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Sökning: swepub > Övrigt vetenskapligt > Umeå universitet > Svenska > Örebro universitet

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1.
  • Flygare, Erik, et al. (författare)
  • Utvärdering av metoder mot mobbning
  • 2011
  • Rapport (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Denna utvärdering ger besked om insatser och arbetssätt som effektivt förebygger och åtgärdar mobbning. Utvärderingen är unik genom att den omfattar stora mängder data, både kvalitativa och kvantitativa från 39 skolor, att enskilda individers utsatthet följs upp vid tre tillfällen och att den omfattar flera program samtidigt.Resultaten visar bland annat att olika insatser har olika effekt för pojkar och flickor samt olika effekt beroende på om mobbningen är social eller fysisk. Den visar också att ingen enskild insats har dramatiskt positiva effekter. För att en skola ska lyckas förebygga och åtgärda mobbning krävs ett systematiskt arbete och en kombination av insatser. Åtta namngivna program som används mot mobbning har ingått i utvärderingen: Farstametoden, Friends, Lions Quest, Olweusprogrammet, SET - Social och emotionell träning, Skolkomet, Skolmedling samt Stegvis. I utvärderingens fristående metodfördjupning Utvärdering av metoder mot mobbning. Metodappendix och bilagor till rapport 353, (endast publicerad som pdf ) redovisar forskarna utförligt utvärderingens design och redogör för tillvägagångssättet vid datainsamling och analys.
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  • Calleman, Catharina (författare)
  • En flexibel arbetsrätt inom personlig assistans?
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Svensk Juristtidning. - Iustus förlag. - 0039-6591. ; :5-6, s. 484-498
  • Tidskriftsartikel (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Denna artikel handlar om några aspekter av arbetsrätten inom personlig assistans. Artikeln inleds med en redogörelse för ett förhållande som har bidragit till att anställnings- och arbetsvillkoren på området är särpräglade. Det gäller den starka betoningen på självbestämmande för de funktionshindrade i den lag som reglerar rätten till personlig assistans, nämligen lagen (1993:387) om stöd och service till vissa funktionshindrade.Kravet på självbestämmande och valfrihet har tillsammans med en allmän tendens till privatisering lett till att såväl assistansanordnare av olika slag som assistansmottagaren själv kan ha rollen av arbetsgivare. 
6.
  • Calleman, Catharina, 1947- (författare)
  • En motsättning mellan två principer om likabehandling? : om rätten att välja personlig assistent.
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift. - Växjö : FORSA. - 1104-1420. ; :3-4, s. 295-314
  • Tidskriftsartikel (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • De funktionshindrades rätt till självbestämmande när de väljer personlig assistent kan riskera att komma i konflikt med assistenternas rätt att inte bli diskriminerade. Problematiken kan tänkas få ökande betydelse med ett ökat anlitande av personliga assistenter och särskilt med en ökad internationalisering av marknaden för vård och omsorg.
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  • Nilsson, Andreas, 1971- (författare)
  • Projektledning i praktiken Observationer av arbete i korta projekt
  • 2008
  • Doktorsavhandling (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Project management used to be described as rational and well structured - a notion that builds on a traditional view that project management is about planning, budgeting and controlling. Nevertheless, it has been questioned if this is a full description. Even though project management techniques were developed for large projects, those techniques and models are used today in small projects of short duration - projects that are quite dissimilar to the large ones. The present study takes a practice perspective to investigate what project managers do when they lead such short projects. Its observations and interviews are used to analyze what happens in the everyday life of project managers. Using classical managerial behaviour studies as a foundation, seen through a practice perspective lens, the study finds that the work of project managers in a software development project is fragmented – their time is filled with formal and informal meetings of different kinds and efforts to resist disturbances in the project.Three challenges were found in the project manager’s work. The first was to Understand: to create meaning. The plans were clearly defined at the start of the project but as the goals were later re-defined, it was scarcely possible to finalize them before delivery. Contrary to the traditional view that plans are inflexible, these plans were discussed, negotiated and interpreted throughout the project. This was the continuous work of creating both meaning in the plans and a common understanding of the project.The second challenge was to Order/coordinate: to manage resources. The project manager reacted to emerging issues rather than acting to prevent things from happening. These reactions led to creative ways of managing and finding solutions to problems. One important way of managing new or changed conditions was to reorganize resources to cover the needs of different teams. The meetings played a central role in this work as arenas for negotiating resources, which became especially evident in times of stress or high workload.The third challenge was to Make it in time: to manage time. Time is a central aspect of project management as projects are temporary organizations; they have a beginning and an end. Previous research has found a point in time, in the middle of a project, when the team starts to feel pressured and stressed about meeting their deadlines. For project managers there is always a struggle to manage time, as dates for delivery are one of the things in a project that are not negotiable. In short-duration projects where projects follow each other seriatim, there is an almost constant feeling of urgency; stress and pressure. The project manager used experiential data to determine and plan the amount of time that would be needed to manage changes in the project, intending that the slack created would enable the project to deliver on time. Although changes and deviations were expected, the project manager rarely knew beforehand what they were or when they would come.The three challenges, previously described as separated from each other, were observed to be all managed simultaneously. The site, the practitioner and the practices influence daily work practice.
10.
  • Sandén, Ulrika, 1969- (författare)
  • Sekretess och tystnadsplikt inom offentlig och privat hälso- och sjukvård ett skydd för patientens personliga integritet
  • 2012
  • Doktorsavhandling (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • This thesis focuses on the protection of the patient’s privacy in health care in Sweden. It is crucially important that the patient has confidence in the health care and that patient data are kept secret from other persons and authorities. A patient who is unsure about secrecy and confidentiality may choose not to provide data that could prove necessary for health care personnel to arrive at an accurate diagnosis. Some individuals might even avoid seeking medical help from fear that data may be spread to outsiders. Inadequate protection of sensitive data may lead to the confidence of citizens in health care eventually eroding or vanishing completely. Protection of patient privacy is thus of fundamental importance in this area.In the area of health care, the intention of the legislator is that the regulations regarding secrecy in public health care and confidentiality in private health care will guarantee protection of patient privacy. Secrecy in public health care is regulated mainly in Chapter 25, Section 1 of the Swedish Public Access to Information and Secrecy Act (2009:400). In private health care, confidentiality is regulated mainly in Chapter 6, Section 12, first paragraph, and Section 16 of the Swedish Act on Patient Safety (2010:659).The overall purpose of the thesis is to examine and analyse the legislator’s intentions and the juridical construction regarding the rules of secrecy and confidentiality, from the perspective of patient privacy. The starting point of the thesis is that the patient’s privacy should be strongly protected.One of the main conclusions is that the legal construction cannot be considered to be in accordance with the legislator’s intention that the regulation of patient privacy protection should constitute a strong protection for the patient’s privacy, be comprehensible, clear and easy to apply for health care personnel, as well as being the same in both public and private health care. 
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