SwePub
Sök i SwePub databas

  Utökad sökning

Träfflista för sökning "swepub ;lar1:(mah);spr:eng"

Sökning: swepub > Malmö högskola > Engelska

  • Resultat 1-10 av 6204
Sortera/gruppera träfflistan
   
NumreringReferensOmslagsbildHitta
1.
  • Sjöblom, I., et al. (författare)
  • Creating a Safe Haven-Women's Experiences of the Midwife's Professional Skills During Planned Home Birth in Four Nordic Countries
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Birth. - 0730-7659. ; 41:1, s. 100-107
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objective: The midwife assisting a birth has a considerable influence on the woman's experience of the birth. The aim of this study was to investigate the experience of the midwife's professional skills among women in Norway, Denmark, Iceland, and Sweden who chose a planned home birth. Design and Setting: All known home birth midwives were asked to inform the mothers about the project and invite them to complete a questionnaire about different aspects of their home birth experience. Method: The women were asked to assess 10 different aspects of the midwives' professional skills on a 4-graded scale below the main question: What was your experience of the midwife who assisted the labor? Furthermore, the mothers' experiences with the attending midwives were identified in the free text birth stories. The chosen method was a mixed method design. Findings: The home birth midwives' professional skills were generally high scored. No statistically significant differences were found with respect to the assessment of the midwife. The content analyses yielded one overarching theme: The competence and presence of the midwife creates a safe haven, and three categories, midwife's safe hand, midwife's caring approach, and midwife's peaceful presence. Conclusion: Women choosing a home birth in the four Nordic countries experienced that their midwives were highly skilled and they found the presence of the midwives valuable in helping them to feel safe and confident during birth. Despite differences in organization and guidelines for home births, the women's experience of the midwife's professional skills did not differ between the four countries. © 2014, Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
2.
  • Oresland, Stina, et al. (författare)
  • Patients as 'safeguard' and nurses as 'substitute' in home health care
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Nursing Ethics. - Sage Publications. - 0969-7330. ; 16:2, s. 219-230
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • One aim of this study was to explore the role, or subject position, patients take in the care they receive from nurses in their own home. Another was to examine the subject position that patients say the nurses take when giving care to them in their own home. Ten interviews were analysed and interpreted according to a discourse analytical method. The findings show that patients constructed their subject position as 'safeguard', and the nurses' subject position as 'substitute' for themselves. These subject positions provided the opportunities, and the obstacles, for the patients' possibilities to receive care in their home. The subject positions described have ethical repercussions and illuminate that the patients put great demands on tailored care.
  •  
3.
  • Nohlert, Eva, et al. (författare)
  • Comparison of a high and a low intensity smokingcessation intervention in a dentistry setting in Sweden a randomized trial
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: BMC Public Health. - 1471-2458 .- 1471-2458. ; 9, s. 121
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND:Tobacco is still the number one life style risk factor for ill health and premature death and also one of the major contributors to oral problems and diseases. Dentistry may be a potential setting for several aspects of clinical public health interventions and there is a growing interest in several countries to develop tobacco cessation support in dentistry setting. The aim of the present study was to assess the relative effectiveness of a high intensity intervention compared with a low intensity intervention for smoking cessation support in a dental clinic setting.METHODS:300 smokers attending dental or general health care were randomly assigned to two arms and referred to the local dental clinic for smoking cessation support. One arm received support with low intensity treatment (LIT), whereas the other group was assigned to high intensity treatment (HIT) support. The main outcome measures included self-reported point prevalence and continuous abstinence (> or = 183 days) at the 12-month follow-up.RESULTS:Follow-up questionnaires were returned from 86% of the participants. People in the HIT-arm were twice as likely to report continuous abstinence compared with the LIT-arm (18% vs. 9%, p = 0.02). There was a difference (not significant) between the arms in point prevalence abstinence in favour of the HIT-protocol (23% vs. 16%). However, point prevalence cessation rates in the LIT-arm reporting additional support were relatively high (23%) compared with available data assessing abstinence in smokers trying to quit without professional support.CONCLUSION:Screening for willingness to quit smoking within the health care system and offering smoking cessation support within dentistry may be an effective model for smoking cessation support in Sweden. The LIT approach is less expensive and time consuming and may be appropriate as a first treatment option, but should be integrated with other forms of available support in the community. The more extensive and expensive HIT-protocol should be offered to those who are unable to quit with the LIT approach in combination with other support.TRIAL REGISTRATION:Trial registration number: NCT00670514.
4.
  • Hultin, M, et al. (författare)
  • Oral Rehabilitation of Tooth Loss: A Systematic Review of Quantitative Studies of OHRQoL
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Prosthodontics. - 0893-2174. ; 25:6, s. 543-552
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Purpose: This study aimed to review published quantitative studies for evidence regarding the influence of oral rehabilitation following total or partial tooth loss on self-perceived oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL). Materials and Methods: Three databases were searched using specified indexing terms. The reference lists of relevant publications were also searched manually. Quality of evidence was classified according to GRADE guidelines as high, moderate, low, or very low. Results: The search yielded 2,138 titles and abstracts, 2,102 of which were of a quantitative study design. Based on pre-established criteria, the full-text versions of 322 articles were obtained. After data extraction and interpretation, 5 publications of high or moderate study quality remained. The results of these 5 studies showed positive effects of oral rehabilitation on OHRQoL. Two studies showed substantial improvements. Conclusions: This is a relatively new field of research; there are very few quantitative studies of how patients perceive OHRQoL following tooth loss and subsequent rehabilitation. While this review indicates that treatment has positive effects on quality of life, the scientific basis is insufficient to support general conclusions about the influence of various interventions on the OHRQoL of patients who have experienced total or partial tooth loss. To achieve a more comprehensive analysis, it is recommended that future studies be based on a combination of quantitative and qualitative methods, ie, questionnaires and semi-structured interviews. The follow-up period must also be appropriate for the specific intervention studied.
  •  
5.
  • Davidson, Thomas, et al. (författare)
  • Reimbursement systems influence prosthodontic treatment of adult patients
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica. - 0001-6357. ; 73:6, s. 414-420
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objective. To evaluate the influence of reimbursement system and organizational structure on oral rehabilitation of adult patients with tooth loss. Materials and methods. Patient data were retrieved from the databases of the Swedish Social Insurance Agency. The data consisted of treatment records of patients aged 19 years and above claiming reimbursement for dental care from July 1, 2007 until June 30, 2009. Before July 1, 2008, a proportionately higher level of subsidy was available for dental care in patients 65 years and above, but thereafter the system was changed, so that the subsidy was the same, regardless of the patients age. Prosthodontic treatment in patients 65 years and above was compared with that in younger patients before and after the change of the reimbursement system. Prosthodontic treatment carried out in the Public Dental Health Service and the private sector was also analyzed. Results. Data were retrieved for 722,842 adult patients, covering a total of 1,339,915 reimbursed treatment items. After the change of the reimbursement system, there was a decrease in the proportion of items in patients 65 years and above in relation to those under 65. Overall, there was a minimal change in the proportion of treatment items provided by the private sector compared to the public sector following the change of the reimbursement system. Conclusions. Irrespective of service provider, private or public, financial incentive such as the reimbursement system may influence the provision of prosthodontic treatment, in terms of volume of treatment.
  •  
6.
  • Heintz, Emelie, et al. (författare)
  • FRAMEWORK FOR SYSTEMATIC IDENTIFICATION OF ETHICAL ASPECTS OF HEALTHCARE TECHNOLOGIES: THE SBU APPROACH
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care. - 0266-4623 .- 1471-6348. ; 31:3, s. 124-130
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objectives: Assessment of ethical aspects of a technology is an important component of health technology assessment (HTA). Nevertheless, how the implementation of ethical assessment in HTA is to be organized and adapted to specific regulatory and organizational settings remains unclear. The objective of this study is to present a framework for systematic identification of ethical aspects of health technologies. Furthermore, the process of developing and adapting the framework to a specific setting is described. Methods: The framework was developed based on an inventory of existing approaches to identification and assessment of ethical aspects in HTA. In addition, the framework was adapted to the Swedish legal and organizational healthcare context, to the role of the HTA agency and to the use of non-ethicists. The framework was reviewed by a group of ethicists working in the field as well as by a wider set of interested parties including industry, interest groups, and other potential users. Results: The framework consists of twelve items with sub-questions, short explanations, and a concluding overall summary. The items are organized into four different themes: the effects of the intervention on health, its compatibility with ethical norms, structural factors with ethical implications, and long term ethical consequences of using the intervention. Conclusions: In this study, a framework for identifying ethical aspects of health technologies is proposed. The general considerations and methodological approach to this venture will hopefully inspire and present important insights to organizations in other national contexts interested in making similar adaptations.
7.
  • Westergren, Albert, 1967-, et al. (författare)
  • Measurement properties of the Minimal Insomnia Symptom Scale as an insomnia screening tool for adults and the elderly.
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Sleep Medicine. - Elsevier. - 1878-5506.
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The psychometric properties of the three-item Minimal Insomnia Symptom Scale (MISS) were evaluated using the classical test theory. Different cut-offs for identifying insomnia were suggested in two age groups (≥6 and ≥7 among adult and elderly people, respectively). The aim of the present study was to test the measurement properties of the MISS using the Rasch measurement model, with special emphasis on differential item functioning by gender and age.
  •  
8.
  • Berg, Katarina, et al. (författare)
  • Psychometric evaluation of the post-discharge surgical recovery scale
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Journal of Evaluation In Clinical Practice. - Blackwell Publishing Ltd. - 1356-1294. ; 16:4, s. 794-801
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Rationale, aim and objectives Day surgery patients are discharged after a short period of postoperative surveillance, and reliable and valid instruments for assessment at home are needed. The aim of this study was to evaluate the psychometric properties of a Swedish version of the post-discharge surgical recovery (PSR) scale, an instrument to monitor the patients recovery after day surgery, in terms of data quality, internal consistency, dimensionality and responsiveness. Methods Data were collected on postoperative days 1 and 14 and included 525 patients. Data quality and internal consistency were evaluated using descriptive statistics, correlation analyses and Cronbachs alpha. The dimensionality of the scale was determined through an exploratory factor analysis. Responsiveness was evaluated using the standardized response mean and the area under the receiver operating characteristics curve (AUC). The correlation between change score in PSR and change score in self-rated health was assessed using Pearsons correlation coefficient. Patients ability to work and their self-rated health on postoperative day 14 were used as external indicators of change. Results Six items showed floor or ceiling effects. Cronbachs coefficient alpha was 0.90 and the average inter-item correlation coefficient was 0.44 after the deletion of two items. The items were closely related to each other, and a one-factor solution was decided on. A robust ability to detect changes in recovery (standardized response mean = 1.14) was shown. The AUC for the entire scale was 0.60. When initial PSR scores were categorized into three intervals, the ability to detect improved and non-improved patients varied (AUC 0.58-0.81). There was a strong correlation between change scores in PSR and health (0.63). Conclusions The Swedish version of the PSR scale demonstrates acceptable psychometric properties of data quality, internal consistency, dimensionality and responsiveness. In addition to previous findings, these results strengthen the PSR scale as a potential instrument of recovery at home.
9.
  • Göransson, Kerstin, et al. (författare)
  • Local school ideologies and inclusion the case of Swedish independent schools
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: European Journal of Special Needs Education. - 0885-6257. ; 28:1, s. 49-63
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This paper reports on the development of a framework for the classification of local school ideologies in relation to inclusion that provides a tool for classifying the general educational direction as well as work with pupils in need of special support of individual schools. The framework defines different aspects of local school ideology in terms of values related to the societal level, school level and individual level of the education system. The paper also reports on a study exploring variations among Swedish independent schools, concerning local school ideology using the framework as a theoretical tool. In this qualitative analysis, eight schools were selected from results of a questionnaire to all Swedish independent schools (return rate 79.5%) for further analysis based on interviews with different categories of school personnel, parents and pupils. Five different patterns of local school ideologies were found more or less in line with values of inclusion, e.g. the holistic-inclusive and the market-oriented-exclusive. Results are discussed in relation to the multiple and sometimes competing objectives that every school has to deal with and make priorities between. Implications for pupils in need of special support in a school system rapidly undergoing marketisation are finally discussed.
10.
  • Dahlin, MK, et al. (författare)
  • Mentally disordered criminal offenders : Legal and criminological perspectives
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry. - 0160-2527. ; 32:6, s. 377-382
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Legal research in Sweden has traditionally focused on a systematization of the legal rules and their practical application, while the task of studying the effects of the application of the laws has been handed over to other branches of the social sciences. In contrast, new legal theories focusing on proactive and therapeutic dimensions in law have gained increasing attention in the international arena. These approaches may be better suited for evaluating legislation governing compulsory psychiatric care. Theoretical discussions and studies of causal mechanisms underlying criminal behaviour, as well as the implementation and value of instruments for predicting behaviour, are relevant to contemporary criminological research. Criminal behaviour varies across different groups of perpetrators, and the causes can be sought in the interplay between the individual and social factors. Multi-disciplinary efforts, integrating research from forensic psychiatry, psychology, sociology, and criminology, would be beneficial in leading to a better understanding of the causes underlying criminal behaviour. 
  •  
Skapa referenser, mejla, bekava och länka
  • Resultat 1-10 av 6204
Åtkomst
fritt online (2255)
Typ av publikation
tidskriftsartikel (3625)
konferensbidrag (1397)
bokkapitel (558)
doktorsavhandling (207)
rapport (160)
annan publikation (123)
visa fler...
bok (87)
licentiatavhandling (30)
konstnärligt arbete (23)
samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (10)
visa färre...
Typ av innehåll
refereegranskat (3879)
övrigt vetenskapligt (1884)
populärvet., debatt m.m. (441)
Författare/redaktör
Jönsson, Per (163)
Sundmark, Björn (121)
Wennerberg, Ann (105)
List, Thomas (104)
Söderfeldt, Björn, (98)
Shleev, Sergey (87)
visa fler...
Jimbo, Ryo (84)
Arnebrant, Thomas (83)
Gaigalas, Gediminas (83)
Lindh, Christina (78)
Östman, Margareta (73)
Stavropoulos, Andrea ... (68)
Bondemark, Lars (65)
Idvall, Ewa (65)
Ekberg, EwaCarin (58)
Albrektsson, Tomas (56)
Ståhle, Per, (56)
Ruzgas, Tautgirdas (56)
Povrzanovic Frykman, ... (55)
Massih, Ali R. (54)
Nilner, Maria (53)
Chrcanovic, Bruno (53)
Lindh, Liselott (53)
Johnsdotter, Sara (51)
Nordin Fredrikson, G ... (51)
Bevelander, Pieter (51)
Ideland, Malin (49)
Bjerkén, Christina, (48)
Willman, Ania (47)
Godefroid, Michel (47)
Davidsson, Paul (45)
Ericson, Dan (43)
De Bruyn, Hugo (43)
Heyden, Anders, (42)
Svensäter, Gunnel (42)
Rohlin, Madeleine (41)
Petersson, Arne (41)
Svensson, Peter, (40)
Froese Fischer, Char ... (39)
Björngren Cuadra, Ca ... (39)
Zipes, Jack (37)
Hedenborg, Susanna (36)
Wann-Hansson, Christ ... (36)
Månsson, Sven-Axel (35)
Kocherbitov, Vitaly (35)
Löwgren, Jonas (35)
Levander, Sten (33)
Nilsson, Jan, (33)
Malmberg, Claes (33)
Vult von Steyern, Pe ... (33)
visa färre...
Lärosäte
Lunds universitet (723)
Göteborgs universitet (211)
Karolinska Institutet (139)
Uppsala universitet (110)
Linköpings universitet (102)
visa fler...
Högskolan Kristianstad (85)
Umeå universitet (83)
Blekinge Tekniska Högskola (64)
Örebro universitet (56)
Linnéuniversitetet (51)
Chalmers tekniska högskola (43)
Högskolan i Jönköping (42)
Luleå tekniska universitet (35)
Kungliga Tekniska Högskolan (33)
Stockholms universitet (31)
Högskolan i Halmstad (26)
Karlstads universitet (22)
Sveriges Lantbruksuniversitet (20)
RISE (17)
Mittuniversitetet (14)
Södertörns högskola (11)
Mälardalens högskola (10)
Högskolan Väst (9)
Högskolan Dalarna (7)
Röda Korsets Högskola (6)
Högskolan i Borås (4)
Ersta Sköndal Bräcke högskola (3)
Högskolan i Skövde (3)
Högskolan i Gävle (3)
VTI - Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut (2)
Försvarshögskolan (2)
Sophiahemmet Högskola (2)
Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan (1)
Konstfack (1)
visa färre...
Språk
Forskningsämne (UKÄ/SCB)
Medicin och hälsovetenskap (773)
Samhällsvetenskap (375)
Naturvetenskap (213)
Teknik (124)
Humaniora (56)
Lantbruksvetenskap (17)

År

 
pil uppåt Stäng

Kopiera och spara länken för att återkomma till aktuell vy