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  • Danielson, Mats, et al. (författare)
  • Public Decision Support - Using a DSS to Increase Democratic Transparency
  • 2005
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Public Information Systems. - Sundsvall : Mittuniversitetet. - 1653-4360. ; 1:1, s. 3-25
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We present a case study in which a decision support method (ADL) was employed by a local government in order to guide and aid decisions on three complicated and politically infected issues which had remained unresolved for many years. The research inquiry was whether a well-defined and openly accessible method would aid a common understanding of the decision problems, and whether people would be able to accept a clearly motivated decision even if politically they preferred a different option. The ADL method has been used in several public sector projects ranging from very large purchasing decisions to the selection of national policies, but this test case was novel in that it involved close inspection by the public. This case was also devised as a test of new methods for potential inclusion into normal practices. The post-case analysis shows mixed understanding of and belief in the method. The results raise issues concerning both the potential for decision support methods in a political context and the nature of political decision making.
  • Grönlund, Åke, 1954-, et al. (författare)
  • DoIT right : measuring effectiveness of different eConsultation designs
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Electronic Participation. - Berlin : Springer. - 978-3-642-03780-1 ; s. 90-100
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • eConsultations have been used in many countries over many years, yet most research in the field is case descriptions and there is so far little systematic evidence as to the effectiveness of consultations as a tool for enhancing democracy. Using a case survey method we investigate what factors make a consultation succeed or fail based on data from 57 cases reported in the literature. Success is measured as high participation, deliberative mode of discussion, and impact on policy. We test three hypotheses from the literature claiming, respectively, that institutional design, democratic intent, and quality of research are the most important factors behind the reported success. We find support for all hypotheses. Using consultation at the analysis/decision making stage, mixing online and offline methods and active strategic recruiting are institutional factors positively contributing. Democratic intent and content analysis research both have positive influence.
  • Andersson, Annika, 1968-, et al. (författare)
  • Learning from e-learning : emerging constructive learning practices
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Doing IT research that matters.
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This research is situated within the field of Information and Communication Technologies for Development (ICT4D) and asks if ICT use can make learning practices change. While constructive learning practices are critical to both individual and societal development, repetitive learning practices are the norm in many developing countries. The study is based on observations and in-depth interviews and uses a structurational approach to understand if and how students views of learning change during an e-learning program in Sri Lanka. We found four constructive learning practices that emerged through technology use; individual exploring, interaction with peers, interaction with teachers, and taking responsibility of the learning. Many constructive learning practices emerged outside the LMS used, in students’ voluntary uses of publicly available resources on the Internet. The study shows that technology use can play a positive role for development, provided an open environment is available; students learn constructive practicesfrom e-learning.
  • Andersson, Annika, 1968-, et al. (författare)
  • Reclaiming the students : coping with social media in 1: 1 schools
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Learning, Media and Technology. - Taylor & Francis Group. - 1743-9884 (Print), 1743-9892 (Online). ; 39, s. 37-52
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • There is a debate about the advantages and disadvantages of using social media in education. Drawing on interviews and surveys with students and teachers in three Swedish schools, this study finds that studentsas well as teachers find much of the students' social media use distractive to learning. We investigate this by means of an interpretative study of students' and teachers' experiences. We find that concerns relate to how social media use makes students less social, how weaker students are more likely to get distracted, how teachers lack strategies for tackling the problem and how the responsibility of the use is delegated to the students. We discuss how the distractive use of social media is made possible as a result of education policies requiring a higher degree of individual work, individual responsibility, and educational choices forstudents. Teachers and school leaders need to jointly reclaim the students and coping strategies for the distractive use are urgently needed.
  • Asiimwe, Edgar Napoleon, 1984-, et al. (författare)
  • On mobile learning with learning content management systems : a contemporary literature review
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Communications in Computer and Information Science. - 1865-0929. ; 479, s. 131-145
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Learning Content management systems (LCMS) are important tools for organizing learning material and communication. Increasingly mobile technologies are used for internet access; particularly important in developing countries where broadband is scarce. Mobile LCMS introduce specific challenges, which are yet not fully addressed. This paper reviews the literature on mobile LCMS for the purpose of identifying current research focus, research gaps, and future research directions regarding how to bridge the gaps and leverage CMS technology to support "mobile learning". The concept matrix method is used to collect and analyze literature. Five prominent research areas are found; Use, access, design and infrastructure; communication and collaboration; engagement and knowledge development; content and service delivery; and implementation experiences and evaluation. A major gap identified is that research does neither clearly nor thoroughly address the intersection between learning and technology. Adjusting technologies to learning contexts and environments is a key area for future research.
  • Ask, Andreas, et al. (författare)
  • Implementation challenges : competing structures when new public management meets eGovernment
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Electronic government. - Berlin : Springer. - 978-3-540-85203-2 ; s. 25-36
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This article discusses practices, opportunities and challenges in local eGovernment project management by means of a case study of a Swedish city aiming at completely refocusing services, electronic and other, to become “citizen oriented”, meaning being able to meet the citizens’ needs more effectively. Based on empirical evidence collected by interviews and document studies, the article analyzes the development towards eGovernment and “the 24/7 agency”. Analyzing the case against eGovernment success factors we find seven challenges; political timing, resource allocation, political mandate, distinction between administrative and political responsibilities, coordination of departments, dependence on providers, and wise use of standards.. These challenges are critical because they mean choices important for national eGov development are open for local politics, complicated ad-hoc alliances among cities, and influences of strong individuals and groups. The article analyzes the challenges and finds that this situation is much a consequence of the prevailing strategic model for the public sector, New Public Management (NPM). This model by design leaves these issues in a void which has to be filled by negotiations among many actors with different roles, goals, and action space. The case shows that this makes national strategic eGov development volatile as it is dependent on a large number of local political assemblies; unlike the intention, NPM politicizes eGovernment.
  • Ask, Andreas, et al. (författare)
  • The Örebro city citizen-oriented e-Government strategy
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Social and organizational developments through emerging e-Government applications : new principles and concepts. - Hershey, PA : IGI Global. - 9781605669182 ; s. 233-253
  • Bokkapitel (övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • Ask, Andreas, et al. (författare)
  • The Örebro city citizen-oriented e-Government strategy
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Handbook of research on strategies for local e-government adoption and implementation : comparative studies. - Hershey, PA : IGI Global. - 978-1-60566-282-4 ; s. 752-772
  • Bokkapitel (övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • Ask, Andreas, et al. (författare)
  • The Örebro City Citizen-Oriented E-Government Strategy
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Electronic Government Research. - 1548-3886. ; 4:4, s. 69-88
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This article discusses practices, opportunities, and challenges in local e-government project management by means of a case study involving interviews, document studies, and an element of action research, over eight months. The analysis against e-government success factors finds seven "critical issues"; political timing, resource allocation, political mandate, distinction between administrative and political responsibilities, coordination of departments, dependence on providers, and use of standards. We found these issues open for local choice, influences of strong individuals and groups, and chance. This is a consequence of the prevailing strategic model for the public sector, New Public Management, which leaves these issues to be filled by negotiations among many actors with different roles, goals, and action space. The general lesson is that there is a need for practical ways of acting strategically to reduce the risk level and increase the ability to implement policy. 
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