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  • Vesterinen, Rainer, 1965- (författare)
  • Estruturas causativas no Português : Um estudo sobre a relação entre o modo conjuntivo e os conceitos de subjetificação e domínio
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Revista Portuguesa de Humanidades. Estudos Linguísticos. - Braga. ; 17:1, s. 97-120
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Studies carried out within a cognitive-functional perspective of linguistic analysisdistinguish a relation between the structural properties of complements of causationverbs and the kind of causation they designate. The present paper follows this lineof investigation. However, the focus of the analysis is put on the relation between thesubjunctive mood and the concepts of subjectification and dominion in causativestructures. The hypothesis put forward is that the relation between the Portuguesecausation verbs fazer and deixar, on the one hand, and the subjunctive complement, onthe other, can be can be explained in terms of subjectification, i.e. a diminished degreeof subject control. Accordingly, it is argued that the subjunctive mood designates anevent that is located outside the conceptualizer’s dominion.
  • Vesterinen, Rainer, 1965- (författare)
  • Factividade e modo verbal
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Revue Romane. - John Benjamins Publishing Company. - 0035-3906. ; 49:1, s. 53-68
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The traditional way of explaining the subjunctive mood in Portuguese is utterly related to the distinction made between reality and non-reality. That is, while the indicative mood has been explained in terms of reality, the subjunctive has been the mood of non-reality. Although this explanation covers many occurrences of the subjunctive mood, it is also recognized that it fails to explain the use of the subjunctive mood in factive contexts. This being so, the present study aims at explaining the variation between the indicative and subjunctive mood in factive contexts from a Cognitive Grammar perspective. The hypothesis put forward is that the mood variation can be explained in terms of dominion and control. Thus, it is claimed that the subjunctive mood in factive contexts can be explained by a reduced degree of active control, this being consistent with an event that is located outside the conceptualizer’s dominion of effective control. On the other hand, the indicative mood occurs in contexts of epistemic control that are located inside the conceptualizer’s epistemic dominion. An additional analysis of the subjunctive mood in other grammatical contexts corroborates the initial claim.
  • Vesterinen, Rainer, 1965- (författare)
  • O modo verbal em expressões impessoais com o verbo ser
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Revue Romane. - 0035-3906. ; 47:1, s. 76-97
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The subjunctive mood has frequently been explained in terms of unreality, presupposition, non-assertion and the distinction between new and old information. Although these explanations offer a partial account of the semantics of this mood, it is shown that many occurrences of the subjunctive mood remain unexplained. This being so, the present paper aims at explaining the indicative and subjunctive mood in impersonal expressions with the verb ser from a Cognitive Grammar perspective of linguistic analysis. The analysis shows that the variation between the indicative and subjunctive mood in this grammatical context can be explained in terms of dominion and control. An extension of the analysis further shows that it may account for the occurrence of the subjunctive mood in other grammatical contexts.
  • Vesterinen, Rainer, 1965- (författare)
  • Subordinação Adverbial
  • 2006
  • Doktorsavhandling (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • The aim of this study is to analyse the variation between infinitive and finite verb adverbial clauses in European Portuguese. In order to understand this variation, three central questions are raised: (1) What determines the use of the uninflected vs. the inflected infinitive in same-subject adverbial clauses? (2) What does the pronoun SE signal in these adverbial clauses? (3) What difference is there between the use of the inflected infinitives vs. finite verbs in different subject adverbial clauses?Earlier investigations about these three questions are discussed. One conclusion of this review is that former research almost exclusively has been conducted from a traditional or formalistic point of view that has given priority to structural descriptions instead of semantic or conceptual explanations. In contrast to this, the present study endeavours to examine these issues from a cognitive linguistic perspective.It is claimed that the use of the inflected infinitive in adverbial same-subject clauses may be explained by contextual factors which create a cognitive need to highlight the subject of the adverbial clause. Further, an analysis about how the grammatical micro-context can determine the interpretation of the clitic pronoun SE as a marker for a generic trajector is conducted. It is also argued that the difference between infinitive and finite adverbial clauses can bee explained by means of theories of subjectification and mental spaces.The conclusion is drawn that a cognitive approach to grammar can, indeed, shed light on the issues considered. In particular, it is shown that different adverbial constructions can express different conceptual meaning. In the light of this fact, other issues concerned with finite and infinite verb forms are raised.
  • Vesterinen, Rainer, 1965- (författare)
  • Uma aproximação cognitiva ao modo conjuntivo
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Revista portuguesa de humanidades. Estudos linguísticos. - Braga : Aletheia. - 0874-0321. ; 14:1, s. 151-174
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The present paper analyses the semantic meaning of the subjunctive mood from the standpoint of Cognitive Grammar (Langacker 1987, 1991, 2008). It is shown that the subjunctive mood appears in grammatical contexts where the described event is outside the conceptualizer’s dominion: either because of a minimal possibility to actively exert control over the described event, either because the event does not correspond to the conceptualizer’s conception of reality. Thus, it is argued that the semantic meaning of the subjunctive mood is associated with events and propositions outside the conceptualizer’s dominion. The analysis focuses on complements of volitional, epistemic and factive verbs, and on relative clauses
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