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  • Kristofferzon, Marja-Leena, et al. (författare)
  • Evaluation of a Swedish version of the Watts Sexual Function Questionnaire (WSFQ) in persons with heart disease : a pilot study
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing. - 1474-5151. ; 9:3, s. 168-174
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: As part of preparation for a Swedish multicentre study, exploring sexual and married life in patients with myocardial infarction and their partners, a Swedish validated instrument was required.Aims: The aim of this pilot study was to evaluate the validity and reliability of a Swedish version of the Watts Sexual Function Questionnaire (WSFQ) among persons with a heart disease.Methods: A convenience sample of 79 persons (47 men and 32 women) living with a heart disease was recruited from the members of the National Association of Heart and Lung Patients. They completed a Swedish version of the WSFQ on two occasions.Results: Two separate factor analyses each revealed a two-factor structure on both occasions: “Sexual appetite” and “Sexual expectations” with gender-neutral questions and “Sexual sensitiveness” and “Sexual ability” with gender-specific questions. Cronbach's alpha coefficients ranged from 0.48 to 0.86 and test–retest values for all but one question exceeded 0.70.Conclusions: The Swedish version of the WSFQ showed good validity and stability and acceptable internal homogeneity. Extended evaluations of the questionnaire are recommended.
  • Koinberg, IngaLill, et al. (författare)
  • The usefulness of a multidisciplinary educational programme after breast cancer surgery: A prospective and comparative study
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: European Journal of Oncology Nursing. - Elsevier. - 1462-3889 .- 1532-2122. ; 10:4, s. 273-282
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The aim of the study was to compare and evaluate a multidisciplinary educational programme with traditional follow-up visits to a physician after breast cancer surgery in terms of well-being, aspects of self-care and coping ability 1 year after diagnosis. A reduction in the intensity of follow-up after breast cancer surgery is recommended. New follow-up models are being debated and could be of interest. The study design was non-randomised and comparative. Ninety-six consecutively selected women with newly diagnosed breast cancer, classified as stage I or stage II, participated in either a multidisciplinary educational programme (n = 50), or traditional follow-up by a physician (n = 46). Three questionnaires were used: Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-General (FACT-G), a study specific questionnaire regarding self-care aspects (SCA) and Sense of Coherence (SOC). With the exception of physical well-being at baseline there was no significant difference between the groups. The women in the multidisciplinary educational programme increased their physical and functional well-being (P < 0.01). The women in traditional follow-up by a physician increased their functional well-being while social/family well-being (P < 0.01) decreased over time. There was a statistically significant difference in SOC (P < 0.001) in the traditional follow-up by a physician between baseline (mean = 74.4, SD = 12.4) and the 1-year follow up (mean = 67.7, SD = 11.4). Thus, women in the traditional follow-up by a physician scored lower in the area of SOC 1 year after diagnosis. A multidisciplinary educational programme may be an alternative to traditional follow-up by a physician after breast cancer surgery, but more research is needed about the financial benefits and effectiveness of such a programme.
  • Arenhall, Eva, et al. (författare)
  • The male partners' experiences of the intimate relationships after a first myocardial infarction
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing. - 1873-1953. ; 10:2, s. 108-114
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: Stress in the intimate relationship is found to worsen the prognosis in women suffering from myocardial infarction (MI). Little is known about how male spouses experience the intimate relationship.Aim: This study aimed to explore and describe the experience of men's intimate relationships in connection to and after their female partner's first MI.Methods: An explorative and qualitative design was used. Interviews were conducted with 16 men having a partner who the year before had suffered a first MI. The data were analysed with qualitative content analysis. Results: Three themes emerged: masculine image challenged; life takes another direction; and life remains unchanged. The men were forced to deal with an altered image of themselves as men, and as sexual beings. They were hesitant to approach their spouse in the same way as before the MI because they viewed her to be more fragile. The event also caused them to consider their own lifestyle, changing towards healthier dietary and exercise habits.Conclusions: After their spouse's MI, men experienced a challenge to their masculine image. They viewed their spouse as being more fragile, which led the men to be gentler in sexual intimacy and more hesitant to invite sexual activity. This knowledge about how male spouses experience the intimate relationship could be helpful for health personnel in hospitals and primary care when they interact with couples where the woman suffers from cardiac disease or other chronic disorders. (C) 2010 European Society of Cardiology. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
  • Arenhall, Eva, et al. (författare)
  • The female partners' experiences of intimate relationship after a first myocardial infarction
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Journal of Clinical Nursing. - 0962-1067. ; 20:11/12, s. 1677-1684
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Aim. This study aimed to explore and describe women’s experience of intimate relationships in connection to and after their partner’s first myocardial infarction (MI).Background. Support from partners is important for recovery, but little is known about partners’ experience of intimate relationships after MI.Design. The study used an explorative, qualitative design.Methods. The first author interviewed 20 women having a partner who had suffered a first MI during the preceding year. Qualitative content analysis was used to analyse the data.Findings. Three themes emerged: ‘limited life space’, ‘sense of life lost’ and ‘another dimension of life’. The women described how their self-assumed responsibility led to a more stifling and limited life. Their sense of life lost was described in terms of deficits and feeling the loss. The women also described experiencing another dimension of life characterised by three subthemes: ‘uncertainty of life’, ‘certain of relationship’ and ‘share life more’.Conclusions. The partners’ MI had an impact on the interviewees’ intimate relationships; they suffered a major loss and missed their ‘former’ partner, both emotionally and sexually. They struggled with the new asymmetry in their intimate relationship and felt compelled to adapt to their partners’ lack of sexual desire or function. Also, their partner controlled them, which lead towards a stifling, more limited life space.Relevance to clinical practice. Caregivers in hospital and primary care settings could apply the findings in their efforts to help couples recover or maintain intimate relationships following MI.
  • Koinberg, IL, et al. (författare)
  • Breast cancer patients' satisfaction with a spontaneous system of check-up visits to a specialist nurse
  • 2002
  • Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences. - 0283-9318. ; 16:3, s. 209-215
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Aim:  To describe breast cancer patients' satisfaction with a spontaneous system of check-up visits to a specialist nurse.Background:  There is little evidence that routine follow-up visits after breast cancer surgery influence survival or patient satisfaction. Consequently, there is a need to evaluate alternative follow-up programmes.Sample:  A strategic sample of 19 breast cancer patients, who were not involved in a routine follow-up system but who had the possibility of contacting a specialist nurse when necessary, were interviewed.Method:  A qualitative descriptive design inspired by the method of phenomenographic analysis was used.Findings:  Five description categories and 606 statements showing similarities and differences in conceptions were obtained. The patients satisfaction with the knowledgeable and professional skills of the nurses was high. Confirmation and trust were important and necessary in order for the women with breast cancer to feel secure. Patients had a need for information and self-care education . Accessibility and early assessment by professional personnel or an oncology nurse were essential in a system without routine follow-ups.Discussion:  This study identifies key issues in a specialist nurse-led check-up system. The findings can be used for developing an education programme for women who have undergone breast cancer surgery. Additionally, the findings emphasize the need to introduce more flexible solutions to the follow-up programmes, one alternative being specialist nurse-led check-ups.
  • Koinberg, I-L, et al. (författare)
  • Nurse-led follow-up on demand or by a physician after breast cancer surgery : a randomised study
  • 2004
  • Ingår i: Eur J Oncol Nurs. - 1462-3889. ; 8:2, s. 109-117; discussion 118-120
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The value of routine follow-up with frequent visits to a breast cancer specialist-both in terms of detection of recurrence and patient satisfaction-has been questioned. The aim of this study was to compare nurse-led follow-up on demand versus physician follow-up after breast cancer treatment with regards to patients' well-being, satisfaction, access to medical care and medical safety. Two hundred and sixty-four consecutively selected women with newly diagnosed breast cancer, classified as UICC stage I or stage II, were randomised to follow-up at two hospitals in Sweden, either by routine medical follow-up, the physician group (PG, n=131), or on demand by a specialist nurse, the nurse group (NG, n=133). Measures were done at baseline and twice a year over a period of 5 years by means of a questionnaire containing the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HAD), and the Satisfaction and Accessibility (SaaC) scale. Number of contacts with the health care services, number of diagnostic procedures, and time to recurrence or death were monitored. The ratings of HAD and SaaC did not show any statistically significant differences between the groups. The levels of anxiety and depression were generally low and levels of patient satisfaction high. There were no differences between the groups concerning time to recurrence or death. This study indicates that women with breast cancer in stages I to II can be followed up by a specialist nurse with high patient satisfaction and good medical safety.
  • Koinberg, I, et al. (författare)
  • Satisfaction with routine follow-up visits to the physician? : the needs of patients with breast cancer
  • 2001
  • Ingår i: Acta Oncologica. - 0284-186X. ; 40:4, s. 454-459
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Follow-up visits after surgery for breast cancer constitute a large proportion of the outpatient consultations at surgical and oncological clinics. The reasons for the follow-ups include early detection of relapse, patients' well-being, and data collection for quality assurance and scientific studies. The aim of this study was to describe the needs of the patient with breast cancer and satisfaction with routine follow-up visits to the physician. A strategic sample of 20 women with breast cancer, routinely followed-up at an oncology outpatient clinic, was interviewed. A qualitative descriptive design inspired by the phenomenographic method was used. The results identified the need for routines, accessibility, security, continuity, confidence and information. The women's views demonstrated that there are strong reasons for reviewing and changing the design of the traditional follow-up system to obtain the most effective and well-functioning system possible to better meet these women's needs.
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