SwePub
Sök i SwePub databas

  Utökad sökning

Träfflista för sökning "swepub ;lar1:(su);lar1:(hv);mspu:(article)"

Sökning: swepub > Stockholms universitet > Högskolan Väst > Tidskriftsartikel

  • Resultat 1-7 av 7
Sortera/gruppera träfflistan
   
NumreringReferensOmslagsbildHitta
1.
  • Daderman, Anna M., et al. (författare)
  • Flunitrazepam intake in male offenders
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Nordic Journal Of Psychiatry. - Informa Healthcare. - 0803-9488. ; 66:2, s. 131-140
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The abuse of flunitrazepam (FZ) compounds is worldwide, and several studies have reflected on the consequences with regard to violence, aggression and criminal lifestyle of FZ users. Criminals take high doses of FZ or some other benzodiazepines to "calm down" before the planned crime. There is support from earlier studies that most likely, all benzodiazepines may increase aggression in vulnerable males. Chronic intake of high doses of FZ increases aggression in male rats. Because psychopathy involves aggression, we have examined whether psychopathy as well as any of the four facets of the Psychopathy Checklist-Revised (PCL-R) (Interpersonal, Affective, Lifestyle and Antisocial) are related to different substance use disorders, with the focus on FZ. We have also examined the relationship between each PCL-R item and FZ use. Participants were 114 male offenders aged 14-35 years, all of whom were convicted for severe, predominantly violent, offences. Substance use, including FZ, was not more common in those who scored high in psychopathy. Use of FZ was more common in offenders who scored high in Facet 4 (Antisocial) of the PCL-R (odds ratio = 4.30, 95% CI 1.86-9.94). Only one of the PCL-R items, "Criminal versatility", was significantly associated with FZ use (odds ratio = 3.7). It may be concluded that intake of FZ has a specific relationship to only one of the facets and not to psychopathy per se. The findings have also important theoretical implications because Facet 4 is not a key factor of the construct of psychopathy. Clinical implications of the article: We have used the new two-factor and four-facet theoretical model of psychopathy in the young offender population, many of them with one or more substance use disorders. The present results suggest that antisocial behavior defined by Facet 4 (poor behavioral control, early behavior problems, juvenile delinquency, revocation of conditional release and criminal versatility) in the studied subjects is more typical for FZ users than it is for non-FZ users. This may have implications for assessment and treatment. Clinicians should be aware that criminals with high scores on Facet 4 have a more than fourfold odds of being a FZ user. This conclusion has an important clinical implication because FZ abuse is very common and is not always the focus of a forensic psychiatric assessment.
  •  
2.
  •  
3.
  • Kjellén, Bengt, 1945- (författare)
  • Cases as boundary objects : transfer and authenticity in work-integrated learning
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Journal of Cooperative Education & Internships. - Cincinnati, OH : Cooperative Education & Internship Association. - 1933-2130. ; 44:2, s. 26-31
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Work integrated learning (WIL) is mostly discussed as an educa¬tional approach that requires students to leave school and enter work practice. There are, however, other conceptions of WIL that also include transfer of experiences from the workplace to the classroom. It can be argued, therefore, that WIL, seen as a pedagogical philosophy and not only as a way of organizing education, must also affect and influence instructional design in the classroom. One common way of implementing WIL in higher education is through case studies and case teaching. The author believes that in order to advance the case method in general, and as a vehicle for WIL-related instruction in particular, it is necessary to look at the case method in relation to different perspectives on learning and knowledge. He also believes that it is necessary to relate it to research that focuses on the transition of knowledge from education to working life. Furthermore, he would like to initiate a theoretical discussion of the implications for case design that are raised by WIL as a pedagogical philosophy. Such a discussion involves the relation between theory and practice where the notions of context, authenticity and transferability of experiences are especially relevant. This paper is intended as an initial effort to outline what such an approach might entail and how the praxis of both the case method and of WIL could benefit from a firmer grounding in the pedagogical perspectives and research of today. 
  •  
4.
  •  
5.
  • Kjellén, Bengt (författare)
  • The case method as seen from different pedagogical perspectives
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Case Method Research & Application. - Needham : World Association for Case Method Research & Application (W A C R A). - 1554-7752. ; XIX:1, s. 10-16
  • Tidskriftsartikel (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • When arguing for the validity of the case method, its proponents have to a large extent relied on general beliefs in "activity pedagogy" or the benefits of creating reasonably realistic replicas of actual situations. The evidence for this has often been either based on relatively limited examples or was more or less anecdotal. Attempts to put the method in a pedagogical and theoretical perspective have been relatively rare. This is not surprising in itself, since pedagogy as praxis of teaching and pedagogy as academic discipline often have had rather little in common. In Sweden, education research and teacher training have traditionally been performed at different institutions. The author believes that it is necessary to put the claims of the case method in relation to different views on learning and knowledge, in order to gain more academic acceptance for the method and its practitioners. This paper is intended as an initial effort to outline what such an approach might entail and how the praxis and status of the case method and its practitioners could benefit from a firmer grounding in the pedagogical perspectives of today.
  •  
6.
  • Kjellén, Bengt (författare)
  • The "distant future" of case teaching
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Case Method Research & Application. - Needham : World Association for Case Method Research & Application. - 1554-7752. ; XIX:3, s. 221-228
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Increasingly, academic and further education are offered via the Web. It may be said that the increase in the number of courses and programs available through this channel has not been matched by an increase in the quality of teaching and in examples of excellent use of technology itself. Efforts to develop and sustain teachers and teaching methods, as well as systems of delivery, therefore, seem to be necessary, if not already overdue. This paper outlines some recent trends in Swedish distance education, among them learning centres and the Swedish Net University, and tries in that context to identify the place and form of case teaching in a probable and probably not so distant future.
  •  
7.
  • Rydstedt, Leif W., et al. (författare)
  • Comparing and combining the demand-control-support model and the effort reward imbalance model to predict long-term mental strain
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology. - Psychology Press. - 1359-432X. ; 16:3, s. 261-278
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • A first purpose of this prospective study was to investigate whether the levels of mental strain and the working conditions included in the Effort-Reward Imbalance (ERI) model and the Demand-Control-Support (DCS) model differed for managers/professionals (n = 658) and manual workers (n = 343). An additional purpose was to compare the predictive power of the DCS and ERI models in the regard to long-term mental strain for these two groups. The study further aimed to investigate whether combining the models would improve the predictive power of long-term mental strain. Managers/professionals reported higher job demands and intrinsic efforts than did the manual workers, as well as slightly higher mental strain, but also higher decision latitude, social support, and rewards from work. Both models explained small albeit significant proportions of variance in mental strain for both occupational groups. A tentative conclusion from the study is that combining the two models may slightly increase the explanatory power to predict work-related mental strain.
  •  
Skapa referenser, mejla, bekava och länka
  • Resultat 1-7 av 7
 
pil uppåt Stäng

Kopiera och spara länken för att återkomma till aktuell vy