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Sökning: swepub > Umeå universitet > Stattin Pär > (2004) > Xu Jianfeng

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1.
  • Lindmark, Fredrik, et al. (författare)
  • Analysis of the macrophage scavenger receptor 1 gene in Swedish hereditary and sporadic prostate cancer.
  • 2004
  • Ingår i: The Prostate. - 0270-4137. ; 59:2, s. 132-140
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: The macrophage scavenger receptor 1 (MSR1) gene on chromosome 8p22 was recently reported as a candidate gene for hereditary prostate cancer (HPC). Here, we further elucidate the role of MSR1 in both Swedish families with HPC and in a cohort of unselected prostate cancer. METHODS: DNA samples from 83 Swedish HPC families and 215 unselected population based cases of prostate cancer as well as 425 age-matched controls were genotyped. RESULTS: A total of 18 variants were identified, including 2 exonic, 7 intronic changes, and 9 changes in the 5'- or 3'-uncoding region. Of the two exonic changes, one previously reported truncation mutation was identified, a R293X nonsense mutation. This mutation was found in 2 of the 83 (2.4%) HPC families. The R293X mutation was found more frequently in men with PC (4.9%) than in unaffected men (2.7%), consistent with previous published results, however our results were not significant (P = 0.16). To additionally test for potential association of common sequence variants and increased risk for the disease, five common polymorphisms (PRO3, INDEL1, IVS5-57, P275A, INDEL7) were genotyped in the group of 215 prostate cancer cases and 425 age-matched controls. No association between any of the five common sequence variants and prostate cancer were found. CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that mutations in MSR1 gene might play a role in prostate cancer susceptibility, particularly the R293X mutation. This study warrants further investigations of the role of MSR1 in prostate cancer etiology.
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2.
  • Lindmark, Fredrik, et al. (författare)
  • H6D polymorphism in macrophage-inhibitory cytokine-1 gene associated with prostate cancer
  • 2004
  • Ingår i: Journal of the National Cancer Institute. - 0027-8874. ; 96:16, s. 1248-1254
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: Accumulating epidemiologic and molecular evidence suggest that inflammation is an important component in the etiology of prostate cancer. Macrophage-inhibitory cytokine-1 (MIC-1), a member of the transforming growth factor beta superfamily, is thought to play an important role in inflammation by regulating macrophage activity. We examined whether sequence variants in the MIC-1 gene are associated with the risk of prostate cancer. METHODS: The study population, a population-based case-control study in Sweden, consisted of 1383 prostate cancer case patients and 780 control subjects. From 94 of the control subjects, we constructed gene-specific haplotypes of MIC-1 and identified four haplotype-tagging single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs): Exon1+25 (V9L), Exon1+142 (S48T), IVS1+1809, and Exon2+2423 (H6D). All study subjects were genotyped for the four SNPs, and conditional logistic regression analysis was used to estimate odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs). RESULTS: A statistically significant difference (P =.006) in genotype frequency was observed for the nonsynonymous change H6D (histidine to aspartic acid at position 6) between prostate cancer patients and control subjects. Carriers of the GC genotype, which results in the H6D change, experienced a lower risk of sporadic prostate cancer (OR = 0.80, 95% CI = 0.66 to 0.97) and of familial prostate cancer (OR = 0.61, 95% CI = 0.42 to 0.89) than the CC genotype carriers. In the study population, the proportion of prostate cancer cases attributable to the CC genotype was 7.2% for sporadic cancer and 19.2% for familial cancer. None of the other SNPs or haplotypes was associated with prostate cancer. CONCLUSION: This study shows an association between a nonsynonymous change (H6D) in the MIC-1 gene and prostate cancer. This finding supports the hypothesis that genetic variation in the inflammatory process contributes to prostate cancer susceptibility.
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