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  • Tjang, Yanto Sandy, et al. (författare)
  • Pediatric heart transplantation : current clinical review
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Journal of cardiac surgery. - Wiley-Blackwell. - 0886-0440. ; 23:1, s. 87-91
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Heart failure has been recognized as a major public health problem. Its incidence and prevalence is increasing and imposes substantial burden on the health care system. Despite much progress in development of many new drugs and innovations in palliative surgical strategy, nontransplant cardiac surgical procedures and the use of mechanical assist devices, pediatric heart transplantation remains the best treatment option for patients with end-stage heart failure. So far, more than 6000 pediatric heart transplantations have been performed worldwide. This article reviews some clinical aspects of pediatric heart transplantation, including the history, indications and contraindications, donor evaluation and recipient management, surgical techniques, risk factors of mortality, and survival of pediatric heart transplantation. The short- and long-term outcomes of pediatric heart transplantation are encouraging. However, the lack of donor hearts still hampers its clinical application.
  • Tjang, Yanto Sandy, et al. (författare)
  • Risk factor analysis in pediatric heart transplantation.
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: The Journal of heart and lung transplantation : the official publication of the International Society for Heart Transplantation. - 1557-3117. ; 27:4, s. 408-15
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: Steady assessment of risk factors will enable identification of patients at higher risk for post-transplant death, and may thus improve organ utilization and outcomes. In this study we aimed to identify the risk factors of mortality in pediatric heart transplantation. METHODS: Between November 1989 and February 2004, there were 116 orthotopic heart transplantations performed in patients <18 years of age at our institution. RESULTS: The 30-day mortality risk was 12% (dilated cardiomyopathy 7%, congenital heart disease 26%; univariate analysis: p = 0.023). The main cause of 30-day mortality was primary graft failure (36%). The late mortality rate was 31 per 1,000 person-years. The main causes of late mortality were acute rejection (44%) and cardiac allograft vasculopathy (26%). The 1-, 5-, 10- and 15-year survival rates were 85%, 77%, 65% and 53%, respectively. Male donor (odds ratio [OR] 6.33, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.11 to 36.01) and cardiopulmonary bypass >210 minutes (OR 43.05, 95% CI 1.11 to 1,669) were risk factors for 30-day mortality. Risk factors for 1- and 5-year mortality were body weight ratio <0.8 (OR 40.36, 95% CI 3.04 to 536.47) and male donor (OR 3.36, 95% CI 1.05 to 10.75), respectively. Recipient age <1 year (OR 64.65, 95% CI 1.69 to 2,466.77) and donor-recipient body surface area mismatch of <0.9 (OR 10.58, 95% CI 1.03 to 108.25) were risk factors for 10-year mortality. CONCLUSIONS: Pediatric heart transplantation can be performed with an expectation of excellent results. Certain risk factors suggest poorer outcomes.
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  • Resultat 1-3 av 3
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refereegranskat (3)
Stenlund, Hans (3)
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Tjang, Yanto Sandy (3)
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