ion Cyclotron Resonance Fourier Transform Mass Spectrometry (ICR-FT/MS) was used to discern the masses of thousands of metabolites in fecal samples collected from 17 identical twin pairs, including healthy individuals and those with CD. Pathways with differentiating metabolites included those involved in the metabolism and or synthesis of amino acids, fatty acids, bile acids and arachidonic acid. Several metabolites were positively or negatively correlated to the disease phenotype and to specific microbes previously characterized in the same samples. Our data reveal novel differentiating metabolites for CD that may provide diagnostic biomarkers and/or monitoring tools as well as insight into potential targets for disease therapy and prevention.
  • Stjernman, Henrik, et al. (författare)
  • Factors Predicting the Outcome of Disease Activity Assessment in Crohns Disease
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases. - 1078-0998. ; 15:12, s. 1859-1866
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: The Crohns Disease Activity Index (CDAI) has become the gold standard for assessment of disease activity in CD. This study investigated the relationship between CDAI and the physicians global assessment of disease activity (PGA) and whether different demographic and disease-related factors predict the outcome. Methods: Multiple linear regression analysis was used to investigate the relationship between CDAI and PGA obtained from 405 CD patients. Predictors of the CDAI and the PGA outcome were identified. Results: The correlation between CDAI and PGA was moderate. In patients with CDAI greater than 150, 72% of the total score were derived froth the subjective variables. The regression coefficients were not significant for 3 of the CDAI variables. In regression analysis, C-reactive protein (CRP), stenosis, smoking, bowel resection, concomitant disease, and gender predicted the CDAI outcome. The PGA outcome was predicted only by CRP, stenosis, and fistula. Conclusions: The correlation between CDAI and PGA was moderate and the subjective variables had a high impact on CDAI. Factors with no obvious relation to inflammatory activity predicted the outcome of CDAI, but not PGA. In trials of CD therapies, separation of subjective (symptoms, well-being) from objective (endoscopy, inflammatory markers) variables should be considered in the assessment of disease activity.
  • Tysk, Curt, et al. (författare)
  • Handläggning av svårt skov av ulcerös kolit
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Läkartidningen. - 0023-7205. ; 106:45, s. 2994-2998
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Patienter med svårt skov av ulcerös kolit bör vårdas på sjukhus och handläggas av gastroenterolog och kolorektal kirurg i nära samarbete.Skovets svårighetsgrad kan underskattas, varför noggrann bedömning av inflammationens utbredning och svårighetsgrad enligt validerade kriterier är viktigt.Intravenös behandling med kortikosteroider är en av hörn­stenarna i den akuta behandlingen.Patienter som inte förbättras på denna behandling, bör erbjudas medicinsk »rescue-behandling« eller kolektomi.Infliximab har visats vara en effektiv rescue-behandling och kan minska behovet av kol­ektomi inom de första 3 månaderna och upp till 3 år. 
  • Verberkmoes, Nathan C., et al. (författare)
  • Shotgun metaproteomics of the human distal gut microbiota
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: ISME Journal. - New York, N.Y. : Nature Publishing Group. - 1751-7370. ; 3:2, s. 179-189
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The human gut contains a dense, complex and diverse microbial community, comprising the gut microbiome. Metagenomics has recently revealed the composition of genes in the gut microbiome, but provides no direct information about which genes are expressed or functioning. Therefore, our goal was to develop a novel approach to directly identify microbial proteins in fecal samples to gain information about the genes expressed and about key microbial functions in the human gut. We used a non-targeted, shotgun mass spectrometry-based whole community proteomics, or metaproteomics, approach for the first deep proteome measurements of thousands of proteins in human fecal samples, thus demonstrating this approach on the most complex sample type to date. The resulting metaproteomes had a skewed distribution relative to the metagenome, with more proteins for translation, energy production and carbohydrate metabolism when compared to what was earlier predicted from metagenomics. Human proteins, including antimicrobial peptides, were also identified, providing a non-targeted glimpse of the host response to the microbiota. Several unknown proteins represented previously undescribed microbial pathways or host immune responses, revealing a novel complex interplay between the human host and its associated microbes.
  • Kaminsky, Zachary A., et al. (författare)
  • DNA methylation profiles in monozygotic and dizygotic twins
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Nature Genetics. - Nature Publishing Group. - 1061-4036. ; 41:2, s. 240-245
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Twin studies have provided the basis for genetic and epidemiological studies in human complex traits. As epigenetic factors can contribute to phenotypic outcomes, we conducted a DNA methylation analysis in white blood cells (WBC), buccal epithelial cells and gut biopsies of 114 monozygotic (MZ) twins as well as WBC and buccal epithelial cells of 80 dizygotic (DZ) twins using 12K CpG island microarrays. Here we provide the first annotation of epigenetic metastability of approximately 6,000 unique genomic regions in MZ twins. An intraclass correlation (ICC)-based comparison of matched MZ and DZ twins showed significantly higher epigenetic difference in buccal cells of DZ co-twins (P = 1.2 x 10(-294)). Although such higher epigenetic discordance in DZ twins can result from DNA sequence differences, our in silico SNP analyses and animal studies favor the hypothesis that it is due to epigenomic differences in the zygotes, suggesting that molecular mechanisms of heritability may not be limited to DNA sequence differences.
  • Tysk, Curt (författare)
  • Large intestine : Remission of lymphocytic colitis with budesonide
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Nature reviews. Gastroenterology & hepatology. - 1759-5053. ; 6:9, s. 506-507
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Few randomized, controlled trials have investigated the efficacy of pharmacological treatment for lymphocytic colitis. data from a new randomized, placebo-controlled trial have demonstrated the efficacy of budesonide in inducing remission of this disease; this study is an important contribution to this field.
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