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Sökning: swepub > Umeå universitet > Refereegranskat > Norberg Astrid

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  • Oresland, Stina, et al. (författare)
  • Nurses as guests or professionals in home health care
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Nursing Ethics. - 0969-7330. ; 15:3, s. 371-383
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The aim of this study was to explore and interpret the diverse subject of positions, or roles, that nurses construct when caring for patients in their own home. Ten interviews were analysed and interpreted using discourse analysis. The findings show that these nurses working in home care constructed two positions: ;guest' and ;professional'. They had to make a choice between these positions because it was impossible to be both at the same time. An ethics of care and an ethics of justice were present in these positions, both of which create diverse ethical appeals, that is, implicit demands to perform according to a guest or to a professional norm.
  • Mamhidir, Anna-Greta, et al. (författare)
  • Weight increase in patients with dementia, and alteration in meal routines and meal environment after integrity promoting care.
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: Journal of Clinical Nursing. - 0962-1067. ; 16:5, s. 987-96
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • AIMS: To follow weight changes in patients with moderate and severe dementia and analyse how these changes related to biological and psychological parameters after staff education and support in integrity promoting care. A further aim was to describe meal environment and routines relative to the intervention. BACKGROUND: Weight loss in patients with dementia and in particular Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is common. The etiology appears multifactorial with the meal environment and a decreased independence while eating among the factors. METHOD: Over a three-month intervention period, an integrity-promoting care training program was conducted with the staff of a long-term ward. AD patients, 18 from an intervention ward and 15 from a control ward were included and possible effects were evaluated. Weighing was conducted at the start and after completion of the intervention. Weight changes were analyzed in relation to psychological and biochemical parameters. In addition, the staff wrote diaries about e.g. changes made in the environment and in their work.RESULTS: The most prominent difference observed was weight increases in 13 of 18 patients compared to two of 15 patients in the control ward. No weight changes were related to the type of dementia. The individual weight changes correlated significant to changes in the intellectual functions. Relationships between weight change, increased motor function and increased appetite were non-significant. There was no significant relationship between weight changes and changes in biochemical parameters. According to the staff, increased contact with the patients and a more pleasant atmosphere resulted when the meal environment and routines were changed. RELEVANCE TO CLINICAL PRACTICE: Weight gain in patients with moderate and severe dementia was achieved by adjusting the meal environment to the individual’s needs. Staff education was profitable, as increased competence seemed to promote individually adapted feeding situations. Ensuring good meal situations need to be given high priority.
  • Oresland, Stina, et al. (författare)
  • Patients as 'safeguard' and nurses as 'substitute' in home health care
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Nursing Ethics. - Sage Publications. - 0969-7330. ; 16:2, s. 219-230
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • One aim of this study was to explore the role, or subject position, patients take in the care they receive from nurses in their own home. Another was to examine the subject position that patients say the nurses take when giving care to them in their own home. Ten interviews were analysed and interpreted according to a discourse analytical method. The findings show that patients constructed their subject position as 'safeguard', and the nurses' subject position as 'substitute' for themselves. These subject positions provided the opportunities, and the obstacles, for the patients' possibilities to receive care in their home. The subject positions described have ethical repercussions and illuminate that the patients put great demands on tailored care.
  • Mazaheri, Monir, et al. (författare)
  • Clear conscience grounded in relations : Expressions of Persian-speaking nurses in Sweden
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Nursing ethics. - 0969-7330. ; 3:1, s. 349-361
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: Conscience is an important concept in ethics, having various meanings in different cultures. Because a growing number of healthcare professionals are of immigrant background, particularly within the care of older people, demanding multiple ethical positions, it is important to explore the meaning of conscience among care providers within different cultural contexts.Research objective: The study aimed to illuminate the meaning of conscience by enrolled nurses with an Iranian background working in residential care for Persian-speaking people with dementia.Research design: A phenomenological hermeneutical method guided the study.Participants and research context: A total of 10 enrolled nurses with Iranian background, aged 33–46 years, participated in the study. All worked full time in residential care settings for Persian-speaking people with dementia in a large city, in Sweden.Ethical considerations: The study was approved by the Regional Ethical Review Board for ethical vetting of research involving humans. Participants were given verbal and written study information and assured that their participation was voluntary and confidential.Findings: Three themes were constructed including perception of conscience, clear conscience grounded in relations and striving to keep a clear conscience. The conscience was perceived as an inner guide grounded in feelings, which is dynamic and subject to changes throughout life. Having a clear conscience meant being able to form a bond with others, to respect them and to get their confirmation that one does well. To have a clear conscience demanded listening to the voice of the conscience. The enrolled nurses strived to keep their conscience clear by being generous in helping others, accomplishing daily tasks well and behaving nicely in the hope of being treated the same way one day.Conclusion: Cultural frameworks and the context of practice needed to be considered in interpreting the meaning of conscience and clear conscience.
  • Eggers, Thomas, et al. (författare)
  • Nursing Staff's Understanding Expressions of People With Advanced Dementia Disease
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Research and Theory for Nursing Practice. - 1541-6577. ; 27:1, s. 19-34
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • People with advanced dementia disease (ADD) are known to have communication difficulties and thus it presents a challenge in understanding the expressions of these people. Because successful communication presupposes cooperation at least between 2 individuals, both individual's actions must be acknowledged. The aim of this study is to describe nursing staff's ways of understanding the expressions of people with ADD when communicating with them. Interviews from 8 nursing staff were analyzed using qualitative content analysis. Two themes were constructed: "Being in communication" and "Doing communication." Being in communication means that nursing staff perceive people with ADD as being capable of communication. Doing communication means that nursing staff attempt different individualized strategies to understand what people with ADD communicate. Good care of people with ADD presupposes nursing staff that are willing and able to relate to other people and to maintain good care for people with ADD continuous education and supervision are needed.
  • Fagerberg, Ingegerd, et al. (författare)
  • “Learning by doing” : Or how to reach an understanding of the research method phenomenological hermeneutics
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Nurse Education Today. - 0260-6917. ; 29:7, s. 735-739
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • One problem addressed in teaching graduate students qualitative research methods is practising the cognitive and conative skills that students need to generate both rich data and meaningful analysis.The aim of the study was to illuminate development in a group of pre-doctoral and doctoral students as they learnt the phenomenological hermeneutics research method.In a course comprising 18 doctoral students we used the “guided path” pedagogical approach and decided to use a subject of which everyone has lived experience, “troubled conscience”, for the phenomenological hermeneutic analysis conducted with the students. As the students progressed in their learning experience of the research method, they analysed their data according to the steps in the method, and we as teachers conducted separate analyses of the same data.The results point in the same direction as previous studies in the field. This is discussed in terms of strength of the pedagogical approach and the students’ learning, since despite the fact that their data are limited and not very detailed they were able to come up with results that were in line with previous research.
  • Hedman, Ragnhild, et al. (författare)
  • Expressed Sense of Self by People With Alzheimer’s Disease in a Support Group Interpreted in Terms of Agency and Communion
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Journal of Applied Gerontology. - 0733-4648. ; 35:4, s. 421-443
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The self is constructed in cooperation with other people and social context influences how people perceive and express it. People with Alzheimer’s disease (AD) often receive insufficient support in constructing their preferred selves, but little is known about how they express themselves together with other people with AD. In accordance with Harré’s social constructionist theory of self, this study aimed to describe how five people with mild and moderate AD express their Self 2 (i.e., their personal attributes and life histories) in a support group with a facilitator experienced in communicating with people with AD. The participants’ expressions of their Self 2 were analyzed with qualitative abductive content analysis and interpreted in terms of agency and communion and a lack of agency and communion. The findings highlight the importance of supporting a sense of agency and communion when assisting people with AD in constructing their self.
  • Hedman, Ragnhild, 1962-, et al. (författare)
  • How people with Alzheimer's disease express their sense of self : Analysis using Rom Harré's theory of selfhood
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Dementia. - 1471-3012. ; 12:6, s. 713-733
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The aim of this study was to use Harré’s social constructionist theory of selfhood to describe how people with mild and moderate Alzheimer’s disease (AD) express their sense of self. The findings show that Self 1, the embodied sense of being a person, was expressed fluently by participants through the use of first-person indexicals. Self 2, the experienced personal attributes and life narrative, had undergone changes. Those changes were not entirely for the worse; participants had also developed new skills in managing life with AD. In a lifetime perspective, those changes were minor and participants perceived themselves to be basically the same people that they were before having AD. When constructing Self 3, the social personae, participants usually described being supported by others, but sometimes described being exposed to malignant positioning. They also feared that they might become more exposed to negative attitudes as their AD progressed. However, participants were understanding towards the offensive behaviours of others.
  • Hedman, Ragnhild, 1962-, et al. (författare)
  • Social positioning by people with Alzheimer's disease in a support group
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Journal of Aging Studies. - 0890-4065. ; 28, s. 11-21
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • People with Alzheimer's disease (AD) are often negatively positioned by others, resulting in difficulties upholding a positive sense of self. This might cause them to withdraw socially and apparently 'lose their minds'. Conversely, the sense of self can be strengthened with the support from others. This study aimed to describe, in accordance with positioning theory, how people with moderate AD positioned themselves and each other in a support group for people with AD. We describe five first-order positions; the project manager, the storyteller, the moral agent, the person burdened with AD, and the coping person. In the interactions that followed among the support group participants, those positions were mainly affirmed. This enabled participants to construct strong and agentic personae, and to have the severity of their illness acknowledged. Despite their language impairment participants managed to position and reposition themselves and others by assistance of the trained facilitator.
  • Hellzén, Ove, et al. (författare)
  • The meaning of caring as described by nurses caring for a person who acts provokingly : an interview study.
  • 2004
  • Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences. - 0283-9318. ; 18:1, s. 3-11
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Nurses working with people with learning disabilities are sometimes exposed to provoking behaviour such as unpredictable and violent actions, spitting and sexual harassment. Eight nurses at a group dwelling in Sweden were interviewed about their experiences when caring for a person who acts provokingly. Narrative interviews were conducted and interpreted using a method inspired by Ricoeur. Three themes were formulated which describe nurses' feelings of being tormented, disrupted and helpless. Nurses describe themselves as being deeply humiliated by physical violence, spittle, sexual invective and actions on the part of the patient. They respond more to being spat on and the sexual invective than to the patient's physical violence. The frequent humiliations could be seen as a symbolic language connected to defilement and 'evil' and therefore as having a deep symbolic meaning for the nurses. These results were interpreted and reflected on in the light of a theoretical framework from an affliction perspective in order to achieve a deeper understanding of the text. This paper shows that an affliction perspective is important when searching for the meaning of caring for a patient who acts provokingly. The study indicates that the goal in a provoking care situation must be to see the provoking patient, as he appears to the nurses in order to glimpse the goodness concealed behind the provoking facade.
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