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Sökning: swepub > Umeå universitet > Refereegranskat > Norberg Astrid > Dahlqvist Vera

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1.
  • Dahlqvist, Vera, et al. (författare)
  • Dealing with stress : patterns of self-comfort among healthcare students.
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Nurse Education Today. - 0260-6917. ; 28:4, s. 476-84
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Stress among healthcare students is a growing problem. As self-comfort is assumed to be a way of coping with stressful emotions, the aim of this study was to describe the patterns of self-comforting actions that healthcare students usually use in distress. One hundred and sixty-eight healthcare students volunteered to write down accounts of what they do when they comfort themselves. Their accounts were analysed using qualitative content analysis. The findings reveal two themes: Ingressing and Transcending. Ingressing comprises the sub-themes Unloading, Distracting, Nurturing oneself, Withdrawing and Reassuring. Transcending comprises the sub-themes Opening up and Finding new perspectives. These findings are in line with some stress-reducing strategies described in the literature on stress management. Winnicott's theory about the phenomenon of transition is used to interpret the findings. In the light of Winnicott's theory, self-comforting measures can be comprehended as the ability to transfer early childhood experiences of being nurtured and comforted into well-adapted strategies to effect relaxation and gain strength.
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2.
  • Dahlqvist, Vera, et al. (författare)
  • Development of the perceptions of conscience questionnaire.
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: Nursing Ethics. - 0969-7330. ; 14:2, s. 181-193
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Health care often involves ethically difficult situations that may disquiet the conscience. The purpose of this study was to develop a questionnaire for identifying various perceptions of conscience within a framework based on the literature and on explorative interviews about perceptions of conscience (Perceptions of Conscience Questionnaire). The questionnaire was tested on a sample of 444 registered nurses, enrolled nurses, nurses' assistants and physicians. The data were analysed using principal component analysis to explore possible dimensions of perceptions of conscience. The results showed six dimensions, found also in theory and empirical health care studies. Conscience was perceived as authority, a warning signal, demanding sensitivity, an asset, a burden and depending on culture. We conclude that the Perceptions of Conscience Questionnaire is valid for assessing some perceptions of conscience relevant to health care providers.
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3.
  • Dahlqvist, Vera, et al. (författare)
  • Facing inadequacy and being good enough : psychiatric care providers' narratives about experiencing and coping with troubled conscience.
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing. - 1351-0126. ; 16:3, s. 242-7
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The aim of this study is to illuminate the meaning of encounters with a troubled conscience among psychiatric therapists. Psychiatric care involves ethical dilemmas which may affect conscience. Conscience relates to keeping or losing a sense of personal integrity when making judgments about one's actions. Ten psychiatric therapists were interviewed in June 2006. The interviews were tape-recorded, transcribed verbatim and interpreted using a phenomenological-hermeneutic method. Two themes 'Facing inadequacy' and 'Struggling to view oneself as being 'good enough'' are presented. In the therapists interviewed, awareness of their use of power, a sense of powerlessness and a sense of blame gave rise to feelings of betrayals and shameful inadequacy. By sharing their inadequacy with co-workers, they managed to endure the sense of their inadequacy which otherwise would have threatened to paralyse them. Finding consolation in sharing wearing feelings, becoming realistic and attesting their worthiness, they reached reconciliation and found confirmation of being good enough. The findings are interpreted in light of Lögstrup's ethics of trust, according to which conscience alerts us to silent but radical ethical demand and the risk of self-deception.
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4.
  • Glasberg, Ann-Louise, et al. (författare)
  • Development and initial validation of the Stress of Conscience Questionnaire
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: Nursing Ethics. - 0969-7330. ; 13:6, s. 633-648
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Stress in health care is affected by moral factors. When people are prevented from doing 'good' they may feel that they have not done what they ought to or that they have erred, thus giving rise to a troubled conscience. Empirical studies show that health care personnel sometimes refer to conscience when talking about being in ethically difficult everyday care situations. This study aimed to construct and validate the Stress of Conscience Questionnaire (SCQ), a nine-item instrument for assessing stressful situations and the degree to which they trouble the conscience. The items were based on situations previously documented as causing negative stress for health care workers. Content and face validity were established by expert panels and pilot studies that selected relevant items and modified or excluded ambiguous ones. A convenience sample of 444 health care personnel indicated that the SCQ had acceptable validity and internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha exceeded 0.83 for the overall scale). Explorative factor analysis identified and labelled two factors: 'internal demands' and 'external demands and restrictions'. The findings suggest that the SCQ is a concise and practical instrument for use in various health care contexts.
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5.
  • Ångström-Brännström, Charlotte, 1957-, et al. (författare)
  • Parents' experiences of what comforts them when their child is suffering from cancer
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Journal of Pediatric Oncology Nursing. - 1043-4542. ; 27:5, s. 266-275
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The aim of the study was to describe parents' narratives concerning what they find comforting when they have a child suffering from cancer. Interviews were conducted with 9 parents--8 mothers and 1 father--of children aged 3 to 9 years who were admitted to a pediatric oncology ward and had undergone their first treatment. The findings showed that the parents derived comfort from being close to their child, perceiving the child's strength, feeling at home in the ward, being a family and being at home, and receiving support from their social network. Comfort experienced in communion with the child and others became important and helped the parents build a new normality perceived as being at home in life despite all their difficulties. Within the frame of communion, the parents seemed to experience moments of hope for their child's recovery and survival.
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6.
  • Ångström-Brännström, Charlotte, et al. (författare)
  • Victor and the Dragon : A Young Child’s Experiences of Discomfort and Comfort, From Diagnosis Until Death
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Journal of Hospice and Palliative Nursing. - 1522-2179. ; 15:8, s. 464-470
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Children with progressive cancer often suffer during treatment and at the end of their life, and they need comfort. This study's aim was to describe a child's experiences of being cared for until death, with a focus on discomfort and comfort. Conversations, field notes, drawings, and interviews with the child and his mother and nurse were content analyzed. The themes enduring unbearable situations, expressing emotional suffering, and finding comfort were constructed. The children's parents and other family members are often a significant source of help for the children to endure discomfort and find comfort. Emotional suffering can be expressed in drawing and crying, but sometimes, a child is inconsolable and must endure discomfort. Comfort for a dying child is enhanced by having the family close, experiencing normal daily activities such as drawing and playing, and feeling at home in life despite approaching death.
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