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  • Bernbäck, S, et al. (författare)
  • Bovine pregastric lipase : a model for the human enzyme with respect to properties relevant to its site of action.
  • 1987
  • Ingår i: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta. - 0006-3002. ; 922:2, s. 206-13
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Preduodenal lipolysis is considered to promote efficient lipid digestion in the neonatal period. The lipase(s) responsible may be of pregastric or gastric origin depending upon the species. We have previously reported on purification and molecular characterization of a pregastric lipase from calf. Antibodies to this bovine enzyme crossreact with a protein of similar size in human gastric contents and also inhibit its lipolytic activity. Since the bovine and human enzymes also have similar kinetic properties, the view is favoured that the bovine enzyme can be used as a model for physiological studies relevant to human neonates. In contrast to the lipases operating in the small intestine pregastric lipase has the unique property of initiating the hydrolysis of human milk fat globule triacylglycerol. In order to do this no cofactor is required. Pregastric lipase was stable at low pH and had an acid-pH optimum. Furthermore, it was extremely resistant to pepsin. In contrast, pancreatic proteinases, i.e. trypsin and chymotrypsin, inactivated the enzyme. The rate of inactivation was increased in the presence of bile salts which by themselves could inhibit enzyme activity. Thus, pregastric lipase is ideally suited for activity in the stomach but will not, under healthy conditions, contribute to lipid digestion in the duodenum.
  • Bernbäck, S, et al. (författare)
  • Fatty acids generated by gastric lipase promote human milk triacylglycerol digestion by pancreatic colipase-dependent lipase.
  • 1989
  • Ingår i: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta. - 0006-3002. ; 1001:3, s. 286-93
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The concerted action of purified bovine gastric lipase and human pancreatic colipase-dependent lipase and colipase, or crude human pancreatic juice, in the digestion of human milk triacylglycerols was explored in vitro. Gastric lipase hydrolyzed milk triacylglycerol with an initially high rate but became severely inhibited already at low concentration of released fatty acid. In contrast, colipase-dependent lipase could not, by itself, hydrolyze milk triacylglycerol. However, a short preincubation of milk with gastric lipase, resulting in a limited lipolysis, made the milk fat triacylglycerol available for an immediate and rapid hydrolysis by pancreatic juice, and also for purified colipase-dependent lipase, provided colipase and bile salts were present. The same effect was obtained when incubation with gastric lipase was replaced by addition of long-chain fatty acid. Long-chain fatty acid increased the binding of colipase-dependent lipase to the milk fat globule. Binding was efficient only in the presence of both fatty acid and colipase. We conclude that a limited gastric lipolysis of human milk triacylglycerol, resulting in a release of a low concentration of long-chain fatty acids, is of major importance for the subsequent hydrolysis by colipase-dependent lipase in the duodenum.
  • Bernbäck, S, et al. (författare)
  • The complete digestion of human milk triacylglycerol in vitro requires gastric lipase, pancreatic colipase-dependent lipase, and bile salt-stimulated lipase.
  • 1990
  • Ingår i: Journal of Clinical Investigation. - 0021-9738. ; 85:4, s. 1221-6
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Gastric lipase, pancreatic colipase-dependent lipase, and bile salt-stimulated lipase all have potential roles in digestion of human milk triacylglycerol. To reveal the function of each lipase, an in vitro study was carried out with purified lipases and cofactors, and with human milk as substrate. Conditions were chosen to resemble those of the physiologic environment in the gastrointestinal tract of breast-fed infants. Gastric lipase was unique in its ability to initiate hydrolysis of milk triacylglycerol. Activated bile salt-stimulated lipase could not on its own hydrolyze native milk fat globule triacylglycerol, whereas a limited hydrolysis by gastric lipase triggered hydrolysis by bile salt-stimulated lipase. Gastric lipase and colipase-dependent lipase, in combination, hydrolyzed about two thirds of total ester bonds, with monoacylglycerol and fatty acids being the end products. Addition of bile salt-stimulated lipase resulted in hydrolysis also of monoacylglycerol. When acting together with colipase-dependent lipase, bile salt-stimulated lipase contributed also to digestion of tri- and diacylglycerol. We conclude that digestion of human milk triacylglycerol depends on three lipases with unique, only partly overlapping, functions. Their concerted action results in complete digestion with free glycerol and fatty acids as final products.
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  • Resultat 1-4 av 4
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tidskriftsartikel (4)
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refereegranskat (4)
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