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Sökning: swepub > Umeå universitet > (2000-2004) > Tidskriftsartikel > Eriksson Anders

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1.
  • Behndig, Anders, et al. (författare)
  • Evaluation of surgical performance with intracameral mydriatics in phacoemulsification surgery.
  • 2004
  • Ingår i: Acta Ophthalmologica Scandinavica. - Wiley. - 1395-3907. ; 82:2, s. 144-147
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • PURPOSE: To evaluate surgical performance using intracameral mydriatics (ICM) in phacoemulsification surgery in a series of consecutive cases. METHODS: In a series of 198 consecutive procedures 50-200 microl of cyclopentolate 0.1%, phenylephrine 1.5% and lidocaine 1% was given intracamerally for mydriasis and anaesthesia. The previous 198 cases, dilated with topical mydriatics, were studied for comparison. Several pre- intra- and postoperative parameters were registered, and the subjective surgical performance was graded after each procedure. In 41 consecutive cases, the change in pulse and oxygen saturation induced by the ICM injection was registered. RESULTS: No increase in operation time or complication rates was seen with ICM, compared to when standard topical mydriatics were used. The subjective surgical performance was ranked as equally good for both groups. CONCLUSION: From this clinical evaluation, our impression is that ICM performs well in routine phacoemulsification surgery.
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2.
  • Eriksson, Anders, et al. (författare)
  • Dansk-svenskt rättsmedicinskt arbete i Kosovo, 1999. : I. Administrativa erfarenheter
  • 2000
  • Ingår i: Nordisk Rettsmedisin - Scandinavian Journal of Forensic Science. ; 6, s. 69-73
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • De danska och svenska regeringarna sände på begäran av FN rättsmedicinska team till Kosovo under sommaren och hösten 1999. Dessa team bestod i princip av rättsläkare och assistenter, men andra team med kriminaltekniker arbetad nära de rättsmedicinska teamen.Förberedelsetiden var kort och kaotisk, och inledningsvis gjordes många administrativa misstag. De första teamen visste exempelvis inte vart de skulle resa, när de skulle resa, vad de skulle göra, eller hur de skulle göra det. Efter ankomst till ICTYs högkvarter i Skopje, och efter omfattande byråkratiska övningar i Pristina, fördes vi så småningom till Pejë (Pec) i Kosovos västra del. Vi arbetade i huvudsak i denna region från slutet av juli till slutet av oktober, i regel i 2 veckor långa perioder. I de flesta fallen kunde vi få en viss tidsmässig överlappning mellan teamen, vilket var fördelaktigt för informationsöverföringen.Förslag till lösningar på de problem som förelegat har framförts till de berörda myndigheterna, och förhoppningen är att våra erfarenheter ska kunna ligga till grund vid planering av framtida missioner av liknande slag.
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3.
  • Eriksson, Anders, et al. (författare)
  • Dansk-svenskt rättsmedicinskt arbete i Kosovo, 1999. : II. Rättsmedicinska fynd och erfarenheter
  • 2000
  • Ingår i: Nordisk Rettsmedicin - Scandinavian Journal of Forensic Science. ; 6, s. 74-79
  • Tidskriftsartikel (populärvet., debatt m.m.)abstract
    • På begäran av FN arbetade danska och svenska rättsmedicinska team i Kosovo under sommaren och hösten 1999. Totalt undersöktes 308 kroppar, och då 1-18 månader passerat sedan dödsfallet var kropparna i flertalet fall stadda i avancerad förruttnelse. Arbetet företogs framförallt som mobilt teamarbete med obduktion på platser med 1-5 gravar, men på ett par större gravplatser med 62 respektive 31 döda utfördes arbetet på ett mer traditionellt, stationärt sätt. De flesta avlidna återfanns i separata gravar, ett mindre antal återfanns i gemensamma gravar, medan inga egentliga massgravar blev föremål för våra undersökningar. Huvuduppgiften vid ICTYs utredning av krigsförbrytelser var att fastställa dödsorsaken, medan personidentifiering ansågs vara av sekundär betydelse. Majoriteten av de avlidna var dock identifierade redan före obduktionen.Åldern på de undersökta varierade mellan 5 och 101 år och dominerades av män, vilka företedde en relativt jämn åldersfördelning i åldrarna 20-70 år. Den vanligaste dödsorsaken var skottskador och det vanligaste dödssättet var homicid.Resultatet av undersökningarna har överlämnats till ICTY som en del av bevisningen i de åtal om krigsförbrytelser som kan väntas.
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4.
  • Eriksson, Anders, et al. (författare)
  • Work-place homicide by bow and arrow.
  • 2000
  • Ingår i: Journal of forensic sciences. - 0022-1198. ; 45:4, s. 911-6
  • Tidskriftsartikel (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Arrow wounds represent an unusual class of wounds rarely seen by most forensic pathologists. In this paper we present a case of homicide by bow and arrow and the characteristics of such injuries. The essential characteristics of the lesions obtained from conically-tapered field points and from hunting broadhead tips are described and discussed in relation to injuries caused by firearm bullets. In the present case, three arrows struck the victim, and the order in which the injuries were sustained are analyzed. We also discuss the possibilities of localizing the shooter relative to the victim by analysis of the trajectories.
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5.
  • Forsman, Lina, et al. (författare)
  • Skateboarding injuries of today.
  • 2001
  • Ingår i: British journal of sports medicine. - 0306-3674. ; 35:5, s. 325-8
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: Skateboarding injuries have increased with the rise in popularity of the sport, and the injury pattern can be expected to have changed with the development of both skateboard tricks and the materials used for skateboard construction. OBJECTIVE: To describe the injury pattern of today. METHODS: The pattern of injuries, circumstances, and severity were investigated in a study of all 139 people injured in skateboarding accidents during the period 1995-1998 inclusive and admitted to the University Hospital of Umea. This is the only hospital in the area, serving a population of 135 000. RESULTS: Three of the 139 injured were pedestrians hit by a skateboard rider; the rest were riders. The age range was 7-47 years (mean 16). The severity of the injuries was minor (AIS 1) to moderate (AIS 2); fractures were classified as moderate. The annual number of injuries increased during the study period. Fractures were found in 29% of the casualties, and four children had concussion. The most common fractures were of the ankle and wrist. Older patients had less severe injuries, mainly sprains and soft tissue injuries. Most children were injured while skateboarding on ramps and at arenas; only 12 (9%) were injured while skateboarding on roads. Some 37% of the injuries occurred because of a loss of balance, and 26% because of a failed trick attempt. Falls caused by surface irregularities resulted in the highest proportion of the moderate injuries. CONCLUSIONS: Skateboarding should be restricted to supervised skateboard parks, and skateboarders should be required to wear protective gear. These measures would reduce the number of skateboarders injured in motor vehicle collisions, reduce the personal injuries among skateboarders, and reduce the number of pedestrians injured in collisions with skateboarders.
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6.
  • Johansson, Lars, et al. (författare)
  • Teenager injury panorama in northern Sweden.
  • 2001
  • Ingår i: International journal of circumpolar health. - 1239-9736. ; 60:3, s. 380-90
  • Tidskriftsartikel (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • OBJECTIVES: To study non-fatal unintentional injuries among teenagers and to suggest preventive measures. SETTING: The emergency care unit of the University Hospital, Umea, Sweden. METHODS: All injured teenagers (N = 1044) attending the emergency care unit during 1991 were asked to answer a questionnaire focusing on when, where and how the injury occurred. All available medical records were examined. Data were coded according to the Nordic Medico-Statistical Committees Classification for Accident Monitoring, NOMESCO, and to the Abbreviated Injury Scale, AIS. RESULTS: 1,043 teenagers were treated with sports and transportation related injuries as the most common ones. Most injuries were minor (AIS 1), transportation related injuries had the highest proportion of non-minor injuries (AIS > or = 2), 139 teenagers were admitted for in-patient care. Most injuries occurred during leisure/school time. CONCLUSIONS: Sports and transportation related injuries were most frequent. Body weight and length differs among teenagers, we suggest that teenagers should exercise and play together, not only by age, but also to some extent, to height and weight. Curfew laws, a compulsory bicycle helmet law are other injury reducing measures suggested.
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7.
  • Lindqvist, Per, et al. (författare)
  • Are suicides by jumping off bridges preventable? An analysis of 50 cases from Sweden.
  • 2004
  • Ingår i: Accident; analysis and prevention. - 0001-4575. ; 36:4, s. 691-4
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This is a community-based sequential case series of 50 individuals who committed suicide by jumping from bridges in two regions of Sweden. Of the 50 subjects, 32 were men and 18 women, with a median age of 35 years. At least 40 had psychiatric problems. The frequency of suicide was highest during the summer months and during the weekends. A total of 27 bridges were used, with a total length of just under 9 km. Three bridges accounted for almost half of all suicides. Limiting the availability of one method of committing suicide is reported to reduce the overall suicide rate; why suicide and injury suicide preventive measures might be considered. Since this study demonstrates that few bridges attract suicide candidates, this injury mechanism needs to be acknowledged by the road system owners and included in the safety work.
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8.
  • Lindström, Richard, et al. (författare)
  • Survey of personal injuries caused by dogs and cats in Umeå. Walking the dog was the activity most often related to injury
  • 2002
  • Ingår i: Läkartidningen. - 0023-7205. ; 99:7, s. 656-62
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Injuries due to interaction with dogs and cats are not uncommon, and constituted 1.4% of all injuries in an unselected policlinical and inpatient material. This material was collected from a population of 135,000 people in Northern Sweden, and during 2 years 280 patients with injuries related to these domestic animals were found (Ndogs = 212, Ncats = 68). The injuries were in most cases caused by bites and by falls. The former were more common among men, the latter more common among women and related to fractures and dislocations. In contrast to many previous investigations, bite injuries were more common among adults than among children, possibly related to national differences in the keeping of dogs. Most dog related injuries were caused by the owner's dog. Walking the dog was the activity most often related to personal injury. The cost for inpatient cases (treated at the University Hospital, Umea) caused by dogs and cats is of the same magnitude as the cost due to motorcycling in traffic, but less than the cost for injuries sustained during horseback riding and other horse related activities, for soccer, snowmobiling and for assaults.
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9.
  • Ortiz-Reyes, Ruben, et al. (författare)
  • Sudden unexpected death resulting from previously nonsymptomatic subependymoma.
  • 2002
  • Ingår i: The American journal of forensic medicine and pathology : official publication of the National Association of Medical Examiners. - 0195-7910. ; 23:1, s. 63-7
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • A 34-year-old, previously healthy man died suddenly and unexpectedly. The autopsy showed brain and pulmonary edema, numerous small meningeal meningiomas, bilateral and symmetrical juxtaventricular meningiomas, and a well-demarcated gray tan tumor in the medulla oblongata and upper cervical spinal cord. The latter tumor was a subependymoma with features of ependymoma in places. The authors describe and discuss the characteristics of this rare central nervous system tumor, its histogenesis, and its coexistence with other intracranial tumors. The possible mechanisms of death in the present case include compression of vital centers and acute obstruction of the cerebrospinal fluid flow.
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10.
  • Persson, Sven-Åke, et al. (författare)
  • GHB--dangerous, addictive and uncontrollable party drug
  • 2001
  • Ingår i: Läkartidningen. - 0023-7205. ; 98:38, s. 4026-31, 4033
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This report reviews the pharmacology, toxicity and abuse pattern of gamma-hydroxybutyrate (GHB). The legislative changes pertaining to this substance are also addressed. Examples of abuse, driving under the influence and fatal intoxication are given. It is concluded that GHB is widely abused, particularly among the younger generation, and that further cases of severe intoxication are likely to occur as long as the substance is easily available from countless sources, including via the Internet. Despite the classification of GHB as a narcotic in Sweden and several other countries, continued problems are expected since the precursors gamma-butyrolactone (GBL) and 1,4-butanediol (BD) are widely--and legally--available.
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