Sök i SwePub databas

  Utökad sökning

Träfflista för sökning "swepub ;lar1:(kau)"

Sökning: swepub > Karlstads universitet

Sortera/gruppera träfflistan
  • Nilsson, Jan, 1963-, et al. (författare)
  • Development and validation of a new tool measuring nurses self-reported professional competence - The nurse professional competence (NPC) Scale
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Nurse Education Today. - Elsevier. - 0260-6917. ; 34:4, s. 574-580
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objectives: To develop and validate a new toll intended for measuring self-reported professional competence among both nurse students prior to graduation and among praticing nurses. The new tool is based on formal competence requirements from the Swedish Board of Health and Welfare, which in turn are based on WHO guidelines.Design: A methodological study including construction of a new scale and evaluation of its psychometric propersties.Participants and settings: 1086 newly graduated nurse student from 11 universities/university colleges.Results: The analyses resulted in a scale named the NPC (nurse Professional Competence) Scale, consisting of 88 items and covering 8 factors: "Nursing Care", "Value-based Nursing Care", "Medical/technical care", "Teaching/learning and support", "Documentation and information technology", "Legislation in nursing and safety planning", "Leadership and development of nursing care" and "Education and supervision of staff/students". All factors achieved Cronbach´s alpha values greater than 0.70. A second-order exploratory analysis resulted in two main themes: "Patient-related nursing" and "Nursing care organisation and development". In addition evidence of known-group validity for the NPC Scale was obtained.
  • Bisholt, Birgitta, et al. (författare)
  • Student nurses' experiences of the clinical learning environment in relation to the organization of supervision : A questionnaire survey
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Nurse Education Today. - Elsevier. - 0260-6917. ; 34:4, s. 661-666
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Aim: The aim was to investigate student nurses' experiences of the clinical learning environment in relation to how the supervision was organized. Background: The clinical environment plays an essential part in student nurses' learning. Even though different models for supervision have been previously set forth, it has been stressed that there is a need both of further empirical studies on the role of preceptorship in undergraduate nursing education and of studies comparing different models. Method: A cross-sectional study with comparative design was carried out with a mixed method approach. Data were collected from student nurses in the final term of the nursing programme at three universities in Sweden by means of a questionnaire. Results: In general the students had positive experiences of the clinical learning environment with respect to pedagogical atmosphere, leadership style of the ward manager, premises of nursing, supervisory relationship, and role of the nurse preceptor and nurse teacher. However, there were significant differences in their ratings of the supervisory relationship (p < 0.001) and the pedagogical atmosphere (p 0.025) depending on how the supervision was organized. Students who had the same preceptor all the time were more satisfied with the supervisory relationship than were those who had different preceptors each day. Students' comments on the supervision confirmed the significance of the preceptor and the supervisory relationship. Conclusion: The organization of the supervision was of significance with regard to the pedagogical atmosphere and the students' relation to preceptors. Students with the same preceptor throughout were more positive concerning the supervisory relationship and the pedagogical atmosphere.
  • Wijk, H, et al. (författare)
  • Verksamhetsförlagd utbildning på avancerad nivå – ny utmaning för specialistutbildningar för sjuksköterskor
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Vård i Norden. ; 29:94, s. 41-43
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The aim of this article is to discuss challenges in the development of Specialist Nursing Educations as a result of the 2007 Swedish Higher Education Reform: the implementation of the so-called Bologna process. Certain challenges follow this reform, particularly since the specialist nursing programmes will be part of the second cycle of the higher education system, and it will be possible to combine the professional degree with a masters degree (one year). Possible strategies in four areas related to the Specialist Nursing Education are discussed: integration of researchbased knowledge, experienced-based knowledge, improvement knowledge, and strategies for collaboration between university institutions and clinics. Specific didactical issues are raised.
  • Gustavsson, Anders, et al. (författare)
  • Cost of disorders of the brain in Europe 2010.
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: European Neuropsychopharmacology. - 0924-977X. ; 21:10, s. 718-79
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: The spectrum of disorders of the brain is large, covering hundreds of disorders that are listed in either the mental or neurological disorder chapters of the established international diagnostic classification systems. These disorders have a high prevalence as well as short- and long-term impairments and disabilities. Therefore they are an emotional, financial and social burden to the patients, their families and their social network. In a 2005 landmark study, we estimated for the first time the annual cost of 12 major groups of disorders of the brain in Europe and gave a conservative estimate of €386 billion for the year 2004. This estimate was limited in scope and conservative due to the lack of sufficiently comprehensive epidemiological and/or economic data on several important diagnostic groups. We are now in a position to substantially improve and revise the 2004 estimates. In the present report we cover 19 major groups of disorders, 7 more than previously, of an increased range of age groups and more cost items. We therefore present much improved cost estimates. Our revised estimates also now include the new EU member states, and hence a population of 514 million people.AIMS: To estimate the number of persons with defined disorders of the brain in Europe in 2010, the total cost per person related to each disease in terms of direct and indirect costs, and an estimate of the total cost per disorder and country.METHODS: The best available estimates of the prevalence and cost per person for 19 groups of disorders of the brain (covering well over 100 specific disorders) were identified via a systematic review of the published literature. Together with the twelve disorders included in 2004, the following range of mental and neurologic groups of disorders is covered: addictive disorders, affective disorders, anxiety disorders, brain tumor, childhood and adolescent disorders (developmental disorders), dementia, eating disorders, epilepsy, mental retardation, migraine, multiple sclerosis, neuromuscular disorders, Parkinson's disease, personality disorders, psychotic disorders, sleep disorders, somatoform disorders, stroke, and traumatic brain injury. Epidemiologic panels were charged to complete the literature review for each disorder in order to estimate the 12-month prevalence, and health economic panels were charged to estimate best cost-estimates. A cost model was developed to combine the epidemiologic and economic data and estimate the total cost of each disorder in each of 30 European countries (EU27+Iceland, Norway and Switzerland). The cost model was populated with national statistics from Eurostat to adjust all costs to 2010 values, converting all local currencies to Euro, imputing costs for countries where no data were available, and aggregating country estimates to purchasing power parity adjusted estimates for the total cost of disorders of the brain in Europe 2010.RESULTS: The total cost of disorders of the brain was estimated at €798 billion in 2010. Direct costs constitute the majority of costs (37% direct healthcare costs and 23% direct non-medical costs) whereas the remaining 40% were indirect costs associated with patients' production losses. On average, the estimated cost per person with a disorder of the brain in Europe ranged between €285 for headache and €30,000 for neuromuscular disorders. The European per capita cost of disorders of the brain was €1550 on average but varied by country. The cost (in billion €PPP 2010) of the disorders of the brain included in this study was as follows: addiction: €65.7; anxiety disorders: €74.4; brain tumor: €5.2; child/adolescent disorders: €21.3; dementia: €105.2; eating disorders: €0.8; epilepsy: €13.8; headache: €43.5; mental retardation: €43.3; mood disorders: €113.4; multiple sclerosis: €14.6; neuromuscular disorders: €7.7; Parkinson's disease: €13.9; personality disorders: €27.3; psychotic disorders: €93.9; sleep disorders: €35.4; somatoform disorder: €21.2; stroke: €64.1; traumatic brain injury: €33.0. It should be noted that the revised estimate of those disorders included in the previous 2004 report constituted €477 billion, by and large confirming our previous study results after considering the inflation and population increase since 2004. Further, our results were consistent with administrative data on the health care expenditure in Europe, and comparable to previous studies on the cost of specific disorders in Europe. Our estimates were lower than comparable estimates from the US.DISCUSSION: This study was based on the best currently available data in Europe and our model enabled extrapolation to countries where no data could be found. Still, the scarcity of data is an important source of uncertainty in our estimates and may imply over- or underestimations in some disorders and countries. Even though this review included many disorders, diagnoses, age groups and cost items that were omitted in 2004, there are still remaining disorders that could not be included due to limitations in the available data. We therefore consider our estimate of the total cost of the disorders of the brain in Europe to be conservative. In terms of the health economic burden outlined in this report, disorders of the brain likely constitute the number one economic challenge for European health care, now and in the future. Data presented in this report should be considered by all stakeholder groups, including policy makers, industry and patient advocacy groups, to reconsider the current science, research and public health agenda and define a coordinated plan of action of various levels to address the associated challenges.RECOMMENDATIONS: Political action is required in light of the present high cost of disorders of the brain. Funding of brain research must be increased; care for patients with brain disorders as well as teaching at medical schools and other health related educations must be quantitatively and qualitatively improved, including psychological treatments. The current move of the pharmaceutical industry away from brain related indications must be halted and reversed. Continued research into the cost of the many disorders not included in the present study is warranted. It is essential that not only the EU but also the national governments forcefully support these initiatives.
  • Pettersson, Per, 1952- (författare)
  • Swedish public authorities’ official use of religion.
  • 2012
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Church and state formally separated in Sweden 1st January 2000. However, their relationships are complex and ambiguous, illustrated by the presence of the Church of Sweden and its involvement in activities within several public institutions, and public authorities’ official use of religion in certain contexts. State institutions are officially religiously neutral, although in praxis many have special links and organized cooperation with the former state church. The aim of this paper is to scrutinize Swedish public authorities’ official use of religion in a selection of contexts at national level; at the yearly opening of parliament, at official celebrations or commemorations, existence of religious rhetoric in official speeches by the prime minister and the king, presence of public authorities’ representatives in religious rituals and ceremonies. The study focuses these contexts in three selected years 1988, 1998, 2008, in order to analyse possible change over time.  
  • Öhlén, Joakim, 1958-, et al. (författare)
  • Students' learning as the focus for shared involvement between universities and clinical practice: a didactic model for postgraduate degree projects.
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Advances in health sciences education. - 1573-1677. ; 17:4, s. 471-487
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • In an academic programme, completion of a postgraduate degree project could be a significant means of promoting student learning in evidence- and experience-based practice. In specialist nursing education, which through the European Bologna process would be raised to the master's level, there is no tradition of including a postgraduate degree project. The aim was to develop a didactic model for specialist nursing students' postgraduate degree projects within the second cycle of higher education (master's level) and with a specific focus on nurturing shared involvement between universities and healthcare settings. This study embodies a participatory action research and theory-generating design founded on empirically practical try-outs. The 3-year project included five Swedish universities and related healthcare settings. A series of activities was performed and a number of data sources secured. Constant comparative analysis was applied. A didactic model is proposed for postgraduate degree projects in specialist nursing education aimed at nurturing shared involvement between universities and healthcare settings. The focus of the model is student learning in order to prepare the students for participation as specialist nurses in clinical knowledge development. The model is developed for the specialist nursing education, but it is general and could be applicable to various education programmes. © 2011 Springer Science+Business Media B.V.
  • Wittchen, H U, et al. (författare)
  • The size and burden of mental disorders and other disorders of the brain in Europe 2010.
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: European neuropsychopharmacology : the journal of the European College of Neuropsychopharmacology. - 1873-7862. ; 21:9, s. 655-79
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • AIMS: To provide 12-month prevalence and disability burden estimates of a broad range of mental and neurological disorders in the European Union (EU) and to compare these findings to previous estimates. Referring to our previous 2005 review, improved up-to-date data for the enlarged EU on a broader range of disorders than previously covered are needed for basic, clinical and public health research and policy decisions and to inform about the estimated number of persons affected in the EU.METHOD: Stepwise multi-method approach, consisting of systematic literature reviews, reanalyses of existing data sets, national surveys and expert consultations. Studies and data from all member states of the European Union (EU-27) plus Switzerland, Iceland and Norway were included. Supplementary information about neurological disorders is provided, although methodological constraints prohibited the derivation of overall prevalence estimates for mental and neurological disorders. Disease burden was measured by disability adjusted life years (DALY).RESULTS: Prevalence: It is estimated that each year 38.2% of the EU population suffers from a mental disorder. Adjusted for age and comorbidity, this corresponds to 164.8million persons affected. Compared to 2005 (27.4%) this higher estimate is entirely due to the inclusion of 14 new disorders also covering childhood/adolescence as well as the elderly. The estimated higher number of persons affected (2011: 165m vs. 2005: 82m) is due to coverage of childhood and old age populations, new disorders and of new EU membership states. The most frequent disorders are anxiety disorders (14.0%), insomnia (7.0%), major depression (6.9%), somatoform (6.3%), alcohol and drug dependence (>4%), ADHD (5%) in the young, and dementia (1-30%, depending on age). Except for substance use disorders and mental retardation, there were no substantial cultural or country variations. Although many sources, including national health insurance programs, reveal increases in sick leave, early retirement and treatment rates due to mental disorders, rates in the community have not increased with a few exceptions (i.e. dementia). There were also no consistent indications of improvements with regard to low treatment rates, delayed treatment provision and grossly inadequate treatment. Disability: Disorders of the brain and mental disorders in particular, contribute 26.6% of the total all cause burden, thus a greater proportion as compared to other regions of the world. The rank order of the most disabling diseases differs markedly by gender and age group; overall, the four most disabling single conditions were: depression, dementias, alcohol use disorders and stroke.CONCLUSION: In every year over a third of the total EU population suffers from mental disorders. The true size of "disorders of the brain" including neurological disorders is even considerably larger. Disorders of the brain are the largest contributor to the all cause morbidity burden as measured by DALY in the EU. No indications for increasing overall rates of mental disorders were found nor of improved care and treatment since 2005; less than one third of all cases receive any treatment, suggesting a considerable level of unmet needs. We conclude that the true size and burden of disorders of the brain in the EU was significantly underestimated in the past. Concerted priority action is needed at all levels, including substantially increased funding for basic, clinical and public health research in order to identify better strategies for improved prevention and treatment for disorders of the brain as the core health challenge of the 21st century.
  • Flygare, Erik, et al. (författare)
  • Utvärdering av metoder mot mobbning
  • 2011
  • Rapport (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Denna utvärdering ger besked om insatser och arbetssätt som effektivt förebygger och åtgärdar mobbning. Utvärderingen är unik genom att den omfattar stora mängder data, både kvalitativa och kvantitativa från 39 skolor, att enskilda individers utsatthet följs upp vid tre tillfällen och att den omfattar flera program samtidigt.Resultaten visar bland annat att olika insatser har olika effekt för pojkar och flickor samt olika effekt beroende på om mobbningen är social eller fysisk. Den visar också att ingen enskild insats har dramatiskt positiva effekter. För att en skola ska lyckas förebygga och åtgärda mobbning krävs ett systematiskt arbete och en kombination av insatser. Åtta namngivna program som används mot mobbning har ingått i utvärderingen: Farstametoden, Friends, Lions Quest, Olweusprogrammet, SET - Social och emotionell träning, Skolkomet, Skolmedling samt Stegvis. I utvärderingens fristående metodfördjupning Utvärdering av metoder mot mobbning. Metodappendix och bilagor till rapport 353, (endast publicerad som pdf ) redovisar forskarna utförligt utvärderingens design och redogör för tillvägagångssättet vid datainsamling och analys.
  • Krekula, Clary, et al. (författare)
  • Åldersfrågan i diskussionen om intersektionalitet
  • 2005
  • Ingår i: Intersektionalitet,2005.
  • Konferensbidrag (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Intersektionalitet diskuteras främst utifrån kön, klass och etnicitet, men även när fler maktordningar som sexualitet, nation och ras nämns, kan ålder förbises, eller dyka upp i förbifarten som en för givet tagen kategorisering. I detta bidrag diskuteras ålder som en del av intersektionalitetsanalyser utifrån de två livsfaserna i livsförloppets början och slut, dvs barndom respektive ålderdom. Med utgångspunkt från dessa två ålderspositioner ställs frågor kring vilken betydelse samhällens åldersordning har för intersektionalitetsdiskussionen. I denna diskussion belyses frågor som ’ålderism’, livsförloppet som en institution uppbyggd av livsfaser som definierar åldersbaserad normalitet och avvikelse och intersektionalitetsbegreppets innebörder.
  • Lundmark, Linda J. T., et al. (författare)
  • National parks and protected areas and the role for employment in tourism and forest sectors : a Swedish case
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Ecology & society. - Resilience alliance. - 1708-3087. ; 15:1
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The development of national parks and other protected areas has been widely promoted because of its potential for regional development in peripheral and sparsely populated areas. The argument is that the economic and social benefits seen in national parks in the USA and UK will also occur in the Swedish context in the form of an increased tourism-related labor market. Our aim was to analyze the possibility of such a development both in light of the policy visions of positive regional and local development and from the adversary point of view that protection of land is making it more difficult for 15 sparsely populated mountain municipalities in Sweden to prosper. We used a database covering the entire population of the area for 1991 to 2001. Our results show that factors other than the protected areas are connected to the development of a tourism labor market. The most positively correlated variables for change in tourism employment are population growth and proximity to ski lifts. Positive population development is also correlated to a positive change in the number of people employed in forest sectors. Thus, one of the main outcomes is that the assumed and almost automatic positive relation between nature conservation and tourism can is questionable.
Skapa referenser, mejla, bekava och länka
fritt online (1619)
Typ av publikation
tidskriftsartikel (5319)
konferensbidrag (4572)
bokkapitel (1939)
rapport (1914)
annan publikation (644)
doktorsavhandling (541)
visa fler...
bok (432)
licentiatavhandling (226)
recension (218)
samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (90)
proceedings (redaktörskap) (39)
forskningsöversikt (18)
patent (16)
konstnärligt arbete (5)
visa färre...
Typ av innehåll
refereegranskat (7956)
övrigt vetenskapligt (6268)
populärvet., debatt m.m. (1728)
Edvardsson, Bo, (306)
Starrin, Bengt, (280)
Järnström, Lars, (158)
Wilde-Larsson, Bodil (140)
Miles, Lee, (139)
Gustafsson, Anders, (138)
visa fler...
Nilsson, Anders G., (133)
Norlander, Torsten, (125)
Takanishi, A. (118)
Germgård, Ulf, (113)
Jansson, André, (110)
Hagquist, Curt, (110)
Brunström, Anna (107)
Greenberg, Larry, (105)
Nordström, Gun, (96)
Andersson, Ragnar (95)
Nordberg, Marie, (93)
Jakobsson, Andreas (91)
Solis, Jorge (91)
Burnett, Robert (90)
Hall-Lord, Marie Lou ... (87)
Blomberg, Lars G, (85)
Pérez Prieto, Héctor ... (83)
Janson, Staffan, (82)
Micheletti, Michele (82)
Gonäs, Lena, (81)
Eriksson, Bengt G, (81)
Karlsson, Jan Ch., (80)
Hagquist, Curt, 1952 ... (80)
Witell, Lars, (79)
Larsson, G (79)
Sandell, Klas, (79)
Friman, Margareta (77)
Wilde Larsson, Bodil ... (75)
Löfdahl, Annica, (74)
Hedelin, Birgitta, (72)
Dahlström, Margareta ... (72)
Calles, Olle, (71)
Blom, Thomas, (70)
Mossberg, Magnus, (70)
Lindskog, Stefan, (69)
Bergström, Jens, (69)
Nyqvist-Cech, Berith ... (69)
Shestopalov, Youri (68)
Athlin, Elsy, (66)
Lindwall, Lillemor, (66)
Kristensson, Per, (65)
Karlsson, Michael, 1 ... (65)
Kassler, Andreas, (64)
van Stam, Jan, (64)
visa färre...
Uppsala universitet (396)
Göteborgs universitet (376)
Linköpings universitet (215)
Lunds universitet (160)
Stockholms universitet (159)
visa fler...
Örebro universitet (146)
Umeå universitet (92)
Karolinska Institutet (84)
Försvarshögskolan (78)
Chalmers tekniska högskola (73)
Mittuniversitetet (67)
Högskolan i Jönköping (60)
Kungliga Tekniska Högskolan (59)
Linnéuniversitetet (53)
Södertörns högskola (53)
Luleå tekniska universitet (52)
Högskolan Dalarna (46)
Mälardalens högskola (39)
Högskolan i Borås (38)
Sveriges Lantbruksuniversitet (28)
Malmö högskola (26)
Högskolan i Skövde (23)
VTI - Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut (19)
Högskolan i Halmstad (17)
Högskolan i Gävle (17)
Högskolan Kristianstad (14)
Högskolan Väst (10)
Sophiahemmet Högskola (7)
Röda Korsets Högskola (7)
Ersta Sköndal högskola (5)
Handelshögskolan i Stockholm (5)
Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan (4)
visa färre...
Engelska (10580)
Svenska (4971)
Norska (96)
Tyska (16)
Odefinierat språk (14)
Danska (12)
visa fler...
Kinesiska (9)
Franska (8)
Finska (7)
Spanska (5)
Ryska (4)
Portugisiska (4)
Polska (3)
Italienska (2)
Nederländska (2)
Serbiska (2)
Koreanska (2)
Bokmål (2)
visa färre...
Ämne (HSV)
Samhällsvetenskap (222)
Naturvetenskap (44)
Medicin och hälsovetenskap (44)
Humaniora (38)
Teknik (34)
Lantbruksvetenskap (2)


pil uppåt Stäng

Kopiera och spara länken för att återkomma till aktuell vy