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1.
  • Alvarez López, Laura, 1968- (författare)
  • A alternância /d/, /l/ e /r/ em variedades linguísticas afrolatinas
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Journal of Portuguese and Spanish lexically-based creoles. - 1646-7000. ; 2:1, s. 1-27
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Este trabalho é uma análise da alternância entre /l/, /r/ e/d/ na linguagem de comunidades latino-americanas de forte presença africana ouafrodescendente. Os dados examinados provêm de uma série de estudos linguísticosanteriores e fontes literárias em espanhol e em português que incluemrepresentações da fala de africanos e seus descendentes. Duas perguntasnorteiam o presente estudo: Quais são os fonemas que se “confundem” e em queposições? Até que ponto a “confusão” é frequente nas variedades em questão? Apartir destas perguntas discutem-se explicações para esta mudança baseadas emdados que apontam seja para a deriva ou evolução natural das variedadesibéricas, seja para o contato entre línguas ibéricas e africanas. A análise dosdados revela que alguns destes fonemas são trocados de forma sistemática emposições específicas unicamente em variedades de espanhol e português queevoluíram em contato com línguas africanas.
2.
  • Alvarez López, Laura, 1968- (författare)
  • Como avançar no estudo do léxico de origem africana na América Latina?
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Revista da Abralin. - 2178-7603. ; 11:2, s. 203-225
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The text discusses adequate methodologies for the development of a database including lexicon of African origin in varieties of Latin American Spanish and Portuguese. The aim is to start a discussion about the elaboration of theoretical and methodological approaches to be applied in future research. It also points out the possibility of articulation of various work fronts operating at the same time for which it will become necessary to perform lexicographical and metalexicographical pilot studies alongside the development of the database. The idea is to test a set of hypotheses and elaborate theoretical and methodological approaches that result suitable for a systematic and comprehensive study of the lexicon of African origin in Latin America using the available sources.
3.
  • Alvarez López, Laura, 1968- (författare)
  • 'Iorubá brasileiro' : representações da linguagem do candomblé
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: Publication of the Afro-Latin/American Research Association : PALARA. - Columbia, MO : Afro-Romance Institute, University of Missouri. - 1093-5398. ; :Fall issue, s. 1-12
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)
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5.
  • Alvarez López, Laura, 1968-, et al. (författare)
  • Português vernáculo brasileiro e a hipótese da semi-crioulização
  • 2003
  • Ingår i: Revista da ABRALIN Associação Brasileira de Lingüística. - Natal : Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte. - 1678-1805. ; 2:1, s. 111-152
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This paper discusses the possible semi-creole status of Brazilian Vernacular Portuguese and questions some of the literature on semi-creoles in general. It presents some differences between Brazilian Vernacular Portuguese and creole languages and makes a revision of the semi-creoles. Finally, it proposes new delimitations for the semi-creole concept.
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6.
  • Alvarez López, Laura, 1968-, et al. (författare)
  • Registros da escravidão
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Stockholm Review of Latin American Studies: Afro-Latin American religious Expressions and Representations. - Stockholm : Stockholms universitet. - ISSN 1654-0204. ; :4, s. 37-48
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The present article presents and compares speech varieties associated with two elements of Afro-Brazilian traditions: pretos velhos, i.e. spirits of Black slaves in Umbanda, an Afro-Latin American religion; and Pai João, i.e. Father John, a character from a cycle of traditional stories gathered by various folklorists. While Pai João has been compared to Uncle Tom, the pretos-velhos that we meet in Umbanda communities, are understood as old African slaves that sometimes possess adepts during the state of trance. Both reveal a linguistic behaviour that is distinct from local norms: a language variety marked by a set of features associated with the speech used by Africans during slavery. The presence of the same linguistic characteristics in contemporary oral representations complements the older written sources that have been analyzed until present.
7.
  • Alvarez López, Laura, 1968- (författare)
  • SARAVÁ ZIFIU!
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Cadernos de Estudos Lingüísticos. - Campinas. - 0102-5767. ; 55:2, s. 7-23
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Within the research on the participation of Africans and their descendants in the formation of Brazilian Portuguese, the aim of this paper is to analyze occurrences of the prefix z/zi , as well as its variant ji , in oral and written representations of speech of Africans and their descendants in Brazil as well as in Africa. The main issues are: a) what is the origin of this particle and how was it integrated into varieties of Brazilian and African Portuguese? It is argued that the particle zi  is a remnant of a Bantu noun class prefix which has lost its grammatical function
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9.
  • Borges, Juliana Bassalobre Carvalho, et al. (författare)
  • [Quality of service provided to heart surgery patients of the Unified Health System-SUS]
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Revista brasileira de cirurgia cardiovascular : órgão oficial da Sociedade Brasileira de Cirurgia Cardiovascular. - 1678-9741. ; 25:2, s. 172-182
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • OBJECTIVE:To evaluate the service quality provided to heart surgery patients during their hospital stay, identifying the patient's expectations and perceptions. To associate service quality with: gender, age and the use of extracorporeal circulation.METHODS:We studied 82 elective heart surgery patients (52.4% females and 47.6% males), operated by midsternal thoracotomy, age: 31 to 83 years (60.4 +/- 13.2 years); period: March to September 2006. Service quality was evaluated in two instances: the expectations at pre-operative and the perceptions of the service received on the 6th post-operative; through the application of the modified SERVQUAL scale (SERVQUAL-Card). The result was obtained by the difference of the sum of the scores on perception minus those of the expectations, and through statistical analysis.RESULTS:The SERVQUAL-Card scale was statistically validated, showing adequate level of internal consistency. We found a higher frequency of myocardial revascularization 55 (67.0%); first heart surgery 72 (87.8%) and the use of ECC 69 (84.1%). We noticed high mean values for expectations and perceptions with significant results (P<0.05). We observed a significant relationship between the quality of service with: gender, in empathy (P= 0.04) and age, in reliability (P = 0.02). There was no significant association between ECC and quality of service.CONCLUSION:Service quality was satisfactory. The patient demonstrated a high expectation to hospital medical service. Women present a higher perception of quality in empathy and younger people in reliability. The use of ECC is not related to service quality in this sample. The data obtained in this study suggest that the quality of this health service can be monitored through the periodical application of the SERVQUAL scale.
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