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Sökning: swepub > Konferensbidrag > Göteborgs universitet > Lunds universitet > Engelska

  • Resultat 1-10 av 23
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  • Aasa, Anna, et al. (författare)
  • Collecting dialect data and making use of them an interim report from Swedia 2000
  • 2000
  • Ingår i: Proceedings FONETIK 2000. ; s. 17-20
  • Konferensbidrag (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • This paper consists of two, somewhat disparate parts. In the first part, some experiences of two years of fieldwork are summarized, concentrating, as the subtitle suggests, on the very heart of phonetic fieldwork: the encounters and interviews with the informants. As a result of the fieldwork, the project now has access to recordings from approximately 1300 speakers of more than 100 dialects of Swedish. We are currently initiating research on various aspects of the sound patterns of these dialects. The second part of the paper is meant to give an overview of some of our research plans for the near future.
  • Allwood, Carl Martin, et al. (författare)
  • Contagious contacts: How police trainees influence each other's memories for a criminal event
  • 2004
  • Ingår i: Oral paper presented at the 14’th European Conference on Psychology and Law (Cracow, Poland).
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This study investigated the effect of confirmatory and disconfirmatory feedback on the accuracy (realism) in witnesses’ confidence judgements of their event memory. After watching a short video of a kidnapping the participants answered 44 two-alternative questions on the videotape. Two weeks later the participants were handed their old question-answering sheet with the original questions and their own answers. In addition feedback was provided in writing for each answer. The participants were asked to give confidence ratings with respect to the correctness of each answer. In the Control condition the participants received no feedback. Overall, the witnesses’ confidence ratings showed overconfidence in all conditions. Furthermore, confirmatory feedback caused higher overconfidence, compared both with disconfirmatory feedback and no feedback. The results show that the realism in the eyewitnesses’ confidence judgements of their event memory is indeed sensitive to co-witness feedback, especially to confirming feedback.
  • Allwood, Carl Martin, et al. (författare)
  • The realism of confidence judgments of statements in the Cognitive and Standard Interviews
  • 2003
  • Ingår i: 13th Conference of the European Association of Psychology and Law, Edinburgh, UK, 7-12 July.
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The Cognitive Interview (CI) is a well-researched interview method and the research results show that CI, compared with more conventional interview styles, enhances witnesses’ memory. However, not much research has been done on the question of how CI affects the realism of eyewitnesses’ judgments of confidence in the veracity of their interview statements. In a previous study (Granhag, Jonsson & Allwood, Psychology, Crime & Law, in press) we investigated the realism of witnesses’ confidence judgments of their own answers to two-alternative questions. These questions were produced by the researchers to test the witnesses’ retention of a filmed kidnapping. Our results showed that, in this context, the CI does not appear to affect the realism in witnesses’ confidence, and not to inflate confidence in erroneous recall, compared to a Standard Interview (SI). In the present study our ambition was to conduct an ecologically more valid study of the realism of witnesses’ confidence judgments. Again, the CI was compared with a SI. The witnesses (n= 58) returned about two weeks after having been interviewed about their memories of the filmed kidnapping and were, at return, presented with transcribed versions of parts of their interview statements. These were confidence judged by the witnesses. The witnesses also gave an overall judgment of how many of all answered questions they had answered correctly (i.e., a frequency judgment). In our presentation, results will be presented regarding the realism of the witnesses’ confidence and frequency judgments in this, compared to our previous research, more ecologically valid study.
  • Bodén, Petra, et al. (författare)
  • Youth language in multilingual Göteborg
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: Proceedings from Fonetik 2006. Lund, June 7-9, 2006. Lund: Center for Languages and Literature, Department of Linguistics and Phonetics, Lund University. ; s. 17-20
  • Konferensbidrag (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • In this paper, the results from a perception experiment about youth language in multilingual Göteborg are presented and discussed.
  • Janssen, S.A., et al. (författare)
  • Exposure-response relationships for annoyance by wind turbine noise: a comparison with other stationary sources
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Proceedings of EURONOISE, Edinburgh, 26 – 28 October 2009.
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • There are indications that, given a certain level of noise exposure, the expected annoyance by wind turbine noise is higher than that by noise from other sources such as industrial noise or transportation noise. The aim of the present study was to establish the exposure-response relationship between wind turbine noise exposure and the expected percentage annoyed residents on the basis of available data. Data from two surveys in Sweden (N=341, N=754) and one survey in the Netherlands (N=725) were combined to achieve relationships between Lden and annoyance indoors as well as annoyance outdoors at the dwelling. In addition, the influence of several individual and situational factors was assessed. In particular, annoyance was lower in residents who received economical benefit from wind turbines, and higher in residents for whom the wind turbine was visible from the dwelling. Age and noise sensitivity had similar effects on annoyance to those found in research on annoyance by other sources. The exposure-response relationship for wind turbine noise is compared to previously established relationships for industrial noise and transportation noise
  • Klemedtsson, Åsa Kasimir (författare)
  • Nitrous oxide emission allowed from biofuel crops in Swedish systems
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Nitrogen & Global Change 2011, Key Findings - Future Challenges.
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • There has been much discussion about whether or not biofuels are a substantial saver of greenhouse gases (GHG).The EU have introduced a policy that biofuel production in the EU must emit at least 35% less GHG compared with fossil fuels, estimated at a regional level. In view of the desire of policymakers to have a simple way of assessing whether biofuel-associated GHG emissions are on the safe side of this “sustainability level”, we have applied a simple LCA to ethanol production from wheat grain grown in Sweden. It shows that the system is very sensitive to the magnitude of N2O emissions due to the cropping and can achieve the necessary emissions savings only if direct N2O emissions are below 2 kg N2O-N ha-1 yr-1. We have also investigated the different outcomes of the LCA, when Swedish field data on N2O emissions are compared with emissions predicted by several well-known modelling procedures (all of which showed higher emissions than the Swedish measured values). We discuss the difficulty of assessing N2O emissions in relation to biofuel production and the implications.
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