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Sökning: swepub > Umeå universitet > Hernell Olle > Engelska > Hörnell Agneta 1964 > Öhlund Inger 1954 > Lind Torbjörn

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1.
  • Öhlund, Inger, 1954-, et al. (författare)
  • BMI at 4 years of age is associated with previous and current protein intake and with paternal BMI
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition. - 0954-3007. ; 64:2, s. 138-145
  • Tidskriftsartikel (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Objectives:To evaluate possible associations between body mass index (BMI) at 4 years of age, current and previous dietary intakes and parental BMI.Methods:A follow-up of dietary intake and anthropometry in 127 4-year-old children corresponding to 54% of children who completed an initial intervention study at 18 months of age.Results:Fourteen percent of the girls and 13% of the boys were overweight (age-adjusted BMI>/=25) and 2% of the girls and 3% of the boys were obese (age-adjusted BMI>/=30). Thirty-four percent and 9% of the fathers and 19 and 7% of the mothers were overweight and obese, respectively. BMI at 6-18 months was a strong predictor of BMI at 4 years. Univariate regression analyses revealed that intake of protein in particular, and also of total energy and carbohydrates at 17/18 months and at 4 years, was positively associated with BMI at 4 years. Although BMI at 6-18 months was the strongest predictor of BMI at 4 years, in the final multivariate models of the child's BMI, protein intake at 17-18 months and at 4 years, energy intake at 4 years and the father's-but not the mother's-BMI were also independent contributing factors.Conclusions:Among these healthy children, BMI at 4 years of age tracked from 6 to 18 months of age and were associated with previous and current protein intake as well as parental BMI, particularly that of the father.
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2.
  • Öhlund, Inger, 1954-, et al. (författare)
  • Dietary fat in infancy should be more focused on quality than on quantity
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition. - Macmillan Publischers Limited. - 0954-3007. ; 62:9, s. 1058-1064
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objective: The primary aim was to assess, the association of the quantity and quality of dietary fat intake from 6 to 12 months of age and serum lipids at 12 months.Subjects/Methods: Three hundred healthy term Swedish infants were recruited in a longitudinal prospective study at the age of 6 months; 276 remained in the study at 12 months. Food records and anthropometric data were collected monthly from 6 to 12 months; serum lipids were analysed at 6 and 12 months.Results: Swedish infants had a total fat intake within the Nordic recommendations, but intake of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) was low (5.6 percent of total energy (E%)) and intake of saturated fatty acids (SAFA) was high (15.1 E%). Higher PUFA intake was associated with lower total serum cholesterol (TC, B=−0.13, P=0.003), lower low-density-lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C, B=−0.12, P=0.004) and apolipoprotein B (B=−0.03) (P=0.034) in girls but not in boys. When data from the present study were compared to data from similar studies in Finland and Iceland, it appears that the quality of the dietary fat has greater impact on serum lipid levels than the quantity of fat in the diet.Conclusions: Higher PUFA and lower SAFA intakes may reduce TC and LDL-C early in life, particularly in girls. Further, with respect to lowering serum lipid concentrations in early childhood it seems appropriate to set focus on fat quality rather than the quantity.
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  • Resultat 1-3 av 3
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övrigt vetenskapligt (2)
refereegranskat (1)
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Lind, Torbjörn, 1966 ... (2)
Stenlund, Hans (1)
Hernell, Olle, 1945- ... (1)
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