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Sökning: swepub > Portugisiska > Tidskriftsartikel > Refereegranskat

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  • Fernandes, Sara, et al. (författare)
  • Atitudes infantis face aos cuidados de saúde e perceção de dor:
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Ciencia e Saúde Coletiva. - 1413-8123. ; 19:7, s. 2073-2082
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This study sought to contribute to a better understanding of children's attitudes and opinions regarding health care, mainly in terms of medical procedures, institutions and the efficacy of health professionals. The sample included 381 children, recruited from different schools in Lisbon. The more negative attitudes were attributed to institutions, while positive attitudes were related to the efficacy of health professionals. Medical procedures were considered less painful compared to potential day-to-day accidents. Higher levels of pain were reported by children of the female sex and by children during the primary education phase. Medical fears mediated the relationship between the perception of pain and children's attitudes with respect to health care. Higher levels of pain perception were seen to be related to more negative attitudes regarding health care. However, this relationship was diminished when children's fears about medical issues were contemplated. In conclusion, a translated instrument to assess children's attitudes regarding health care is needed, as it may even contribute to the development of intervention programs within the scope of the promotion of attitudes towards health care.
  • Alvarez López, Laura, 1968- (författare)
  • A alternância /d/, /l/ e /r/ em variedades linguísticas afrolatinas
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Journal of Portuguese and Spanish lexically-based creoles. - 1646-7000. ; 2:1, s. 1-27
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Este trabalho é uma análise da alternância entre /l/, /r/ e/d/ na linguagem de comunidades latino-americanas de forte presença africana ouafrodescendente. Os dados examinados provêm de uma série de estudos linguísticosanteriores e fontes literárias em espanhol e em português que incluemrepresentações da fala de africanos e seus descendentes. Duas perguntasnorteiam o presente estudo: Quais são os fonemas que se “confundem” e em queposições? Até que ponto a “confusão” é frequente nas variedades em questão? Apartir destas perguntas discutem-se explicações para esta mudança baseadas emdados que apontam seja para a deriva ou evolução natural das variedadesibéricas, seja para o contato entre línguas ibéricas e africanas. A análise dosdados revela que alguns destes fonemas são trocados de forma sistemática emposições específicas unicamente em variedades de espanhol e português queevoluíram em contato com línguas africanas.
  • Alvarez López, Laura, 1968- (författare)
  • Como avançar no estudo do léxico de origem africana na América Latina?
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Revista da Abralin. - 2178-7603. ; 11:2, s. 203-225
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The text discusses adequate methodologies for the development of a database including lexicon of African origin in varieties of Latin American Spanish and Portuguese. The aim is to start a discussion about the elaboration of theoretical and methodological approaches to be applied in future research. It also points out the possibility of articulation of various work fronts operating at the same time for which it will become necessary to perform lexicographical and metalexicographical pilot studies alongside the development of the database. The idea is to test a set of hypotheses and elaborate theoretical and methodological approaches that result suitable for a systematic and comprehensive study of the lexicon of African origin in Latin America using the available sources.
  • Alvarez López, Laura, 1968- (författare)
  • 'Iorubá brasileiro' : representações da linguagem do candomblé
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: Publication of the Afro-Latin/American Research Association : PALARA. - Columbia, MO : Afro-Romance Institute, University of Missouri. - 1093-5398. ; :Fall issue, s. 1-12
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)
  • Alvarez López, Laura, 1968-, et al. (författare)
  • Português vernáculo brasileiro e a hipótese da semi-crioulização
  • 2003
  • Ingår i: Revista da ABRALIN Associação Brasileira de Lingüística. - Natal : Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte. - 1678-1805. ; 2:1, s. 111-152
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This paper discusses the possible semi-creole status of Brazilian Vernacular Portuguese and questions some of the literature on semi-creoles in general. It presents some differences between Brazilian Vernacular Portuguese and creole languages and makes a revision of the semi-creoles. Finally, it proposes new delimitations for the semi-creole concept.
  • Alvarez López, Laura, 1968-, et al. (författare)
  • Registros da escravidão
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Stockholm Review of Latin American Studies: Afro-Latin American religious Expressions and Representations. - Stockholm : Stockholms universitet. - ISSN 1654-0204. ; :4, s. 37-48
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The present article presents and compares speech varieties associated with two elements of Afro-Brazilian traditions: pretos velhos, i.e. spirits of Black slaves in Umbanda, an Afro-Latin American religion; and Pai João, i.e. Father John, a character from a cycle of traditional stories gathered by various folklorists. While Pai João has been compared to Uncle Tom, the pretos-velhos that we meet in Umbanda communities, are understood as old African slaves that sometimes possess adepts during the state of trance. Both reveal a linguistic behaviour that is distinct from local norms: a language variety marked by a set of features associated with the speech used by Africans during slavery. The presence of the same linguistic characteristics in contemporary oral representations complements the older written sources that have been analyzed until present.
  • Alvarez López, Laura, 1968- (författare)
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Cadernos de Estudos Lingüísticos. - Campinas. - 0102-5767. ; 55:2, s. 7-23
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Within the research on the participation of Africans and their descendants in the formation of Brazilian Portuguese, the aim of this paper is to analyze occurrences of the prefix z/zi , as well as its variant ji , in oral and written representations of speech of Africans and their descendants in Brazil as well as in Africa. The main issues are: a) what is the origin of this particle and how was it integrated into varieties of Brazilian and African Portuguese? It is argued that the particle zi  is a remnant of a Bantu noun class prefix which has lost its grammatical function
  • Arvidsson, Johan, et al. (författare)
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Revista Brasileira De Ciencia Do Solo. - 0100-0683. ; 33:3, s. 477-485
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of different mechanical loads on soil physical properties of a Eutric Cambisol with loam sandy texture. The soil load distribution (kPa) was measured in situ by sensors placed in different soil layers. The soil physical properties evaluated were the bulk density (Ds) and the soil penetration resistance (RP) on sugarbeet (Beta vulgaris L.) row and interrow down to 0.30 m depth. The treatments were: without extra pressure exerted by the sowing machine, or no-compaction (SC); low pressure exerted by the sowing machine, named low load (BC); high pressure exerted the sowing machine, named high load (AC) and load pressure exerted by the tractor wheels used in the seedbed preparation, or tractor load (CT). The soil load distribution data indicated that the 0-0.10 m layer had soil stresses values higher than 120 kPa, which are considered very high. The increase on soil stresses from treatments SC to AC caused higher stress on topsoil than in the 0.10-0.20 m depth, while that under CT treatment showed higher stress at the 0.10-0.20 m layer. As a consequence of the soil stress load it was verified an increase on Ds in the more superficial soil layer (0-10 cm), and it followed the sequence: SC
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