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Sökning: swepub > Umeå universitet > (1990-1994) > Samuelsson Göran 1951 > (1994)

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1.
  • BORODIN, V, et al. (författare)
  • THE EFFECT OF LIGHT QUALITY ON THE INDUCTION OF EFFICIENT PHOTOSYNTHESIS UNDER LOW CO2 CONDITIONS IN CHLAMYDOMONAS-REINHARDTII AND CHLORELLA-PYRENOIDOSA
  • 1994
  • Ingår i: Physiologia Plantarum : An International Journal for Plant Biology. - 0031-9317. ; 92:2, s. 254-260
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The effect of blue and red light on the adaptation to low CO2 conditions was studied in high-CO2 grown cultures of Chlorella pyrenoidosa (82T) and Chlamydomonas reinhardtii (137(+)) by measuring O-2 exchange under various inorganic carbon (C-i) concentrations. At equal photosynthetic photon flux density (PPFD), blue light was more favourable for adaptation in both species, compared to red light. The difference in photosynthetic oxygen evolution between cells adapted to low C-i under blue and red light was more pronounced when oxygen evolution was measured under low C-i compared to high C-i conditions. The effect of light quality on adaptation remained for several hours. The different effects caused by blue and red light was observed in C. pyrenoidosa over a wide range of PPFD with increasing differences at increasing PPFD. The maximal difference was obtained at a PPFD above 1 500 mu mol m(-2) s(-1). We found no difference in the extracellular carbonic anhydrase activity between blue- and red light adapted cells. The light quality effect recorded under C-i-limiting conditions in C. reinhardtii cells adapted to air, was only 37% less when instead of pure blue light red light containing 12.5% of blue light (similar PPFD as blue light) was used during adaptation to low carbon. This indicates that in addition to affecting photosynthesis, blue light affected a sensory system involved in algal adaptation to low C-i conditions. Since the affinity for C-i of C. pyrenoidosa and C. reinhardtii cells adapted to air under blue light was higher than that of cells adapted under red light, we suggest that induction of some component(s) of the C-i accumulating mechanism is regulated by the light quality.
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2.
  • HOFSLAGARE, O, et al. (författare)
  • THE EFFECT OF ARSENATE AND ARSENITE ON PHOTOSYNTHESIS IN SCENEDESMUS-OBLIQUUS - A POTENTIOMETRIC STUDY IN A CLOSED CO2-SYSTEM
  • 1994
  • Ingår i: Chemical speciation and bioavailability. - 0954-2299. ; 6:4, s. 95-102
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • A potentiometric titration method was used to study the adverse effect of arsenate (As(V) and arsenite (As(III) on inorganic carbon uptake in suspensions of the green alga Scenedesmus obliquus. The measurements were performed in a closed CO2-system with diluted synthetic seawater (1 parts per thousand salinity) as ionic medium. Usually, the algal chlorophyll concentration was 0.4 mg dm-3, while the arsenate- and arsenite-concentrations were varied within the limits 0.1 to 200 mumol dm-3. In some experiments arsenate toxicity was studied in the presence of 1 to 100 mumol dm-3 of phosphate (P(V)). With concentrations of arsenate or arsenite less than 0.1 mumol dm-3 no toxic effects were observed. However, at As-concentrations of 200 mumol dm-3, the algal carbon uptake was reduced by 41% with arsenate and 29% with arsenite, i.e., arsenate is more toxic to Scenedesmus obliquus than arsenite. The toxicity of arsenate was negligible in the presence of a ten fold excess of phosphate. This is probably due to chemical similarities between arsenate and phosphate causing competition between the ions for the binding sites. The importance of taking the speciation as well as the buffer capacity of the algal system into account, when calculating the carbon uptake, is also discussed.
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3.
  • Karlsson, Jan, 1966-, et al. (författare)
  • EFFECT OF VANADATE ON PHOTOSYNTHESIS AND THE ATP ADP RATIO IN LOW-CO2-ADAPTED CHLAMYDOMONAS-REINHARDTII CELLS
  • 1994
  • Ingår i: Planta. - 0032-0935. ; 192:1, s. 46-51
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We have assessed the effect of vanadate as an inhibitor of plasma-membrane ATPase on photosynthesis and the ATP/ADP ratio in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii CW-92 (a mutant strain lacking a cell wall). This effect was compared in low-CO2-adapted cells grown in media bubbled with air containing 400 or 70 muL . L-1 CO2. Evidence is presented indicating that cells grown at 70 muL . L-1 CO2 have a higher rate of photosynthetic O2 evolution than cells grown at 400 muL . L-1 CO2, at limiting carbon concentrations. Extracellular and intracellular carbonic-anhydrase activities were, however, similar in cells grown in both of the low-carbon conditions. Vanadate inhibited, to a different extent, the HCO3--dependent O2 evolution in cells grown at 400 and 70 muL . L-1 CO2. At 400 muM vanadate, inhibition reached 70-75 % in cells grown at 400 muL . L-1 but only 50 % in those grown at 70 muL . L-1 CO2. The ATP/ADP ratios determined with and without vanadate at limiting concentrations of dissolved inorganic carbon indicated that more ATP was hydrolysed in algae grown at 70 muL . L-1 than in those grown at 400 muL . L-1 CO2. We conclude that the maximal capacity to accumulate dissolved inorganic carbon is inversely related to the CO2 concentration in the medium. Activation and - or synthesis of vanadate-sensitive ATPase may be the major explanation for the higher capacity for HCO3--dependent O2 evolution in cells grown under limited CO2 concentrations.
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4.
  • PALMQVIST, K, et al. (författare)
  • PHOTOBIONT-RELATED DIFFERENCES IN CARBON ACQUISITION AMONG GREEN-ALGAL LICHENS
  • 1994
  • Ingår i: Planta. - 0032-0935. ; 195:1, s. 70-79
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The photosynthetic properties of a range of lichens (eight species) containing green algal primary photobionts of either the genus Coccomyxa, Dictyochloropsis or Trebouxia were examined with the aim of obtaining a better understanding for the different CO2 acquisition strategies of lichenized green algae. Fast transients of light/dark-dependent CO2 uptake and release were measured in order to screen for the presence or absence of a photosynthetic CO2-concentrating mechanism (CCM) within the photobiont. It was found that lichens with Trebouxia photobionts (four species) were able to accumulate a small pool of inorganic carbon (DIC; 70-140 nmol per mg chlorophyll (Chl)), in the light, which theoretically may result in, at least, a two- to threefold increase in the stromal CO2 concentration, as compared to that in equilibrium with ambient air. The other lichens (four species), which were tripartite associations between a fungus, a cyanobacterium (Nostoc) and a green alga (Coccomyxa or Dictyochloropsis) accumulated a much smaller pool of DIC (10-30 nmol.(mg Chl)(-1)). This pool is most probably associated with the previously documented CCM of Nostoc, inferred from the finding that free-living cells of Coccomyxa did not show any signs of DIC accumulation. In addition, the kinetics of fast CO2 exchange for free-living Nostoc were similar to those of intact tripartite lichens, especially in their responses to the CCM and the carbonic anhydrase (CA) inhibitor ethoxyzolamide. Trebouxia lichens had a higher photosynthetic capacity at low and limiting external CO2 concentrations, with an initial slope of the CO2-response curve of 2.6-3.9 mu mol.(mg Chl)-1.h(-1).Pa-1, compared to the tripartite lichens which had an initial slope of 0.5-1.1 mu mol.(mg Chl)(-1).h(-1).Pa-1, suggesting that the presence of a CCM in the photobiont affects the photosynthetic performance of the whole lichen. Regardless of these indications for the presence or absence of a CCM, ethoxyzolamide inhibited the steady-state rate of photosynthesis at low CO2 in all lichens, indicating a role of CA in the photosynthetic process within all of the photobionts. Measurements of CA activity in photobiont-enriched homogenates of the lichens showed that Coccomyxa had by far the highest activity, while the other photobionts displayed only traces or no activity at all. As the CCM is apparently absent in Coccomyxa, it is speculated that this alga compensates for this absence with high internal CA activity, which may function to reduce the CO2-diffusion resistance through the cell.
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Gardeström, Per, 195 ... (2)
Karlsson, Jan, 1966- ... (1)
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