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Sökning: swepub > Malmö högskola > Engelska > Blekinge Tekniska Högskola

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1.
  • Westergren, Albert, et al. (författare)
  • Measurement properties of the Minimal Insomnia Symptom Scale as an insomnia screening tool for adults and the elderly.
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Sleep Medicine. - 1389-9457 .- 1878-5506. ; :Jan 15
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The psychometric properties of the three-item Minimal Insomnia Symptom Scale (MISS) were evaluated using the classical test theory. Different cut-offs for identifying insomnia were suggested in two age groups (≥6 and ≥7 among adult and elderly people, respectively). The aim of the present study was to test the measurement properties of the MISS using the Rasch measurement model, with special emphasis on differential item functioning by gender and age.
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2.
  • Nystedt, Astrid, et al. (författare)
  • Epidural analgesia for pain relief in labour and childbirth - a review with a systematic approach.
  • 2004
  • Ingår i: Journal of Clinical Nursing. - 0962-1067. ; 13:4, s. 455-66
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: Clinical ambiguity concerning effects of epidural analgesia for pain relief in labour seems to reflect a need for evidence-based knowledge for midwives. AIMS: This study aimed to review, with a systematic approach, the literature about effects and risks associated with the use of epidural analgesia for pain relief in labour and childbirth. DESIGN: A structured question was formulated and used for deriving search terms, establishing the inclusion of certain criteria and retrieving articles, i.e. what are the effects of epidural analgesia for pain relief in labour and childbirth? References were obtained through searches using MeSH-terms in Medline and Subheadings (SH) in CINAHL (e.g. Obstetrical Analgesia combined either with psychology or adverse effects and together with, Dystocia, Caesarean Section, Infant Newborn and Breastfeeding). The articles were divided into prospective randomized trials (C), non-randomized prospective studies (P) and retrospective studies (R). Scientific quality of the studies was assessed on a three-grade scale: high scientific quality (I), moderate scientific quality (II) or low scientific quality (III). RESULTS: Twenty-four articles were retrieved and systematically assessed. Seven studies were judged as high quality, 15 as moderate quality and two as low quality. The majority of studies appraised in this review failed to obtain or establish a cause and effect relationship. According to the data, it seems clear that the use of epidural analgesia is considered to be an effective method of pain relief during labour and childbirth from the perspective of women giving birth. RELEVANCE TO CLINICAL PRACTICE: Midwives and doctors can recommend this form of pain relief. However, information about possible associations with adverse effects in mothers and infants must be provided to expectant couples.
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3.
  • Andersson, Ewa Kazimiera, et al. (författare)
  • The experience of younger adults following myocardial infarction
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Qualitative Health Research. - Sage Publications. - 1049-7323. ; 23:6, s. 762-772
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Syftet med denna studie var att belysa meningsupplevelser för personer yngre än 55 år som överlevt sin första hjärtinfarkt. Vi har analyserat 17 intervjuer med fenomenologisk-hermeneutisk metod. Huvudtemat, och det centrala fenomenet var en daglig kamp för att återvinna balansen i livet, vilket inkluderar en existentiell, fysisk och emotionell kamp för att återfå fotfästet i dagligt liv. Efterspelet till denna livshotande händelse involverade en transition/förändringsprocess samtidigt som en ny livsmening skapades. Informanternas berättelser färgades av en energibrist som påverkade deras liv och interagerade med orimliga krav från arbetsgivare och vårdpersonal. Kunskapen från denna studie kan utgöra ett värdefullt tillskott till kvalitetsarbete inom omvårdnad och till utveckling av omvårdnadsinterventioner för hjärtrehabilitering av yngre personer efter hjärtinfarkt.
4.
  • Andersson, Ewa, et al. (författare)
  • Standing alone when life takes an unexpected turn : Being a midlife next of kin of a relative who has suffered a myocardial infarction
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences. - Blackwell. - 0283-9318. ; 27:4, s. 864-871
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: Suffering a myocardial infarction (MI) is a life-threatening event that impacts not only on the individual concerned but also on the next of kin. However, there seems to be a paucity of naturalistic inquiries that focus specifically on midlife next of kin and their experience of being close to a relative who has suffered an MI. This study aims to elucidate the experience of being a midlife next of kin of a relative who has suffered a myocardial infarction. Method: Nine women and four men in midlife participated in the focused interviews, which were conducted and analysed during 2010/2011 using Lindseths and Norbergs' description of the phenomenological hermeneutical method. Findings: Four themes - Solely responsible, Lurking unease, Left out of the picture and Life on hold - formed the basis of the core theme Standing alone when life takes an unexpected turn. The core theme was interpreted as a central phenomenon encompassing the experience of being solely responsible for the well-being of their relative and the family, thus putting their own life on hold. The core theme also reflected the next of kin's experience of being left out of the picture when it came to the relative's care before and after the MI. Conclusion: The next of kin's negative feelings of standing alone were further intensified by their experience of being left out of the picture by the healthcare professionals concerning their relative's care. As a cardiac nurse, it would seem essential to have knowledge about the experiences of next of kin in connection with a relative's MI event. Such knowledge can facilitate the planning and organisation of nursing care and at the same time address the next of kin's role in the recovery and rehabilitation process.
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5.
  • Nilsson, Helena, et al. (författare)
  • Tooth loss and cognitive functions among older adults
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica. - 0001-6357. ; 72:8, s. 639-644
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objective: To evaluate the association between the number of teeth and cognitive functions adjusted for age and education level in a cohort of older adults living in Sweden.Materials and methods: The study employed a cross-sectional design in which 1147 individuals between 60-96 years underwent a clinical oral examination. The cognitive functions were assessed using Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) and Clock-test. The level of education was obtained from a questionnaire. Data were subjected to Chi-square tests and multivariate logistic regression analyses were employed, grouping the different variables into pre-determined categories.Results: The co-variables age and education were significantly associated with the number of teeth (p < 0.05). The multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that the association between the number of teeth and the cognitive functions persisted even after adjusting for age and level of education.Conclusions: The findings suggest that the presence of teeth may be of importance for cognitive abilities in older adults.
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6.
  • Andersson, Ewa, et al. (författare)
  • Registered nurses views of caring in coronary care - a deductive and inductive content analysis.
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Journal of Clinical Nursing. - Wiley-Blackwell Publishing. - 0962-1067 .- 1365-2702. ; 24:23-24, s. 3481-3493
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • To extend nurses' descriptions of how they understood caring, as reflected in the findings of an earlier study (i.e. the hierarchical outcome space) and to gain additional understandings and perspectives of nurses' views of caring in relation to a coronary care patient case.
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7.
  • Bjarnason, Elizabeth, et al. (författare)
  • Challenges and Practices in Aligning Requirements with Verification and Validation: A Case Study of Six Companies
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Empirical Software Engineering. - Springer. - 1382-3256 .- 1573-7616. ; 19:6, s. 1809-1855
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Weak alignment of requirements engineering (RE) with verification and validation (VV) may lead to problems in delivering the required products in time with the right quality. For example, weak communication of requirements changes to testers may result in lack of verification of new requirements and incorrect verification of old invalid requirements, leading to software quality problems, wasted effort and delays. However, despite the serious implications of weak alignment research and practice both tend to focus on one or the other of RE or VV rather than on the alignment of the two. We have performed a multi-unit case study to gain insight into issues around aligning RE and VV by interviewing 30 practitioners from 6 software developing companies, involving 10 researchers in a flexible research process for case studies. The results describe current industry challenges and practices in aligning RE with VV, ranging from quality of the individual RE and VV activities, through tracing and tools, to change control and sharing a common understanding at strategy, goal and design level. The study identified that human aspects are central, i.e. cooperation and communication, and that requirements engineering practices are a critical basis for alignment. Further, the size of an organisation and its motivation for applying alignment practices, e.g. external enforcement of traceability, are variation factors that play a key role in achieving alignment. Our results provide a strategic roadmap for practitioners improvement work to address alignment challenges. Furthermore, the study provides a foundation for continued research to improve the alignment of RE with VV.
8.
  • Hellström, Amanda, et al. (författare)
  • Association between Sleep Disturbances and Leisure Activities in the Elderly: A Comparison between Men and Women.
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Sleep Disorders. - Hindawi Publishing Corporation. - 2090-3553 .- 2090-3545. ; 2014, s. 595208
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • It has been suggested that physical or social activity is associated with fewer sleep disturbances among elderly people. Women report more sleep disturbances than men, which could indicate a variation in activity patterns between the genders. The aim of this study was to investigate associations between sleep disturbances and leisure activities in men and women (n = 945) aged ≥60 years in a Swedish population. Sleep disturbances were measured using eight dichotomous questions and seventeen variables, covering a wide range of leisure activities. Few leisure activities were found to be associated with sleep disturbances and their importance decreased when the models were adjusted for confounders and gender interactions. After clustering the leisure activities and investigating individual activities, sociointellectual activities were shown to be significant for sleep. However, following adjustment for confounders and gender interactions, home maintenance was the only activity significant for sleep. Being a female increased the effect of home maintenance. Besides those leisure activities, poor/fair self-rated health (OR 7.50, CI: 4.27-11.81) and being female (OR 4.86, CI: 2.75-8.61) were found to have the highest association with poor sleep. Leisure activities pursued by elderly people should focus on activities of a sociointellectual nature, especially among women, to promote sleep.
9.
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10.
  • Wann-Hansson, Christine, et al. (författare)
  • Risk factors and prevention among patients with hospital-acquired and pre-existing pressure ulcers in an acute care hospital
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Journal of Clinical Nursing. - Blackwell Publishing. - 0962-1067. ; 17:13, s. 1718-1727
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • data från 535 patienter antecknades med hjälp av en mofifierad version av EPUAP protokollet vid ett svenskt universitetssjukhus under en dag. Resultatet visade att 27% avpatienterna hade trycksår. Förekomsten av trycksår hade samband med hög ålder och ett värde på Bradenskalan som var lägre än 17. Resultatet visade också en mycket sparsam förekomst av preventiva insatser för att förebtgga trycksår.
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