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Sökning: swepub > Umeå universitet > Refereegranskat > Högskolan i Halmstad > Engelska

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1.
  • Kristofferzon, Marja-Leena, et al. (författare)
  • Evaluation of a Swedish version of the Watts Sexual Function Questionnaire (WSFQ) in persons with heart disease : A pilot study
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing. - 1474-5151. ; 9:3, s. 168-174
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: As part of preparation for a Swedish multicentre study, exploring sexual and married life in patients with myocardial infarction and their partners, a Swedish validated instrument was required.Aims: The aim of this pilot study was to evaluate the validity and reliability of a Swedish version of the Watts Sexual Function Questionnaire (WSFQ) among persons with a heart disease.Methods: A convenience sample of 79 persons (47 men and 32 women) living with a heart disease was recruited from the members of the National Association of Heart and Lung Patients. They completed a Swedish version of the WSFQ on two occasions.Results: Two separate factor analyses each revealed a two-factor structure on both occasions: “Sexual appetite” and “Sexual expectations” with gender-neutral questions and “Sexual sensitiveness” and “Sexual ability” with gender-specific questions. Cronbach's alpha coefficients ranged from 0.48 to 0.86 and test–retest values for all but one question exceeded 0.70.Conclusions: The Swedish version of the WSFQ showed good validity and stability and acceptable internal homogeneity. Extended evaluations of the questionnaire are recommended.
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2.
  • Rask, Mikael, et al. (författare)
  • Validity and reliability of a Swedish version of the Relationship Assessment Scale (RAS) : a pilot study
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Canadian journal of cardiovascular nursing. - Ottawa : Canadian Council of Cardiovascular Nurses. - 0843-6096. ; 20:1, s. 16-21
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: There is a need for a short and easily administered scale, in the Swedish language, for assessing partner relationships in the health care of persons with cardiac disease. PURPOSE: To establish the reliability and validity of the Swedish version of the Relationship Assessment Scale (RAS). DESIGN: The present pilot study has a methodological design. FINDINGS: Content validity has been tested for relevance, clarity and readability. The scale was tested for construct validity with explorative factor analysis. The reliability was tested by internal consistency and test-retest analysis. The result showed a two-factor solution, which does not correspond to the original proposed one-factor solution. The factor analyses revealed two quite distinct factors of RAS, labelled "Relationship built on expectations and satisfaction of needs" and "Relationship built on love and devotion". CONCLUSIONS: The scale has satisfactory psychometric properties in terms of content validity, construct validity, homogeneity and stability in a population of persons with cardiac disease. Wider evaluations of the RAS for other populations and settings are recommended.
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3.
  • Nilsson, Ulrica, et al. (författare)
  • Sex Knowledge in Males and Females Recovering From a Myocardial Infarction: : A Brief Communication
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Clinical Nursing Research. - SAGE Publications (UK and US). - 1054-7738. ; 21:4, s. 486-494
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The purpose of this article was to explore sexual knowledge in persons who had suffered from myocardial infarction (MI). Seventy-six Swedish persons completed the "Sex after MI Knowledge Test" questionnaire. Overall, 53% of the men and 45% of the women scored maximum in the test. In a comparison between sexes, the men scored significantly more often a correct answer compared to the women for two out of the 25 items. The levels of correct answers were less then 50% for 14 out of the 25 items in both sexes. In conclusion we found that people who had suffered MI had poor levels of knowledge about sex and that there were some differences concerning lesser knowledge among the females in comparison to males. In regard to application, using a validated instrument facilitates an interactive communication between the patient and health care professionals, and opens up for a tailored education in line with the patients and his or her partners needs.
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4.
  • Fredriksson, Ulf, et al. (författare)
  • Reading and education for students of immigrant origin in some Swedish municipalities
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: US-China Education Review. - Libertyville, IL : David Publishing Company. - 1548-6613. ; 6:11, s. 17-32
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Researchers from Mid Sweden University and Kalmar University organised surveys on reading skills in Swedish municipalities. This paper will focus on the surveys made in four municipalities between 2002 and 2007. All students in grade 8 in these four municipalities participated in the surveys-in total 16, 287 students. These surveys included a reading test for the students and information about the students collected from the teachers, including participation in instruction in Swedish as a second language and in their mother tongues. Students of immigrant origin in Sweden are offered the possibility to participate in instruction in Swedish as a second language and in instruction in the student's mother tongue. No obvious trends over time in the participation in Swedish as a second language and mother tongue instruction were found in the four municipalities on the tests we gave, in spite of national trends. There was no difference in results on the reading tests in Swedish between those students who participated in mother tongue instruction and those who did not, but there was a difference in test results between those who participated in Swedish as a second language and those who did not. Those who did not participate (in Swedish as a second language instruction) did, on average, score higher on the test. When different language groups are compared, it can be noted that a majority in all groups of immigrant students neither participate in Swedish as a second language nor in mother tongue instruction. However, there are important differences between boys and girls and between language groups. Girls seemed to be more willing than boys to participate in voluntary mother tongue instruction, while boys more often than girls had to participate in compulsory lessons in Swedish as a second language.
5.
  • Svedberg, Petra, et al. (författare)
  • Psychometric evaluation of a Swedish version of Krantz Health Opinion Survey
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Open Journal of Nursing. - 2162-5336. ; 2:3, s. 181-187
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The purpose of this study was to evaluate the psy- chometric properties of a Swedish version of The Krantz Health Opinion Survey (KHOS). A conven- ience sample of 79 persons (47 men and 32 women) was recruited from The Heart and Lung Patients’ National Association at ten local meeting places in different areas in Sweden. The questionnaire was examined for face and content validity, internal con-sistency and test-retest reliability. The findings showed that the Swedish version of KHOS is accept- able in terms of face and content validity, internal consistency and test-retest reliability over time among 79 individuals >65 years of age and with a cardiac disease. In conclusion, wider evaluations of the psy- chometric use of KHOS for other populations and settings are recommended.
6.
  • Berglund, Björn, et al. (författare)
  • Efficient removal of antibiotics in surface-flow constructed wetlands, with no observed impact on antibiotic resistance genes.
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Science of the Total Environment. - Elsevier. - 0048-9697. ; 476-477, s. 29-37
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Recently, there have been growing concerns about pharmaceuticals including antibiotics as environmental contaminants. Antibiotics of concentrations commonly encountered in wastewater have been suggested to affect bacterial population dynamics and to promote dissemination of antibiotic resistance. Conventional wastewater treatment processes do not always adequately remove pharmaceuticals causing environmental dissemination of low levels of these compounds. Using constructed wetlands as an additional treatment step after sewage treatment plants have been proposed as a cheap alternative to increase reduction of wastewater contaminants, however this means that the natural microbial community of the wetlands becomes exposed to elevated levels of antibiotics. In this study, experimental surface-flow wetlands in Sweden were continuously exposed to antibiotics of concentrations commonly encountered in wastewater. The aim was to assess the antibiotic removal efficiency of constructed wetlands and to evaluate the impact of low levels of antibiotics on bacterial diversity, resistance development and expression in the wetland bacterial community. Antibiotic concentrations were measured using liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry and the effect on the bacterial diversity was assessed with 16S rRNA-based denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis. Real-time PCR was used to detect and quantify antibiotic resistance genes and integrons in the wetlands, during and after the exposure period. The results indicated that the antibiotic removal efficiency of constructed wetlands was comparable to conventional wastewater treatment schemes. Furthermore, short-term treatment of the constructed wetlands with environmentally relevant concentrations (i.e. 100-2000 ng×l(-1)) of antibiotics did not significantly affect resistance gene concentrations, suggesting that surface-flow constructed wetlands are well-suited for wastewater treatment purposes.
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7.
  • Nyholm, Maria, et al. (författare)
  • Exploring dietary patterns, obesity and sources of bias: the Västerbotten Intervention Programme (VIP).
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Public Health Nutrition. ; 16:4, s. 631-638
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • OBJECTIVE: Dietary patterns capture the overall diet and thereby provide information on how nutrients are consumed in combinations, and have been suggested to be a better method than studying single nutrients. The present study explored the relationship between dietary patterns at baseline and incidence of obesity at 10-year follow-up in women.DESIGN: A longitudinal study using baseline measurements from 1992-1996, including food intake, medication, heredity, socio-economic status, lifestyle and measured body composition, and follow-up data collected in 2002-2006 including measured body composition.SETTING: Data from the Västerbotten Intervention Programme (VIP) in Sweden. SUBJECTS: A total of 6545 initially non-obese women aged 30-50 years.RESULTS: Among women reporting plausible energy intakes, the 'Fruit and vegetables cluster' predicted the highest incidence of obesity (OR = 1·76, 95 % CI 1·11, 2·76; P = 0·015) compared with women in the other food pattern groups combined. When adjusting for metabolic factors and BMI at baseline, the risk for obesity in the 'Fruit and vegetables cluster' was attenuated to non-significance. In contrast, high intake of fruit per se was associated with a decreased risk of developing obesity (OR = 0·69, 95 % CI 0·51, 0·91; P = 0·010).CONCLUSIONS: Dietary pattern groups identified by cluster analysis are likely to reflect characteristics in addition to diet, including lifestyle, previous and current health status and risk factors for future disease, whereas intake of fruit per se was a stable indicator and less affected by baseline characteristics. These results underscore the need for complementary methods in understanding diet-disease relationships.
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8.
  • Rosell, Magdalena, et al. (författare)
  • The relation between alcohol intake and physical activity and the fatty acids 14 : 0, 15 : 0 and 17 : 0 in serum phospholipids and adipose tissue used as markers for dairy fat intake.
  • 2005
  • Ingår i: Br J Nutr. - 0007-1145. ; 93:1, s. 115-21
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The relative contents of the fatty acids 14 : 0, 15 : 0 and 17 : 0 in serum and adipose tissue may be used as biological markers of dairy fat intake. However, the determinants of these fatty acids are not fully understood. This study investigates the relationship between these fatty acids and the intake of macronutrients and physical activity in a cross-sectional study of 301 healthy men aged 61-64 years. Dietary intake was assessed using a pre-coded 7 d food record, and physical activity during the previous year was recorded in an interview. Under-reporters of energy intake were identified by the Goldberg cut-off. Fatty acid composition was determined in serum phospholipids (PL) and subcutaneous adipose tissue (AT) from the upper buttock. The relative content of each of 14 : 0, 15 : 0 and 17 : 0 in PL and AT was positively associated with the intake of dairy fat. In addition, all three fatty acids were inversely correlated with alcohol intake, R ranging from -0.28 to -0.53 (P<0.001). The results were not markedly affected when under-reporters n>88) were excluded from the analyses. In both PL and AT, the relative content of the fatty acids was approximately 5% higher in a group of high physical activity compared with a group of low physical activity, although significant trends were only seen for 14 : 0 in PL and 17 : 0 in AT. The findings suggest that adjustments should be made for alcohol intake when the fatty acids 14 : 0, 15 : 0 and 17 : 0 are applied as markers for dairy fat intake.
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9.
  • Sköldstam, Lars, et al. (författare)
  • Weight reduction is not a major reason for improvement in rheumatoid arthritis from lacto-vegetarian, vegan or Mediterranean diets
  • 2005
  • Ingår i: Nutrition Journal. - London : BioMed Central. - 1475-2891. ; 4:4, s. 15
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objectives: Several investigators have reported that clinical improvements of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), from participating in therapeutic diet intervention studies, have been accompanied by loss of body weight. This has raised the question whether weight reduction per se can improve RA. In order to test this hypothesis, three previously conducted diet intervention studies, comprising 95 patients with RA, were pooled. Together with Age, Gender, and Disease Duration, change during the test period in body weight, characterised dichotomously as reduction or no reduction (dichoΔBody Weight), as well as Diet (dichotomously as ordinary diet or test diet), were the independent variables. Dependent variables were the difference (Δ) from baseline to conclusion of the study in five different disease outcome measures. ΔESR and ΔPain Score were both characterised numerically and dichotomously (improvement or no improvement). ΔAcute Phase Response, ΔPhysical Function, and ΔTender Joint Count were characterised dichotomously only. Multiple logistic regression was used to analyse associations between the independent and the disease outcome variables. Results: Statistically significant correlations were found between Diet and three disease outcome variables i.e. ΔAcute-Phase Response, ΔPain Score, and ΔPhysical Function. Δ Body Weight was univariately only correlated to ΔAcute-Phase Response but not significant when diet was taken into account. Conclusion: Body weight reduction did not significantly contribute to the improvement in rheumatoid arthritis when eating lacto-vegetarian, vegan or Mediterranean diets. © 2005 Sköldstam et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.
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10.
  • Sundström, Björn, et al. (författare)
  • Plasma phospholipid fatty acid content is related to disease activity in ankylosing spondylitis
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Journal of Rheumatology. - Toronto : Journal of Rheumatology Pub. Co.. - 0315-162X. ; 39:2, s. 327-333
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objectives: To investigate the fatty acid composition in the diet, plasma phospholipids, and adipose tissue among a cohort of patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS), and to determine their correlation to disease activity and blood lipids in a cross-sectionally designed study.Methods: Diet was assessed using a food frequency questionnaire on 66 patients with AS. The polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) in plasma phospholipids and gluteal adipose tissue were measured using gas chromatography. Disease status was quantified using the Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Index (BASDAI), erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), high sensitivity C-reactive protein and pro-inflammatory cytokines.Results: Diet did not correlate to disease activity assessed by the BASDAI, but there were negative correlation between the dietary intake of long-chained omega-3 fatty acids and ESR (rs=-0.27, p<0.05). The plasma phospholipid content of arachidonic acid (AA) correlated significantly with the BASDAI score (rs=0.39, p<0.01). There were correlations between the intake of long-chained omega-3 fatty acids and high-density lipoproteins as well as to serum triglycerides (rs=0.26 and rs=-0.25; respectively, p<0.05).Conclusion: There was a positive correlation between levels of AA in plasma phospholipids and disease activity assessed by BASDAI in patients with AS. A western diet does not appear to influence this correlation, but seems to affect blood lipids involved in atherogenic processes. 
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