SwePub
Sök i SwePub databas

  Utökad sökning

Träfflista för sökning "swepub ;lar1:(umu);conttype:(refereed)"

Sökning: swepub > Umeå universitet > Refereegranskat

  • Resultat 1-10 av 35010
Sortera/gruppera träfflistan
   
NumreringReferensOmslagsbildHitta
1.
  • Kristofferzon, Marja-Leena, 1950-, et al. (författare)
  • Evaluation of a Swedish version of the Watts Sexual Function Questionnaire (WSFQ) in persons with heart disease : a pilot study
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing. - 1474-5151. ; 9:3, s. 168-174
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: As part of preparation for a Swedish multicentre study, exploring sexual and married life in patients with myocardial infarction and their partners, a Swedish validated instrument was required.Aims: The aim of this pilot study was to evaluate the validity and reliability of a Swedish version of the Watts Sexual Function Questionnaire (WSFQ) among persons with a heart disease.Methods: A convenience sample of 79 persons (47 men and 32 women) living with a heart disease was recruited from the members of the National Association of Heart and Lung Patients. They completed a Swedish version of the WSFQ on two occasions.Results: Two separate factor analyses each revealed a two-factor structure on both occasions: “Sexual appetite” and “Sexual expectations” with gender-neutral questions and “Sexual sensitiveness” and “Sexual ability” with gender-specific questions. Cronbach's alpha coefficients ranged from 0.48 to 0.86 and test–retest values for all but one question exceeded 0.70.Conclusions: The Swedish version of the WSFQ showed good validity and stability and acceptable internal homogeneity. Extended evaluations of the questionnaire are recommended.
  •  
2.
  • Brännström, Margareta, et al. (författare)
  • Sexual Knowledge in Patients With a Myocardial Infarction and Their Partners.
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing. - Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. - 1550-5049. ; 29:4, s. 332-339
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND:: Sexual health and sexual activity are important elements of an individual's well-being. For couples, this topic is often affected after a myocardial infarction (MI). It has become increasingly clear that, after an MI, patients are insufficiently educated on how to resume normal sexual activity. However, sufficient data on the general knowledge that patients and partners have about sexual activity and MI are lacking. OBJECTIVE:: The aims of this study were to explore and compare patients' and partners' sexual knowledge 1 month after a first MI and 1 year after the event and to compare whether the individual knowledge had changed over time. A second aim was to investigate whether patients and their partners report receiving information about sexual health and sexual activity from healthcare professionals during the first year after the event and how this information was perceived. SUBJECTS AND METHODS:: This descriptive, comparative survey study enrolled participants from 13 Swedish hospitals in 2007-2009. A total of 115 patients with a first MI and their partners answered the Sex After MI Knowledge Test questionnaire 1 month after the MI and 1 year after the event. Correct responses generated a maximum score of 75. RESULTS:: Only 41% of patients and 31% of partners stated that they had received information on sex and relationships at the 1 year follow-up. The patients scored 51 ± 10 on the Sex After MI Knowledge Test at inclusion into the study, compared with the 52 ± 10 score for the partners. At the 1-year follow-up, the patients' knowledge had significantly increased to a score of 55 ± 7, but the partners' knowledge did not significantly change (53 ± 10). CONCLUSIONS:: First MI patients and their partners reported receiving limited information about sexual issues during the cardiac rehabilitation and had limited knowledge about sexual health and sexual activity.
  •  
3.
  • Svedberg, Petra, et al. (författare)
  • Psychometric evaluation of “The 25-item Sex after MI Knowledge Test” in a Swedish context
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences. - 0283-9318. ; 26:1, s. 203-208
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The patients’ sexual life after a myocardial infarction is important for his/her quality of life. In spite of this, many patients are in doubt regarding their sex life after a myocardial infarction (MI) and the sexual information received, and counselling from health care providers has been seen to be insufficient. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the psychometric properties of ‘The 25-item Sex after MI Knowledge Test’ in a Swedish context. A convenience sample was recruited. The scale was translated into Swedish and completed by 79 former patients from The Heart and Lung Patients’ National Association on two occasions, with an interval of 2 weeks. The scale was tested for face and content validity, internal consistency and test–retest reliability. The result in this study indicates that the instrument has good face and content validity and displayed a moderate internal consistency (alpha 0.61). The instrument showed some level of instability in test–retest reliability with 60% of the items presenting moderate or strong agreement between the test and retest. Further studies that use this instrument in larger and more diverse samples are thus needed.
4.
  • Ferrie, Jane E., et al. (författare)
  • Job insecurity and risk of diabetes a meta-analysis of individual participant data
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: CMJA. Canadian Medical Association Journal. Onlineutg. Med tittel : ECMAJ. ISSN 1488-2329. - 0820-3946. ; 188:17-18, s. E447-E455
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: Job insecurity has been associated with certain health outcomes. We examined the role of job insecurity as a risk factor for incident diabetes.METHODS: We used individual participant data from 8 cohort studies identified in 2 open-access data archives and 11 cohort studies participating in the Individual-Participant-Data Meta-analysis in Working Populations Consortium. We calculated study-specific estimates of the association between job insecurity reported at baseline and incident diabetes over the follow-up period. We pooled the estimates in a meta-analysis to produce a summary risk estimate.RESULTS: The 19 studies involved 140 825 participants from Australia, Europe and the United States, with a mean follow-up of 9.4 years and 3954 incident cases of diabetes. In the preliminary analysis adjusted for age and sex, high job insecurity was associated with an increased risk of incident diabetes compared with low job insecurity (adjusted odds ratio [OR] 1.19, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.09-1.30). In the multivariable-adjusted analysis restricted to 15 studies with baseline data for all covariates (age, sex, socioeconomic status, obesity, physical activity, alcohol and smoking), the association was slightly attenuated (adjusted OR 1.12, 95% CI 1.01-1.24). Heterogeneity between the studies was low to moderate (age- and sex-adjusted model: I(2) = 24%, p = 0.2; multivariable-adjusted model: I(2) = 27%, p = 0.2). In the multivariable-adjusted analysis restricted to high-quality studies, in which the diabetes diagnosis was ascertained from electronic medical records or clinical examination, the association was similar to that in the main analysis (adjusted OR 1.19, 95% CI 1.04-1.35).INTERPRETATION: Our findings suggest that self-reported job insecurity is associated with a modest increased risk of incident diabetes. Health care personnel should be aware of this association among workers reporting job insecurity.
5.
  • Kivimäki, Mika, et al. (författare)
  • Long working hours and risk of coronary heart disease and stroke a systematic review and meta-analysis of published and unpublished data for 603 838 individuals
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: The Lancet. - 0140-6736. ; 386:10005, s. 1739-1746
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background Long working hours might increase the risk of cardiovascular disease, but prospective evidence is scarce, imprecise, and mostly limited to coronary heart disease. We aimed to assess long working hours as a risk factor for incident coronary heart disease and stroke. Methods We identified published studies through a systematic review of PubMed and Embase from inception to Aug 20, 2014. We obtained unpublished data for 20 cohort studies from the Individual-Participant-Data Meta-analysis in Working Populations (IPD-Work) Consortium and open-access data archives. We used cumulative random-effects meta-analysis to combine effect estimates from published and unpublished data. Findings We included 25 studies from 24 cohorts in Europe, the USA, and Australia. The meta-analysis of coronary heart disease comprised data for 603 838 men and women who were free from coronary heart disease at baseline; the meta-analysis of stroke comprised data for 528 908 men and women who were free from stroke at baseline. Follow-up for coronary heart disease was 5.1 million person-years (mean 8.5 years), in which 4768 events were recorded, and for stroke was 3.8 million person-years (mean 7.2 years), in which 1722 events were recorded. In cumulative meta-analysis adjusted for age, sex, and socioeconomic status, compared with standard hours (35-40 h per week), working long hours (>= 55 h per week) was associated with an increase in risk of incident coronary heart disease (relative risk [RR] 1.13, 95% CI 1.02-1.26; p=0.02) and incident stroke (1.33, 1.11-1.61; p=0.002). The excess risk of stroke remained unchanged in analyses that addressed reverse causation, multivariable adjustments for other risk factors, and different methods of stroke ascertainment (range of RR estimates 1.30-1.42). We recorded a dose-response association for stroke, with RR estimates of 1.10 (95% CI 0.94-1.28; p=0.24) for 41-48 working hours, 1.27 (1.03-1.56; p=0.03) for 49-54 working hours, and 1.33 (1.11-1.61; p=0.002) for 55 working hours or more per week compared with standard working hours (p(trend)<0.0001). Interpretation Employees who work long hours have a higher risk of stroke than those working standard hours; the association with coronary heart disease is weaker. These findings suggest that more attention should be paid to the management of vascular risk factors in individuals who work long hours. 
6.
  • Virtanen, Marianna, et al. (författare)
  • Perceived job insecurity as a risk factor for incident coronary heart disease systematic review and meta-analysis
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: BMJ. British Medical Journal. ; 347:7921
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objective To determine the association between self reported job insecurity and incident coronary heart disease.Design A meta-analysis combining individual level data from a collaborative consortium and published studies identified by a systematic review.Data sources We obtained individual level data from 13 cohort studies participating in the Individual-Participant-Data Meta-analysis in Working Populations Consortium. Four published prospective cohort studies were identified by searches of Medline (to August 2012) and Embase databases (to October 2012), supplemented by manual searches.Review methods Prospective cohort studies that reported risk estimates for clinically verified incident coronary heart disease by the level of self reported job insecurity. Two independent reviewers extracted published data. Summary estimates of association were obtained using random effects models.Results The literature search yielded four cohort studies. Together with 13 cohort studies with individual participant data, the meta-analysis comprised up to 174 438 participants with a mean follow-up of 9.7 years and 1892 incident cases of coronary heart disease. Age adjusted relative risk of high versus low job insecurity was 1.32 (95% confidence interval 1.09 to 1.59). The relative risk of job insecurity adjusted for sociodemographic and risk factors was 1.19 (1.00 to 1.42). There was no evidence of significant differences in this association by sex, age (<50 v ≥50 years), national unemployment rate, welfare regime, or job insecurity measure.Conclusions The modest association between perceived job insecurity and incident coronary heart disease is partly attributable to poorer socioeconomic circumstances and less favourable risk factor profiles among people with job insecurity.
7.
  • Blennow, Mats, et al. (författare)
  • One-Year Survival of Extremely Preterm Infants After Active Perinatal Care in Sweden
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: JAMA: the journal of the American Medical Association. - American Medical Association. - 1538-3598. ; 301:21, s. 2225-2233
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Context Up-to-date information on infant survival after extremely preterm birth is needed for assessing perinatal care services, clinical guidelines, and parental counseling. Objective To determine the 1-year survival in all infants born before 27 gestational weeks in Sweden during 2004-2007. Design, Setting, and Patients Population-based prospective observational study of extremely preterm infants (707 live-born and 304 stillbirths) born to 887 mothers in 904 deliveries (102 multiple births) in all obstetric and neonatal units in Sweden from April 1, 2004, to March 31, 2007. Main Outcome Measures Infant survival to 365 days and survival without major neonatal morbidity (intraventricular hemorrhage grade > 2, retinopathy of prematurity stage > 2, periventricular leukomalacia, necrotizing enterocolitis, severe bronchopulmonary dysplasia). Associations between perinatal interventions and survival. Results The incidence of extreme prematurity was 3.3 per 1000 infants. Overall perinatal mortality was 45% (from 93% at 22 weeks to 24% at 26 weeks), with 30% stillbirths, including 6.5% intrapartum deaths. Of live-born infants, 91% were admitted to neonatal intensive care and 70% survived to 1 year of age (95% confidence interval [CI], 67%-73%). The Kaplan-Meier survival estimates for 22, 23, 24, 25, and 26 weeks were 9.8% (95% CI, 4%-23%), 53% ( 95% CI, 44%-63%), 67% (95% CI, 59%-75%), 82% (95% CI, 76%-87%), and 85% ( 95% CI, 81%-90%), respectively. Lower risk of infant death was associated with tocolytic treatment (adjusted for gestational age odds ratio [ OR], 0.43; 95% CI, 0.36-0.52), antenatal corticosteroids (OR, 0.44; 95% CI, 0.24-0.81), surfactant treatment within 2 hours after birth ( OR, 0.47; 95% CI, 0.32-0.71), and birth at a level III hospital (OR, 0.49; 95% CI, 0.32-0.75). Among 1-year survivors, 45% had no major neonatal morbidity. Conclusion During 2004 to 2007, 1-year survival of infants born alive at 22 to 26 weeks of gestation in Sweden was 70% and ranged from 9.8% at 22 weeks to 85% at 26 weeks. JAMA. 2009;301(21):2225-2233 www.jama.com
8.
  • Oresland, Stina, et al. (författare)
  • Patients as 'safeguard' and nurses as 'substitute' in home health care
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Nursing Ethics. - Sage Publications. - 0969-7330. ; 16:2, s. 219-230
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • One aim of this study was to explore the role, or subject position, patients take in the care they receive from nurses in their own home. Another was to examine the subject position that patients say the nurses take when giving care to them in their own home. Ten interviews were analysed and interpreted according to a discourse analytical method. The findings show that patients constructed their subject position as 'safeguard', and the nurses' subject position as 'substitute' for themselves. These subject positions provided the opportunities, and the obstacles, for the patients' possibilities to receive care in their home. The subject positions described have ethical repercussions and illuminate that the patients put great demands on tailored care.
  •  
9.
  • Dagöö, Jesper, et al. (författare)
  • Cognitive behavior therapy versus interpersonal psychotherapy for social anxiety disorder delivered via smartphone and computer: : A randomized controlled trial
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Journal of Anxiety Disorders. - Elsevier. - 0887-6185. ; 28:4, s. 410-417
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • In this study, a previously evaluated guided Internet-based cognitive behavior therapy for social anxiety disorder (SAD) was adapted for mobile phone administration (mCBT). The treatment was compared with a guided self-help treatment based on interpersonal psychotherapy (mIPT). The treatment platform could be accessed through smartphones, tablet computers, and standard computers. A total of 52 participants were diagnosed with SAD and randomized to either mCBT (n = 27) or mIPT (n = 25). Measures were collected at pre-treatment, during the treatment, post-treatment and 3-month follow-up. On the primary outcome measure, the Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale - self-rated, both groups showed statistically significant improvements. However, mCBT performed significantly better than mIPT (between group Cohens d = 0.64 in favor of mCBT). A larger proportion of the mCBT group was classified as responders at post-treatment (55.6% versus 8.0% in the mIPT group). We conclude that CBT for SAD can be delivered using modern information technology. IPT delivered as a guided self-help treatment may be less effective in this format.
  •  
10.
  • Gillman, Anna, et al. (författare)
  • Oseltamivir-Resistant Influenza A (H1N1) Virus Strain with an H274Y Mutation in Neuraminidase Persists without Drug Pressure in Infected Mallards
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Applied and Environmental Microbiology. - 0099-2240 .- 1098-5336. ; 81:7, s. 2378-2383
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Influenza A virus (IAV) has its natural reservoir in wild waterfowl, and emerging human IAVs often contain gene segments from avian viruses. The active drug metabolite of oseltamivir (oseltamivir carboxylate [OC]), stockpiled as Tamiflu for influenza pandemic preparedness, is not removed by conventional sewage treatment and has been detected in river water. There, it may exert evolutionary pressure on avian IAV in waterfowl, resulting in the development of resistant viral variants. A resistant avian IAV can circulate among wild birds only if resistance does not restrict viral fitness and if the resistant virus can persist without continuous drug pressure. In this in vivo mallard (Anas platyrhynchos) study, we tested whether an OC-resistant avian IAV (H1N1) strain with an H274Y mutation in the neuraminidase (NA-H274Y) could retain resistance while drug pressure was gradually removed. Successively infected mallards were exposed to decreasing levels of OC, and fecal samples were analyzed for the neuraminidase sequence and phenotypic resistance. No reversion to wild-type virus was observed during the experiment, which included 17 days of viral transmission among 10 ducks exposed to OC concentrations below resistance induction levels. We conclude that resistance in avian IAV that is induced by exposure of the natural host to OC can persist in the absence of the drug. Thus, there is a risk that human-pathogenic IAVs that evolve from IAVs circulating among wild birds may contain resistance mutations. An oseltamivir-resistant pandemic IAV would pose a substantial public health threat. Therefore, our observations underscore the need for prudent oseltamivir use, upgraded sewage treatment, and surveillance for resistant IAVs in wild birds.
Skapa referenser, mejla, bekava och länka
  • Resultat 1-10 av 35010
Åtkomst
fritt online (5964)
Typ av publikation
tidskriftsartikel (31728)
konferensbidrag (3247)
forskningsöversikt (26)
konstnärligt arbete (16)
bokkapitel (9)
Typ av innehåll
Författare/redaktör
Hallmans, Göran, (342)
Riboli, Elio (335)
Overvad, Kim (309)
Boeing, Heiner (308)
Sundqvist, Bertil (306)
Tumino, Rosario (296)
visa fler...
Kaaks, Rudolf (284)
Trichopoulou, Antoni ... (282)
Khaw, Kay-Tee (268)
Tjønneland, Anne (248)
Palli, Domenico (237)
Bueno-de-Mesquita, H ... (218)
Sánchez, Maria-José (217)
Tjonneland, Anne (215)
Johansson, Ingegerd, (212)
Tjonneland, A (204)
Riboli, E (185)
Byass, Peter, (184)
Stattin, Pär, (184)
Vineis, Paolo (182)
Clavel-Chapelon, Fra ... (178)
Panico, Salvatore (175)
Mikkola, Jyri-Pekka, (174)
Boutron-Ruault, Mari ... (170)
Trichopoulou, A (164)
Stenlund, Hans (163)
Overvad, K (161)
Rantapää-Dahlqvist, ... (161)
Tumino, R (160)
Boeing, H (159)
Tysklind, Mats, (156)
Forsberg, Bertil, (152)
Lammi, Mikko, 1961-, (151)
Franks, Paul W, (150)
Boman, Kurt (141)
Barricarte, Aurelio (139)
Trichopoulos, Dimitr ... (139)
Lund, Eiliv (138)
Kaaks, R (138)
Söderberg, Stefan, (138)
Nyberg, Lars, (136)
Ardanaz, Eva (136)
Ljungberg, Börje, (134)
Marklund, Mattias, (134)
Olsen, Anja (129)
Stenflo, Lennart, (129)
Kahn, Kathleen, (127)
Hammarström, Anne, (126)
Henein, Michael Y., (125)
Slimani, Nadia (125)
visa färre...
Lärosäte
Karolinska Institutet (3314)
Uppsala universitet (2332)
Lunds universitet (2083)
Göteborgs universitet (1474)
Sveriges Lantbruksuniversitet (985)
visa fler...
Linköpings universitet (911)
Stockholms universitet (727)
Luleå tekniska universitet (573)
Mittuniversitetet (412)
Örebro universitet (400)
Linnéuniversitetet (331)
Kungliga Tekniska Högskolan (325)
Chalmers tekniska högskola (182)
Högskolan i Gävle (177)
Högskolan Dalarna (145)
Högskolan i Jönköping (134)
Ersta Sköndal Bräcke högskola (110)
Karlstads universitet (97)
Malmö högskola (79)
Södertörns högskola (78)
RISE (68)
Högskolan i Borås (50)
Mälardalens högskola (44)
Blekinge Tekniska Högskola (39)
Högskolan i Halmstad (39)
Högskolan Kristianstad (34)
Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan (32)
Högskolan Väst (29)
Högskolan i Skövde (28)
Röda Korsets Högskola (12)
Naturhistoriska riksmuseet (9)
Sophiahemmet Högskola (7)
VTI - Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut (4)
Försvarshögskolan (3)
visa färre...
Språk
Engelska (33166)
Svenska (1141)
Odefinierat språk (233)
Kinesiska (32)
Spanska (28)
Tyska (24)
visa fler...
Franska (20)
Ryska (17)
Finska (12)
Norska (9)
Italienska (7)
Danska (6)
Polska (3)
Ungerska (3)
Portugisiska (2)
Japanska (2)
Tjeckiska (1)
Samiska (1)
visa färre...
Forskningsämne (UKÄ/SCB)
Medicin och hälsovetenskap (13607)
Naturvetenskap (7768)
Samhällsvetenskap (5318)
Teknik (1446)
Humaniora (1363)
Lantbruksvetenskap (911)

År

 
pil uppåt Stäng

Kopiera och spara länken för att återkomma till aktuell vy