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Sökning: swepub > Larsson Anders > Stockholms universitet > Tidskriftsartikel

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  • James, Laura, et al. (författare)
  • Territorial knowledge dynamics and knowledge anchoring through localised networks: : the automotive sector in Västra Götaland
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Regional studies. - Routledge. - 0034-3404. ; 50:2, s. 233-244
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Regional Studies. Innovative firms often engage in knowledge interactions across regional boundaries, which is difficult to account for by territorial innovation models. The territorial knowledge dynamics perspective directs attention to the ways in which firms and other actors combine regional and extra-regional relations. It deals with the spatial aspects of innovation, emphasizing constantly evolving knowledge networks that are not confined to regional boundaries, which implies a new view on regional knowledge anchoring. The paper presents a case of innovation in the automotive sector in the Vastra Gotaland region of Sweden to show how a spatial pattern of knowledge interactions develops over time.
  • Larsson, Anders, et al. (författare)
  • Circadian Variability of Cystatin C, Creatinine, and Glomerular Filtration Rate (GFR) in Healthy Men during Normal Sleep and after an Acute Shift of Sleep
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Chronobiology International. - 0742-0528. ; 25:6, s. 1047-61
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The estimation of the glomerular filtration rate (GFR) is essential for the evaluation of patients with kidney disease and for the treatment of patients with medications that are eliminated by the kidneys. Plasma cystatin C has been shown in several studies to be superior to plasma creatinine for the estimation of GFR. However, there is limited information on the circadian variation of cystatin C and estimated GFR using cystatin C (eGFR(CystC)) or "The Modification of Diet in Renal Disease Study" (MDRD) (eGFR(MDRD)) equations. We studied the circadian variation of cystatin C and creatinine during night- and day-sleep conditions in seven healthy volunteers. Serum samples were collected every hour (48 samples per individual) to evaluate the effect of different sampling times on the test results. The median intra-individual coefficients of variations for the studied markers were 4.2% for creatinine, 4.7% for eGFR(MDRD), 5.5% for cystatin C, and 7.7% for eGFR(CystC). Neither cystatin C nor creatinine differed significantly between the night- and day-sleep conditions. Cystatin C differed significantly with time of day (p=.0003), but this was not the case for creatinine (p=.11). The circadian variation of cystatin C was minor. Small but significant increases in creatinine values and a decrease of eGFR(MDRD) were observed after food intake. Thus, cystatin C and creatinine sampling does not have to be restricted to specific times of the day.
  • Nitsch, Dorothea, et al. (författare)
  • Fetal, Developmental, and Parental Influences on Cystatin C in Childhood : The Uppsala Family Study
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: American Journal of Kidney Diseases. - 0272-6386. ; 57:6, s. 863-872
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: The aim was to identify determinants (biomedical and social characteristics of children and their parents) of cystatin C levels in healthy children drawn from a population sample. Study Design: Cross-sectional study. Setting & Participants: 425 pairs of consecutive full siblings born 1987-1995 in Uppsala were identified using the Swedish Medical Birth Registry and invited with their parents for examination in 2000-2001. Outcome: Serum cystatin C level was log-transformed and analyzed using random-effects models. Measurements: The examination in parents and children consisted of a nonfasting blood sample, anthropometry, and questionnaires about lifestyle and socioeconomic position. Tanner stage was used for assessment of pubertal status. Results: In age-, height-, and body mass index-adjusted analyses, cystatin C level increased by 2.6% (95% CI, 0.3%-4.8%) higher in Tanner stage 2 vs 1 girls, and 1.6% (95% CI, 0.2%-3.1%) lower in boys than girls. For every 10% increase in maternal cystatin C level, offspring cystatin C level increased by 3.0% (95% CI, 2.2%-3.8%); the equivalent effect for paternal cystatin C level was 2.1% (95% CI, 1.3%-2.9%). Lower maternal education was associated with a 2.4% (95% CI, 0.3%-4.6%) higher cystatin C level in their offspring. Limitations: Cross-sectional study design, missing cystatin C values for subset of parents, lack of urinary measurements, no gold-standard measurement of glomerular filtration rate. Conclusions: There are intergenerational associations of cystatin C level in families in line with previous reports of heritability of kidney disease. Lower maternal education is associated with higher cystatin C levels in their children. Further studies of healthy children are needed to explore the biological mechanisms for these findings. If cystatin C is measured, these studies will need to record pubertal stages.
  • Skorup, Paul, et al. (författare)
  • Beneficial Antimicrobial Effect of the Addition of an Aminoglycoside to a β-Lactam Antibiotic in an E. coli Porcine Intensive Care Severe Sepsis Model.
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: PLoS ONE. - 1932-6203. ; 9:2, s. e90441
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This study aimed to determine whether the addition of an aminoglycoside to a ß-lactam antibiotic increases the antimicrobial effect during the early phase of Gram-negative severe sepsis/septic shock. A porcine model was selected that considered each animal's individual blood bactericidal capacity. Escherichia coli, susceptible to both antibiotics, was given to healthy pigs intravenously during 3 h. At 2 h, the animals were randomized to a 20-min infusion with either cefuroxime alone (n = 9), a combination of cefuroxime+tobramycin (n = 9), or saline (control, n = 9). Blood samples were collected hourly for cultures and quantitative polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Bacterial growth in the organs after 6 h was chosen as the primary endpoint. A blood sample was obtained at baseline before start of bacterial infusion for ex vivo investigation of the blood bactericidal capacity. At 1 h after the administration of the antibiotics, a second blood sample was taken for ex vivo investigation of the antibiotic-induced blood killing activity. All animals developed severe sepsis/septic shock. Blood cultures and PCR rapidly became negative after completed bacterial infusion. Antibiotic-induced blood killing activity was significantly greater in the combination group than in the cefuroxime group (p<0.001). Growth of bacteria in the spleen was reduced in the two antibiotic groups compared with the controls (p<0.01); no difference was noted between the two antibiotic groups. Bacterial growth in the liver was significantly less in the combination group than in the cefuroxime group (p<0.05). High blood bactericidal capacity at baseline was associated with decreased growth in the blood and spleen (p<0.05). The addition of tobramycin to cefuroxime results in increased antibiotic-induced blood killing activity and less bacteria in the liver than cefuroxime alone. Individual blood bactericidal capacity may have a significant effect on antimicrobial outcome.
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