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Sökning: swepub > (2000-2011) > Groop Leif > Malmö högskola

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1.
  • Jansson, Henrik, et al. (författare)
  • Analysis of the interleukin-1 and interleukin-6 polymorphisms in patients with chronic periodontitis. A pilot study
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: Swedish Dental Journal. - Swedish Dental Association and the Swedish Dental Society. - 0347-9994. ; 30:1, s. 17-23
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The aim of this study was to analyse whether the interleukin-1 (IL-1) and IL-6 gene polymorphisms were associated with the susceptibility of chronic periodontitis. Genomic DNA was obtained from 20 patients with chronic periodontitis and 31 periodontally healthy subjects. All subjects were of North European heritage. The test subjects were kept in a maintenance program after periodontal treatment but yet showing signs of recurrent disease. Genotyping of the IL-1 alpha+4845C>T, IL-1 beta -3954C>T and IL-6 -174G>C polymorphisms was carried out using an allelic discrimination Assay-by-Design method on ABI PRISM 7900 Sequence Detection System. All genotypes were analyzed using the GeneMapper 2.0 software. A similar distribution of Single Nucleotide Polymorphism (SNP) was seen in both groups. Analysis by logistic regression including gender, IL-1 alpha +4845C>T, IL-1 beta -3954C>T, IL-6 -174G>C genotypes, the composite IL-1 genotype, the combination of the composite IL-1 genotype and the IL-6 -174G>C genotype and adjusting for smoking did not result in any statistically significant difference. SNPs in IL-1 alpha+4845C>T, IL-1 beta -3954C>T and IL-6 -174G>C do not seem to increase the susceptibility to chronic periodontitis in this group of subjects.
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2.
  • Jansson, H, et al. (författare)
  • Type 2 diabetes and risk for periodontal disease: a role for dental health awareness
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: Journal of Clinical Periodontology. - Blackwell Publishing Ltd. - 0303-6979. ; 33:6, s. 408-414
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: Several studies have found correlations between diabetes and an increased prevalence of periodontitis. Objective: To analyse, in a group of subjects with type 2 diabetes (T2D), (i) the association between medical characteristics and severe periodontal disease and (ii) dental care habits and knowledge of oral health. Methods: One hundred and ninety-one subjects with T2D were examined. Based on assessment of marginal bone height in panoramic radiographs, two periodontal subgroups were identified: one periodontally diseased (PD+) and one periodontally healthy (PD-) group. All subjects completed a questionnaire about their medical and oral health. Results: Twenty per cent of the subjects were classified as PD+. This was verified by clinical parameters. PD+ individuals had higher haemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) levels (p=0.033) and higher prevalences of cardiovascular complications (p=0.012). They were also less likely to be of Scandinavian origin (p=0.028) and more likely to smoke (p < 0.001) than the PD- group. The PD+ group rated their oral health as poor (p < 0.0001) and believed that T2D had an influence on their oral status (p < 0.0001). Conclusion: The best predictor for severe periodontal disease in subjects with T2D is smoking followed by HbA1c levels. T2D subjects should be informed about the increased risk for periodontal disease when suffering from T2D.
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