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  • Alvarez López, Laura, 1968- (författare)
  • A alternância /d/, /l/ e /r/ em variedades linguísticas afrolatinas
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Journal of Portuguese and Spanish lexically-based creoles. - 1646-7000. ; 2:1, s. 1-27
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Este trabalho é uma análise da alternância entre /l/, /r/ e/d/ na linguagem de comunidades latino-americanas de forte presença africana ouafrodescendente. Os dados examinados provêm de uma série de estudos linguísticosanteriores e fontes literárias em espanhol e em português que incluemrepresentações da fala de africanos e seus descendentes. Duas perguntasnorteiam o presente estudo: Quais são os fonemas que se “confundem” e em queposições? Até que ponto a “confusão” é frequente nas variedades em questão? Apartir destas perguntas discutem-se explicações para esta mudança baseadas emdados que apontam seja para a deriva ou evolução natural das variedadesibéricas, seja para o contato entre línguas ibéricas e africanas. A análise dosdados revela que alguns destes fonemas são trocados de forma sistemática emposições específicas unicamente em variedades de espanhol e português queevoluíram em contato com línguas africanas.
  • Alvarez López, Laura, 1968- (författare)
  • Como avançar no estudo do léxico de origem africana na América Latina?
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Revista da Abralin. - 2178-7603. ; 11:2, s. 203-225
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The text discusses adequate methodologies for the development of a database including lexicon of African origin in varieties of Latin American Spanish and Portuguese. The aim is to start a discussion about the elaboration of theoretical and methodological approaches to be applied in future research. It also points out the possibility of articulation of various work fronts operating at the same time for which it will become necessary to perform lexicographical and metalexicographical pilot studies alongside the development of the database. The idea is to test a set of hypotheses and elaborate theoretical and methodological approaches that result suitable for a systematic and comprehensive study of the lexicon of African origin in Latin America using the available sources.
  • Alvarez López, Laura, 1968- (författare)
  • 'Iorubá brasileiro' : representações da linguagem do candomblé
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: Publication of the Afro-Latin/American Research Association : PALARA. - Columbia, MO : Afro-Romance Institute, University of Missouri. - 1093-5398. ; :Fall issue, s. 1-12
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)
  • Alvarez López, Laura, 1968-, et al. (författare)
  • Português vernáculo brasileiro e a hipótese da semi-crioulização
  • 2003
  • Ingår i: Revista da ABRALIN Associação Brasileira de Lingüística. - Natal : Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte. - 1678-1805. ; 2:1, s. 111-152
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This paper discusses the possible semi-creole status of Brazilian Vernacular Portuguese and questions some of the literature on semi-creoles in general. It presents some differences between Brazilian Vernacular Portuguese and creole languages and makes a revision of the semi-creoles. Finally, it proposes new delimitations for the semi-creole concept.
  • Alvarez López, Laura, 1968-, et al. (författare)
  • Registros da escravidão
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Stockholm Review of Latin American Studies: Afro-Latin American religious Expressions and Representations. - Stockholm : Stockholms universitet. - ISSN 1654-0204. ; :4, s. 37-48
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The present article presents and compares speech varieties associated with two elements of Afro-Brazilian traditions: pretos velhos, i.e. spirits of Black slaves in Umbanda, an Afro-Latin American religion; and Pai João, i.e. Father John, a character from a cycle of traditional stories gathered by various folklorists. While Pai João has been compared to Uncle Tom, the pretos-velhos that we meet in Umbanda communities, are understood as old African slaves that sometimes possess adepts during the state of trance. Both reveal a linguistic behaviour that is distinct from local norms: a language variety marked by a set of features associated with the speech used by Africans during slavery. The presence of the same linguistic characteristics in contemporary oral representations complements the older written sources that have been analyzed until present.
  • Alvarez López, Laura, 1968- (författare)
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Cadernos de Estudos Lingüísticos. - Campinas. - 0102-5767. ; 55:2, s. 7-23
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Within the research on the participation of Africans and their descendants in the formation of Brazilian Portuguese, the aim of this paper is to analyze occurrences of the prefix z/zi , as well as its variant ji , in oral and written representations of speech of Africans and their descendants in Brazil as well as in Africa. The main issues are: a) what is the origin of this particle and how was it integrated into varieties of Brazilian and African Portuguese? It is argued that the particle zi  is a remnant of a Bantu noun class prefix which has lost its grammatical function
  • Cechin, Andrei, et al. (författare)
  • Economia verde
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Estudos Avançados. - São Paulo : Instituto de Estudos Avançados da Universidade de São Paulo. - 0103-4014. ; 26:74, s. 121-135
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The green economy initiative carries with it the optimistic view that theeconomy can and should be driven by investments in clean activities as opposed to theextraction of natural resources and polluting industries. However there are limits to theemphasis that is often put on efficiency improvements and on the substitution betweensectors of an economy. For the economy to be green, the reduction in environmentalimpact per unit of GDP should be higher than GDP growth over a period. Even thoughrecent evidence shows that some countries aparently passed the peak in the use of materialsand energy, global extraction of natural resources and CO2 emissions has increased.A probable cause is that rich countries have outsourced polluting activities to poorercountries. It is time to bring the skepticism of reason to the debate and seriously discussdegrowth, not of GDP or of opportunities for human development, but of the globalresource extration and carbon emissions.
  • Engberg, Elisabeth, 1961- (författare)
  • The invisible pandemic : Community response to pandemic influenza in rural northern Sweden 1918-20
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Varia Historia. - ISSN 0104-8775. ; 25:42, s. 429-456
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Throughout human history, recurrent influenza pandemics have affected individuals and societies all over the world. Yet the social responses have varied with time and space. This article discusses society's response to the Spanish influenza of 1918-1920 in northern rural Sweden, focusing on measures taken by local communities to meet the advancing pandemic. In the five studied rural communities, the official response was sparse and reactive, and the presence of pandemic influenza is almost invisible in the municipal records. Potentially preventive measures, such as school closures and bans on public gatherings, were used inadequately and introduced far too late to be effective. The current struggle with wartime hardship, food crisis and a strained economy, an insufficient public health administration, a national preventive policy primarily aimed at the prevention of cholera, and the continued use of traditional methods to deal with crises in society are suggested as some explanations for local authorities' apparent inertia during the Spanish influenza.
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