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Sökning: swepub > Umeå universitet > Tidskriftsartikel > (1990-1994) > Riklund Katrine

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  • Riklund, Katrine, et al. (författare)
  • Experimental radioimmunotherapy of HeLa tumours in nude mice with 131I-labeled monoclonal antibodies.
  • 1990
  • Ingår i: Anticancer Research. - 0250-7005. ; 10:2A, s. 379-84
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The radioimmunotherapeutic potential of 131I-labeled monoclonal antibodies was investigated in 36 nude mice (BALB/c nu/nu) inoculated s.c. with the HeLa Hep 2 human adenocarcinoma cell line. The membrane bound tumour associated antigen placental alkaline phosphatase and several intracellular cytokeratins served as targets for the antibodies. The specific radioactivity in each organ was determined after i.p. injection of the 131I-labeled antibodies (0.2-0.3 mg, approximately 15 MBq/animal), and high localization to the tumours was seen. Significant growth inhibition was observed after injection of the radiolabeled monoclonal antibody H7 against the placental alkaline phosphatase, which reduced the tumour growth to only 12% during a 3 week period compared to a growth of more than 100% for the controls. Animal weight losses were seen. Synthesis of endogenous antibodies to the target antigens was found to be significant. Morphometric evaluation of the relations between stroma, tumour cells and necrotic areas in the tumours after radioimmunotherapy demonstrated a significant increase of the mean relative connective tissue volume and a significant decreased mean of relative volume of tumour cells in the group treated with iodinated antiplacental alkaline phosphatase antibody. This therapeutic principle is encouraging and may offer new possibilities for future treatment of some malignant diseases.
  • Riklund, Katrine, et al. (författare)
  • Inhibition of growth of HeLa cell tumours in nude mice by 125I-labeled anticytokeratin and antiPLAP monoclonal antibodies.
  • 1991
  • Ingår i: Anticancer Research. - 0250-7005. ; 11:2, s. 555-560
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The radiommunotherapeutic potential of 125I-labeled monoclonal antibodies was investigated in 48 nude mice (BALB/c, nu/nu) inoculated s.c. with the HeLa Hep 2 human adenocarcinoma cell line. This isotope, 125I, which is not commonly used for therapeutic purposes caused significant decrease in tumour growth from day 10 to day 42, when coupled to monoclonal antibodies directed against placental alkaline phosphatase (H7) or cytokeratins (TS1). The average growth rate was approximately 50-60% of that observed in the untreated control group after 42 days. The specific radioactivity in each organ 42 days after injection of radiolabeled monoclonal antibodies, indicated that these target antigens retain significant amounts of radiolabeled antibody in the tumours for at least 6 weeks after injection. No weight loss was seen in the animals during this experiment. By use of autoradiographic techniques, the labeled monoclonal antibodies were visualized deep in tumours in characteristic patterns representative of viable tumour cells (H7) and necrotic areas (TS1). The therapeutic approach using 125I labeled antibodies is encouraging and may offer new dimensions in radioimmunotherapy.
  • Riklund, Katrine, et al. (författare)
  • Radioimmunodetection of ovarian cancer.
  • 1993
  • Ingår i: Acta Oncologica. - 0284-186X. ; 32:7-8, s. 729-734
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Radioimmunoscintigraphy (RIS) is a potentially valuable method for the detection of primary, secondary and recurrent malignant tumours. Antigens that have been used for monitoring as well as for RIS of ovarian carcinomas include CA 125, PLAP, HMFG, and CA 19-9. Between 70 and 100% of the tumours have been detected at RIS when these antigens have been used. Conventional methods, e.g., computerized tomography (CT) and ultrasonography (US), demonstrate similar or lower detection rate than RIS for tumour diagnosis. RIS gives additional information to conventional radiological methods (CT and US) for the detection of occult ovarian carcinomas. A review of earlier investigations is given and our own recent results using PLAP as a target antigen are presented. The future potential of the technology is discussed.
  • Riklund, Katrine, et al. (författare)
  • Radioimmunoscintigraphy of gynecologic tumors with 131I-labeled anti-PLAP monoclonal antibodies.
  • 1991
  • Ingår i: Acta Radiologica. - 0284-1851. ; 32:5, s. 375-380
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Radioimmunoscintigraphy (RIS) was performed in 20 patients with gynecologic tumors, 14 ovarian, 5 cervical, and one endometrial carcinoma. One murine monoclonal antibody (mab) against placental alkaline phosphatase (H7) was used after radiolabeling with 131I. The labeling procedure yielded antibodies with specific activity varying between 60 and 73 MBq/mg mab. Each patient received 57 to 100 MBq of the preparation. RIS was performed 7 to 35 days later. Patients with ovarian adenocarcinoma had an accumulation of activity on RIS at tumor sites (79%, 11/14) verified by ultrasonography, CT, and clinical examination. A low or absent accumulation of activity was seen in patients with cervical tumors. The patient with an endometrial adenocarcinoma was seen to have an activity accumulation at RIS corresponding to tumor sites determined by ultrasound and/or CT. It is concluded that RIS using monoclonal antibodies against placental alkaline phosphatase can provide information which will supplement that gained from other investigations of patients with ovarian adenocarcinomas.
  • Stigbrand, Torgny, et al. (författare)
  • Alternative technologies to generate monoclonal antibodies.
  • 1993
  • Ingår i: Acta Oncologica. - 0284-186X. ; 32:7-8, s. 841-844
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Several new technologies to generate and modify established hybridomas that produce monoclonal antibodies have recently been presented and further development should make them more suitable for diagnostic and therapeutic techniques. Different proteolytic procedures have been used for the fragmentation of intact antibodies to Fab2' and Fab fragments and recombinant DNA techniques have made it possible to obtain chimeric, humanized, Fv fragments and single-chain Fvs. A review of the new approaches is presented and the future implications are discussed.
  • Stigbrand, Torgny, et al. (författare)
  • Placental alkaline phosphatase (PLAP)/PLAP-like alkaline phosphatase as tumour marker in relation to CA 125 and TPA for ovarian epithelial tumours.
  • 1990
  • Ingår i: European journal of gynaecological oncology. - 0392-2936. ; 11:5, s. 351-360
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The significance of the PLAP (Placental alkaline phosphatase)/PLAP-like isozyme as tumour marker in relation to CA 125 and TPA for the monitoring of patients with malignant ovarian epithelial tumours was evaluated. Of all patients (n = 85), 40% had all three markers elevated. CA 125 being the most sensitive (60%), and the PLAP/PLAP-like isozyme and TPA both 40%. A tendency to certain tumour marker patterns of these three antigens in serum can be seen with regard to histopathology. Serous and anaplastic adenocarcinomas usually have all three markers moderately elevated, mucinous and mesonephric adenocarcinomas both have low incidences and low average levels of all three markers. Endometrioid and non-mucinous adenocarcinomas are often associated with high levels of the PLAP/PLAP-like isozyme and CA 125, while TPA shows moderate elevation. The PLAP/PLAP-like isozyme is positively correlated to tumour burden and the outcome of the disease. It may provide additional information on CA 125 in the monitoring of patients with ovarian cancer.
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