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Sökning: swepub > Malmö högskola > Engelska > Nilner Maria

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1.
  • Abrahamsson, Cecilia, et al. (författare)
  • TMD in Consecutive Patients Referred for Orthognathic Surgery
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Swedish dental journal. - Stockholm : 45th Annual Congress of the Swedish Dental Society. - 0347-9994. ; 33:4, s. 201-226 Abstract 25
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objective: To answer the question whether temporomandibular disorders (TMD) were more common in a group of individuals referred for orthognathic surgery than in a control group. The null hypothesis was that neither the frequency of signs and symptoms of TMD or diagnosed TMD would differ between the patient group and a control group. Materials and Methods: A sample of 121 consecutive patients referred for orthognathic surgery at the Department of Oral Maxillofacial Surgery, Malmö University Hospital, Sweden, was interviewed and examined regarding signs and symptoms of TMD and headaches. A control group was formed by 56 age- and gender-matched individuals attending the Department of Oral Diagnosis, Faculty of Odontology, Malmö University, Sweden, and Public Dental Health Clinic in Oxie, County of Skane, Sweden. TMD diagnoses were used according to Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders (RDC/TMD). Results: The patient group showed more myofascial pain without limited opening, disc displacement with reduction, and arthralgia according to RDC/TMD than the control group. The patient group also had more symptoms and signs of TMD in general. Conclusions: The null hypothesis was rejected because patients who were to be treated with orthognathic surgery had more signs and symptoms of TMD and higher frequency of diagnosed TMD compared with the matched control group.
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2.
  • Eskafi, Mahmoud, et al. (författare)
  • A mandibular advancement device reduces sleep disordered breathing in patients with congestive heart failure
  • 2004
  • Ingår i: Swedish Dental Journal. - Sveriges Tandläkarförbund. - 0347-9994. ; 28:4, s. 155-163
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Sleep disordered breathing (SDB) including obstructive and central sleep apnoea/ hypopnoea as well as periodic breathing (PB) is common and is believed to increase risk for mortality in patients with congestive heart failure (CHF). Mandibular advancement device (MAD) has widely been recommended for treatment of obstructive sleep apnoea but the method has never been investigated for treatment of SDB in the patients with CHF. The aim with the present study was to examine the effect of MAD intervention on SDB in patients with CHF. The study included 17 male patients, aged 68.4 +/- 5.7 (mean +/- SD) with stable, mild to moderate CHF due to left ventricular systolic dysfunction and with SDB, expressed as apnoea/hypopnoea index (AHI) >= 10. The SDB was examined during a single night using an unattended, portable polysomnographic device in the patients home, prior to and following intervention with a individually adjusted MAD. The SDB was evaluated by calculating AHI, PB expressed as the percentage of the total registration time, oxygen desaturation index (ODI) and snoring time. The AHI was reduced by MAD intervention from 25.1 +/- 9.4 to 14.7 +/- 9.7 (P = 0.003). ODI reduced fro M 21.1 +/- 9.0 to 10.5 +/- 7.8 (P = 0.007) and snoring time decreased from 53 +/- 111 to 18 47 seconds (P = 0.02). PB was reduced from 55.7 +/- 25.6 to 40.4 +/- 26.4 per cent without statistical significance. In conclusion, the MAD intervention may be a feasible method for reducing SDB in patients with stable, mild to moderate CHF and left ventricular systolic dysfunction.
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3.
  • Eskafi, Mahmoud, et al. (författare)
  • Use of a mandibular advancement device in patients with congestive heart failure and sleep apnoea.
  • 2004
  • Ingår i: Gerodontology. - Wiley-Blackwell. - 0734-0664. ; 21:2, s. 7-100
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objective: To evaluate the practical use of the mandibular advancement device (MAD) for treatment of sleep apnoea (SA) in patients with congestive heart failure (CHF) over 1 year. Subjects: Twentyfive patients aged 66 ± 8 years (mean ± SD) met the inclusion criteria and were included in the study. Design: In a prospective, clinical trial, the apnoea-hypopnoea index (AHI), a measure of SA, was determined with a portable device. Failure to enter treatment and compliance, adverse events and signs and symptoms of temporomandibular disorders (TMD) were examined before intervention and 4-6 weeks, 6 months and 1 year after intervention. Results: Six patients had removable dentures of whom four had complete dentures. Before treatment, eight patients reported minor symptoms of TMD. The AHI fell from 19.3 ± 12.1 to 11.8 ± 9.5 (p = 0.004) with use of the device. In most patients, use of the MAD had no severe effects on the signs and symptoms of TMD. Adverse events such as pain in the temporomandibular joints, soreness in the teeth, and tiredness in the jaws were reported by ten patients. Dental complications were observed in two patients. Sixtyfour per cent of the patients were still using the MAD at the 1-year follow-up. Conclusion: both the general and oral health of CHF patients were important in treatment with a MAD. The MAD therapy had no severe effect on the masticatory system and edentulous patients could be treated.
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4.
  • Wolf, Eva, et al. (författare)
  • Nonspecific Chronic Orofacial Pain: Studying Patient Experiences and Perspectives with a Qualitative Approach
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Journal of Orofacial Pain. - Quintessence Publishing. - 1064-6655. ; 22:4, s. 349-358
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Aims: To analyze the nonspecific chronic orofacial pain patient's experience of the pain condition and to gain knowledge on the complexity of the problem. Methods: Fourteen patients (1 I female, 3 male) aged 21 to 77 years were selected among those referred to a specialist clinic. All selected patients agreed to participate. Data were obtained through thematic in-depth interviews that exposed the context of the orofacial pain condition. The 2 interviews with each patient were audiotaped and transcribed verbatim. The text material was analyzed using a qualitative research strategy based on phenomenology. Results: The essence of the chronic orofacial pain was expressed by the patients as something that eludes perception and comprehension. The pain was difficult to grasp and to communicate, The consequence of the pain was experienced by the patients as to be stricken by the pain and was expressed as living a life permeated by hopelessness, resignation, and a lack of faith. Conclusion: The patients in this study experienced their chronic orofacial pain to have no limits and to repressively permeate all aspects of their existence: social, practical, and emotional. J OROFAC PAIN 2008;22:349-358
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5.
  • Wolf, Eva, et al. (författare)
  • Patients' experiences of consultations for nonspecific chronic orofacial pain: A phenomenological study
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: Journal of Orofacial Pain. - Quintessence Publishing. - 1064-6655. ; 20:3, s. 226-233
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Aims: To use a qualitative research study to analyze the experiences of patients with nonspecific chronic orofacial pain with respect to consultations for their pain condition. Methods: Fourteen patients (11 women and 3 men; age range, 21 to 77 years) were strategically selected through a purposive sampling of the chronic orofacial pain patients referred to the Orofacial Pain Unit at the Faculty of Odontology, Malmo University, Malmo, Sweden. A qualitative research strategy based on phenomenological philosophy was chosen. Thematic in-depth interviews were conducted twice with each patient in order to expose the context of the orofacial pain condition. The interviews were audiotaped and transcribed verbatim. The text material was analyzed to determine the attitude of the patients concerning their experience from the consultations. Results: All selected patients consented to participate. The patients expressed dissatisfaction with the consultations and related many examples of poor communication and understanding. The patients also felt a great need to be taken care of and expressed contradictory statements concerning pain improvement. Conclusion: The results suggest that the communication between the patients and the care providers was unsatisfactory and that the patients were limited in their ability to develop a personal coping strategy.
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6.
  • Abrahamsson, Cecilia, et al. (författare)
  • TMD before and after correction of dentofacial deformities by orthodontic and orthognathic treatment
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: International journal of oral and maxillofacial surgery. - Elsevier. - 0901-5027. ; 46:6, s. 752-8
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Abstract The aims of the study were to investigate the alteration of temporomandibular disorders (TMD) after correction of dentofacial deformities by orthodontic treatment in conjunction with orthognathic surgery; and to compare the frequency of TMD in patients with dentofacial deformities with an age and gender matched control group. TMD were evaluated in 121 consecutive patients (treatment group), referred for orthognathic surgery, by a questionnaire and a clinical examination. 18 months after treatment, 81% of the patients completed a follow-up examination. The control group comprised 56 age and gender matched subjects, of whom 68% presented for follow-up examination. TMD were diagnosed according to research diagnostic criteria for TMD. At baseline examination, the treatment group had a higher frequency of myofascial pain (P=.035) and arthralgia (P=.040) than the control group. At follow-up, the frequencies of myofascial pain, arthralgia and disc displacement had decreased in the treatment group (P=.050, P=.004, P=.041, respectively). The frequency of TMD was comparable in the two groups at follow-up. Patients with dentofacial deformities, corrected by orthodontic treatment in conjunction with orthognathic surgery, seem to have a positive treatment outcome in respect of TMD pain
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7.
  • Abrahamsson, Cecilia, et al. (författare)
  • TMD in consecutive patients referred for orthognathic surgery
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Angle Orthodontist. - 0003-3219. ; 79:4, s. 621-7
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • OBJECTIVE: To answer the question whether temporomandibular disorders (TMD) were more common in a group of individuals referred for orthognathic surgery than in a control group. The null hypothesis was that neither the frequency of signs and symptoms of TMD or diagnosed TMD would differ between the patient group and a control group. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A sample of 121 consecutive patients referred for orthognathic surgery at the Department of Oral Maxillofacial Surgery, Malmö University Hospital, Sweden, was interviewed and examined regarding signs and symptoms of TMD and headaches. A control group was formed by 56 age- and gender-matched individuals attending the Department of Oral Diagnosis, Faculty of Odontology, Malmö University, Sweden, and Public Dental Health Clinic in Oxie, County of Skane, Sweden. TMD diagnoses were used according to Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders (RDC/TMD). RESULTS: The patient group showed more myofascial pain without limited opening, disc displacement with reduction, and arthralgia according to RDC/TMD than the control group. The patient group also had more symptoms and signs of TMD in general. CONCLUSIONS: The null hypothesis was rejected because patients who were to be treated with orthognathic surgery had more signs and symptoms of TMD and higher frequency of diagnosed TMD compared with the matched control group.
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8.
  • Al-Harthy, Mohammad, et al. (författare)
  • Pain related temporomandibular disorders in adult Saudi arabians referred for specialized dental treatment.
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: Pain related temporomandibular disorders in adult Saudi arabians reffered for specialized dental treatment..
  • Tidskriftsartikel (populärvet., debatt m.m.)abstract
    • The aim of the present study was to examine the frequencies of pain-related symptoms of TMD in patients in the age of 20-40 years referred for specialized dental treatments in Makkah, Saudi Arabia by using Research Diagnostic Criteria for TMD (RDC/TMD). Three hundred and twenty-five consecutive Saudi patients in the age of 20-40 years: 135 males and 190 females were interviewed according to the RDC/TMD history questionnaire. The results revealed that pain related TMD and orofacial pain were found among 58 (18%) patients. All other patients formed the non-pain group (267,82%). In the pain group, there were 79% females compared to 21% males (P<0.01). Both genders in the pain group reported high frequencies of both migraines in the last six months and headache moderately to extremely in the last month showing significant difference in comparison with the non-pain group (P<0.01). Symptoms of TMD were significantly more prevalent in the pain group than in the non-pain group. The most common pain related TMD symptoms were TMJ clicking, TMJ crepitation, TMJ locking, stiff jaw, tinnitus, bruxism and uncomfortable bite. Regarding Graded Chronic Pain severity in the pain group, most patients reported their pain to be grade I and II. Jaw disability checklist according to RDC/TMD showed that four or more disturbed jaw activities were found in 31 patients (53%) while 13 patients (22%) had not affected mandibular functions. In conclusion, the findings of the present study showed high frequencies of pain related TMD in this Saudi arabian patient population.
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9.
  • Al-Harthy, Mohammad, et al. (författare)
  • Temporomandibular disorder pain in adult Saudi Arabians referred for specialised dental treatment
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Swedish Dental Journal. - 0347-9994. ; 34:3, s. 149-58
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The aim of this study was to determine the frequency of Temporomandibular Disorders (TMD) pain in Saudi Arabians,aged 20-40, who were referred to the Specialist Dental Centre in Makkah. The material included 325 patients (135 males,190 females) who answered a history questionnaire. Patients reportingTMD pain in the last month were offered a clinical examination. History questionnaires and clinical examinations were done according to the Arabic version of the Research Diagnostic Criteria for TMD (RDC/TMD). Fifty-eight patients (18%) reported TMD pain; 46 were clinically examined. Mean age of clinically examined TMD pain patients was 30 +/- 7 years with a male-female ratio of 1:6 (P < 0.001). All TMD pain patients had a diagnosis of myofascial pain, and 65% had diagnoses of arthralgia or osteoarthritis. Headaches or migraines in the last 6 months and headaches in the last month were reported in high frequencies in the TMD pain group, 93% and 71% respectively, with differences (P < 0.001) between the TMD pain and non-TMD pain groups. Graded Chronic Pain Scale assessments classified 45% of the TMD pain patients in grade 1, 53% in grade II, 2% in grade III, and 0% in grade IV. Severe depression scores were found in 38% of the TMD pain patients and severe somatisation scores in 60% with differences (P < 0.001) between the TMD pain and non-TMD pain groups. In conclusion, the study found a frequency of TMD pain in this Saudi Arabian cohort of 18%. The TMD pain group presented high scores of depression and somatisation but low disability grades on the Graded Chronic Pain Scale.
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10.
  • Al-Harthy, Mohammad, et al. (författare)
  • Temporomandibular Disorders per RDC/TMD in Adult Saudi Arabians Referred for Specialized Dental Treatment.
  • 2008
  • Konferensbidrag (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Objective: The aim of this study was to determine frequency of Temporomandibular Disorders (TMD) pain in Saudi Arabians, ages 20 to 40, which were referred to a dental specialist clinic in Makkah. Materials and Methods: 325 referred patients (135 males, 190 females) answered history questionnaires. Patients reporting TMD pain in these questionnaires were clinically examined. History questionnaires and clinical examinations were done per Axis I and Axis II of the Arabic version of Research Diagnostic Criteria for TMD (RDC/TMD). Results: The male-female ratio of the study group was 1:1.4. Fifty-eight patients (18%) had TMD pain; 46 were clinically examined. Mean age of examined TMD pain patients was 30 years (±7) with a male-female ratio of 1:6. All TMD pain patients had a diagnosis of myofascial pain and 65% had diagnoses of arthralgia or osteoarthritis. Graded chronic pain severity was reported to be grade I in 45%, grade II in 53%, grade III in 2% and grade IV in none of the patients. Psychological status assessment showed that 38% of the TMD pain patients had severe depression scores and 60% severe somatization scores. Conclusion: The present study showed a high frequency of TMD pain in this Saudi Arabian cohort, and 18% of the patients met criteria for subdiagnoses of TMD. Depression and somatization per Axis II had significantly higher scores in the TMD pain group compared to the non-pain group.
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