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1.
  • Westergren, Albert, et al. (författare)
  • Measurement properties of the Minimal Insomnia Symptom Scale as an insomnia screening tool for adults and the elderly.
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Sleep Medicine. - 1389-9457 .- 1878-5506. ; :Jan 15
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The psychometric properties of the three-item Minimal Insomnia Symptom Scale (MISS) were evaluated using the classical test theory. Different cut-offs for identifying insomnia were suggested in two age groups (≥6 and ≥7 among adult and elderly people, respectively). The aim of the present study was to test the measurement properties of the MISS using the Rasch measurement model, with special emphasis on differential item functioning by gender and age.
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2.
  • Andersson, Bodil T., et al. (författare)
  • Radiographers' areas of professional competence related to good nursing care
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences. - 0283-9318. ; 22:3, s. 401-409
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: Radiographers' ability and competence is a matter of vital importance for patients. Nursing care is an integral part of the radiographer's work. The demand for high competence in clinical activities has increased in diagnostic radiology and has had an impact on the development of the profession.AIM: The aim was to describe the radiographer's areas of professional competence in relation to good nursing care based on critical incidents that occur in the course of radiological examinations and interventions.METHOD: A descriptive design with a qualitative approach, using the Critical Incident Technique was employed. Interviews were conducted with a strategic sample of registered radiographers (n = 14), based at different hospitals in Sweden.ETHICAL ISSUES: The appropriate ethical principles were followed. All the participants provided informed consent, and formal approval for conducting the research was obtained according to national and local directives.RESULTS: The data analysis resulted in two main areas; direct and indirect patient-related areas of competence, which describe the radiographers' skills that either facilitate or hinder good nursing care. In the direct patient-related area of competence, four categories emerged, which illustrate good nursing care in the patient's immediate surroundings. In the indirect patient-related area of competence, four categories illuminated good nursing care that is provided without direct contact with the patient.CONCLUSIONS: The study highlights the different areas of the radiographer's unique professional competence. The findings provide insight into the radiographer's profession, on one hand as a carer and on the other as a medical technologist as well as highlighting the importance of each role. The radiographer's work encompasses a variety of components--from caring for the patient to handling and checking the technical equipment.
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3.
  • Johansson, Gunvi, et al. (författare)
  • Measuring oral health from a public health perspective
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Swedish Dental Journal. - 0347-9994. ; 32:3, s. 125-137
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The paper aims to analyse measures of oral health-related quality of life (OHQOL) from a Public Health perspective. Twenty-two measures were analysed conceptually as to their mirroring of the Public Health principles: empowerment, participation, holism and equity. Elements of empowerment were found in connection with application of the measures. Participation was found in using lay opinions during development in 12 measures. All measures analysed had elements of a holistic approach so far that they were not wholly biological. Two measures captured positive health effects. Measures were available for all ages, various languages and populations, an element of equity. No measure was wholly compatible with Public Health. They were based on a utilitarian theory not in full accordance with modern health promotion. There is a need to develop measures that more obviously capture the positive aspects of health and health as a process, as well as the personal perspective of oral health.
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4.
  • Nilsson, Helena, et al. (författare)
  • Tooth loss and cognitive functions among older adults
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica. - 0001-6357. ; 72:8, s. 639-644
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objective: To evaluate the association between the number of teeth and cognitive functions adjusted for age and education level in a cohort of older adults living in Sweden.Materials and methods: The study employed a cross-sectional design in which 1147 individuals between 60-96 years underwent a clinical oral examination. The cognitive functions were assessed using Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) and Clock-test. The level of education was obtained from a questionnaire. Data were subjected to Chi-square tests and multivariate logistic regression analyses were employed, grouping the different variables into pre-determined categories.Results: The co-variables age and education were significantly associated with the number of teeth (p < 0.05). The multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that the association between the number of teeth and the cognitive functions persisted even after adjusting for age and level of education.Conclusions: The findings suggest that the presence of teeth may be of importance for cognitive abilities in older adults.
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5.
  • Ny, Pernilla, et al. (författare)
  • Health education to prevent anemia among women of reproductive age in southern India
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: Health Care for Women International. - Taylor & Francis. - 0739-9332 .- 1096-4665. ; 27:2, s. 131-144
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • In this study, we used a narrow, but easily measured, indicator of how communication proceeded among health workers and women in Southern India. Anemia prevention during pregnancy was studied using a semistructured questionnaire. Participants included 5 nurses, 10 health aides, and 10 (traditional birth attendants) TBAs working with maternal health care and education, as well as 32 women seeking maternal health care. Those women who received health education where they lived, from health workers they knew, and together with participants familiar to them learned more about anemia prevention than others.
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6.
  • Wann-Hansson, Christine, et al. (författare)
  • Risk factors and prevention among patients with hospital-acquired and pre-existing pressure ulcers in an acute care hospital
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Journal of Clinical Nursing. - Blackwell Publishing. - 0962-1067. ; 17:13, s. 1718-1727
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • data från 535 patienter antecknades med hjälp av en mofifierad version av EPUAP protokollet vid ett svenskt universitetssjukhus under en dag. Resultatet visade att 27% avpatienterna hade trycksår. Förekomsten av trycksår hade samband med hög ålder och ett värde på Bradenskalan som var lägre än 17. Resultatet visade också en mycket sparsam förekomst av preventiva insatser för att förebtgga trycksår.
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7.
  • El-Schish, Zahra, et al. (författare)
  • Induction of morphological changes in death-induced cancer cells monitored by holographic microscopy.
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Journal of Structural Biology. - Elsevier. - 1047-8477 .- 1095-8657. ; 189:3, s. 207-212
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We are using the label-free technique of holographic microscopy to analyze cellular parameters including cell number, confluence, cellular volume and area directly in the cell culture environment. We show that death-induced cells can be distinguished from untreated counterparts by the use of holographic microscopy, and we demonstrate its capability for cell death assessment. Morphological analysis of two representative cell lines (L929 and DU145) was performed in the culture flasks without any prior cell detachment. The two cell lines were treated with the anti-tumour agent etoposide for 1-3days. Measurements by holographic microscopy showed significant differences in average cell number, confluence, volume and area when comparing etoposide-treated with untreated cells. The cell volume of the treated cell lines was initially increased at early time-points. By time, cells decreased in volume, especially when treated with high doses of etoposide. In conclusion, we have shown that holographic microscopy allows label-free and completely non-invasive morphological measurements of cell growth, viability and death. Future applications could include real-time monitoring of these holographic microscopy parameters in cells in response to clinically relevant compounds.
8.
  • Klinge, B, et al. (författare)
  • Peri-implant tissue destruction : The Third EAO Consensus Conference 2012
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Clinical Oral Implants Research. - 0905-7161. ; 23:Suppl 6, s. 108-110
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • OBJECTIVE: The task of this working group was to update the existing knowledge base regarding the prevalence of peri-implant tissue destruction, the role of occlusal overload, and the outcome of non-surgical and surgical treatment.MATERIALS AND METHODS: The literature was systematically searched and critically reviewed. Four manuscripts were presented in key areas deemed to be essential for the current understanding of the magnitude of the clinical entity peri-implantitis. The role of overload as an etiological component was reviewed. Also available data on the results from non-surgical and surgical interventions for the control of tissue destruction were presented.RESULTS: The consensus statements following plenary session approval, clinical implications, and directions for future research based on the group discussions are presented in this article. The results and conclusions of the systematic review process are presented by the respective authors in the subsequent papers.
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9.
  • Beery, Thomas, et al. (författare)
  • Perceptions of the ecosystem services concept : opportunities and challenges in the Swedish municipal context
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Ecosystem Services. - 2212-0416. ; 17, s. 123-130
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • A current focus of ecosystem services (ES) implementation is on the municipal level of government where international and national legislation and policies have to be translated into practice. Given this focus, an understanding of perceptions within municipalities of the ES concept is crucial to support the implementation process. Against this background, this paper examines the perceptions of Swedish municipal stakeholders for the ES concept. A 2013 Swedish federal mandate that states that the values of ecosystem services should be considered in relevant decision-making processes, provides a timely context. Current perceptions, preconditions and awareness are explored via interviews and analyses. The results show that the views on the ecosystem services concept and its usefulness are generally very positive. Conceptual knowledge use is perceived as important as is the recognition of monetary valuation of ES. However, clarification of the distinction between implicit and explicit use of the concept by stakeholders is needed. Finally, results indicate that a deeper understanding of monetary valuation of ecosystem services by municipal staff members is connected with a more critical view on monetary valuation. It is concluded that detailed and clear definitions and guidelines are needed in order to support the process of implementing ES in municipalities.
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10.
  • Johansson, Anders, 1957-, et al. (författare)
  • Differences in four reported symptoms related to temporomandibular disorders in a cohort of 50-year-old subjects followed up after 10 years
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica. - 0001-6357. ; 66:1, s. 50-57
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • OBJECTIVE: To assess possible changes in the prevalence of four temporomandibular disorder (TMD) symptoms reported by subjects at age 50 and again 10 years later. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Identical questionnaires were sent out in 1992 and in 2002 to all subjects born in 1942 and living in two Swedish counties. Of those who answered the four questions on TMD symptoms in 1992, 74% responded in 2002 (n=4639). The response alternatives were dichotomized into two groups: 1) No problems and 2) some, rather severe and severe problems. RESULTS: The mean prevalence of TMD-related symptoms reflected small and mainly non-significant changes, whereas the prevalence of reported bruxism was significantly greater at age 60 than at age 50. Among those with no TMD symptoms at age 50, 5-7% of the men and 8-9% of the women reported symptoms at age 60. Of those reporting one or more TMD symptoms at age 50, 47-65% of the men and 40-48% of the women had no symptoms 10 years later. There was a significant and markedly increased risk of reporting TMD symptoms and bruxism (OR>10) at age 60 among those who had symptoms at age 50. CONCLUSIONS: The mean prevalence of reported TMD symptoms was relatively consistent from age 50 to age 60. The group reporting symptoms at the first examination were highly likely still to have the symptoms 10 years later. However, approximately half of the subjects with TMD symptoms at age 50 reported no symptoms at age 60.
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