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  • Ramqvist, Per H., 1950- (författare)
  • Gene on the origin, function and development of sedentary Iron Age settlement in northern Sweden
  • 1983
  • Doktorsavhandling (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • This thesis deals with questions concerning the sedentary settlement in central Norrland: its origins, function and development. This type of settlement appears at the start of our calendar. The material comprises an almost fully excavated farmstead from the Early Iron Age (1-600 A.D.), situated on Genesmon in the parish of Själevad, northern Ångermanland. Particular stress has been put on the description of the individual structures and on questions concerning the construction and room-division of the houses. The farm's resource utilization, handicrafts and development are also analysed and discussed.The basic material for the thesis has been obtained through archaeological excavations. To a limited degree a comparative method has been used with regard to the form and content of the farm settlement. In addition data has been extracted from the presence, distribution and species of carbonized seeds, which were collected from post-holes, hearths and other features in and around the nine house foundations found hitherto.Contrary to the views of previous research, the results show that even northern Ångermanland obtained sedentary settlement at about the same time as Hälsingland and Medelpad. With regard to the origin of this settlement a critical examination is made of previous research, which has largely been in agreement that it was a result of colonization from the Mälar Valley. Some circumstances are presented which can be interpreted rather as internal development under influence. The settlement on the excavated site at Gene consists of a farmstead, with a three-aisled long-house and smaller three-aisled houses nearby with special functions. The number of small houses increases with time. Only a few remnants of dividing walls have been encountered. Room analyses show that the long-house was probably divided into six rooms or sections, each with its own function. The general layout and this room-division corresponds well with other contemporary houses in, for example, S.W. Norway and on Jutland. There are however tendencies towards regional differences. During the Migration Period both iron-forging and bronze-casting have taken place on the farm. These handicrafts were probably not carried out by professional smiths. The remains of bronze working show that relief brooches, keys, rings and pins were cast. A preliminary going-through of the literature also shows that bronze-casting was considerably more common on the Migration Period farms in Norden than one generally assumed. The farm on Genesmon is suggested to have been relocated during the 6th or 7th century A.D. Since a similar restructuring or movement of settlement can be noted over large parts of Norden during this period, the explanations for the relocation of the Gene farm must be sought in changes in a long-established inter-regional structure.
  • Ramqvist, Per H, 1950- (författare)
  • Geosocial diversitet under folkvandringstiden Idéer utgående från Medelpad
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Arkeologi i Norr. - Umeå : Umeå universitet. - 0284-558x. ; 13, s. 75-103
  • Tidskriftsartikel (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • The article discusses the way in which internal economic, social and religious structures and organisation during the Migration Period are reflected by archaeological remains in part of the county of Medepad, Central Norrland. The author shows that different parts of the landscape were centres for different functions within society. In four coastal valleys in close proximity in the northern part of Medelpad, each valley had its own societal profile. The Tunadal Valley may have had a judicial-religious orientation, while two of the neighbouring valleys, Ljusta and Västland, were totally different. The first exhibited a typical agrarian and the second a very aristocratic milieu. The valley of Västland contains several large mounds, including the largest in Central Norrland, and several continental imports including bronce vessels and glass objects. The northernmost valley, Timrå, had a clear military orientation.The author also discusses the different ways that the richer grave mounds are laid out. From the large, kingly mounds of Högom and the few others that have a diameter greater than 40 m, a wide spectrum of grave types is discussed, including those of hird-leaders, successful warriors and cult leaders.
  • Ramqvist, Per H, 1950- (författare)
  • Hampnästoften tradition eller förnyelse?
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Arkeologi i norr. - Umeå : Umeå universitet Inst för ide- och samhällsstudier. - 0284-558x. ; :11, s. 93-114
  • Tidskriftsartikel (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • The paper deals with the old find of the thwart from Hampnäs, Själevad parish in Northern Ångermanland. Through Jakob Eklund the find spot for the thwart could be located. The thwart has been radiocarbon dated to c. 200 BC and has its almost exact paralell in the famous Hjortspring ship from Denmark. During the excavation of the supposed place for the find, we can conclude that both the character of the soil, the depth of the clay layer and the dating of organic material there, confirm Jakob Eklund´s tip. Based on the height above the present sea level and the radiocarbon dating  it can be concluded that when the ship, in which the thwart originally had been placed, were in action the sea level was c. 22 m over that of the present day. Since the find was made c. 11 m a. s. l. it means that the twart had sunk to the bottom of the sea which on this spot at that time was 11 m deep. Through an abnormal sedimenation the thoft was covered with first clay and silt and later with up to two meter sand sediments. Therefore it has been preserved.The last part of the aricle discusses how the thoft could appear in this northern district. Is it an heritage from the many depicted ships of the northern hunting groups or is it a result of the transition to a sedentary South Scandinavian life style during the Pre-Roman Iron Age? Both possibilities stays open until we find good examples of  Neolithic and Bronze Age ships used by the northern hunting and fishing societies
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